Abstract

We experimentally investigate the real transparency of four-wave mixing (FWM) in semiconductor optical amplifiers to modulation formats involving intensity, phase, and polarization multiplexing. We exploit two different FWM polarization-independent schemes (that make use of two pumps) to wavelength-convert 40 Gb/s single-polarization and 80 Gb/s polarization-multiplexed signals in case of both nonreturn-to-zero ${ON}$–${OFF}$ keying (NRZ-OOK) and NRZ differential phase-shift keying modulation formats. We found that, although FWM conversion is transparent to modulation formats employing phase and intensity, polarization-multiplexed signals pose serious limitations to all-optical processing transparency.

© 2009 IEEE

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  1. A. H. Gnauck, R. W. Tkach, A. R. Chraplyvy, T. Li, "High-capacity optical transmission systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 1032-1045 (2008).
  2. A. H. Gnauck, G. Charlet, P. Tran, P. J. Winzer, C. R. Doerr, J. C. Centanni, E. C. Burrows, T. Kawanishi, T. Sakamoto, K. Higuma, "25.6-Tb/s WDM transmission of polarization-multiplexed RZ-DQPSK signals," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 79-84 (2008).
  3. M. Galili, B. Huettl, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, A. Gual i Coca, R. Ludwig, C. Schubert, "320 Gbit/s DQPSK all-optical wavelength conversion using four wave mixing," Proc. OFC/NFOEC (2007) pp. 1-3.
  4. J. P. R. Lacey, M. Summerfield, S. J. Madden, "Tunability of polarization-insensitive wavelength converters based on four-wave mixing in semiconductor optical amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 2419-2427 (1998).
  5. S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, B. Spinnler, S. Calabro, H. Suche, P. M. Krummrich, W. Sohler, G.-D. Khoe, H. de Waardt, "Optical phase conjugation for ultra long-haul phase-shift-keyed transmission," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 54-64 (2006).
  6. R. Jopson, R. Tench, "Polarisation-independent phase conjugation of lightwave signals," Electron. Lett. 29, 2216-2217 (1993).
  7. G. Contestabile, R. Proietti, N. Calabretta, M. Presi, A. D'Errico, E. Ciaramella, "Simultaneous demodulation and clock-recovery of 40-Gb/s NRZ-DPSK signals using a multiwavelength Gaussian filter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 791-793 (2008).
  8. R. Schnabel, U. Hilbk, T. P. Hermes, Meissner, C. Helmolt, K. Magari, F. Raub, W. Pieper, F. J. Westphal, R. Ludwig, L. Kuller, H. G. Weber, "Polarization insensitive frequency conversion of a 10-channel OFDM signal using four-wave-mixing in a semiconductor laser amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 56-58 (1994).
  9. C. Porzi, A. Bogoni, L. Poti, G. Contestabile, "Polarization and wavelength-independent time-division demultiplexing based on copolarized-pumps FWM in an SOA," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 633-635 (2005).
  10. Y. Dong, Z. Li, J. Mo, Y. Wang, C. Lu, "Cascade of all-optical wavelength conversion for RZ-DPSK format using four wave mixing in SOA," Proc. OFC (2004) pp. 23-27.
  11. J. Yu, M. Huang, "Wavelength conversion of 112 Gbit/s PolMux RZ-QPSK signals based on four-wave mixing in high-nonlinear fiber using digital coherent detection," Proc. ECOC (2008).
  12. V. Pusino, P. Minzioni, I. Cristiani, V. Degiorgio, L. Marazzi, P. Boffi, M. Ferrario, P. Martelli, P. Parolai, A. Righetti, R. Siano, M. Martinelli, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, "Wavelength conversion of real-time 100 Gb/s PolMux RZ-DQPSK," OFC/NFOEC, San Diego, CA (2009) Paper OThS3.
  13. G. Contestabile, A. D'Ottavi, F. Martelli, P. Spano, J. Eckner, "Broad-band polarization-insensitive wavelength conversion at 10 Gb/s," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 666-668 (2002).

2008 (3)

A. H. Gnauck, R. W. Tkach, A. R. Chraplyvy, T. Li, "High-capacity optical transmission systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 1032-1045 (2008).

A. H. Gnauck, G. Charlet, P. Tran, P. J. Winzer, C. R. Doerr, J. C. Centanni, E. C. Burrows, T. Kawanishi, T. Sakamoto, K. Higuma, "25.6-Tb/s WDM transmission of polarization-multiplexed RZ-DQPSK signals," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 79-84 (2008).

G. Contestabile, R. Proietti, N. Calabretta, M. Presi, A. D'Errico, E. Ciaramella, "Simultaneous demodulation and clock-recovery of 40-Gb/s NRZ-DPSK signals using a multiwavelength Gaussian filter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 791-793 (2008).

2006 (1)

S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, B. Spinnler, S. Calabro, H. Suche, P. M. Krummrich, W. Sohler, G.-D. Khoe, H. de Waardt, "Optical phase conjugation for ultra long-haul phase-shift-keyed transmission," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 54-64 (2006).

2005 (1)

C. Porzi, A. Bogoni, L. Poti, G. Contestabile, "Polarization and wavelength-independent time-division demultiplexing based on copolarized-pumps FWM in an SOA," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 633-635 (2005).

2002 (1)

G. Contestabile, A. D'Ottavi, F. Martelli, P. Spano, J. Eckner, "Broad-band polarization-insensitive wavelength conversion at 10 Gb/s," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 666-668 (2002).

1998 (1)

J. P. R. Lacey, M. Summerfield, S. J. Madden, "Tunability of polarization-insensitive wavelength converters based on four-wave mixing in semiconductor optical amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 2419-2427 (1998).

1994 (1)

R. Schnabel, U. Hilbk, T. P. Hermes, Meissner, C. Helmolt, K. Magari, F. Raub, W. Pieper, F. J. Westphal, R. Ludwig, L. Kuller, H. G. Weber, "Polarization insensitive frequency conversion of a 10-channel OFDM signal using four-wave-mixing in a semiconductor laser amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 56-58 (1994).

1993 (1)

R. Jopson, R. Tench, "Polarisation-independent phase conjugation of lightwave signals," Electron. Lett. 29, 2216-2217 (1993).

Electron. Lett. (1)

R. Jopson, R. Tench, "Polarisation-independent phase conjugation of lightwave signals," Electron. Lett. 29, 2216-2217 (1993).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

G. Contestabile, A. D'Ottavi, F. Martelli, P. Spano, J. Eckner, "Broad-band polarization-insensitive wavelength conversion at 10 Gb/s," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 666-668 (2002).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

G. Contestabile, R. Proietti, N. Calabretta, M. Presi, A. D'Errico, E. Ciaramella, "Simultaneous demodulation and clock-recovery of 40-Gb/s NRZ-DPSK signals using a multiwavelength Gaussian filter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 791-793 (2008).

R. Schnabel, U. Hilbk, T. P. Hermes, Meissner, C. Helmolt, K. Magari, F. Raub, W. Pieper, F. J. Westphal, R. Ludwig, L. Kuller, H. G. Weber, "Polarization insensitive frequency conversion of a 10-channel OFDM signal using four-wave-mixing in a semiconductor laser amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 56-58 (1994).

C. Porzi, A. Bogoni, L. Poti, G. Contestabile, "Polarization and wavelength-independent time-division demultiplexing based on copolarized-pumps FWM in an SOA," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 633-635 (2005).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, B. Spinnler, S. Calabro, H. Suche, P. M. Krummrich, W. Sohler, G.-D. Khoe, H. de Waardt, "Optical phase conjugation for ultra long-haul phase-shift-keyed transmission," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 54-64 (2006).

J. Lightw. Technol. (3)

J. P. R. Lacey, M. Summerfield, S. J. Madden, "Tunability of polarization-insensitive wavelength converters based on four-wave mixing in semiconductor optical amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 2419-2427 (1998).

A. H. Gnauck, R. W. Tkach, A. R. Chraplyvy, T. Li, "High-capacity optical transmission systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 1032-1045 (2008).

A. H. Gnauck, G. Charlet, P. Tran, P. J. Winzer, C. R. Doerr, J. C. Centanni, E. C. Burrows, T. Kawanishi, T. Sakamoto, K. Higuma, "25.6-Tb/s WDM transmission of polarization-multiplexed RZ-DQPSK signals," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 79-84 (2008).

Other (4)

M. Galili, B. Huettl, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, A. Gual i Coca, R. Ludwig, C. Schubert, "320 Gbit/s DQPSK all-optical wavelength conversion using four wave mixing," Proc. OFC/NFOEC (2007) pp. 1-3.

Y. Dong, Z. Li, J. Mo, Y. Wang, C. Lu, "Cascade of all-optical wavelength conversion for RZ-DPSK format using four wave mixing in SOA," Proc. OFC (2004) pp. 23-27.

J. Yu, M. Huang, "Wavelength conversion of 112 Gbit/s PolMux RZ-QPSK signals based on four-wave mixing in high-nonlinear fiber using digital coherent detection," Proc. ECOC (2008).

V. Pusino, P. Minzioni, I. Cristiani, V. Degiorgio, L. Marazzi, P. Boffi, M. Ferrario, P. Martelli, P. Parolai, A. Righetti, R. Siano, M. Martinelli, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, "Wavelength conversion of real-time 100 Gb/s PolMux RZ-DQPSK," OFC/NFOEC, San Diego, CA (2009) Paper OThS3.

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