Abstract

Time-division-multiplexed passive optical networks (TDM–PONs) have been successful solutions for providing the huge bandwidth needed for quadruple-play services in last-mile networks. In this paper, the effects of excess bandwidth provisioning applied to a reservation-based TDM are analyzed in detail, and noble adaptive excess timeslot provisioning (ETP) mechanisms are proposed in the interoptical network unit (ONU) and intra-ONU domain in the TDM–PONs. Using traffic load distribution information observed in an optical line termination (OLT), a proposed deficit reservation-based dynamic bandwidth allocation, called dr-DBA, controls the amounts of excess timeslot bandwidths in order to efficiently serve the burst traffic of heavy-loaded ONUs while guaranteeing strict fair link-sharing. The authors also introduce a service work-based ETP bandwidth reservation as well as an optimal reservation class selection mechanism to support prioritized service in an intra-ONU so that serious node light-load penalty and bandwidth overbooking can be minimized. The performance results achieved by numerical analysis and simulations prove that proposed ETP mechanisms provide fair and optimal excess bandwidths to the ONUs according to the changes in traffic load distribution, while compensating the systematic weakness of each mechanism in both ONU domains.

© 2009 IEEE

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  1. S.-J. Park, C.-H. Lee, K.-T. Jeong, H.-J. Park, J.-G. Ahn, K.-H. Song, "Fiber-to-the-home services based on wavelength-division-multiplexing passive optical network," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2582-2592 (2004).
  2. N. Kim, M. Kang, "Traffic share-based multicast scheduling for broadband video delivery in shared-WDM-PONs," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 2814-2827 (2007).
  3. N. Kim, H. Lim, M. Kang, "Fair bandwidth allocation using effective multicast traffic share in TDM-PONs," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 756-767 (2008).
  4. B. Lung, "PON architecture future proofs FTTH," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 104-107 (1999).
  5. R. Rom, M. Sidi, Multiple Access Protocols-Performance and Analysis pp. 22-63.
  6. G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, G. Pesavento, "Ethernet PON (ePON): Design and analysis of an optical access network," Phot. Network Commun. 3, 307-319 (2001).
  7. G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, G. Pesavento, "IPACT-a dynamic protocol for an Ethernet PON (EPON)," IEEE Commun. Mag. 40, 74-80 (2002).
  8. S.-I. Choi, J.-d. Huh, "Dynamic bandwidth allocation for multimedia services over Ethernet PONs," ETRI J. 24, 465-468 (2002).
  9. A. Shami, X. Bai, C.M. Assi, N. Ghani, "Jitter performance in Ethernet passive optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1745-1753 (2005).
  10. M. Ma, Y. Zhu, T. H. Cheng, "A systematic scheme for multiple access in Ethernet passive optical access networks," J. Lightw. Tech. 23, 3671-3682 (2005).
  11. A. Banerjee, G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, "Fair sharing using dual service-level agreements to achieve open access in a passive optical network," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 24, 32-44 (2006).
  12. C. M. Assi, Y. Ye, S. Dixit, M. A. Ali, "Dynamic bandwidth allocation for quality-of-service over Ethernet PONs," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1467-1477 (2003).
  13. Y. Luo, N. Ansari, "Dynamic upstream bandwidth allocation over Ethernet PONs," Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Commun. (2005) pp. 183-1857.
  14. H. S. Kim, H. C. Park, D. K. Kang, C. A. Kim, G. I. Yoo, "Sliding cycle time-based MAC protocol for service level agreeable Ethernet passive optical networks," Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Commun. (2005) pp. 1848-1852.
  15. N. Kim, H. Yun, M. Kang, "Analysis of effect of load-based excess bandwidth reservation on performances of differentiated services in E-PON," Inst. Eng. Technol. Commun. 1, 382-390 (2007).
  16. N. Kim, H. Yun, J. Yoo, T. Kim, B.-W. Kim, M. Kang, "Performance enhancement of differentiated services in E-PON: Smaller buffer and efficient traffic service isolation," Proc. OFC (2005) pp. 208-210.
  17. F. Clarke, S. Sarkar, B. Mukherjee, "Simulataneous and interleaved polling: An upstream protocol for WDM-PON," Proc. OFC (2006).
  18. Y. Zhu, M. Ma, "IPACT with grant estimation (IPACT-GE) scheme for Ethernet passive optical networks," J. Lightw. Tech. 26, 2055-2063 (2008).
  19. H.-J. Byun, J.-M. Nho, J.-T. Lim, "Dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithm in Ethernet passive optical networks," Electron. Lett. 39, 1001-1002 (2003).
  20. Y. Luo, N. Ansari, "Limited sharing with traffic prediction for dynamic bandwidth allocation and QoS provisioning over Ethernet passive optical networks," J. Opt. Netw. 4, 561-572 (2005).
  21. P. Choudhury, P. Saengudomlert, "Efficient queue based dynamic bandwidth allocation scheme for Ethernet PONs," Proc. IEEE GLOBECOM (2007) pp. 2183-2187.
  22. S. Yin, Y. Luo, N. Ansari, T. Wang, "Controllability of non-linear predictor-based dynamic bandwidth allocation over EPONs," Proc. IEEE GLOBECOM (2007) pp. 2099-2203.
  23. G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, S. Dixit, Y. Ye, R. Hirth, "Supporting differentiated classes of service in Ethernet passive optical networks," J. Opt. Netw. 1, 280-298 (2002).
  24. G. Kramer, Ethernet Passive Optical Networks .
  25. A. Dhaini, C. Assi, M. Maier, A. Shami, "Dynamic wavelength and bandwidth allocation in hybrid TDM/WDM EPON networks," J. Lightw. Tech. 25, 277-286 (2007).
  26. X. Ye, C. Assi, M. Ali, "Integrated bandwidth allocation and wavelength assignment in WDM-PON networks," Proc. IEEE Sarnoff Symp. (2008) pp. 1-5.
  27. N. Kim, T. Kim, S. Lee, M. Kang, "Coordination of wavelength and time-window assignment in WDM-based TDM hybrid-PONs," Phot. Netw. Commun. 16, 139-147 (2008).
  28. Y. Luo, S. Yin, N. Ansari, T. Wang, "Resource management for broadband access over time-division multiplexed passive optical networks," IEEE Netw. 21, 20-37 (2007).
  29. S. Hussain, X. Fernando, "EPON: An extensive review for up-to-date dynamic bandwidth allocation schemes," IEEE CCECE 000511 (2008).
  30. K. S. Kim, D. Gutierrez, F.-T. An, L. G. Kazovsky, "Batch scheduling algorithm for SUCCESS WDM-PON," Proc. GLOBCOM (2004) pp. 1835-1839.
  31. S. Ross, Stochastic Processes (Wiley, 1996) pp. 90-153.
  32. D. Gross, C. M. Harris, Fundamentals of Queueing Theory (Wiley Interscience, 1998) pp. 56-82.
  33. L. Kleinrock, Queueing Systems (Wiley Interscience, 1975) pp. 180-216.
  34. J. Zheng, H. T. Mouftah, "Adaptive scheduling algorithms for Ethernet passive optical networks," IEE Proc. Commun. (2005) pp. 643-647.

2008

N. Kim, H. Lim, M. Kang, "Fair bandwidth allocation using effective multicast traffic share in TDM-PONs," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 756-767 (2008).

Y. Zhu, M. Ma, "IPACT with grant estimation (IPACT-GE) scheme for Ethernet passive optical networks," J. Lightw. Tech. 26, 2055-2063 (2008).

N. Kim, T. Kim, S. Lee, M. Kang, "Coordination of wavelength and time-window assignment in WDM-based TDM hybrid-PONs," Phot. Netw. Commun. 16, 139-147 (2008).

S. Hussain, X. Fernando, "EPON: An extensive review for up-to-date dynamic bandwidth allocation schemes," IEEE CCECE 000511 (2008).

2007

A. Dhaini, C. Assi, M. Maier, A. Shami, "Dynamic wavelength and bandwidth allocation in hybrid TDM/WDM EPON networks," J. Lightw. Tech. 25, 277-286 (2007).

Y. Luo, S. Yin, N. Ansari, T. Wang, "Resource management for broadband access over time-division multiplexed passive optical networks," IEEE Netw. 21, 20-37 (2007).

N. Kim, H. Yun, M. Kang, "Analysis of effect of load-based excess bandwidth reservation on performances of differentiated services in E-PON," Inst. Eng. Technol. Commun. 1, 382-390 (2007).

N. Kim, M. Kang, "Traffic share-based multicast scheduling for broadband video delivery in shared-WDM-PONs," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 2814-2827 (2007).

2006

A. Banerjee, G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, "Fair sharing using dual service-level agreements to achieve open access in a passive optical network," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 24, 32-44 (2006).

2005

A. Shami, X. Bai, C.M. Assi, N. Ghani, "Jitter performance in Ethernet passive optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1745-1753 (2005).

M. Ma, Y. Zhu, T. H. Cheng, "A systematic scheme for multiple access in Ethernet passive optical access networks," J. Lightw. Tech. 23, 3671-3682 (2005).

Y. Luo, N. Ansari, "Limited sharing with traffic prediction for dynamic bandwidth allocation and QoS provisioning over Ethernet passive optical networks," J. Opt. Netw. 4, 561-572 (2005).

2004

S.-J. Park, C.-H. Lee, K.-T. Jeong, H.-J. Park, J.-G. Ahn, K.-H. Song, "Fiber-to-the-home services based on wavelength-division-multiplexing passive optical network," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2582-2592 (2004).

2003

C. M. Assi, Y. Ye, S. Dixit, M. A. Ali, "Dynamic bandwidth allocation for quality-of-service over Ethernet PONs," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1467-1477 (2003).

H.-J. Byun, J.-M. Nho, J.-T. Lim, "Dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithm in Ethernet passive optical networks," Electron. Lett. 39, 1001-1002 (2003).

2002

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, G. Pesavento, "IPACT-a dynamic protocol for an Ethernet PON (EPON)," IEEE Commun. Mag. 40, 74-80 (2002).

S.-I. Choi, J.-d. Huh, "Dynamic bandwidth allocation for multimedia services over Ethernet PONs," ETRI J. 24, 465-468 (2002).

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, S. Dixit, Y. Ye, R. Hirth, "Supporting differentiated classes of service in Ethernet passive optical networks," J. Opt. Netw. 1, 280-298 (2002).

2001

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, G. Pesavento, "Ethernet PON (ePON): Design and analysis of an optical access network," Phot. Network Commun. 3, 307-319 (2001).

1999

B. Lung, "PON architecture future proofs FTTH," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 104-107 (1999).

Electron. Lett.

H.-J. Byun, J.-M. Nho, J.-T. Lim, "Dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithm in Ethernet passive optical networks," Electron. Lett. 39, 1001-1002 (2003).

ETRI J.

S.-I. Choi, J.-d. Huh, "Dynamic bandwidth allocation for multimedia services over Ethernet PONs," ETRI J. 24, 465-468 (2002).

IEEE CCECE

S. Hussain, X. Fernando, "EPON: An extensive review for up-to-date dynamic bandwidth allocation schemes," IEEE CCECE 000511 (2008).

IEEE Netw.

Y. Luo, S. Yin, N. Ansari, T. Wang, "Resource management for broadband access over time-division multiplexed passive optical networks," IEEE Netw. 21, 20-37 (2007).

IEEE Commun. Mag.

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, G. Pesavento, "IPACT-a dynamic protocol for an Ethernet PON (EPON)," IEEE Commun. Mag. 40, 74-80 (2002).

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun.

A. Banerjee, G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, "Fair sharing using dual service-level agreements to achieve open access in a passive optical network," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 24, 32-44 (2006).

C. M. Assi, Y. Ye, S. Dixit, M. A. Ali, "Dynamic bandwidth allocation for quality-of-service over Ethernet PONs," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1467-1477 (2003).

Inst. Eng. Technol. Commun.

N. Kim, H. Yun, M. Kang, "Analysis of effect of load-based excess bandwidth reservation on performances of differentiated services in E-PON," Inst. Eng. Technol. Commun. 1, 382-390 (2007).

J. Lightw. Tech.

M. Ma, Y. Zhu, T. H. Cheng, "A systematic scheme for multiple access in Ethernet passive optical access networks," J. Lightw. Tech. 23, 3671-3682 (2005).

J. Lightw. Tech.

Y. Zhu, M. Ma, "IPACT with grant estimation (IPACT-GE) scheme for Ethernet passive optical networks," J. Lightw. Tech. 26, 2055-2063 (2008).

J. Lightw. Tech.

A. Dhaini, C. Assi, M. Maier, A. Shami, "Dynamic wavelength and bandwidth allocation in hybrid TDM/WDM EPON networks," J. Lightw. Tech. 25, 277-286 (2007).

J. Lightw. Technol.

A. Shami, X. Bai, C.M. Assi, N. Ghani, "Jitter performance in Ethernet passive optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1745-1753 (2005).

S.-J. Park, C.-H. Lee, K.-T. Jeong, H.-J. Park, J.-G. Ahn, K.-H. Song, "Fiber-to-the-home services based on wavelength-division-multiplexing passive optical network," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2582-2592 (2004).

N. Kim, M. Kang, "Traffic share-based multicast scheduling for broadband video delivery in shared-WDM-PONs," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 2814-2827 (2007).

N. Kim, H. Lim, M. Kang, "Fair bandwidth allocation using effective multicast traffic share in TDM-PONs," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 756-767 (2008).

B. Lung, "PON architecture future proofs FTTH," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 104-107 (1999).

J. Opt. Netw.

Phot. Network Commun.

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, G. Pesavento, "Ethernet PON (ePON): Design and analysis of an optical access network," Phot. Network Commun. 3, 307-319 (2001).

Phot. Netw. Commun.

N. Kim, T. Kim, S. Lee, M. Kang, "Coordination of wavelength and time-window assignment in WDM-based TDM hybrid-PONs," Phot. Netw. Commun. 16, 139-147 (2008).

Other

X. Ye, C. Assi, M. Ali, "Integrated bandwidth allocation and wavelength assignment in WDM-PON networks," Proc. IEEE Sarnoff Symp. (2008) pp. 1-5.

G. Kramer, Ethernet Passive Optical Networks .

K. S. Kim, D. Gutierrez, F.-T. An, L. G. Kazovsky, "Batch scheduling algorithm for SUCCESS WDM-PON," Proc. GLOBCOM (2004) pp. 1835-1839.

S. Ross, Stochastic Processes (Wiley, 1996) pp. 90-153.

D. Gross, C. M. Harris, Fundamentals of Queueing Theory (Wiley Interscience, 1998) pp. 56-82.

L. Kleinrock, Queueing Systems (Wiley Interscience, 1975) pp. 180-216.

J. Zheng, H. T. Mouftah, "Adaptive scheduling algorithms for Ethernet passive optical networks," IEE Proc. Commun. (2005) pp. 643-647.

P. Choudhury, P. Saengudomlert, "Efficient queue based dynamic bandwidth allocation scheme for Ethernet PONs," Proc. IEEE GLOBECOM (2007) pp. 2183-2187.

S. Yin, Y. Luo, N. Ansari, T. Wang, "Controllability of non-linear predictor-based dynamic bandwidth allocation over EPONs," Proc. IEEE GLOBECOM (2007) pp. 2099-2203.

R. Rom, M. Sidi, Multiple Access Protocols-Performance and Analysis pp. 22-63.

N. Kim, H. Yun, J. Yoo, T. Kim, B.-W. Kim, M. Kang, "Performance enhancement of differentiated services in E-PON: Smaller buffer and efficient traffic service isolation," Proc. OFC (2005) pp. 208-210.

F. Clarke, S. Sarkar, B. Mukherjee, "Simulataneous and interleaved polling: An upstream protocol for WDM-PON," Proc. OFC (2006).

Y. Luo, N. Ansari, "Dynamic upstream bandwidth allocation over Ethernet PONs," Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Commun. (2005) pp. 183-1857.

H. S. Kim, H. C. Park, D. K. Kang, C. A. Kim, G. I. Yoo, "Sliding cycle time-based MAC protocol for service level agreeable Ethernet passive optical networks," Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Commun. (2005) pp. 1848-1852.

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