Abstract

We investigate numerically the interplay between dispersion and nonlinearity for optimizing the performance of an all-optical 2R regenerator based on self-phase modulation and spectral filtering at 40 Gb/s. By considering the extent of improvement in the ${\rm Q}$ factor (related to level of noise reduction), we show that the ratio of accumulated dispersion to the maximum nonlinear phase shift can be used to predict the performance of regenerators making use of fibers with very different lengths, dispersions, and nonlinear parameters. Our results show that fiber dispersion plays an important role and needs to be properly optimized. In general, fibers with larger dispersion perform better but require higher input powers. We also study the impact of fluctuations in dispersion from their nominal value and show that their impact is much less severe when fiber dispersion is relatively small.

© 2009 IEEE

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  1. G. P. Agrawal, Lightwave Technology: Telecommunication Systems (Wiley, 2005).
  2. P. V. Mamyshev, "All-optical regeneration based on self-phase modulation effect," Proc. Eur. Conf. Optical Communication (1998) pp. 475-476.
  3. E. Ciaramella, S. Trillo, "All-optical signal reshaping via four-wave mixing in optical fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 849-851 (2000).
  4. A. Bogoni, P. Ghelfi, M. Scaffardi, L. Poti, "All-optical regeneration and demultiplexing for 160-Gb/s transmission systems using a NOLM-based three-stage scheme," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 192-196 (2004).
  5. S. Radic, C. J. McKinstrie, R. M. Jopson, J. C. Centanni, A. R. Chraplyvy, "All-optical regeneration in one- and two-pump parametric amplifiers using highly nonlinear optical fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 957-959 (2003).
  6. M. Vasilyev, T. I. Lakoba, "All-optical multichannel 2R regeneration in a fiber-based device," Opt. Lett. 30, 1458-1460 (2005).
  7. M. Matsumoto, "Efficient all-optical 2R regeneration using self-phase modulation in bidirectional fiber configuration," Opt. Exp. 14, 11018-11023 (2006).
  8. L. Provost, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, "Investigation of simultaneous 2R regeneration of two 40-Gb/s channels in a single optical fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 270-272 (2008).
  9. C. Ito, J. C. Cartledge, "Polarization independent all-optical 3R regeneration based on the kerr effect in highly nonlinear fiber and offset spectral slicing," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 616-624 (2008).
  10. M. Aoudeh, J. C. Cartledge, "Impact of residual dispersion and ASE noise on the performance optimization of all-optical regenerators utilizing self-phase modulation in a highly nonlinear fiber," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 717-725 (2006).
  11. T. N. Nguyen, M. Gay, L. Bramerie, T. Chartier, J. C. Simon, M. Joindot, "Noise reduction in 2R-regeneration technique utilizing self-phase modulation and filtering," Opt. Express 14, 1737-1747 (2006).
  12. Y. Yang, C. Lou, D. J. Moss, "Experimental investigation of the influence of filters on regeneration performance in self-phase modulation based regenerator," Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 49, 192-195 (2007).
  13. M. R. E. Larmont, M. Rochette, D. J. Moss, B. J. Eggleton, "Two-photon absorption effects on self-phase-modulation-based 2R optical regeneration," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1185-1187 (2006).
  14. T. H. Her, G. Raybon, C. Headley, "Optimization of pulse regeneration at 40 Gb/s based on spectral filtering of self-phase modulation in fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 200-202 (2004).
  15. L. Provost, C. Finot, P. Petropolous, T. Mukasa, D. J. Richardson, "Design scaling rules for 2R-optical self-phase modulation based regenerators," Opt. Exp. 15, 5100-5113 (2007).
  16. C. Finot, T. N. Nguyen, J. Fatome, T. Chartier, S. Pitois, L. Bramerie, M. Gay, J. C. Simon, "Numerical study of an optical regenerator exploiting self-phase modulation and spectral offset filtering at 40 Gbit/s," Opt. Commun. 281, 2252-2264 (2008).
  17. M. Rochette, L. Fu, V. Taeed, D. J. Moss, B. J. Eggleton, "2R optical regeneration: An all-optical solution for BER improvement," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 736-744 (2006).
  18. A. G. Streigler, S. Schmauss, "Analysis and optimization of SPM-based 2R signal regeneration at 40 Gb/s," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 2835-2843 (2006).
  19. O. V. Sinkin, R. Holzlöhner, J. Zweck, C. R. Menyuk, "Optimization of the split-step Fourier method in modeling optical-fiber communications systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 61-68 (2003).

2008 (3)

L. Provost, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, "Investigation of simultaneous 2R regeneration of two 40-Gb/s channels in a single optical fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 270-272 (2008).

C. Ito, J. C. Cartledge, "Polarization independent all-optical 3R regeneration based on the kerr effect in highly nonlinear fiber and offset spectral slicing," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 616-624 (2008).

C. Finot, T. N. Nguyen, J. Fatome, T. Chartier, S. Pitois, L. Bramerie, M. Gay, J. C. Simon, "Numerical study of an optical regenerator exploiting self-phase modulation and spectral offset filtering at 40 Gbit/s," Opt. Commun. 281, 2252-2264 (2008).

2007 (2)

Y. Yang, C. Lou, D. J. Moss, "Experimental investigation of the influence of filters on regeneration performance in self-phase modulation based regenerator," Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 49, 192-195 (2007).

L. Provost, C. Finot, P. Petropolous, T. Mukasa, D. J. Richardson, "Design scaling rules for 2R-optical self-phase modulation based regenerators," Opt. Exp. 15, 5100-5113 (2007).

2006 (6)

M. Matsumoto, "Efficient all-optical 2R regeneration using self-phase modulation in bidirectional fiber configuration," Opt. Exp. 14, 11018-11023 (2006).

M. R. E. Larmont, M. Rochette, D. J. Moss, B. J. Eggleton, "Two-photon absorption effects on self-phase-modulation-based 2R optical regeneration," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1185-1187 (2006).

M. Rochette, L. Fu, V. Taeed, D. J. Moss, B. J. Eggleton, "2R optical regeneration: An all-optical solution for BER improvement," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 736-744 (2006).

A. G. Streigler, S. Schmauss, "Analysis and optimization of SPM-based 2R signal regeneration at 40 Gb/s," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 2835-2843 (2006).

M. Aoudeh, J. C. Cartledge, "Impact of residual dispersion and ASE noise on the performance optimization of all-optical regenerators utilizing self-phase modulation in a highly nonlinear fiber," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 717-725 (2006).

T. N. Nguyen, M. Gay, L. Bramerie, T. Chartier, J. C. Simon, M. Joindot, "Noise reduction in 2R-regeneration technique utilizing self-phase modulation and filtering," Opt. Express 14, 1737-1747 (2006).

2005 (1)

M. Vasilyev, T. I. Lakoba, "All-optical multichannel 2R regeneration in a fiber-based device," Opt. Lett. 30, 1458-1460 (2005).

2004 (2)

A. Bogoni, P. Ghelfi, M. Scaffardi, L. Poti, "All-optical regeneration and demultiplexing for 160-Gb/s transmission systems using a NOLM-based three-stage scheme," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 192-196 (2004).

T. H. Her, G. Raybon, C. Headley, "Optimization of pulse regeneration at 40 Gb/s based on spectral filtering of self-phase modulation in fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 200-202 (2004).

2003 (2)

O. V. Sinkin, R. Holzlöhner, J. Zweck, C. R. Menyuk, "Optimization of the split-step Fourier method in modeling optical-fiber communications systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 61-68 (2003).

S. Radic, C. J. McKinstrie, R. M. Jopson, J. C. Centanni, A. R. Chraplyvy, "All-optical regeneration in one- and two-pump parametric amplifiers using highly nonlinear optical fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 957-959 (2003).

2000 (1)

E. Ciaramella, S. Trillo, "All-optical signal reshaping via four-wave mixing in optical fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 849-851 (2000).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

E. Ciaramella, S. Trillo, "All-optical signal reshaping via four-wave mixing in optical fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 849-851 (2000).

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

C. Ito, J. C. Cartledge, "Polarization independent all-optical 3R regeneration based on the kerr effect in highly nonlinear fiber and offset spectral slicing," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 616-624 (2008).

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (3)

M. Aoudeh, J. C. Cartledge, "Impact of residual dispersion and ASE noise on the performance optimization of all-optical regenerators utilizing self-phase modulation in a highly nonlinear fiber," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 717-725 (2006).

A. Bogoni, P. Ghelfi, M. Scaffardi, L. Poti, "All-optical regeneration and demultiplexing for 160-Gb/s transmission systems using a NOLM-based three-stage scheme," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 192-196 (2004).

M. Rochette, L. Fu, V. Taeed, D. J. Moss, B. J. Eggleton, "2R optical regeneration: An all-optical solution for BER improvement," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 736-744 (2006).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

L. Provost, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, "Investigation of simultaneous 2R regeneration of two 40-Gb/s channels in a single optical fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 270-272 (2008).

M. R. E. Larmont, M. Rochette, D. J. Moss, B. J. Eggleton, "Two-photon absorption effects on self-phase-modulation-based 2R optical regeneration," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1185-1187 (2006).

T. H. Her, G. Raybon, C. Headley, "Optimization of pulse regeneration at 40 Gb/s based on spectral filtering of self-phase modulation in fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 200-202 (2004).

S. Radic, C. J. McKinstrie, R. M. Jopson, J. C. Centanni, A. R. Chraplyvy, "All-optical regeneration in one- and two-pump parametric amplifiers using highly nonlinear optical fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 957-959 (2003).

J. Lightw. Technol. (2)

A. G. Streigler, S. Schmauss, "Analysis and optimization of SPM-based 2R signal regeneration at 40 Gb/s," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 2835-2843 (2006).

O. V. Sinkin, R. Holzlöhner, J. Zweck, C. R. Menyuk, "Optimization of the split-step Fourier method in modeling optical-fiber communications systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 61-68 (2003).

Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. (1)

Y. Yang, C. Lou, D. J. Moss, "Experimental investigation of the influence of filters on regeneration performance in self-phase modulation based regenerator," Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 49, 192-195 (2007).

Opt. Express (1)

T. N. Nguyen, M. Gay, L. Bramerie, T. Chartier, J. C. Simon, M. Joindot, "Noise reduction in 2R-regeneration technique utilizing self-phase modulation and filtering," Opt. Express 14, 1737-1747 (2006).

Opt. Lett. (1)

M. Vasilyev, T. I. Lakoba, "All-optical multichannel 2R regeneration in a fiber-based device," Opt. Lett. 30, 1458-1460 (2005).

Opt. Commun. (1)

C. Finot, T. N. Nguyen, J. Fatome, T. Chartier, S. Pitois, L. Bramerie, M. Gay, J. C. Simon, "Numerical study of an optical regenerator exploiting self-phase modulation and spectral offset filtering at 40 Gbit/s," Opt. Commun. 281, 2252-2264 (2008).

Opt. Exp. (2)

L. Provost, C. Finot, P. Petropolous, T. Mukasa, D. J. Richardson, "Design scaling rules for 2R-optical self-phase modulation based regenerators," Opt. Exp. 15, 5100-5113 (2007).

M. Matsumoto, "Efficient all-optical 2R regeneration using self-phase modulation in bidirectional fiber configuration," Opt. Exp. 14, 11018-11023 (2006).

Other (2)

G. P. Agrawal, Lightwave Technology: Telecommunication Systems (Wiley, 2005).

P. V. Mamyshev, "All-optical regeneration based on self-phase modulation effect," Proc. Eur. Conf. Optical Communication (1998) pp. 475-476.

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