Abstract

In this paper, we investigate the problem of transmission grant scheduling in multichannel optical access networks using a scheduling theoretic approach. A novel cost-effective multichannel Ethernet passive optical network (EPON) is considered for our study. We show that the problem can be modeled as an open shop (OS) and we formulate the joint scheduling and wavelength assignment problem as a mixed integer linear program (MILP). Since the problem is shown to be NP-hard, we introduce a tabu-search-based heuristic for solving the joint problem. Different other heuristics are also considered and their performances are compared with those of tabu and MILP. Results indicate that by appropriately scheduling transmission grants and assigning wavelengths, substantial and consistent improvements may be obtained in the network performance. For example, tabu shows a reduction of up to 29% in the schedule length with substantial reduction in channel idle gaps yielding to both higher channel utilization and lower queueing delays. Additionally, when the number of channels in the network is not small, the benefits of performing appropriate wavelength assignment, together with transmission scheduling, are observed and discussed. We further perform a packet-level simulation on the considered network to study the benefits of efficient grant scheduling.

© 2009 IEEE

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |

  1. R. Ramaswami, "Optical networking technologies: What worked and what didn't," IEEE Commun. Mag. 44, 132-139 (2006).
  2. T. Koonen, "Fiber to the home/fiber to the premises: What, where, and when," Proc. IEEE 94, 911-934 (2006).
  3. G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, G. Pesavento, "Ethernet PON (ePON): Design and analysis of an optical access network," Photon. Netw. Commun. 3, 307-319 (2001).
  4. M. Maier, M. Herzog, M. Reisslein, "STARGATE: The next evolutionary step toward unleashing the potential of WDM EPONs," IEEE Commun. Mag. 45, 50-56 (2007).
  5. W.-T. Shaw, G. Kalogerakis, S.-W. Wong, Y.-L. Hsueh, N. Cheng, S.-H. Yen, M. E. Marhic, L. G. Kazovsky, "MARIN: Metro-access ring integrated network," Proc. IEEE GLOBECOM (2006).
  6. M. Kuznetsov, N. M. Froberg, S. R. Henion, H. G. Rao, J. Korn, K. A. Rauschenbach, E. H. Modiano, V. W. S. Chan, "A next-generation optical regional access network," IEEE Commun. Mag. 38, 66-72 (2000).
  7. F.-T. An, S. K. Kyeong, D. Gutierrez, S. Yam, E. Hu, K. Shrikhande, L. G. Kazovsky, "SUCCESS: A next-generation hybrid WDM/TDM optical access network architecture," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2557-2569 (2004).
  8. L. Meng, C. Assi, M. Maier, A. Dhaini, "Resource management in Stargate-based Ethernet passive optical networks (SG-EPONs)," Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Commun. (2009).
  9. M. P. McGarry, M. Reisslein, C. J. Colbourn, M. Maier, F. Aurzada, ,M. Scheutzow, "Just-in-Time scheduling for multichannel EPONs," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 1204-1216 (2008).
  10. A. Dhaini, C. Assi, M. M. Shami, "Dynamic wavelength and bandwidth allocation in hybrid TDM/WDM EPON networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 277-286 (2007).
  11. K. Kwong, D. Harle, A. Andonovic, "Dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithm for differentiated services over WDM EPONs," Proc. Int. Conf. Commun. Syst. (2004) pp. 116-120.
  12. C. Assi, Y. Ye, S. Dixit, M. Ali, "Dynamic bandwidth allocation for quality-of-Service over Ethernet PONs," IEEE J. Sel. Areas. Commun. 21, 1467-1477 (2003).
  13. G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, G. Pesavento, "IPACT: A dynamic protocol for an Ethernet PON (EPON)," IEEE Commun. Mag. 40, 74-80 (2002).
  14. P. Michael, Theory, Algorithms, and Systems (Springer-Verlag, 2008).
  15. T. F. Gonzalez, S. Sahni, "Open shop scheduling to minimize finish time," J. Assoc. Comput. Mach. 23, 665-679 (1976).
  16. C. Selcuk, A. Anurag, Non-Greedy Heuristics and Augmented Neural Networks for the Open-Shop Scheduling Problem (Wiley, 2005).
  17. D. Alcaide, J. Sicilia, D. Vigo, "A Tabu search algorithm for the open shop problem," Sociedad de Estadistica e Investigacion Operativa 5, 283-296 (1997).
  18. IEEE 802.3ah, Ethernet in the First Mile Task Force, http://www.ieee802.org/3/efm/index.html.
  19. M. P. McGarry, M. Maier, M. Reisslein, "WDM Ethernet passive optical networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 44, S18-S25 (2006).
  20. A. R. Dhaini, C. M. Assi, M. M. Shami, "Dynamic wavelength and bandwidth allocation in hybrid TDM/WDM Ethernet passive optical networks (EPONs)," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 277-286 (2007).
  21. M. Gagnaire, M. Koubaa, "A new control plane for next-generation WDM-PON access systems," Proc. 2nd Int. Conf. Access Netw. Workshops (2007).
  22. W. Hung, C.-K. Chan, L.-K. Chen, F. Tong, "An optical network unit for WDM access networks with downstream DPSK and upstream remodulated OOK data using injection-locked FP laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1476-1478 (2003).
  23. H. D. Kim, S.-G. Kang, C.-H. Le, "A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry-Perot semiconductor laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1067-1069 (2000).
  24. E. Wong, K. L. Lee, T. B. Anderson, "Directly modulated self-seeding reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers as colorless transmitters in wavelength division multiplexed passive optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 67-74 (2007).
  25. G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, G. Pesavento, "IPACT: A dynamic protocol for an Ethernet PON (EPON)," IEEE Commun. 40, 74-80 (2002).
  26. CPLEX. Using the CPLEX Callable Library (Version 9.1.3), CPLEX Optimization Inc. (2005).
  27. OMNet++, (2009) http://www.omnetpp.org/.

2008 (1)

M. P. McGarry, M. Reisslein, C. J. Colbourn, M. Maier, F. Aurzada, ,M. Scheutzow, "Just-in-Time scheduling for multichannel EPONs," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 1204-1216 (2008).

2007 (4)

A. Dhaini, C. Assi, M. M. Shami, "Dynamic wavelength and bandwidth allocation in hybrid TDM/WDM EPON networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 277-286 (2007).

M. Maier, M. Herzog, M. Reisslein, "STARGATE: The next evolutionary step toward unleashing the potential of WDM EPONs," IEEE Commun. Mag. 45, 50-56 (2007).

A. R. Dhaini, C. M. Assi, M. M. Shami, "Dynamic wavelength and bandwidth allocation in hybrid TDM/WDM Ethernet passive optical networks (EPONs)," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 277-286 (2007).

E. Wong, K. L. Lee, T. B. Anderson, "Directly modulated self-seeding reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers as colorless transmitters in wavelength division multiplexed passive optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 67-74 (2007).

2006 (3)

M. P. McGarry, M. Maier, M. Reisslein, "WDM Ethernet passive optical networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 44, S18-S25 (2006).

R. Ramaswami, "Optical networking technologies: What worked and what didn't," IEEE Commun. Mag. 44, 132-139 (2006).

T. Koonen, "Fiber to the home/fiber to the premises: What, where, and when," Proc. IEEE 94, 911-934 (2006).

2004 (1)

F.-T. An, S. K. Kyeong, D. Gutierrez, S. Yam, E. Hu, K. Shrikhande, L. G. Kazovsky, "SUCCESS: A next-generation hybrid WDM/TDM optical access network architecture," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2557-2569 (2004).

2003 (2)

W. Hung, C.-K. Chan, L.-K. Chen, F. Tong, "An optical network unit for WDM access networks with downstream DPSK and upstream remodulated OOK data using injection-locked FP laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1476-1478 (2003).

C. Assi, Y. Ye, S. Dixit, M. Ali, "Dynamic bandwidth allocation for quality-of-Service over Ethernet PONs," IEEE J. Sel. Areas. Commun. 21, 1467-1477 (2003).

2002 (2)

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, G. Pesavento, "IPACT: A dynamic protocol for an Ethernet PON (EPON)," IEEE Commun. Mag. 40, 74-80 (2002).

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, G. Pesavento, "IPACT: A dynamic protocol for an Ethernet PON (EPON)," IEEE Commun. 40, 74-80 (2002).

2001 (1)

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, G. Pesavento, "Ethernet PON (ePON): Design and analysis of an optical access network," Photon. Netw. Commun. 3, 307-319 (2001).

2000 (2)

M. Kuznetsov, N. M. Froberg, S. R. Henion, H. G. Rao, J. Korn, K. A. Rauschenbach, E. H. Modiano, V. W. S. Chan, "A next-generation optical regional access network," IEEE Commun. Mag. 38, 66-72 (2000).

H. D. Kim, S.-G. Kang, C.-H. Le, "A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry-Perot semiconductor laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1067-1069 (2000).

1997 (1)

D. Alcaide, J. Sicilia, D. Vigo, "A Tabu search algorithm for the open shop problem," Sociedad de Estadistica e Investigacion Operativa 5, 283-296 (1997).

1976 (1)

T. F. Gonzalez, S. Sahni, "Open shop scheduling to minimize finish time," J. Assoc. Comput. Mach. 23, 665-679 (1976).

IEEE Commun. (1)

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, G. Pesavento, "IPACT: A dynamic protocol for an Ethernet PON (EPON)," IEEE Commun. 40, 74-80 (2002).

IEEE Commun. Mag. (5)

M. P. McGarry, M. Maier, M. Reisslein, "WDM Ethernet passive optical networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 44, S18-S25 (2006).

R. Ramaswami, "Optical networking technologies: What worked and what didn't," IEEE Commun. Mag. 44, 132-139 (2006).

M. Maier, M. Herzog, M. Reisslein, "STARGATE: The next evolutionary step toward unleashing the potential of WDM EPONs," IEEE Commun. Mag. 45, 50-56 (2007).

M. Kuznetsov, N. M. Froberg, S. R. Henion, H. G. Rao, J. Korn, K. A. Rauschenbach, E. H. Modiano, V. W. S. Chan, "A next-generation optical regional access network," IEEE Commun. Mag. 38, 66-72 (2000).

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, G. Pesavento, "IPACT: A dynamic protocol for an Ethernet PON (EPON)," IEEE Commun. Mag. 40, 74-80 (2002).

IEEE J. Sel. Areas. Commun. (1)

C. Assi, Y. Ye, S. Dixit, M. Ali, "Dynamic bandwidth allocation for quality-of-Service over Ethernet PONs," IEEE J. Sel. Areas. Commun. 21, 1467-1477 (2003).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

W. Hung, C.-K. Chan, L.-K. Chen, F. Tong, "An optical network unit for WDM access networks with downstream DPSK and upstream remodulated OOK data using injection-locked FP laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1476-1478 (2003).

H. D. Kim, S.-G. Kang, C.-H. Le, "A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry-Perot semiconductor laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1067-1069 (2000).

J. Assoc. Comput. Mach. (1)

T. F. Gonzalez, S. Sahni, "Open shop scheduling to minimize finish time," J. Assoc. Comput. Mach. 23, 665-679 (1976).

J. Lightw. Technol. (5)

F.-T. An, S. K. Kyeong, D. Gutierrez, S. Yam, E. Hu, K. Shrikhande, L. G. Kazovsky, "SUCCESS: A next-generation hybrid WDM/TDM optical access network architecture," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2557-2569 (2004).

M. P. McGarry, M. Reisslein, C. J. Colbourn, M. Maier, F. Aurzada, ,M. Scheutzow, "Just-in-Time scheduling for multichannel EPONs," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 1204-1216 (2008).

A. Dhaini, C. Assi, M. M. Shami, "Dynamic wavelength and bandwidth allocation in hybrid TDM/WDM EPON networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 277-286 (2007).

E. Wong, K. L. Lee, T. B. Anderson, "Directly modulated self-seeding reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers as colorless transmitters in wavelength division multiplexed passive optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 67-74 (2007).

A. R. Dhaini, C. M. Assi, M. M. Shami, "Dynamic wavelength and bandwidth allocation in hybrid TDM/WDM Ethernet passive optical networks (EPONs)," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 277-286 (2007).

Photon. Netw. Commun. (1)

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, G. Pesavento, "Ethernet PON (ePON): Design and analysis of an optical access network," Photon. Netw. Commun. 3, 307-319 (2001).

Proc. IEEE (1)

T. Koonen, "Fiber to the home/fiber to the premises: What, where, and when," Proc. IEEE 94, 911-934 (2006).

Sociedad de Estadistica e Investigacion Operativa (1)

D. Alcaide, J. Sicilia, D. Vigo, "A Tabu search algorithm for the open shop problem," Sociedad de Estadistica e Investigacion Operativa 5, 283-296 (1997).

Other (9)

IEEE 802.3ah, Ethernet in the First Mile Task Force, http://www.ieee802.org/3/efm/index.html.

C. Selcuk, A. Anurag, Non-Greedy Heuristics and Augmented Neural Networks for the Open-Shop Scheduling Problem (Wiley, 2005).

P. Michael, Theory, Algorithms, and Systems (Springer-Verlag, 2008).

W.-T. Shaw, G. Kalogerakis, S.-W. Wong, Y.-L. Hsueh, N. Cheng, S.-H. Yen, M. E. Marhic, L. G. Kazovsky, "MARIN: Metro-access ring integrated network," Proc. IEEE GLOBECOM (2006).

K. Kwong, D. Harle, A. Andonovic, "Dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithm for differentiated services over WDM EPONs," Proc. Int. Conf. Commun. Syst. (2004) pp. 116-120.

L. Meng, C. Assi, M. Maier, A. Dhaini, "Resource management in Stargate-based Ethernet passive optical networks (SG-EPONs)," Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Commun. (2009).

M. Gagnaire, M. Koubaa, "A new control plane for next-generation WDM-PON access systems," Proc. 2nd Int. Conf. Access Netw. Workshops (2007).

CPLEX. Using the CPLEX Callable Library (Version 9.1.3), CPLEX Optimization Inc. (2005).

OMNet++, (2009) http://www.omnetpp.org/.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.