Abstract

An MMI-based six-port circulator is analyzed by 3-D magneto-optical (MO) beam propagation method (BPM). Since opposite nonreciprocal $4\pi/3$-phase shifts are introduced into the two sided interferometric arms of 3$\,\times\,$3 mirror-image MMI coupler, light travels through this device in a nonreciprocal fashion and obeys the sequential order. After using the Ce:YIG/SOI bonding waveguide to construct the proposed circulator, the 3-D MO BPM formula are validated for the first time to simulate nonreciprocal device with external magnetization perpendicular to the light propagation direction. Simulation shows that this device features in easy fabrication, good operation bandwidth, ability to reduce the port count number.

© 2009 IEEE

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2008 (2)

K. Xie, A. D. Boardman, M. Xie, Y. J. Yang, H. M. Jiang, H. J. Yang, G. J. Wen, J. Li, K. Chen, F. S. Chen, "Simulation of longitudinally magnetized three-dimensional magneto-optical devices by a full-vectorial beam propagation method," Opt. Commun. 281, 3275-3285 (2008).

Y. Shoji, "Magneto-optical isolator with silicon waveguides fabricated by direct bonding," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 071117 (2008).

2007 (1)

H. Zhou, X. Jang, J. Yang, M. Wang, "Analysis on multimode interference coupler-based 1$\,\times\,$3 optical switch with mono-compound modulation region," Acta Optica Sinica 27, 1691-1694 (2007).

2006 (2)

T. R. Zaman, X. Guo, R. J. Ram, "Proposal for a polarization-independent integrated optical circulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1359-1361 (2006).

Y. Shoji, T. Mizumoto, "Wideband design of nonreciprocal phase shift magneto-optical isolators using phase adjustment in Mach-Zehnder interferometers," Appl. Opt. 45, 7144-7150 (2006).

2005 (1)

L. D. S. Alcantara, F. L. Teixeira, A. c. C. Cesar, B. H. V. Borges, "A new full-vectorial FD-BPM scheme: Application to the analysis of magnetooptic and nonlinear saturable media," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 2579-2585 (2005).

2004 (1)

2002 (2)

B. Stadler, K. Vaccaro, P. Yip, J. Lorenzo, Y.-Q. Li, Cherif, "Integration of magneto-optical garnet films by metal-organic chemical vapor deposition," IEEE. Trans. Magn. 38, 1564-1657 (2002).

M. Levy, "The on-chip integration of magneto-optic waveguide isolators," J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 1300-1306 (2002).

2000 (1)

K. Jungho, B. Lee, "Bidirectional wavelength add-drop multiplexer using multi-port optical circulators and fiber bragg gratings," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 561-563 (2000).

1999 (1)

T. Sekijima, T. Fujii, K. Wakinao, M. Okada, "Optical faraday rotator using Ce-substituted fibrous YIG single crystal grown by floating-zone method with YAG laser heating," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 47, 2294-2298 (1999).

1995 (2)

A. Erdmann, P. Hertel, "Beam propagation in magnetoptic waveguides," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1510-1516 (1995).

L. B. Soldano, E. C. M. Pennings, "Optical multi-mode interference devices based on self-imaging: Principles and applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 13, 615-627 (1995).

1994 (2)

M. Shamonin, P. Hertel, "Analysis of nonreciprocal mode propagation in magneto-optic rib-waveguide structures with the spectral-index method," Appl. Opt. 33, 6415-6421 (1994).

P. A. Besse, M. Bachmann, H. Melchior, L. B. Soldano, M. K. Smit, "Optical bandwidth and fabrication tolerances of multimode interference couplers," J. Lightw. Technol. 12, 1004-1009 (1994).

1993 (1)

T. Shintaku, T. Uno, M. Kobayashi, "Magneto-optic channel waveguide in Ce-substituted yttrium iron garnet," J. Appl. Phys. 74, 4877-4881 (1993).

1991 (1)

Acta Optica Sinica (1)

H. Zhou, X. Jang, J. Yang, M. Wang, "Analysis on multimode interference coupler-based 1$\,\times\,$3 optical switch with mono-compound modulation region," Acta Optica Sinica 27, 1691-1694 (2007).

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

Y. Shoji, "Magneto-optical isolator with silicon waveguides fabricated by direct bonding," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 071117 (2008).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. Erdmann, P. Hertel, "Beam propagation in magnetoptic waveguides," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1510-1516 (1995).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

K. Jungho, B. Lee, "Bidirectional wavelength add-drop multiplexer using multi-port optical circulators and fiber bragg gratings," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 561-563 (2000).

T. R. Zaman, X. Guo, R. J. Ram, "Proposal for a polarization-independent integrated optical circulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1359-1361 (2006).

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. (1)

T. Sekijima, T. Fujii, K. Wakinao, M. Okada, "Optical faraday rotator using Ce-substituted fibrous YIG single crystal grown by floating-zone method with YAG laser heating," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 47, 2294-2298 (1999).

IEEE. Trans. Magn. (1)

B. Stadler, K. Vaccaro, P. Yip, J. Lorenzo, Y.-Q. Li, Cherif, "Integration of magneto-optical garnet films by metal-organic chemical vapor deposition," IEEE. Trans. Magn. 38, 1564-1657 (2002).

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

T. Shintaku, T. Uno, M. Kobayashi, "Magneto-optic channel waveguide in Ce-substituted yttrium iron garnet," J. Appl. Phys. 74, 4877-4881 (1993).

J. Lightw. Technol. (3)

L. B. Soldano, E. C. M. Pennings, "Optical multi-mode interference devices based on self-imaging: Principles and applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 13, 615-627 (1995).

L. D. S. Alcantara, F. L. Teixeira, A. c. C. Cesar, B. H. V. Borges, "A new full-vectorial FD-BPM scheme: Application to the analysis of magnetooptic and nonlinear saturable media," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 2579-2585 (2005).

P. A. Besse, M. Bachmann, H. Melchior, L. B. Soldano, M. K. Smit, "Optical bandwidth and fabrication tolerances of multimode interference couplers," J. Lightw. Technol. 12, 1004-1009 (1994).

J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Levy, "The on-chip integration of magneto-optic waveguide isolators," J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 1300-1306 (2002).

Opt. Commun. (1)

K. Xie, A. D. Boardman, M. Xie, Y. J. Yang, H. M. Jiang, H. J. Yang, G. J. Wen, J. Li, K. Chen, F. S. Chen, "Simulation of longitudinally magnetized three-dimensional magneto-optical devices by a full-vectorial beam propagation method," Opt. Commun. 281, 3275-3285 (2008).

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (4)

H. Zhou, Study on the Novel Silicon-Based Integrated Photonic Devices Chinese Doctoral dissertation Zhejiang UniversityChina (2009).

D. F. Edwards, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic Press, 1998) pp. 547-569.

O. Zhuromskyy, Simulation of Magneto-Optical Devices Doctoral dissertation Universität OsnabrückOsnabrückGermany (2000).

J.-M. P Delavaux, K. Ogawa, Optical circulator for dispersion compensation U.S. Patent 5404413A (1995).

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