Abstract

In this paper, we experimentally demonstrate continuously tunable pulse propagation in SOI microring resonators with mutual mode coupling, which is induced by nanosized gratings along the ring sidewalls. In the presence of the mutual mode coupling, dispersion-induced group delay is investigated in single-waveguide and double-waveguide coupled single-ring resonators, respectively. In particular, pulse propagation in the drop channel of a double-waveguide coupled resonator is observed and exhibits continuously tunable delay and advancement features in the experiment. Delayed pulses are also obtained at the reflection port of a single-waveguide coupled resonator due to the existence of backward whispering gallery mode (WGM).

© 2009 IEEE

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |

  1. J. Bowers, E. Burmeister, D. Blumenthal, "Optical buffering and switching for optical packet switching," Photon. Switching Conf. CreteGreece (2006) O 16.1.
  2. R. Luijten, C. Minkenberg, R. Hemenway, M. Sauer, R. Grzybowski, "Viable opto-electHPCinterconnect fabrics," Proc. ACM/IEEE SC2005 Supercomput. Conf. pp. 8-16.
  3. E. Parra, J. R. Lowell, "Toward applications of slow light technology," Opt. Photon. News 18, 40-45 (2007).
  4. K. Y. Song, M. G. Herráez, L. Thévenaz, "Gain-assisted pulse advancement using single and double Brillouin gain peaks in optical fibers," Opt. Exp. 13, 9758-9765 (2005).
  5. B. Pesala, Z. Chen, A. V. Uskov, C. Chang-Hasnain, "Electrically tunable fast light at THz bandwidth using cascaded semiconductor optical amplifiers," Opt. Exp. 14, 15863-15867 (2006).
  6. M. A. I. Talukder, Y. Amagishi, M. Tomita, "Superluminal to subluminal transition in the pulse propagation in a resonant absorbing medium," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3546-3549 (2001).
  7. M. M. Kash, "Nonlinear magneto-optics and reduced group velocity of light in atomic vapor with slow ground state relaxation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229-5232 (1999).
  8. K. Totsuka, M. Tomita, "Slow and fast light in a microsphere-optical fiber system," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 23, 2194-2199 (2006).
  9. F. Xia, L. Sekaric, Y. Vlasov, "Utracompact optical buffers on a silicon chip," Nat. Photon. 1, 65-71 (2007).
  10. Q. Li, Z. Zhang, J. Wang, M. Qiu, Y. Su, "Fast light in silicon ring resonator with resonance-splitting," Opt. Exp. 17, 933-940 (2009).
  11. S. Manipatruni, P. Dong, Q. Xu, M. Lipson, "Tunable superluminal propagation on a silicon microchip," Opt. Lett. 33, 2928-2930 (2008).
  12. T. Wang, F. Liu, T. Ye, Z. Zhang, J. Wang, Y. Tian, M. Qiu, Y. Su, "Continuously-tunable slow and fast light using silicon microring add-drop filter with mutual mode coupling," OFC (2009) OWC4.
  13. T. J. Kippenberg, S. M. Spillane, K. J. Vahala, "Mode coupling in traveling-wave resonators," Opt. Lett. 27, 1669-1671 (2002).
  14. Q. Xu, M. Lipson, "Carrier-induced optical bistability in silicon ring resonators," Opt. Lett. 31, 341-343 (2006).
  15. G. Priem, "Optical bistability and pulsating behaviour in silicon-on-insulator ring resonator structures," Opt. Exp. 13, 9623-9628 (2005).
  16. Q. Li, Z. Zhang, F. Liu, M. Qiu, Y. Su, "Dense wavelength conversion and multicasting in a resonance-split silicon microring," Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 081113 (2008).
  17. F. Liu, Q. Li, Z. Zhang, M. Qiu, Y. Su, "Ultra-compact mode-split silicon microring resonator for format conversion from NRZ to FSK," Proc. SPIE (2008) pp. 713537.
  18. Q. Chang, Q. Li, Z. Zhang, M. Qiu, Y. Su, "Micrometer-scale optical up-converter using a resonance-split silicon microring resonator in radio over fiber systems," OFC (2009) JWA48.
  19. Z. Zhang, M. Dainese, L. Wosinski, M. Qiu, "Resonance-splitting and enhanced notch depth in SOI ring resonators with mutual mode coupling," Opt. Exp. 16, 4621-4630 (2008).
  20. C. Manolatou, M. J. Khan, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, H. A. Haus, J. D. Joannopoulos, "Coupling of modes analysis of resonant channel add-drop filters," IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 35, 1322-1331 (1999).
  21. G. Lenz, B. J. Eggleton, C. K. Madsen, R. E. Slusher, "Optical delay lines based on optical filters," IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 37, 525-532 (2001).
  22. J. E. Heebner, R. W. Boyd, "`Slow' and `fast' light in resonator-coupled waveguides," J. Mod. Opt. 49, 2629-2636 (2002).
  23. O. Schwelb, "Transmission, group delay and dispersion in single-ring optical resonators and add/drop filters – A tutorial overview," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 1380-1394 (2004).
  24. Q. Chang, Q. Li, Z. Zhang, M. Qiu, T. Ye, Y. Su, "A tunable broadband photonic Rf phase shifter based on a silicon microring resonator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 60-62 (2009).
  25. F. Liu, Q. Li, Z. Zhang, M. Qiu, Y. Su, "Optically tunable delay line in silicon microring resonator based on thermal nonlinear effect," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quant. Electron. 14, 706-712 (2008).
  26. S. Scheerlinck, J. Schrauwen, F. Van Laere, D. Taillaert, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, "Efficient, broadband and compact metal grating couplers for silicon-on-insulator waveguides," Opt. Exp. 15, 9639-9644 (2007).
  27. Y. Wang, W. Hu, Y. Su, Z. Zheng, L. Leng, X. Tian, Y. Jin, "Performance study of 40-Gb/s RZ signals through cascaded thin-film filters with large dispersion slope," Opt. Exp. 13, 2176-2181 (2005).
  28. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 1995).
  29. B. Zhang, L. Zhang, L.-S. Yan, I. Fazal1, J.-Y. Yang, A. E. Willner, "Continuously-tunable, bit-rate variable OTDM using broadband SBS slow-light delay line," Opt. Exp. 15, 8317-8322 (2007).
  30. B. Zhang, L. Zhang, L.-S. Yan, I. Fazal1, J.-Y. Yang, A. E. Willner, "A single slow-light element for independent delay control and synchronization on multiple Gb/s data channels," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1081-1083 (2007).

2009 (2)

Q. Li, Z. Zhang, J. Wang, M. Qiu, Y. Su, "Fast light in silicon ring resonator with resonance-splitting," Opt. Exp. 17, 933-940 (2009).

Q. Chang, Q. Li, Z. Zhang, M. Qiu, T. Ye, Y. Su, "A tunable broadband photonic Rf phase shifter based on a silicon microring resonator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 60-62 (2009).

2008 (4)

F. Liu, Q. Li, Z. Zhang, M. Qiu, Y. Su, "Optically tunable delay line in silicon microring resonator based on thermal nonlinear effect," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quant. Electron. 14, 706-712 (2008).

Q. Li, Z. Zhang, F. Liu, M. Qiu, Y. Su, "Dense wavelength conversion and multicasting in a resonance-split silicon microring," Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 081113 (2008).

Z. Zhang, M. Dainese, L. Wosinski, M. Qiu, "Resonance-splitting and enhanced notch depth in SOI ring resonators with mutual mode coupling," Opt. Exp. 16, 4621-4630 (2008).

S. Manipatruni, P. Dong, Q. Xu, M. Lipson, "Tunable superluminal propagation on a silicon microchip," Opt. Lett. 33, 2928-2930 (2008).

2007 (5)

F. Xia, L. Sekaric, Y. Vlasov, "Utracompact optical buffers on a silicon chip," Nat. Photon. 1, 65-71 (2007).

E. Parra, J. R. Lowell, "Toward applications of slow light technology," Opt. Photon. News 18, 40-45 (2007).

S. Scheerlinck, J. Schrauwen, F. Van Laere, D. Taillaert, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, "Efficient, broadband and compact metal grating couplers for silicon-on-insulator waveguides," Opt. Exp. 15, 9639-9644 (2007).

B. Zhang, L. Zhang, L.-S. Yan, I. Fazal1, J.-Y. Yang, A. E. Willner, "Continuously-tunable, bit-rate variable OTDM using broadband SBS slow-light delay line," Opt. Exp. 15, 8317-8322 (2007).

B. Zhang, L. Zhang, L.-S. Yan, I. Fazal1, J.-Y. Yang, A. E. Willner, "A single slow-light element for independent delay control and synchronization on multiple Gb/s data channels," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1081-1083 (2007).

2006 (3)

Q. Xu, M. Lipson, "Carrier-induced optical bistability in silicon ring resonators," Opt. Lett. 31, 341-343 (2006).

B. Pesala, Z. Chen, A. V. Uskov, C. Chang-Hasnain, "Electrically tunable fast light at THz bandwidth using cascaded semiconductor optical amplifiers," Opt. Exp. 14, 15863-15867 (2006).

K. Totsuka, M. Tomita, "Slow and fast light in a microsphere-optical fiber system," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 23, 2194-2199 (2006).

2005 (3)

K. Y. Song, M. G. Herráez, L. Thévenaz, "Gain-assisted pulse advancement using single and double Brillouin gain peaks in optical fibers," Opt. Exp. 13, 9758-9765 (2005).

G. Priem, "Optical bistability and pulsating behaviour in silicon-on-insulator ring resonator structures," Opt. Exp. 13, 9623-9628 (2005).

Y. Wang, W. Hu, Y. Su, Z. Zheng, L. Leng, X. Tian, Y. Jin, "Performance study of 40-Gb/s RZ signals through cascaded thin-film filters with large dispersion slope," Opt. Exp. 13, 2176-2181 (2005).

2004 (1)

O. Schwelb, "Transmission, group delay and dispersion in single-ring optical resonators and add/drop filters – A tutorial overview," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 1380-1394 (2004).

2002 (2)

J. E. Heebner, R. W. Boyd, "`Slow' and `fast' light in resonator-coupled waveguides," J. Mod. Opt. 49, 2629-2636 (2002).

T. J. Kippenberg, S. M. Spillane, K. J. Vahala, "Mode coupling in traveling-wave resonators," Opt. Lett. 27, 1669-1671 (2002).

2001 (2)

M. A. I. Talukder, Y. Amagishi, M. Tomita, "Superluminal to subluminal transition in the pulse propagation in a resonant absorbing medium," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3546-3549 (2001).

G. Lenz, B. J. Eggleton, C. K. Madsen, R. E. Slusher, "Optical delay lines based on optical filters," IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 37, 525-532 (2001).

1999 (2)

M. M. Kash, "Nonlinear magneto-optics and reduced group velocity of light in atomic vapor with slow ground state relaxation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229-5232 (1999).

C. Manolatou, M. J. Khan, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, H. A. Haus, J. D. Joannopoulos, "Coupling of modes analysis of resonant channel add-drop filters," IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 35, 1322-1331 (1999).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

Q. Li, Z. Zhang, F. Liu, M. Qiu, Y. Su, "Dense wavelength conversion and multicasting in a resonance-split silicon microring," Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 081113 (2008).

IEEE J. Quant. Electron. (2)

C. Manolatou, M. J. Khan, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, H. A. Haus, J. D. Joannopoulos, "Coupling of modes analysis of resonant channel add-drop filters," IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 35, 1322-1331 (1999).

G. Lenz, B. J. Eggleton, C. K. Madsen, R. E. Slusher, "Optical delay lines based on optical filters," IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 37, 525-532 (2001).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quant. Electron. (1)

F. Liu, Q. Li, Z. Zhang, M. Qiu, Y. Su, "Optically tunable delay line in silicon microring resonator based on thermal nonlinear effect," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quant. Electron. 14, 706-712 (2008).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

Q. Chang, Q. Li, Z. Zhang, M. Qiu, T. Ye, Y. Su, "A tunable broadband photonic Rf phase shifter based on a silicon microring resonator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 60-62 (2009).

B. Zhang, L. Zhang, L.-S. Yan, I. Fazal1, J.-Y. Yang, A. E. Willner, "A single slow-light element for independent delay control and synchronization on multiple Gb/s data channels," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1081-1083 (2007).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

O. Schwelb, "Transmission, group delay and dispersion in single-ring optical resonators and add/drop filters – A tutorial overview," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 1380-1394 (2004).

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

J. E. Heebner, R. W. Boyd, "`Slow' and `fast' light in resonator-coupled waveguides," J. Mod. Opt. 49, 2629-2636 (2002).

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B (1)

K. Totsuka, M. Tomita, "Slow and fast light in a microsphere-optical fiber system," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 23, 2194-2199 (2006).

Nat. Photon. (1)

F. Xia, L. Sekaric, Y. Vlasov, "Utracompact optical buffers on a silicon chip," Nat. Photon. 1, 65-71 (2007).

Opt. Exp. (8)

Q. Li, Z. Zhang, J. Wang, M. Qiu, Y. Su, "Fast light in silicon ring resonator with resonance-splitting," Opt. Exp. 17, 933-940 (2009).

K. Y. Song, M. G. Herráez, L. Thévenaz, "Gain-assisted pulse advancement using single and double Brillouin gain peaks in optical fibers," Opt. Exp. 13, 9758-9765 (2005).

B. Pesala, Z. Chen, A. V. Uskov, C. Chang-Hasnain, "Electrically tunable fast light at THz bandwidth using cascaded semiconductor optical amplifiers," Opt. Exp. 14, 15863-15867 (2006).

G. Priem, "Optical bistability and pulsating behaviour in silicon-on-insulator ring resonator structures," Opt. Exp. 13, 9623-9628 (2005).

Z. Zhang, M. Dainese, L. Wosinski, M. Qiu, "Resonance-splitting and enhanced notch depth in SOI ring resonators with mutual mode coupling," Opt. Exp. 16, 4621-4630 (2008).

S. Scheerlinck, J. Schrauwen, F. Van Laere, D. Taillaert, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, "Efficient, broadband and compact metal grating couplers for silicon-on-insulator waveguides," Opt. Exp. 15, 9639-9644 (2007).

Y. Wang, W. Hu, Y. Su, Z. Zheng, L. Leng, X. Tian, Y. Jin, "Performance study of 40-Gb/s RZ signals through cascaded thin-film filters with large dispersion slope," Opt. Exp. 13, 2176-2181 (2005).

B. Zhang, L. Zhang, L.-S. Yan, I. Fazal1, J.-Y. Yang, A. E. Willner, "Continuously-tunable, bit-rate variable OTDM using broadband SBS slow-light delay line," Opt. Exp. 15, 8317-8322 (2007).

Opt. Lett. (3)

Opt. Photon. News (1)

E. Parra, J. R. Lowell, "Toward applications of slow light technology," Opt. Photon. News 18, 40-45 (2007).

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

M. A. I. Talukder, Y. Amagishi, M. Tomita, "Superluminal to subluminal transition in the pulse propagation in a resonant absorbing medium," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3546-3549 (2001).

M. M. Kash, "Nonlinear magneto-optics and reduced group velocity of light in atomic vapor with slow ground state relaxation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229-5232 (1999).

Other (6)

T. Wang, F. Liu, T. Ye, Z. Zhang, J. Wang, Y. Tian, M. Qiu, Y. Su, "Continuously-tunable slow and fast light using silicon microring add-drop filter with mutual mode coupling," OFC (2009) OWC4.

F. Liu, Q. Li, Z. Zhang, M. Qiu, Y. Su, "Ultra-compact mode-split silicon microring resonator for format conversion from NRZ to FSK," Proc. SPIE (2008) pp. 713537.

Q. Chang, Q. Li, Z. Zhang, M. Qiu, Y. Su, "Micrometer-scale optical up-converter using a resonance-split silicon microring resonator in radio over fiber systems," OFC (2009) JWA48.

J. Bowers, E. Burmeister, D. Blumenthal, "Optical buffering and switching for optical packet switching," Photon. Switching Conf. CreteGreece (2006) O 16.1.

R. Luijten, C. Minkenberg, R. Hemenway, M. Sauer, R. Grzybowski, "Viable opto-electHPCinterconnect fabrics," Proc. ACM/IEEE SC2005 Supercomput. Conf. pp. 8-16.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 1995).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.