Abstract

This paper demonstrates a new type of an optoelectronic oscillator (OEO) that employs a polarization modulator (PolM) for realizing prescaled optical clock recovery and 1 : 2 serial-to-parallel conversion of optical data signals. By injecting the 40-Gb/s return-to-zero data signals along with the continuous-wave light, the PolM-OEO generates the 20-GHz clock and two 20-Gb/s data streams simultaneously. The OEO is based on the concept of the regenerative frequency divider, which ensures stable injection-locked operation at 20 GHz even in the absence of subharmonic tones in the input signal. The PolM-OEO is applicable to all-optical modulation format conversion from on off keying to quadrature phase shift keying by combining it with a cross-phase modulation-based wavelength converter.

© 2009 IEEE

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2008 (1)

H. Tsuchida, "Subharmonic optoelectronic oscillator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1509-1511 (2008).

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

H. Tsuchida, "40-GHz subharmonic optical clock recovery using an injection-locked optoelectronic oscillator," Electron. Express 3, 373-378 (2006).

2005 (3)

2004 (3)

J. Lasri, P. Devgan, R. Tang, P. Kumar, "Ultralow timing jitter 40-Gb/s clock recovery using a self-starting optoelectronic oscillator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 263-265 (2004).

Z. Hu, H. F. Chou, J. E. Bowers, D. J. Blumenthal, "40-Gb/s optical clock recovery using a compact traveling-wave electroabsorption modulator-based ring oscillator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1376-1378 (2004).

S. Arahira, Y. Ogawa, "40-GHz actively mode-locked distributed Bragg reflector laser diode module with an impedance-matching circuit for efficient RF signal injection," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 1960-1964 (2004).

2003 (4)

J. Lasri, P. Devgan, R. Tang, P. Kumar, "Self-starting optoelectronic oscillator for generating ultra-low-jitter high-rate (10 GHz or higher) optical pulses," Opt. Express 11, 1430-1435 (2003).

P. Devgan, J. Lasri, R. Tang, P. Kumar, "Ultra-low-jitter multiwavelength synchronised optical pulse source for C-, L- and U-bands," Electron. Lett. 39, 1337-1339 (2003).

Z. Wang, T. Wang, C. Lou, L. Huo, Y. Gao, "A novel approach for clock recovery without pattern effect from degraded signal," Opt. Commun. 219, 301-306 (2003).

L. Huo, Y. Dong, C. Lou, Y. Gao, "Clock extraction using an optoelectronic oscillator from high-speed nrz signal and nrz-to-RZ format transformation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 981-983 (2003).

2002 (4)

C. Lou, L. Huo, G. Chang, Y. Z. Gao, "Experimental study of clock division using the optoelectronic oscillator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1178-1180 (2002).

I. Shake, H. Takara, K. Uchiyama, I. Ogawa, T. Kitoh, T. Kitagawa, M. Okamoto, K. Magari, Y. Suzuki, T. Morioka, "160 Gbit/s full optical time-division demultiplexing using FWM of SOA-array integrated on PLC," Electron. Lett. 38, 37-38 (2002).

A. M. Braun, V. B. Khalfin, M. H. Kwakernaak, W. F. Reichert, L. A. DiMarco, Z. A. Shellenbarger, C. M. DePriest, T. Yilmaz, P. J. Delfyett Jr., J. H. Abeles, "Universality of mode-locked jitter performance," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1058-1060 (2002).

J. Lasri, A. Bilenca, D. Dahan, V. Sidorov, G. Eisenstein, D. Ritter, K. Yvind, "A self-starting hybrid optoelectronic oscillator generating ultra low jitter 10-GHz optical pulses and low phase noise electrical signals," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1004-1006 (2002).

2000 (2)

X. S. Yao, L. Maleki, "Multiloop optoelectronic oscillator," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 79-84 (2000).

X. S. Yao, L. Davis, L. Maleki, "Coupled optoelectronic oscillators for generating both RF signal and optical pulses," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 73-78 (2000).

1999 (1)

F. Cisternino, R. Girardi, R. Calvani, E. Riccardi, P. Garino, S. Römisch, "A regenerative prescaled clock recovery for high-bit-rate OTDM systems," Opt. Fiber Technol. 5, 301-306 (1999).

1996 (1)

X. S. Yao, G. Lutes, "A high-speed photonic clock and carrier recovery device," IEEE. Photon Technol. Lett. 8, 688-690 (1996).

1994 (1)

X. S. Yao, L. Maleki, "High frequency optical subcarrier generator," Electon. Lett. 30, 1525-1526 (1994).

1993 (1)

X. S. Yao, L. Maleki, "Optoelectronic microwave oscillator," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 13, 1725-1735 (1993).

1981 (1)

A. Neyer, E. Voges, "Nonlinear electrooptic oscillator using an integrated interferometer," Opt. Commun. 37, 169-174 (1981).

1978 (1)

R. T. Kersten, "Ein optisches nachrichtensystem mit bauelementen der integrierten optik für die Übertragung hoher bitraten," Archiv für Elektrotech. 60, 353-359 (1978).

1939 (1)

R. L. Miller, "Fractional-frequency generators utilizing regenerative modulation," Proc. IRE 27, 446-457 (1939).

Archiv für Elektrotech. (1)

R. T. Kersten, "Ein optisches nachrichtensystem mit bauelementen der integrierten optik für die Übertragung hoher bitraten," Archiv für Elektrotech. 60, 353-359 (1978).

Electon. Lett. (1)

X. S. Yao, L. Maleki, "High frequency optical subcarrier generator," Electon. Lett. 30, 1525-1526 (1994).

Electron. Lett. (1)

I. Shake, H. Takara, K. Uchiyama, I. Ogawa, T. Kitoh, T. Kitagawa, M. Okamoto, K. Magari, Y. Suzuki, T. Morioka, "160 Gbit/s full optical time-division demultiplexing using FWM of SOA-array integrated on PLC," Electron. Lett. 38, 37-38 (2002).

Electron. Express (1)

H. Tsuchida, "40-GHz subharmonic optical clock recovery using an injection-locked optoelectronic oscillator," Electron. Express 3, 373-378 (2006).

Electron. Lett. (1)

P. Devgan, J. Lasri, R. Tang, P. Kumar, "Ultra-low-jitter multiwavelength synchronised optical pulse source for C-, L- and U-bands," Electron. Lett. 39, 1337-1339 (2003).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

H. Tsuchida, M. Suzuki, "40-Gb/s clock recovery using an injection-locked optoelectronic oscillator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 211-213 (2005).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

X. S. Yao, L. Maleki, "Multiloop optoelectronic oscillator," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 79-84 (2000).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

J. Lasri, P. Devgan, R. Tang, P. Kumar, "Ultralow timing jitter 40-Gb/s clock recovery using a self-starting optoelectronic oscillator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 263-265 (2004).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (6)

Z. Hu, H. F. Chou, J. E. Bowers, D. J. Blumenthal, "40-Gb/s optical clock recovery using a compact traveling-wave electroabsorption modulator-based ring oscillator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1376-1378 (2004).

H. Tsuchida, "Subharmonic optoelectronic oscillator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1509-1511 (2008).

C. Lou, L. Huo, G. Chang, Y. Z. Gao, "Experimental study of clock division using the optoelectronic oscillator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1178-1180 (2002).

L. Huo, Y. Dong, C. Lou, Y. Gao, "Clock extraction using an optoelectronic oscillator from high-speed nrz signal and nrz-to-RZ format transformation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 981-983 (2003).

J. Lasri, A. Bilenca, D. Dahan, V. Sidorov, G. Eisenstein, D. Ritter, K. Yvind, "A self-starting hybrid optoelectronic oscillator generating ultra low jitter 10-GHz optical pulses and low phase noise electrical signals," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1004-1006 (2002).

A. M. Braun, V. B. Khalfin, M. H. Kwakernaak, W. F. Reichert, L. A. DiMarco, Z. A. Shellenbarger, C. M. DePriest, T. Yilmaz, P. J. Delfyett Jr., J. H. Abeles, "Universality of mode-locked jitter performance," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1058-1060 (2002).

IEEE. Photon Technol. Lett. (1)

X. S. Yao, G. Lutes, "A high-speed photonic clock and carrier recovery device," IEEE. Photon Technol. Lett. 8, 688-690 (1996).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

X. S. Yao, L. Davis, L. Maleki, "Coupled optoelectronic oscillators for generating both RF signal and optical pulses," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 73-78 (2000).

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. (1)

X. S. Yao, L. Maleki, "Optoelectronic microwave oscillator," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 13, 1725-1735 (1993).

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

S. Arahira, Y. Ogawa, "40-GHz actively mode-locked distributed Bragg reflector laser diode module with an impedance-matching circuit for efficient RF signal injection," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 1960-1964 (2004).

Opt. Express (1)

J. Lasri, P. Devgan, R. Tang, P. Kumar, "Self-starting optoelectronic oscillator for generating ultra-low-jitter high-rate (10 GHz or higher) optical pulses," Opt. Express 11, 1430-1435 (2003).

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

F. Cisternino, R. Girardi, R. Calvani, E. Riccardi, P. Garino, S. Römisch, "A regenerative prescaled clock recovery for high-bit-rate OTDM systems," Opt. Fiber Technol. 5, 301-306 (1999).

Opt. Commun. (2)

A. Neyer, E. Voges, "Nonlinear electrooptic oscillator using an integrated interferometer," Opt. Commun. 37, 169-174 (1981).

Z. Wang, T. Wang, C. Lou, L. Huo, Y. Gao, "A novel approach for clock recovery without pattern effect from degraded signal," Opt. Commun. 219, 301-306 (2003).

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Proc. IRE (1)

R. L. Miller, "Fractional-frequency generators utilizing regenerative modulation," Proc. IRE 27, 446-457 (1939).

Other (2)

J. D. Bull, N. A. Jaeger, H. Kato, M. Fairburn, A. Reid, P. Ghanipour, "40 GHz electro-optic polarization modulator for fiber optic communications systems," Proc. SPIE. (2004) pp. 133-143.

J. Yu, K. Kojima, N. Chand, A. Ougazzaden, C. W. Lentz, J. M. Geary, J. M. Freund, B. Mason, "Simultaneous demultiplexing and clock recovery of 80 Gb/s OTDM signals using a tandem electro-absorption modulator," Proc. 14th Annu. Meeting of the IEEE Lasers Electro-Optics Soc. (2001) pp. 358-359.

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