Abstract

All-optical pulse reamplification, reshaping (2R), and retiming (3R) using a monolithic bistable semiconductor ring laser (SRL) is demonstrated for the first time. The regeneration performance of the SRL is characterized with an all-optical settable switching threshold, achieving significant increases in the extinction ratio (ER) of the output pulse for input ER as low as 1 dB. For retiming, a rectangular retiming window generated by a clean clock signal is used to eliminate the timing jitter in the input pulse. For input pulse with peak-to-peak timing jitter as high as $\sim {\hbox {12}}\%$ of the bit period, the timing jitter in the retimed output pulse is reduced to $ < 2\%$ of the bit period. The pulsewidth of the final regenerated data can be controlled by changing the width of the retiming window. The SRL is, therefore, shown to have a “hard” digital performance in both amplitude and time domain suitable for all-optical 3R.

© 2009 IEEE

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  25. K. Thakulsukanant, B. Li, M. I. Memon, G. Mezosi, Z. Wang, M. Sorel, S. Yu, "All-optical label swapping using bistable semiconductor ring laser in an optical switching node," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 631-638 (2009).
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2009 (1)

K. Thakulsukanant, B. Li, M. I. Memon, G. Mezosi, Z. Wang, M. Sorel, S. Yu, "All-optical label swapping using bistable semiconductor ring laser in an optical switching node," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 631-638 (2009).

2008 (3)

Z. Wang, G. Yuan, G. Verschaffelt, J. Danckaert, S. Yu, "Storing 2 bits of information in a novel single semiconductor microring laser memory cell," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1228-1230 (2008).

C. Ito, J. C. Cartledge, "Design considerations for polarization-independent all-optical retiming based on cross-phase modulation and spectral slicing," IEEE Photo. Technol. Lett. 20, 425-427 (2008).

B. Li, M. I. Memon, G. Mezosi, G. Yuan, Z. Wang, M. Sorel, S. Yu, "All-optical response of semiconductor ring laser to dual-optical injections," IEEE Photon. Technol .Lett. 20, 770-772 (2008).

2007 (1)

T. Perez, A. Scire, G. Van der Sande, P. Colet, R. Mirasso, "Bistability and all-optical switching in semiconductor ring lasers," Opt. Exp. 15, 12941-12948 (2007).

2006 (3)

F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen, D. J. Richardson, "Pulse retiming based on XPM using parabolic pulses formed in a fiber Bragg grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 829-831 (2006).

F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen, D. J. Richardson, "All-optical pulse reshaping and retiming systems incorporating pulse shaping fiber Bragg grating," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 357-364 (2006).

S. J. Savage, B. S. Robinson, E. P. Ippen, S. A. Hamilton, "Wavelength-maintaining polarization-insensitive all-optical 3R regenerator," Opt. Exp. 14, 1748-1754 (2006).

2005 (1)

R. Sato, T. Ito, Y. Shibata, A. Ohki, Y. Akatsu, "40-Gb/s burst-mode optical 2R regenerator," IEEE Photo. Technol. Lett. 17, 2194-2196 (2005).

2004 (2)

G. Morthier, B. Moeyersoon, "Improvement of the direct modulation behavior of semiconductor lasers by using a holding beam," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1616-1618 (2004).

M. T. Hill, "A fast low-power optical memory based on coupled micro-ring lasers," Nature 432, 206-209 (2004).

2003 (1)

O. Leclerc, B. Lavigne, E. Balmefrezol, P. Brindel, L. Pierre, D. Rouvillain, F. Seguineau, "Optical regeneration at 40 Gb/s and beyond," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 2779-2790 (2003).

2002 (1)

M. Sorel, P. J. R. Laybourn, G. Giuliani, S. Donati, "Unidirectional bistability in semiconductor waveguide ring lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 3051-3053 (2002).

2001 (1)

P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen, A. D. Ellis, D. J. Richardson, "Rectangular pulse generation based on pulse reshaping using a superstructured fiber Bragg grating," J. Lightw. Technol. 19, 746-752 (2001).

2000 (1)

D. Wolfson, A. Kloch, T. Fjelde, C. Janz, B. Dagens, M. Renaud, "40-Gb/s all-optical wavelength conversion, regeneration, and demultiplexing in an SOA-based all-active Mach–Zehnder interferometer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 332-334 (2000).

1999 (3)

S. Zimmermann, A. Wixforth, P. J. Kottaus, W. Wegscheider, M. Bichler, "A semiconductor-based photonic memory cell," Science 283, 1292-1295 (1999).

A. E. Kelly, I. D. Phillips, R. J. Manning, A. D. Ellis, D. Nesset, D. G. Moodie, R. Kashyap, "80 Gbit/s all-optical regenerative wavelength conversion using semiconductor optical amplifier based interferometer," Electron. Lett. 35, 1477-1478 (1999).

S. Fischer, M. Dülk, E. Gamper, W. Vogt, E. Gini, H. Melchior, W. Hunziker, D. Nesset, A. D. Ellis, "Optical 3R regenerator for 40 Gb/s networks," Electron. Lett. 35, 2047-2049 (1999).

1998 (1)

N. S. Patel, K. L. Hall, K. A. Rauschenbach, "Interferometric all-optical switches for ultrafast signal processing," Appl. Opt. 37, 2831-2842 (1998).

1995 (1)

M. Eiselt, W. Pieper, H. G. Weber, "SLALOM: Semiconductor laser amplifier in a loop mirror," J. Lightw. Technol. 13, 2099-2112 (1995).

1994 (1)

M. Jinno, "All optical signal regularizing/regeneration using a nonlinear fiber Sagnac interferometer switch with signal-clock walk-off," J. Lightw. Technol. 12, 1648-1659 (1994).

1985 (1)

F. Mogensen, H. Olesen, G. Jacobsen, "Locking conditions and stability properties for a semiconductor laser with external light injection," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 784-793 (1985).

Appl. Opt. (1)

N. S. Patel, K. L. Hall, K. A. Rauschenbach, "Interferometric all-optical switches for ultrafast signal processing," Appl. Opt. 37, 2831-2842 (1998).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

M. Sorel, P. J. R. Laybourn, G. Giuliani, S. Donati, "Unidirectional bistability in semiconductor waveguide ring lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 3051-3053 (2002).

Electron. Lett. (2)

A. E. Kelly, I. D. Phillips, R. J. Manning, A. D. Ellis, D. Nesset, D. G. Moodie, R. Kashyap, "80 Gbit/s all-optical regenerative wavelength conversion using semiconductor optical amplifier based interferometer," Electron. Lett. 35, 1477-1478 (1999).

S. Fischer, M. Dülk, E. Gamper, W. Vogt, E. Gini, H. Melchior, W. Hunziker, D. Nesset, A. D. Ellis, "Optical 3R regenerator for 40 Gb/s networks," Electron. Lett. 35, 2047-2049 (1999).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen, D. J. Richardson, "Pulse retiming based on XPM using parabolic pulses formed in a fiber Bragg grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 829-831 (2006).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

F. Mogensen, H. Olesen, G. Jacobsen, "Locking conditions and stability properties for a semiconductor laser with external light injection," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 784-793 (1985).

IEEE Photo. Technol. Lett. (2)

R. Sato, T. Ito, Y. Shibata, A. Ohki, Y. Akatsu, "40-Gb/s burst-mode optical 2R regenerator," IEEE Photo. Technol. Lett. 17, 2194-2196 (2005).

C. Ito, J. C. Cartledge, "Design considerations for polarization-independent all-optical retiming based on cross-phase modulation and spectral slicing," IEEE Photo. Technol. Lett. 20, 425-427 (2008).

IEEE Photon. Technol .Lett. (1)

B. Li, M. I. Memon, G. Mezosi, G. Yuan, Z. Wang, M. Sorel, S. Yu, "All-optical response of semiconductor ring laser to dual-optical injections," IEEE Photon. Technol .Lett. 20, 770-772 (2008).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

Z. Wang, G. Yuan, G. Verschaffelt, J. Danckaert, S. Yu, "Storing 2 bits of information in a novel single semiconductor microring laser memory cell," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1228-1230 (2008).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

D. Wolfson, A. Kloch, T. Fjelde, C. Janz, B. Dagens, M. Renaud, "40-Gb/s all-optical wavelength conversion, regeneration, and demultiplexing in an SOA-based all-active Mach–Zehnder interferometer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 332-334 (2000).

G. Morthier, B. Moeyersoon, "Improvement of the direct modulation behavior of semiconductor lasers by using a holding beam," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1616-1618 (2004).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen, A. D. Ellis, D. J. Richardson, "Rectangular pulse generation based on pulse reshaping using a superstructured fiber Bragg grating," J. Lightw. Technol. 19, 746-752 (2001).

J. Lightw. Technol. (5)

F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen, D. J. Richardson, "All-optical pulse reshaping and retiming systems incorporating pulse shaping fiber Bragg grating," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 357-364 (2006).

M. Eiselt, W. Pieper, H. G. Weber, "SLALOM: Semiconductor laser amplifier in a loop mirror," J. Lightw. Technol. 13, 2099-2112 (1995).

M. Jinno, "All optical signal regularizing/regeneration using a nonlinear fiber Sagnac interferometer switch with signal-clock walk-off," J. Lightw. Technol. 12, 1648-1659 (1994).

O. Leclerc, B. Lavigne, E. Balmefrezol, P. Brindel, L. Pierre, D. Rouvillain, F. Seguineau, "Optical regeneration at 40 Gb/s and beyond," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 2779-2790 (2003).

K. Thakulsukanant, B. Li, M. I. Memon, G. Mezosi, Z. Wang, M. Sorel, S. Yu, "All-optical label swapping using bistable semiconductor ring laser in an optical switching node," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 631-638 (2009).

Nature (1)

M. T. Hill, "A fast low-power optical memory based on coupled micro-ring lasers," Nature 432, 206-209 (2004).

Opt. Exp. (2)

S. J. Savage, B. S. Robinson, E. P. Ippen, S. A. Hamilton, "Wavelength-maintaining polarization-insensitive all-optical 3R regenerator," Opt. Exp. 14, 1748-1754 (2006).

T. Perez, A. Scire, G. Van der Sande, P. Colet, R. Mirasso, "Bistability and all-optical switching in semiconductor ring lasers," Opt. Exp. 15, 12941-12948 (2007).

Science (1)

S. Zimmermann, A. Wixforth, P. J. Kottaus, W. Wegscheider, M. Bichler, "A semiconductor-based photonic memory cell," Science 283, 1292-1295 (1999).

Other (4)

S. Yu, Z. Wang, G. Yuan, B. Li, M. I. Memon, G. Giuliani, S. Furst, M. Sorel, "Optically triggered monostable and bistable flip-flop operation of a monolithic semiconductor ring laser," Proc. Photonics in Switching (2007) pp. 115-116.

S. Yu, Z. Wang, S. Furst, M. Sorel, "All-optical data processing using directional monostability in semiconductor ring laser," presented at the ECOC (2007).

K. Thakulsukanant, B. Li, S. Furst, M. Sorel, S. Yu, "All-optical label swapping using bistable semiconductor ring laser," presented at the CLEO (2008).

R. Ramaswami, K. N. Sivarajan, Optical Networks: A Practical Perspective (Academic Press, Inc., 2002).

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