Abstract

A novel Internet protocol (IP) transmission and routing is proposed over coherent multiple array (M-ary) frequency shift keying optical code-division multiple-access (FSK-OCDMA) network with incoherent demodulation. The architecture also benefits from the use of the co-channel interference canceller. In contrast to wavelength-division multiple-access (WDMA), a fewer set of wavelengths are needed as a result of M-ary source coding. As the spreading codes, double-padded modified prime codes (DPMPC) have been employed. The performance has been analyzed in terms of the users' channel utilization in the network and compared with common incoherent pulse-position modulation technique. The results indicate that this architecture is very power efficient and enhances the network capacity. With the advantage of shorter code length, DPMPC also improves the throughput. It is shown that for a maximum bit-rate, the network performance can be improved by reducing the channel utilization. Since each IP packet is buffered only at the edge of this network, the buffer delay is considerably reduced. The novel encoder adjusting time management reduces the switching time notably rather than traditional routing. Our analytical investigation clearly indicates that this OCDMA technique can be an excellent candidate for the future ultra-fast high bit-rate optical IP networks.

© 2009 IEEE

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  1. K. Kitayama, N. Wada, H. Sotobayashi, "Architectural considerations for photonic IP router based on upon optical code correlation," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 1834-1844 (2004).
  2. R. Xu, Q. Gong, P. Ya, "A novel IP with MPLS over WDM-based broadband wavelength switched IP network," J. Lightw. Technol. 19, 596-602 (2001).
  3. S. Yao, S. J. B. Yoo, B. Mukherjee, "All-optical packet switching for metropolitan area networks: Opportunities and challenges," IEEE Commun. Mag. 39, 142-148 (2001).
  4. R. Dutta, G. N. Rouskas, "A survey of virtual topology design algorithms for wavelength routed optical networks," Opt. Networks Mag. 1, 73-89 (2000).
  5. M. Meenakshi, I. Andonovic, "Code-based all optical routing using two-level coding," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 1627-1637 (2006).
  6. A. L. J. Teixeira, "All-optical routing based on OCDMA header," The 16th Annual Meeting of the IEEE LEOS (2003) pp. 1046-1047.
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  8. S. Sun, "Performance analysis of a new random access protocol for OCDMA networks," Photonic Network Commun. 14, 89-95 (2007).
  9. M. M. Karbassian, H. Ghafouri-Shiraz, "Performance analysis of heterodyne detected coherent optical CDMA using a novel prime code family," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3028-3034 (2007).
  10. X. Wang, "Demonstration of DPSK-OCDMA with balanced detection to improve MAI and beat noise tolerance in OCDMA systems," Proc. OFC (2006).
  11. Z. Jiang, D. E. Leaird, A. E. Weiner, "Experimental investigation of security issues in OCDMA," Proc. OFC (2006).
  12. Z. Wei, H. Ghafouri-Shiraz, "IP routing by an optical spectral-amplitude-coding CDMA network," IEE Proc. Commun. 149, 265-269 (2002).
  13. M. M. Karbassian, H. Ghafouri-Shiraz, "Fresh prime codes evaluation for synchronous PPM and OPPM signaling for optical CDMA networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 1422-1430 (2007).
  14. M. M. Karbassian, H. Ghafouri-Shiraz, "Frequency-shift keying optical code-division multiple-access system with novel interference cancellation," J. Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 50, 883-885 (2008).
  15. M. M. Karbassian, H. Ghafouri-Shiraz, "Novel channel interference reduction in optical synchronous FSK-CDMA networks using a data-free reference," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 977-985 (2008).
  16. M. M. Karbassian, H. Ghafouri-Shiraz, "Capacity enhancement in synchronous optical overlapping PPM-CDMA network by a novel spreading code," Proc. GlobeCom (2007) pp. 2407-2411.
  17. M. M. Karbassian, H. Ghafouri-Shiraz, "Phase-modulations analyses in coherent homodyne optical CDMA network using a novel prime code family," Proc. WCE (ICEEE) (2007) pp. 358-362.
  18. M. M. Karbassian, H. Ghafouri-Shiraz, "Performance analysis of unipolar code in different phase modulations in coherent homodyne optical CDMA," IAENG Eng. Lett. 16, 50-55 (2008).
  19. M. M. Karbassian, H. Ghafouri-Shiraz, "Study of phase modulations with dual-balanced detection in coherent homodyne optical CDMA network," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2840-2847 (2008).
  20. M. M. Karbassian, H. Ghafouri-Shiraz, "Evaluation of coherent homodyne and heterodyne optical CDMA structures," J. Opt. Quantum Electronics 40, 513-524 (2008).
  21. M. M. Karbassian, H. Ghafouri-Shiraz, "Transceiver architecture for incoherent optical CDMA networks based on polarization modulation," J. Lightw. Technol 26, 3820-3828 (2008).
  22. M. M. Karbassian, H. Ghafouri-Shiraz, "Incoherent two-dimensional array modulation transceiver for photonic CDMA," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 980-988 (2009).
  23. W. T. Tsang, "Control of lasing wavelength in distributed feedback lasers by angling the active stripe with respect to the grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 978-980 (1993).
  24. Z. Wei, H. Ghafouri-Shiraz, "IP transmission over spectral-amplitude-coding CDMA links," J. Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 33, 140-142 (2002).

2009 (1)

M. M. Karbassian, H. Ghafouri-Shiraz, "Incoherent two-dimensional array modulation transceiver for photonic CDMA," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 980-988 (2009).

2008 (6)

M. M. Karbassian, H. Ghafouri-Shiraz, "Frequency-shift keying optical code-division multiple-access system with novel interference cancellation," J. Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 50, 883-885 (2008).

M. M. Karbassian, H. Ghafouri-Shiraz, "Novel channel interference reduction in optical synchronous FSK-CDMA networks using a data-free reference," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 977-985 (2008).

M. M. Karbassian, H. Ghafouri-Shiraz, "Performance analysis of unipolar code in different phase modulations in coherent homodyne optical CDMA," IAENG Eng. Lett. 16, 50-55 (2008).

M. M. Karbassian, H. Ghafouri-Shiraz, "Study of phase modulations with dual-balanced detection in coherent homodyne optical CDMA network," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2840-2847 (2008).

M. M. Karbassian, H. Ghafouri-Shiraz, "Evaluation of coherent homodyne and heterodyne optical CDMA structures," J. Opt. Quantum Electronics 40, 513-524 (2008).

M. M. Karbassian, H. Ghafouri-Shiraz, "Transceiver architecture for incoherent optical CDMA networks based on polarization modulation," J. Lightw. Technol 26, 3820-3828 (2008).

2007 (3)

M. M. Karbassian, H. Ghafouri-Shiraz, "Fresh prime codes evaluation for synchronous PPM and OPPM signaling for optical CDMA networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 1422-1430 (2007).

S. Sun, "Performance analysis of a new random access protocol for OCDMA networks," Photonic Network Commun. 14, 89-95 (2007).

M. M. Karbassian, H. Ghafouri-Shiraz, "Performance analysis of heterodyne detected coherent optical CDMA using a novel prime code family," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3028-3034 (2007).

2006 (1)

M. Meenakshi, I. Andonovic, "Code-based all optical routing using two-level coding," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 1627-1637 (2006).

2004 (1)

K. Kitayama, N. Wada, H. Sotobayashi, "Architectural considerations for photonic IP router based on upon optical code correlation," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 1834-1844 (2004).

2002 (2)

Z. Wei, H. Ghafouri-Shiraz, "IP routing by an optical spectral-amplitude-coding CDMA network," IEE Proc. Commun. 149, 265-269 (2002).

Z. Wei, H. Ghafouri-Shiraz, "IP transmission over spectral-amplitude-coding CDMA links," J. Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 33, 140-142 (2002).

2001 (2)

R. Xu, Q. Gong, P. Ya, "A novel IP with MPLS over WDM-based broadband wavelength switched IP network," J. Lightw. Technol. 19, 596-602 (2001).

S. Yao, S. J. B. Yoo, B. Mukherjee, "All-optical packet switching for metropolitan area networks: Opportunities and challenges," IEEE Commun. Mag. 39, 142-148 (2001).

2000 (1)

R. Dutta, G. N. Rouskas, "A survey of virtual topology design algorithms for wavelength routed optical networks," Opt. Networks Mag. 1, 73-89 (2000).

1993 (1)

W. T. Tsang, "Control of lasing wavelength in distributed feedback lasers by angling the active stripe with respect to the grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 978-980 (1993).

1989 (1)

J. A. Salehi, "Code division multiple-access techniques in optical fiber networks—Part I: Fundamental principles," IEEE Trans. Commun. 37, 824-833 (1989).

IAENG Eng. Lett. (1)

M. M. Karbassian, H. Ghafouri-Shiraz, "Performance analysis of unipolar code in different phase modulations in coherent homodyne optical CDMA," IAENG Eng. Lett. 16, 50-55 (2008).

IEE Proc. Commun. (1)

Z. Wei, H. Ghafouri-Shiraz, "IP routing by an optical spectral-amplitude-coding CDMA network," IEE Proc. Commun. 149, 265-269 (2002).

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

S. Yao, S. J. B. Yoo, B. Mukherjee, "All-optical packet switching for metropolitan area networks: Opportunities and challenges," IEEE Commun. Mag. 39, 142-148 (2001).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

W. T. Tsang, "Control of lasing wavelength in distributed feedback lasers by angling the active stripe with respect to the grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 978-980 (1993).

IEEE Trans. Commun. (1)

J. A. Salehi, "Code division multiple-access techniques in optical fiber networks—Part I: Fundamental principles," IEEE Trans. Commun. 37, 824-833 (1989).

J. Lightw. Technol. (2)

K. Kitayama, N. Wada, H. Sotobayashi, "Architectural considerations for photonic IP router based on upon optical code correlation," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 1834-1844 (2004).

M. M. Karbassian, H. Ghafouri-Shiraz, "Incoherent two-dimensional array modulation transceiver for photonic CDMA," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 980-988 (2009).

J. Opt. Quantum Electronics (1)

M. M. Karbassian, H. Ghafouri-Shiraz, "Evaluation of coherent homodyne and heterodyne optical CDMA structures," J. Opt. Quantum Electronics 40, 513-524 (2008).

J. Lightw. Technol (1)

M. M. Karbassian, H. Ghafouri-Shiraz, "Transceiver architecture for incoherent optical CDMA networks based on polarization modulation," J. Lightw. Technol 26, 3820-3828 (2008).

J. Lightw. Technol. (6)

R. Xu, Q. Gong, P. Ya, "A novel IP with MPLS over WDM-based broadband wavelength switched IP network," J. Lightw. Technol. 19, 596-602 (2001).

M. Meenakshi, I. Andonovic, "Code-based all optical routing using two-level coding," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 1627-1637 (2006).

M. M. Karbassian, H. Ghafouri-Shiraz, "Fresh prime codes evaluation for synchronous PPM and OPPM signaling for optical CDMA networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 1422-1430 (2007).

M. M. Karbassian, H. Ghafouri-Shiraz, "Performance analysis of heterodyne detected coherent optical CDMA using a novel prime code family," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3028-3034 (2007).

M. M. Karbassian, H. Ghafouri-Shiraz, "Study of phase modulations with dual-balanced detection in coherent homodyne optical CDMA network," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2840-2847 (2008).

M. M. Karbassian, H. Ghafouri-Shiraz, "Novel channel interference reduction in optical synchronous FSK-CDMA networks using a data-free reference," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 977-985 (2008).

J. Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. (2)

M. M. Karbassian, H. Ghafouri-Shiraz, "Frequency-shift keying optical code-division multiple-access system with novel interference cancellation," J. Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 50, 883-885 (2008).

Z. Wei, H. Ghafouri-Shiraz, "IP transmission over spectral-amplitude-coding CDMA links," J. Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 33, 140-142 (2002).

Opt. Networks Mag. (1)

R. Dutta, G. N. Rouskas, "A survey of virtual topology design algorithms for wavelength routed optical networks," Opt. Networks Mag. 1, 73-89 (2000).

Photonic Network Commun. (1)

S. Sun, "Performance analysis of a new random access protocol for OCDMA networks," Photonic Network Commun. 14, 89-95 (2007).

Other (5)

A. L. J. Teixeira, "All-optical routing based on OCDMA header," The 16th Annual Meeting of the IEEE LEOS (2003) pp. 1046-1047.

X. Wang, "Demonstration of DPSK-OCDMA with balanced detection to improve MAI and beat noise tolerance in OCDMA systems," Proc. OFC (2006).

Z. Jiang, D. E. Leaird, A. E. Weiner, "Experimental investigation of security issues in OCDMA," Proc. OFC (2006).

M. M. Karbassian, H. Ghafouri-Shiraz, "Capacity enhancement in synchronous optical overlapping PPM-CDMA network by a novel spreading code," Proc. GlobeCom (2007) pp. 2407-2411.

M. M. Karbassian, H. Ghafouri-Shiraz, "Phase-modulations analyses in coherent homodyne optical CDMA network using a novel prime code family," Proc. WCE (ICEEE) (2007) pp. 358-362.

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