Abstract

We present a systematic and comprehensive analysis of photonic crystal fibers with a general Bravais lattice and one hole per unit cell. We show how the lack of a proper separation of lattice shape effects from volume rescaling can lead to an incorrect assessment of the impact of lattice shape. We study and compare the endlessly single-mode, waveguide dispersion, and birefringence properties of the fundamental mode across all lattice shapes. For example, we show that the triangular and square lattice shapes offer the largest critical air-hole radius for the endlessly single-mode operation. We identify a general class of PCFs with large birefringence and show that the total birefringence of the fundamental mode is the result of the competition between two opposing effects: the cladding lattice shape and the asymmetry of the core and can vanish for some PCFs with even very nonsymmetric lattices. We show designs for which the birefringence vanishes even with nonsymmetric lattices and cores.

© 2009 IEEE

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2008 (1)

A. Mafi, "Impact of lattice-shape moduli on band structure of photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. B 77, 115140-115143 (2008).

2007 (2)

P. Song, L. Zhang, Z. Wang, Q. Hu, S. Zhao, S. Jiang, S. Liu, "Birefringence characteristics of squeezed lattice photonic crystal fibers," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 1771-1776 (2007).

Y. Yue, G. Kai, Z. Wang, T. Sun, L. Jin, Y. Lu, C. Zhang, J. Liu, Y. Li, Y. Liu, S. Yuan, X. Dong, "Highly birefringent elliptical-hole photonic crystal fiber with squeezed hexagonal lattice," Opt. Lett. 32, 469-471 (2007).

2005 (2)

2004 (3)

A. Mafi, J. V. Moloney, D. Kouznetsov, A. Schulzgen, S. Jiang, T. Luo, N. Peyghambarian, "A large-core compact high-Power single-mode photonic crystal fiber laser," IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 16, 2595-2597 (2004).

A. Bouk, A. Cucinotta, F. Poli, S. Selleri, "Dispersion properties of square-lattice photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Exp. 12, 941-946 (2004).

L. Zhang, C. Yang, "Photonic crystal fibers with squeezed hexagonal lattice," Opt. Exp. 12, 2371-2376 (2004).

2001 (1)

S. G. Johnson, J. D. Joannopoulos, "Block-iterative frequency-domain methods for Maxwell's equations in a planewave basis," Opt. Exp. 8, 173-190 (2001).

2000 (1)

1998 (1)

1997 (1)

1996 (1)

IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. (1)

A. Mafi, J. V. Moloney, D. Kouznetsov, A. Schulzgen, S. Jiang, T. Luo, N. Peyghambarian, "A large-core compact high-Power single-mode photonic crystal fiber laser," IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 16, 2595-2597 (2004).

J. Lightw. Technol. (2)

P. Song, L. Zhang, Z. Wang, Q. Hu, S. Zhao, S. Jiang, S. Liu, "Birefringence characteristics of squeezed lattice photonic crystal fibers," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 1771-1776 (2007).

A. Mafi, J. V. Moloney, "Beam quality of photonic-crystal fibers," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 2267-2270 (2005).

Opt. Exp. (3)

A. Bouk, A. Cucinotta, F. Poli, S. Selleri, "Dispersion properties of square-lattice photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Exp. 12, 941-946 (2004).

L. Zhang, C. Yang, "Photonic crystal fibers with squeezed hexagonal lattice," Opt. Exp. 12, 2371-2376 (2004).

S. G. Johnson, J. D. Joannopoulos, "Block-iterative frequency-domain methods for Maxwell's equations in a planewave basis," Opt. Exp. 8, 173-190 (2001).

Opt. Lett. (6)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

A. Mafi, "Impact of lattice-shape moduli on band structure of photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. B 77, 115140-115143 (2008).

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