Abstract

We present a Müller–Stokes analysis of the polarization properties of randomly birefingent long-period fiber gratings (LPGs). Using a previously derived Müller matrix, we perform simulations of the polarization behavior in photonic crystal fibers-based tapered long-period gratings with randomly varying birefringence axes. Computer simulations show good agreement with results from experiments with a broadband-amplified spontaneous emission source and a tunable laser in combination with a polarization analyzer.

© 2009 IEEE

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  1. Y. Zhu, E. Simova, P. Berin, C. Grover, "A comparison of wavelength-dependent polarization-dependent loss measurements in fiber gratings," IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 49, 1231-1239 (2000).
  2. B. L. Bachim, T. K. Gaylord, "Polarization-dependent loss and birefringence in long-period fiber gratings," Appl. Opt. 42, 6816-6823 (2003).
  3. G. M. Rego, J. L. Santos, H. M. Salgado, "Polarization-dependent loss of arc-induced long-period gratings," Opt. Commun. 262, 152-156 (2006).
  4. G. Rego, M. Morais, J. L. Santos, H. M. Salgado, "PDL and DGD measurements of mechanically induced long-period fiber gratings," Commun. Symp. (2003) pp. 77-80.
  5. O. V. Ivanov, G. M. Rego, "Origin of coupling to antisymmetric modes in arc-induced long-period fiber gratings," Opt. Exp. 15, 13936-13941 (2007) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-21-13936 Available.
  6. S. T. Oh, W. T. Han, U. C. Paek, Y. Chung, "Reduction of birefringence and polarization-dependent loss of long-period fiber gratings fabricated with a KrF excimer laser," Opt. Exp. 11, 3087-3092 (2003) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-11-23-3087 Available.
  7. S. T. Oh, W. T. Han, U. C. Paek, Y. Chung, "Azimuthally symmetric long-period fiber gratings fabricated with CO$_{2}$ laser," Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 41, 188-190 (2004).
  8. T. Eftimov, W. Bock, J. Chen, P. Mikulic, "Mueller matrix analysis of long period gratrings. Part I: uniformly birefringetn LPGs," J. Lightw. Technol. submitted for publication.
  9. N. Gisin, "Statistics of polarization-dependent losses," Opt. Commun. 114, 399-40 (1995).
  10. T. Eftimov, "Müller matrix analysis of PDL components," Fiber and Integrated Optics 23, 453-466 (2004).
  11. J. Olszewski, T. Nasilowski, M. Szpulak, G. Sttkiewicz, T. Martynkinen, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, M. Makara, F. Berghmans, H. Thienpont, "Analysis of birefringent doped-core holey fibers for Bragg gratings," Proc. SPIE OFS-17 (2005) pp. 351-354.

2007 (1)

O. V. Ivanov, G. M. Rego, "Origin of coupling to antisymmetric modes in arc-induced long-period fiber gratings," Opt. Exp. 15, 13936-13941 (2007) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-21-13936 Available.

2006 (1)

G. M. Rego, J. L. Santos, H. M. Salgado, "Polarization-dependent loss of arc-induced long-period gratings," Opt. Commun. 262, 152-156 (2006).

2004 (2)

T. Eftimov, "Müller matrix analysis of PDL components," Fiber and Integrated Optics 23, 453-466 (2004).

S. T. Oh, W. T. Han, U. C. Paek, Y. Chung, "Azimuthally symmetric long-period fiber gratings fabricated with CO$_{2}$ laser," Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 41, 188-190 (2004).

2003 (2)

S. T. Oh, W. T. Han, U. C. Paek, Y. Chung, "Reduction of birefringence and polarization-dependent loss of long-period fiber gratings fabricated with a KrF excimer laser," Opt. Exp. 11, 3087-3092 (2003) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-11-23-3087 Available.

B. L. Bachim, T. K. Gaylord, "Polarization-dependent loss and birefringence in long-period fiber gratings," Appl. Opt. 42, 6816-6823 (2003).

2000 (1)

Y. Zhu, E. Simova, P. Berin, C. Grover, "A comparison of wavelength-dependent polarization-dependent loss measurements in fiber gratings," IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 49, 1231-1239 (2000).

1995 (1)

N. Gisin, "Statistics of polarization-dependent losses," Opt. Commun. 114, 399-40 (1995).

Appl. Opt. (1)

B. L. Bachim, T. K. Gaylord, "Polarization-dependent loss and birefringence in long-period fiber gratings," Appl. Opt. 42, 6816-6823 (2003).

Fiber and Integrated Optics (1)

T. Eftimov, "Müller matrix analysis of PDL components," Fiber and Integrated Optics 23, 453-466 (2004).

IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. (1)

Y. Zhu, E. Simova, P. Berin, C. Grover, "A comparison of wavelength-dependent polarization-dependent loss measurements in fiber gratings," IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 49, 1231-1239 (2000).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

T. Eftimov, W. Bock, J. Chen, P. Mikulic, "Mueller matrix analysis of long period gratrings. Part I: uniformly birefringetn LPGs," J. Lightw. Technol. submitted for publication.

Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. (1)

S. T. Oh, W. T. Han, U. C. Paek, Y. Chung, "Azimuthally symmetric long-period fiber gratings fabricated with CO$_{2}$ laser," Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 41, 188-190 (2004).

Opt. Exp. (1)

O. V. Ivanov, G. M. Rego, "Origin of coupling to antisymmetric modes in arc-induced long-period fiber gratings," Opt. Exp. 15, 13936-13941 (2007) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-21-13936 Available.

Opt. Commun. (2)

G. M. Rego, J. L. Santos, H. M. Salgado, "Polarization-dependent loss of arc-induced long-period gratings," Opt. Commun. 262, 152-156 (2006).

N. Gisin, "Statistics of polarization-dependent losses," Opt. Commun. 114, 399-40 (1995).

Opt. Exp. (1)

S. T. Oh, W. T. Han, U. C. Paek, Y. Chung, "Reduction of birefringence and polarization-dependent loss of long-period fiber gratings fabricated with a KrF excimer laser," Opt. Exp. 11, 3087-3092 (2003) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-11-23-3087 Available.

Other (2)

G. Rego, M. Morais, J. L. Santos, H. M. Salgado, "PDL and DGD measurements of mechanically induced long-period fiber gratings," Commun. Symp. (2003) pp. 77-80.

J. Olszewski, T. Nasilowski, M. Szpulak, G. Sttkiewicz, T. Martynkinen, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, M. Makara, F. Berghmans, H. Thienpont, "Analysis of birefringent doped-core holey fibers for Bragg gratings," Proc. SPIE OFS-17 (2005) pp. 351-354.

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