Abstract

In this paper, we propose a simplified approach to optical signal predistortion based on adaptive pulse shaping through asymmetrical control of a Mach--Zehnder modulator above its switching voltage. The scheme allows natural tailoring of transmitted pulses by optimizing the received pulse. We demonstrate enhancement of the power tolerance in nonrepeated systems and improved OSNR/BER performance and dispersion tolerance in ultra-long-haul fiber systems operating at 10 Gb/s and 20Gb/s channel rates. The improved performance is demonstrated through simulations and experiment.

© 2009 IEEE

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  1. H. Bulow, "Electronic equalization of transmission impairments," Proc. OFC (2002) pp. 24-25.
  2. P. J. Winzer, R.-J. Essiambre, "Electronic pre-distortion for advanced modulation formats," Proc. ECOC (2005) pp. 257-258.
  3. R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, X. Q. Wang, W. Lee, C. A. White, E. C. Burrows, "Electronic predistortion and fiber nonlinearity," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1804-1806 (2006).
  4. R. I. Killey, P. M. Watts, V. Mikhailov, M. Glick, P. Bayvel, "Electronic dispersion compensation by signal predistortion using digital processing and a dual-drive Mach-Zehnder modulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 714-716 (2005).
  5. R. I. Killey, P. M. Watts, V. Mikhailov, M. Glick, P. Bayvel, “Electronic dispersion compensation by signal pre-distortion using digital processing and a dual-drive Mach-Zehnder modulator,” IRC-TR-04-028 (2004).
  6. H. Haunstein, A. Wolfgang, S.-G. Dittrich, K. Sticht, R. Urbansky, "Principles for electronic equalization of polarization-mode dispersion," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 1169-1182 (2004).
  7. A. Klekamp, F. Buchali, M. Audoin, H. Bülow, "Nonlinear limitations of electronic dispersion pre-compensation by intrachannel effects," Proc. OFC (2006).
  8. C. Xie, "Performance of electronic pre-distortion in 40-Gb/s systems with optical dispersion compensation for different modulation formats and transmission fibres," Proc. ECOC (2007).
  9. C. Lawetz, J. C. Cartledge, C. Rolland, J. Yu, "Modulation characteristics of semiconductor Mach-Zehnder optical modulators," J. Lightw. Technol. 15, 697-703 (1997).
  10. P. J. Winzer, C. Dorrer, R.-J. Essiambre, I. Kang, "Chirped return-to-zero modulation by imbalanced pulse carver driving signals," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1379-1381 (2004).
  11. J. C. Cartledge, R. G. McKay, "Performance of 10 Gb/s lightwave systems using an adjustable chirp optical modulator and linear equalization," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 1394-1397 (1992).
  12. J.-P. Hamaide, O. Leclerc, E. Brun, O. Audouin, B. Biotteau, "Second-order average soliton jitter in long-haul transmission systems," Pure Appl. Opt. 4, 327-332 (1995).
  13. A. Yariv, Optical Electronics in Modern Communications (Oxford Univ. Press, 1997).

2006 (1)

R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, X. Q. Wang, W. Lee, C. A. White, E. C. Burrows, "Electronic predistortion and fiber nonlinearity," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1804-1806 (2006).

2005 (1)

R. I. Killey, P. M. Watts, V. Mikhailov, M. Glick, P. Bayvel, "Electronic dispersion compensation by signal predistortion using digital processing and a dual-drive Mach-Zehnder modulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 714-716 (2005).

2004 (2)

H. Haunstein, A. Wolfgang, S.-G. Dittrich, K. Sticht, R. Urbansky, "Principles for electronic equalization of polarization-mode dispersion," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 1169-1182 (2004).

P. J. Winzer, C. Dorrer, R.-J. Essiambre, I. Kang, "Chirped return-to-zero modulation by imbalanced pulse carver driving signals," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1379-1381 (2004).

1997 (1)

C. Lawetz, J. C. Cartledge, C. Rolland, J. Yu, "Modulation characteristics of semiconductor Mach-Zehnder optical modulators," J. Lightw. Technol. 15, 697-703 (1997).

1995 (1)

J.-P. Hamaide, O. Leclerc, E. Brun, O. Audouin, B. Biotteau, "Second-order average soliton jitter in long-haul transmission systems," Pure Appl. Opt. 4, 327-332 (1995).

1992 (1)

J. C. Cartledge, R. G. McKay, "Performance of 10 Gb/s lightwave systems using an adjustable chirp optical modulator and linear equalization," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 1394-1397 (1992).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

P. J. Winzer, C. Dorrer, R.-J. Essiambre, I. Kang, "Chirped return-to-zero modulation by imbalanced pulse carver driving signals," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1379-1381 (2004).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

J. C. Cartledge, R. G. McKay, "Performance of 10 Gb/s lightwave systems using an adjustable chirp optical modulator and linear equalization," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 1394-1397 (1992).

R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, X. Q. Wang, W. Lee, C. A. White, E. C. Burrows, "Electronic predistortion and fiber nonlinearity," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1804-1806 (2006).

R. I. Killey, P. M. Watts, V. Mikhailov, M. Glick, P. Bayvel, "Electronic dispersion compensation by signal predistortion using digital processing and a dual-drive Mach-Zehnder modulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 714-716 (2005).

J. Lightw. Technol. (2)

H. Haunstein, A. Wolfgang, S.-G. Dittrich, K. Sticht, R. Urbansky, "Principles for electronic equalization of polarization-mode dispersion," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 1169-1182 (2004).

C. Lawetz, J. C. Cartledge, C. Rolland, J. Yu, "Modulation characteristics of semiconductor Mach-Zehnder optical modulators," J. Lightw. Technol. 15, 697-703 (1997).

Pure Appl. Opt. (1)

J.-P. Hamaide, O. Leclerc, E. Brun, O. Audouin, B. Biotteau, "Second-order average soliton jitter in long-haul transmission systems," Pure Appl. Opt. 4, 327-332 (1995).

Other (6)

A. Yariv, Optical Electronics in Modern Communications (Oxford Univ. Press, 1997).

R. I. Killey, P. M. Watts, V. Mikhailov, M. Glick, P. Bayvel, “Electronic dispersion compensation by signal pre-distortion using digital processing and a dual-drive Mach-Zehnder modulator,” IRC-TR-04-028 (2004).

H. Bulow, "Electronic equalization of transmission impairments," Proc. OFC (2002) pp. 24-25.

P. J. Winzer, R.-J. Essiambre, "Electronic pre-distortion for advanced modulation formats," Proc. ECOC (2005) pp. 257-258.

A. Klekamp, F. Buchali, M. Audoin, H. Bülow, "Nonlinear limitations of electronic dispersion pre-compensation by intrachannel effects," Proc. OFC (2006).

C. Xie, "Performance of electronic pre-distortion in 40-Gb/s systems with optical dispersion compensation for different modulation formats and transmission fibres," Proc. ECOC (2007).

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