Abstract

In this paper, we propose an evaluation method for device parameters of solid-state organic lasers. Using a self-written active (SWA) waveguide technique, a Fabry–Pérot (FP)-type organic laser with a channel waveguide structure was fabricated, in which the cavity length and the feedback efficiency can be easily controlled. The lasing threshold of the fabricated organic laser showed a monotonic decrease with increased cavity length. From the experimental result, the optical net-gain coefficient and the loss coefficient could be quantitatively evaluated. The evaluation method described here would be an available means to estimate the performance of the laser device with organic compounds.

© 2009 IEEE

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  1. D. Schneider, U. Lemmer, W. Kowalsky, T. Riedl, Organic Light Emitting Devices (Wiley-VCH, 2006) pp. 369-395.
  2. V. G. Kozlov, V. Bulovic, P. E. Burrows, S. R. Forrest, "Laser action in organic semiconductor waveguide and double-heterostructure devices," Nature 389, 362-364 (1997).
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2008 (4)

K. Yamashita, A. Kitanobou, M. Ito, E. Fukuzawa, K. Oe, "Solid-state organic laser using self-written active waveguide with in-line Fabry-Pérot cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, (2008) 143305.

K. Yamashita, E. Fukuzawa, A. Kitanobou, K. Oe, "Self-written active waveguide for integrated optical amplifiers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, (2008) 051102.

O. Sugihara, S. Yasuda, B. Cai, K. Komatsu, T. Kaino, "Serially grafted polymer optical waveguides fabricated by light-induced self-written waveguide technique," Opt. Lett. 33, 294-296 (2008).

C. P. Jisha, V. C. Kishore, B. M. John, V. C. Kuriakose, K. Porsezian, C. S. Kartha, "Self-written waveguide in methylene blue sensitized poly(vinyl alcohol)/acrylamide photopolymer material," Appl. Opt. 47, 6502-6507 (2008).

2007 (1)

A. Zohrabyan, A. Tork, R. Birabassov, T. Galstian, "Self-written gradient double claddlike optical guiding channels of high stability," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, (2007) 111912.

2006 (1)

S. Fujimoto, I. Sakata, H. Yanagi, K. Yamashita, K. Oe, "Near infrared light amplification in dye-doped polymer waveguide," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, L355-L357 (2006).

2005 (1)

K. Yamashita, T. Kuro, K. Oe, K. Mune, T. Hikita, A. Mochizuki, "Propagation-mode-controlled fabrication of self-written waveguide in photosensitive polyimide for single-mode operation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 786-788 (2005).

2004 (1)

T. Shioda, N. Watanabe, H. Ozawa, O. Mikami, "Effects of dye on formation and properties of light-induced self-written waveguide," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, L1023-L1025 (2004).

2002 (2)

A. A. Sukhorukov, S. Shoji, Y. S. Kivshar, S. Kawata, "Self-written waveguides in photosensitive materials," J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 11, 391-407 (2002).

K. Saravanamuttu, M. P. Andrews, "Visible laser self-focusing in hybrid glass planar waveguides," Opt. Lett. 27, 1342-1344 (2002).

2001 (1)

M. Kagami, T. Yamashita, H. Ito, "Light-induced self-written three-dimensional optical waveguide," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1079-1081 (2001).

1999 (1)

K. P. Kretsch, C. Belton, S. Lipson, W. J. Blau, F. Z. Henari, H. Rost, S. Pfeiffer, A. Teuschel, H. Tillmann, H.-H. Hörhold, "Amplified spontaneous emission and optical gain spectra from stilbenoid and phenylene vinylene derivative model compounds," J. Appl. Phys. 86, 6155-6159 (1999).

1997 (1)

V. G. Kozlov, V. Bulovic, P. E. Burrows, S. R. Forrest, "Laser action in organic semiconductor waveguide and double-heterostructure devices," Nature 389, 362-364 (1997).

1996 (2)

F. Hide, M. A. Díaz-García, B. Schwartz, M. Andersson, Q. Pei, A. J. Heeger, "Semiconducting polymers: A new class of solid-state laser materials," Science 273, 1833-1836 (1996).

A. S. Kewitsch, A. Yariv, "Self-focusing and self-trapping of optical beams upon photopolymerization," Opt. Lett. 21, 24-26 (1996).

1993 (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

K. Yamashita, A. Kitanobou, M. Ito, E. Fukuzawa, K. Oe, "Solid-state organic laser using self-written active waveguide with in-line Fabry-Pérot cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, (2008) 143305.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. Zohrabyan, A. Tork, R. Birabassov, T. Galstian, "Self-written gradient double claddlike optical guiding channels of high stability," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, (2007) 111912.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

K. Yamashita, E. Fukuzawa, A. Kitanobou, K. Oe, "Self-written active waveguide for integrated optical amplifiers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, (2008) 051102.

M. Kagami, T. Yamashita, H. Ito, "Light-induced self-written three-dimensional optical waveguide," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1079-1081 (2001).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

K. Yamashita, T. Kuro, K. Oe, K. Mune, T. Hikita, A. Mochizuki, "Propagation-mode-controlled fabrication of self-written waveguide in photosensitive polyimide for single-mode operation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 786-788 (2005).

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

K. P. Kretsch, C. Belton, S. Lipson, W. J. Blau, F. Z. Henari, H. Rost, S. Pfeiffer, A. Teuschel, H. Tillmann, H.-H. Hörhold, "Amplified spontaneous emission and optical gain spectra from stilbenoid and phenylene vinylene derivative model compounds," J. Appl. Phys. 86, 6155-6159 (1999).

J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. (1)

A. A. Sukhorukov, S. Shoji, Y. S. Kivshar, S. Kawata, "Self-written waveguides in photosensitive materials," J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 11, 391-407 (2002).

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

T. Shioda, N. Watanabe, H. Ozawa, O. Mikami, "Effects of dye on formation and properties of light-induced self-written waveguide," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, L1023-L1025 (2004).

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

S. Fujimoto, I. Sakata, H. Yanagi, K. Yamashita, K. Oe, "Near infrared light amplification in dye-doped polymer waveguide," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, L355-L357 (2006).

Nature (1)

V. G. Kozlov, V. Bulovic, P. E. Burrows, S. R. Forrest, "Laser action in organic semiconductor waveguide and double-heterostructure devices," Nature 389, 362-364 (1997).

Opt. Lett. (1)

O. Sugihara, S. Yasuda, B. Cai, K. Komatsu, T. Kaino, "Serially grafted polymer optical waveguides fabricated by light-induced self-written waveguide technique," Opt. Lett. 33, 294-296 (2008).

Opt. Lett. (3)

Science (1)

F. Hide, M. A. Díaz-García, B. Schwartz, M. Andersson, Q. Pei, A. J. Heeger, "Semiconducting polymers: A new class of solid-state laser materials," Science 273, 1833-1836 (1996).

Other (4)

D. Schneider, U. Lemmer, W. Kowalsky, T. Riedl, Organic Light Emitting Devices (Wiley-VCH, 2006) pp. 369-395.

J.-M. Liu, Photonic Devices (Cambridge Univ. Press, 2005).

F. P. Scháfer, Dye Lasers (Springer-Verlag, 1977).

T. Kobayashi, W. J. Blau, H. Tillmann, H.-H. H. ouml;rhold, "Luminescent polymer optical fibers: Gain spectroscopy and lasing," Proc. SPIE (2003) pp. 293-304.

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