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J. Q. Hu, "Optimal traffic grooming for
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R. Ul-Mustafa, A. E. Kamal, "Design and provisioning of
WDM networks with multicast traffic grooming," IEEE
J. Sel. Areas Commun. 24, 37-53 (2006).

A. E. Kamal, "Algorithms for multicast traffic
grooming in WDM mesh networks," IEEE Commun.
Mag. 44, 96-105 (2006).

M. Zhang, L. Wang, P. Ye, "All optical XOR logic gates: Technologies and experiment
demonstrations," IEEE Commun. Mag. 43, s19-s24 (2005).

O. Al-Kofahi, A. E. Kamal, "Network coding-based protection
of many-to-one wireless flows," IEEE J. Sel.
Areas Commun. 27, 797-813 (2009) to appear in.

R. Ul-Mustafa, A. E. Kamal, "Many-to-one traffic grooming
with aggregation in WDM networks," IEEE J. Sel.
Areas Commun. 24, 68-81 (2006).

G. Feng, C. Siew, T.-S. Yum, "Architectural design and bandwidth demand
analysis for multiparty videoconferenceing on SONET/ATM rings," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 20, 1580-1588 (2002).

A. Rawat, R. La, S. Marcus, M. Shayman, "Grooming multicast traffic in unidirectional
SONET/WDM rings," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 20, 70-83 (2007).

K. Zhu, B. Mukherjee, "Traffic grooming in an optical
WDM mesh network," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 20, 122-133 (2002).

R. Dutta, G. N. Rouskas, "On optimal traffic grooming
in WDM rings," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 20, 110-121 (2002).

P.-J. Wan, G. Galinescu, L. Liu, O. Frieder, "Grooming of arbitrary traffic in SONET/WDM
BLSRs," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 18, 1995-2003 (2000).

S. Jaggi, P. Sanders, P. A. Chou, M. Effros, S. Egner, K. Jain, L. M. G. M. Tolhuizen, "Polynomial time algorithms for multicast
network code construction," IEEE Trans. Inf.
Theory 51, 1973-1982 (2005).

T. Ho, M. Medard, R. Koetter, D. R. Karger, M. Effros, J. Shi, B. Leong, "A random linear network coding approach to multicast," IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 52, 4413-4430 (2006).

R. Ahlswede, N. Cai, S.-Y. R. Li, R. W. Yeung, "Network information flow," IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 46, 1204-1216 (2000).

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in WDM rings," IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 8, 618-630 (2000).

J. Q. Hu, "Optimal traffic grooming for
WDM rings with all-to-all uniform traffic," J.
Opt. Netw. 1, 32-42 (2002).

J. Wang, W. Cho, V. Vemuri, B. Mukherjee, "Improved approaches for cost-effective traffic
grooming in WDM ring networks: ILP formulations and single-hop and multihop
connections," J. Lightw. Technol. 19, 1645-1653 (2001).

A. L. Chiu, E. H. Modiano, "Traffic grooming algorithms
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