Abstract

This paper presents experimental data demonstrating a novel differential quadrature phase-shift keying receiver based on optical frequency discriminator demodulator with direct detection. The experimental results confirm theory, showing a factor of 2$\times$ enhanced tolerance to chromatic dispersion compared with a conventional delay-interferometer-based demodulator with balanced detection. The frequency discriminator direct detection receiver also shows a significant improvement in tolerance to Gordon–Mollenauer nonlinear phase noise.

© 2009 IEEE

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  1. P. J. Winzer, R.-J. Essiambre, "Advanced modulation formats for high-capacity optical transport networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4711-4728 (2006).
  2. E. B. Desurvire, "Capacity demand and technology challenges for lightwave systems in the next two decades," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4697-4710 (2006).
  3. G. Charlet, S. Bigo, "Upgrading WDM submarine systems to 40-Gbit/s channel bitrate," Proc. IEEE 94, 935-951 (2006).
  4. J. M. Kahn, K.-P. Ho, "Spectral efficiency limits and modulation/detection techniques for DWDM systems," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 10, 259-272 (2004).
  5. R. A. Griffin, A. C. Carter, "Optical differential quadrature phase-shift key (oDQPSK) for high capacity optical transmission," presented at Opt. Fiber Commun. (OFC), Anaheim, CA (2002) Paper WX6.
  6. A. H. Gnauck, P. J. Winzer, C. Dorrer, S. Chandrasekhar, "Linear and nonlinear performance of 42.7-Gb/s single-polarization RZ-DQPSK format," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 883-885 (2006).
  7. M. Daikoku, I. Morita, H. Taga, H. Tanaka, T. Kawanishi, T. Sakamoto, T. Miyazaki, T. Fujita, "100-Gb/s DQPSK transmission experiment without OTDM for 100 G ethernet transport," J. Lightwv. Technol. 25, 139-145 (2007).
  8. D. van-den Borne, S. L. Jansen, E. Gottwald, P. M. Krummrich, G. D. Khoe, H. de Waardt, "1.6-b/s/Hz spectrally efficient transmission over 1700 km of SSMF using 40$\,\times\,$85.6-Gb/s PolMux-RZ-DQPSK," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 222-232 (2007).
  9. G. Bosco, P. Poggiolini, "On the joint effect of receiver impairments on direct-detection DQPSK systems," IEEE J. Lightwv. Technol. 24, 1323-1333 (2006).
  10. Y. K. Lizé, M. Faucher, É. Jarry, P. Ouellette, É. Villeneuve, A. Wetter, F. Séguin, "Phase-tunable low-loss, S-, C-, and L-band DPSK and DQPSK demodulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1886-1888 (2007).
  11. H. Kim, P. Winzer, "Robustness to laser frequency offset in direct-dectection DPSK and DQPSK systems," IEEE J. Lightwv. Technol. 21, 1887-1891 (2003).
  12. K.-P. Ho, "The effect of interferometer phase error on direct-detection DPSK and DQPSK signals," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 308-310 (2004).
  13. J. P. Gordon, L. F. Mollenauer, "Phase noise in photonic communication systems using linear amplifiers," Opt. Lett. 15, 1351-1353 (1990).
  14. I. Lyubomirsky, C.-C. Chien, "DPSK demodulator based on optical discriminator filter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 492-494 (2005).
  15. I. Lyubomirsky, C.-C. Chien, Y.-H. Wang, "Optical DQPSK receiver with enhanced dispersion tolerance," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 511-513 (2008).
  16. Y. K. Lizé, L. Christen, X. Wu, J.-Y. Yang, S. Nuccio, T. Wu, A. E. Willner, R. Kashyap, "Free spectral range optimization of return-to-zero differential phase shift keyed demodulation in the presence of chromatic dispersion," Opt. Exp. 15, 6817-6822 (2007).
  17. X. Zhou, J. Yu, T. Wang, G. Zhang, "Impact of strong optical filtering on DQPSK modulation formats," presented at Proc. ECOC, Berlin, Germany (2007) Paper Po94.
  18. L. Moller, C. Xie, X. Wei, X. Liu, C. Stook, J. Wood, P. Bravetti, P. Bergamini, C. Gualandi, "A novel 10-Gb/s duobinary receiver with improved back-to-back performance and large chromatic dispersion tolerance," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1152-1154 (2004).
  19. K. Okamoto, K. Syuto, H. Takahashi, Y. Ohmori, "Fabrication of 128-channel arrayed-waveguide grating multiplexer with a 25-GHz channel spacing," Electron. Lett. 32, 1474-1476 (1996).
  20. K.-P. Ho, Phase-Modulated Optical Communication Systems (Springer-Verlag, 2005).
  21. X. Huang, L. Zhang, M. Zhang, P. Yeh, "Impact of nonlinear phase noise on direct detection DQPSK WDM systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1423-1425 (2005).
  22. J.-A. Huang, K.-P. Ho, "Exact error probability of DQPSK signal with nonlinear phase noise," CLEO/Pacific Rim 2003 (2003) pp. 91-91.
  23. H. Kim, A. H. Gnauck, "Experimental investigation of the performance limitation of DPSK systems due to nonlinear phase noise," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 320-322 (2003).
  24. Y. Yadin, M. Orenstein, M. Shtaif, "Balanced versus single-ended detection of DPSK: Degraded advantage due to fiber nonlinearities," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 164-166 (2007).

2008 (1)

I. Lyubomirsky, C.-C. Chien, Y.-H. Wang, "Optical DQPSK receiver with enhanced dispersion tolerance," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 511-513 (2008).

2007 (5)

Y. K. Lizé, L. Christen, X. Wu, J.-Y. Yang, S. Nuccio, T. Wu, A. E. Willner, R. Kashyap, "Free spectral range optimization of return-to-zero differential phase shift keyed demodulation in the presence of chromatic dispersion," Opt. Exp. 15, 6817-6822 (2007).

M. Daikoku, I. Morita, H. Taga, H. Tanaka, T. Kawanishi, T. Sakamoto, T. Miyazaki, T. Fujita, "100-Gb/s DQPSK transmission experiment without OTDM for 100 G ethernet transport," J. Lightwv. Technol. 25, 139-145 (2007).

D. van-den Borne, S. L. Jansen, E. Gottwald, P. M. Krummrich, G. D. Khoe, H. de Waardt, "1.6-b/s/Hz spectrally efficient transmission over 1700 km of SSMF using 40$\,\times\,$85.6-Gb/s PolMux-RZ-DQPSK," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 222-232 (2007).

Y. K. Lizé, M. Faucher, É. Jarry, P. Ouellette, É. Villeneuve, A. Wetter, F. Séguin, "Phase-tunable low-loss, S-, C-, and L-band DPSK and DQPSK demodulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1886-1888 (2007).

Y. Yadin, M. Orenstein, M. Shtaif, "Balanced versus single-ended detection of DPSK: Degraded advantage due to fiber nonlinearities," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 164-166 (2007).

2006 (5)

G. Bosco, P. Poggiolini, "On the joint effect of receiver impairments on direct-detection DQPSK systems," IEEE J. Lightwv. Technol. 24, 1323-1333 (2006).

P. J. Winzer, R.-J. Essiambre, "Advanced modulation formats for high-capacity optical transport networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4711-4728 (2006).

E. B. Desurvire, "Capacity demand and technology challenges for lightwave systems in the next two decades," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4697-4710 (2006).

G. Charlet, S. Bigo, "Upgrading WDM submarine systems to 40-Gbit/s channel bitrate," Proc. IEEE 94, 935-951 (2006).

A. H. Gnauck, P. J. Winzer, C. Dorrer, S. Chandrasekhar, "Linear and nonlinear performance of 42.7-Gb/s single-polarization RZ-DQPSK format," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 883-885 (2006).

2005 (2)

X. Huang, L. Zhang, M. Zhang, P. Yeh, "Impact of nonlinear phase noise on direct detection DQPSK WDM systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1423-1425 (2005).

I. Lyubomirsky, C.-C. Chien, "DPSK demodulator based on optical discriminator filter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 492-494 (2005).

2004 (3)

K.-P. Ho, "The effect of interferometer phase error on direct-detection DPSK and DQPSK signals," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 308-310 (2004).

L. Moller, C. Xie, X. Wei, X. Liu, C. Stook, J. Wood, P. Bravetti, P. Bergamini, C. Gualandi, "A novel 10-Gb/s duobinary receiver with improved back-to-back performance and large chromatic dispersion tolerance," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1152-1154 (2004).

J. M. Kahn, K.-P. Ho, "Spectral efficiency limits and modulation/detection techniques for DWDM systems," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 10, 259-272 (2004).

2003 (2)

H. Kim, P. Winzer, "Robustness to laser frequency offset in direct-dectection DPSK and DQPSK systems," IEEE J. Lightwv. Technol. 21, 1887-1891 (2003).

H. Kim, A. H. Gnauck, "Experimental investigation of the performance limitation of DPSK systems due to nonlinear phase noise," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 320-322 (2003).

1996 (1)

K. Okamoto, K. Syuto, H. Takahashi, Y. Ohmori, "Fabrication of 128-channel arrayed-waveguide grating multiplexer with a 25-GHz channel spacing," Electron. Lett. 32, 1474-1476 (1996).

1990 (1)

Electron. Lett. (1)

K. Okamoto, K. Syuto, H. Takahashi, Y. Ohmori, "Fabrication of 128-channel arrayed-waveguide grating multiplexer with a 25-GHz channel spacing," Electron. Lett. 32, 1474-1476 (1996).

IEEE J. Lightwv. Technol. (2)

H. Kim, P. Winzer, "Robustness to laser frequency offset in direct-dectection DPSK and DQPSK systems," IEEE J. Lightwv. Technol. 21, 1887-1891 (2003).

G. Bosco, P. Poggiolini, "On the joint effect of receiver impairments on direct-detection DQPSK systems," IEEE J. Lightwv. Technol. 24, 1323-1333 (2006).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

Y. K. Lizé, M. Faucher, É. Jarry, P. Ouellette, É. Villeneuve, A. Wetter, F. Séguin, "Phase-tunable low-loss, S-, C-, and L-band DPSK and DQPSK demodulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1886-1888 (2007).

A. H. Gnauck, P. J. Winzer, C. Dorrer, S. Chandrasekhar, "Linear and nonlinear performance of 42.7-Gb/s single-polarization RZ-DQPSK format," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 883-885 (2006).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

J. M. Kahn, K.-P. Ho, "Spectral efficiency limits and modulation/detection techniques for DWDM systems," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 10, 259-272 (2004).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

I. Lyubomirsky, C.-C. Chien, Y.-H. Wang, "Optical DQPSK receiver with enhanced dispersion tolerance," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 511-513 (2008).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

I. Lyubomirsky, C.-C. Chien, "DPSK demodulator based on optical discriminator filter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 492-494 (2005).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (5)

K.-P. Ho, "The effect of interferometer phase error on direct-detection DPSK and DQPSK signals," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 308-310 (2004).

X. Huang, L. Zhang, M. Zhang, P. Yeh, "Impact of nonlinear phase noise on direct detection DQPSK WDM systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1423-1425 (2005).

H. Kim, A. H. Gnauck, "Experimental investigation of the performance limitation of DPSK systems due to nonlinear phase noise," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 320-322 (2003).

Y. Yadin, M. Orenstein, M. Shtaif, "Balanced versus single-ended detection of DPSK: Degraded advantage due to fiber nonlinearities," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 164-166 (2007).

L. Moller, C. Xie, X. Wei, X. Liu, C. Stook, J. Wood, P. Bravetti, P. Bergamini, C. Gualandi, "A novel 10-Gb/s duobinary receiver with improved back-to-back performance and large chromatic dispersion tolerance," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1152-1154 (2004).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

P. J. Winzer, R.-J. Essiambre, "Advanced modulation formats for high-capacity optical transport networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4711-4728 (2006).

J. Lightw. Technol. (2)

E. B. Desurvire, "Capacity demand and technology challenges for lightwave systems in the next two decades," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4697-4710 (2006).

D. van-den Borne, S. L. Jansen, E. Gottwald, P. M. Krummrich, G. D. Khoe, H. de Waardt, "1.6-b/s/Hz spectrally efficient transmission over 1700 km of SSMF using 40$\,\times\,$85.6-Gb/s PolMux-RZ-DQPSK," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 222-232 (2007).

J. Lightwv. Technol. (1)

M. Daikoku, I. Morita, H. Taga, H. Tanaka, T. Kawanishi, T. Sakamoto, T. Miyazaki, T. Fujita, "100-Gb/s DQPSK transmission experiment without OTDM for 100 G ethernet transport," J. Lightwv. Technol. 25, 139-145 (2007).

Opt. Exp. (1)

Y. K. Lizé, L. Christen, X. Wu, J.-Y. Yang, S. Nuccio, T. Wu, A. E. Willner, R. Kashyap, "Free spectral range optimization of return-to-zero differential phase shift keyed demodulation in the presence of chromatic dispersion," Opt. Exp. 15, 6817-6822 (2007).

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. IEEE (1)

G. Charlet, S. Bigo, "Upgrading WDM submarine systems to 40-Gbit/s channel bitrate," Proc. IEEE 94, 935-951 (2006).

Other (4)

R. A. Griffin, A. C. Carter, "Optical differential quadrature phase-shift key (oDQPSK) for high capacity optical transmission," presented at Opt. Fiber Commun. (OFC), Anaheim, CA (2002) Paper WX6.

X. Zhou, J. Yu, T. Wang, G. Zhang, "Impact of strong optical filtering on DQPSK modulation formats," presented at Proc. ECOC, Berlin, Germany (2007) Paper Po94.

K.-P. Ho, Phase-Modulated Optical Communication Systems (Springer-Verlag, 2005).

J.-A. Huang, K.-P. Ho, "Exact error probability of DQPSK signal with nonlinear phase noise," CLEO/Pacific Rim 2003 (2003) pp. 91-91.

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