Abstract

In this paper, bit error rate and power penalty in a WDM receiver system in the presence of component crosstalk with finite interferers are studied using a simplified analysis and some optimum detection thresholds are suggested for minimum bit error rate. Error probabilities are calculated considering a unipolar bit stream of optical signals at the receiver input. Probability density function in the presence of crosstalk deviates from conventional Gaussian function. Effects of receiver noise, number of interfering channels and crosstalk levels on the receiver performance are shown. Optimum detection thresholds for minimum bit error rates in the WDM receiver in presence of component crosstalk are investigated and summarized in tabular form.

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  1. K. P. Ho, "Analysis of homodyne crosstalk in optical networks using Gram-Charlier series," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 149-154 (1999).
  2. S. L. Danielsen, C. Joergensen, B. Mikkelsen, K. E. Stubkjaer, "Analysis of interferometric crosstalk in optical switch blocks using moment generating functions," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1635-1637 (1998).
  3. J. Gimlett, N. K. Cheung, "Effects of phase-to-intensity noise conversion by multiple reflections on gigabit-per-second DFB laser transmission systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 7, 888-895 (1989).
  4. E. L. Goldstein, L. Eskildsen, A. F. Elrefaie, "Performance implications of component crosstalk in transparent lightwave networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 657-660 (1994).
  5. T. Kamalakis, T. Sphicopoulos, "Accurate estimation of the error probability in the presence of In-Band crosstalk noise in WDM networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 2172-2181 (2003).
  6. C. S. Murthy, M. Gurusamy, WDM Optical Networks (Pearson Education, 2004).
  7. E. Yamazaki, F. Inuzuka, K. Yonenaga, A. Takada, M. Koga, "Compensation of interchannel crosstalk induced by optical fiber nonlinearity in carrier phase-locked WDM system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 9-11 (2007).
  8. S. D. Dods, J. P. R. Lacey, R. S. Tucker, "Homodyne crosstalk in WDM ring and bus networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1285-1287.
  9. X. Jiang, I. Roudas, "Asymmetric probability density function of a signal with interferometric crosstalk," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 160-162 (2001).
  10. E. Forestieri, "Evaluating the error probability in lightwave systems with chromatic dispersion, arbitrary pulse shape and pre- and postdetection filtering," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 1493-1503 (2000).
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  12. J. Zhou, M. J. Mahony, S. D. Walker, "Analysis of optical crosstalk effects in multiwavelength switched networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 302-305 (1994).
  13. I. Lyubomirsky, "Coherent detection for optical duobinary communication systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 868-870 (2006).
  14. S. D. Dods, T. B. Anderson, "Calculation of bit-error rates and power penalties due to incoherent crosstalk in optical networks using Taylor series expansions," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1828-1837 (2005).
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  17. K. P. Ho, "Analysis of co-channel crosstalk interference in optical networks," Electron. Lett. 34, 383-385 (1998).
  18. J. C. Cartledge, L. W. Coathup, "A Gram-Charlier series method of calculating the probability of error in lightwave transmission systems," J. Lightw. Technol. LT-4, 1736-1740 (1986).
  19. I. T. Monroy, E. Tangdiongga, "Performance evaluation of optical cross-connects by saddlepoint approximation," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 317-323 (1998).
  20. S. Sarkar, N. R. Das, "A comparative study of different crosstalks in a WDM system," Int. J. Comp. Inf. Technol. Eng. 1, 17-22.
  21. D. Blumenthal, P. Granestrand, L. Thylen, "BER floor due to heterodyne coherent crosstalk in space photonic switches for WDM networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 284-286 (1996).
  22. E. I. Goldstein, L. Eskildsen, "Scaling limitations in transparent optical networks due to low-level cross-talk," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 93-94 (1995).
  23. J. Mitchell, P. Lane, J. O'Reilly, "Statistical characterization of interferometric beat noise in optical networks," Proc. OFC pp. 123-124.
  24. A. Papoulis, Probability, Random Variable, and Stochastic Processes (McGraw-Hill, 1984).
  25. A. Abramowitz, I. Stegun, Handbook of Mathematical Functions (Dover, 1972).
  26. F. B. Hildebrand, Introduction to Numerical Analysis (Dover, 1987).

2007 (1)

E. Yamazaki, F. Inuzuka, K. Yonenaga, A. Takada, M. Koga, "Compensation of interchannel crosstalk induced by optical fiber nonlinearity in carrier phase-locked WDM system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 9-11 (2007).

2006 (1)

I. Lyubomirsky, "Coherent detection for optical duobinary communication systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 868-870 (2006).

2005 (1)

S. D. Dods, T. B. Anderson, "Calculation of bit-error rates and power penalties due to incoherent crosstalk in optical networks using Taylor series expansions," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1828-1837 (2005).

2003 (1)

T. Kamalakis, T. Sphicopoulos, "Accurate estimation of the error probability in the presence of In-Band crosstalk noise in WDM networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 2172-2181 (2003).

2001 (1)

X. Jiang, I. Roudas, "Asymmetric probability density function of a signal with interferometric crosstalk," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 160-162 (2001).

2000 (1)

E. Forestieri, "Evaluating the error probability in lightwave systems with chromatic dispersion, arbitrary pulse shape and pre- and postdetection filtering," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 1493-1503 (2000).

1999 (1)

K. P. Ho, "Analysis of homodyne crosstalk in optical networks using Gram-Charlier series," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 149-154 (1999).

1998 (3)

S. L. Danielsen, C. Joergensen, B. Mikkelsen, K. E. Stubkjaer, "Analysis of interferometric crosstalk in optical switch blocks using moment generating functions," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1635-1637 (1998).

K. P. Ho, "Analysis of co-channel crosstalk interference in optical networks," Electron. Lett. 34, 383-385 (1998).

I. T. Monroy, E. Tangdiongga, "Performance evaluation of optical cross-connects by saddlepoint approximation," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 317-323 (1998).

1996 (2)

D. Blumenthal, P. Granestrand, L. Thylen, "BER floor due to heterodyne coherent crosstalk in space photonic switches for WDM networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 284-286 (1996).

P. J. Legg, M. Tur, I. Andonovic, "Solution paths to limit interferometric noise induced performance degradation in ASK/direct detection lightwave networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 14, 1943-1954 (1996).

1995 (1)

E. I. Goldstein, L. Eskildsen, "Scaling limitations in transparent optical networks due to low-level cross-talk," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 93-94 (1995).

1994 (2)

J. Zhou, M. J. Mahony, S. D. Walker, "Analysis of optical crosstalk effects in multiwavelength switched networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 302-305 (1994).

E. L. Goldstein, L. Eskildsen, A. F. Elrefaie, "Performance implications of component crosstalk in transparent lightwave networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 657-660 (1994).

1990 (1)

D. Marcuse, "Derivation of analytical expressions for the bit-error probability in lightwave systems with optical amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 1816-1823 (1990).

1989 (1)

J. Gimlett, N. K. Cheung, "Effects of phase-to-intensity noise conversion by multiple reflections on gigabit-per-second DFB laser transmission systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 7, 888-895 (1989).

1986 (1)

J. C. Cartledge, L. W. Coathup, "A Gram-Charlier series method of calculating the probability of error in lightwave transmission systems," J. Lightw. Technol. LT-4, 1736-1740 (1986).

Electron. Lett. (1)

K. P. Ho, "Analysis of co-channel crosstalk interference in optical networks," Electron. Lett. 34, 383-385 (1998).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

J. Zhou, M. J. Mahony, S. D. Walker, "Analysis of optical crosstalk effects in multiwavelength switched networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 302-305 (1994).

E. L. Goldstein, L. Eskildsen, A. F. Elrefaie, "Performance implications of component crosstalk in transparent lightwave networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 657-660 (1994).

X. Jiang, I. Roudas, "Asymmetric probability density function of a signal with interferometric crosstalk," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 160-162 (2001).

E. I. Goldstein, L. Eskildsen, "Scaling limitations in transparent optical networks due to low-level cross-talk," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 93-94 (1995).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

I. Lyubomirsky, "Coherent detection for optical duobinary communication systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 868-870 (2006).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

E. Yamazaki, F. Inuzuka, K. Yonenaga, A. Takada, M. Koga, "Compensation of interchannel crosstalk induced by optical fiber nonlinearity in carrier phase-locked WDM system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 9-11 (2007).

S. D. Dods, J. P. R. Lacey, R. S. Tucker, "Homodyne crosstalk in WDM ring and bus networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1285-1287.

S. L. Danielsen, C. Joergensen, B. Mikkelsen, K. E. Stubkjaer, "Analysis of interferometric crosstalk in optical switch blocks using moment generating functions," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1635-1637 (1998).

D. Blumenthal, P. Granestrand, L. Thylen, "BER floor due to heterodyne coherent crosstalk in space photonic switches for WDM networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 284-286 (1996).

Int. J. Comp. Inf. Technol. Eng. (1)

S. Sarkar, N. R. Das, "A comparative study of different crosstalks in a WDM system," Int. J. Comp. Inf. Technol. Eng. 1, 17-22.

J. Lightw. Technol. (2)

I. T. Monroy, E. Tangdiongga, "Performance evaluation of optical cross-connects by saddlepoint approximation," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 317-323 (1998).

K. P. Ho, "Analysis of homodyne crosstalk in optical networks using Gram-Charlier series," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 149-154 (1999).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

E. Forestieri, "Evaluating the error probability in lightwave systems with chromatic dispersion, arbitrary pulse shape and pre- and postdetection filtering," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 1493-1503 (2000).

J. Lightw. Technol. (6)

D. Marcuse, "Derivation of analytical expressions for the bit-error probability in lightwave systems with optical amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 1816-1823 (1990).

J. Gimlett, N. K. Cheung, "Effects of phase-to-intensity noise conversion by multiple reflections on gigabit-per-second DFB laser transmission systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 7, 888-895 (1989).

T. Kamalakis, T. Sphicopoulos, "Accurate estimation of the error probability in the presence of In-Band crosstalk noise in WDM networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 2172-2181 (2003).

P. J. Legg, M. Tur, I. Andonovic, "Solution paths to limit interferometric noise induced performance degradation in ASK/direct detection lightwave networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 14, 1943-1954 (1996).

J. C. Cartledge, L. W. Coathup, "A Gram-Charlier series method of calculating the probability of error in lightwave transmission systems," J. Lightw. Technol. LT-4, 1736-1740 (1986).

S. D. Dods, T. B. Anderson, "Calculation of bit-error rates and power penalties due to incoherent crosstalk in optical networks using Taylor series expansions," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1828-1837 (2005).

Other (6)

G. Einarsson, Principles of Lightwave Communications (Wiley, 1996).

C. S. Murthy, M. Gurusamy, WDM Optical Networks (Pearson Education, 2004).

J. Mitchell, P. Lane, J. O'Reilly, "Statistical characterization of interferometric beat noise in optical networks," Proc. OFC pp. 123-124.

A. Papoulis, Probability, Random Variable, and Stochastic Processes (McGraw-Hill, 1984).

A. Abramowitz, I. Stegun, Handbook of Mathematical Functions (Dover, 1972).

F. B. Hildebrand, Introduction to Numerical Analysis (Dover, 1987).

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