Abstract

As optical networks become more complex, the need for in-line monitoring of more than just channel wavelength, power and OSNR becomes compelling. In this paper we describe an asynchronous delay tap sampling technique coupled with statistical machine learning that enables a single monitor to measure multiple simultaneous impairments on multiple formats. We demonstrate the technique for simultaneous measures of CD and 1st order PMD on a 40 Gbit/s NRZ-DPSK signal.

© 2009 IEEE

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  1. D. C. Kilper, "Optical performance monitoring," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 294-304 (2004).
  2. A. Willner, Optical Fiber Telecommunications, V11B (Academic, 2008).
  3. Q. Yu, "Chromatic dispersion monitoring technique using sideband optical filtering and clock phase-shift detection," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 2267-2271 (2002).
  4. H. Ji, "Optical performance monitoring techniques based on pilot tones for WDM network applications," J. Opt. Netw. 3, 510-533 (2004).
  5. R. A. Skoog, "Automatic identification of impairments using support vector machine pattern classification on eye diagrams," IEEE Photon. Techol. Lett. 18, 2398-2400 (2006).
  6. N. Hanik, "Application of amplitude histograms to monitor performance of optical channels," Electron. Lett. 35, 403-404 (1999).
  7. I. Shake, "Quality monitoring of optical signals influenced by chromatic dispersion in a transmission fiber using averaged $Q$-factor evaluation," IEEE Photon. Techol. Lett. 13, 385-387 (2001).
  8. N. Kikuchi, "Performance of chromatic dispersion monitoring using statistical moments of asynchronously sampled waveform histograms," IEEE Photon. Techol. Lett. 17, 1103-1105 (2005).
  9. Z. Li, G. Li, "In-line performance monitoring for RZ-DPSK signals using asynchronous amplitude histogram evaluation," IEEE Photonic Technol. Lett. 18, 472-474 (2006).
  10. B. Kozicki, O. Takuya, T. Hidehiko, "Optical performance monitoring of phase-modulated signals using asynchronous amplitude histogram analysis," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 1353-1361 (2008).
  11. S. D. Dods, T. B. Anderson, "Optical performance monitoring technique using delay tap asynchronous waveform sampling," Optical Fiber Communication Conf. AnaheimCA (2006) Paper OThP5.
  12. T. Anderson, "Multi impairment monitoring in photonic networks," European Conf. Optical Communication BerlinGermany (2007).
  13. T. Anderson, "Experimental demonstration of multi-impairment monitoring on a commercial 10 Gb/s NRZ channel," Optical Fiber Communication Conf. San DiegoCA (2009).
  14. B. Kozicki, A. Maruta, K. Kitayama, "Experimental demonstration of optical performance monitoring for RZ-DPSK signals using delay-tap sampling method," Opt. Exp. 16, 3566-3576 (2008).
  15. B. Kozicki, "Asynchronous optical performance monitoring of RZ-DQPSK signals using delay-tap sampling," ECOC (2007) P060.
  16. J. C. Geyer, "Channel parameter estimation for polarization diverse coherent receivers," IEEE Photon. Techol. Lett. 20, 776-778 (2008).
  17. M. Mayrock, H. Haunstein, "Performance monitoring in optical OFDM systems," OFC/NFOEC 2009 OWM3.
  18. K. Clarke, T. Anderson, S. D. Dods, "Monitoring of multiple modulation formats using asynchronous delay-tap sampling," Australian Conf. Optical Fibre Technology MelbourneVIC (2007).
  19. V. Vapnik, Statistical Learning Theory (Wiley, 1998).
  20. R. Duda, Pattern Classification (Wiley, 2000).
  21. J. Jargon, "Optical performance monitoring using artificial neural networks with features derived from asynchronous delay tap sampling," OFC/NFOEC (2009) OTH1th.
  22. H. Kogelink, Optical Fiber Telecommunications, IVB (Academic, 2002).
  23. K. E. Cornick, "Experimental comparison of PMD-induced system penalty models," IEEE Photon. Techol. Lett. 18, 1149-1151 (2006).

2008 (3)

B. Kozicki, O. Takuya, T. Hidehiko, "Optical performance monitoring of phase-modulated signals using asynchronous amplitude histogram analysis," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 1353-1361 (2008).

B. Kozicki, A. Maruta, K. Kitayama, "Experimental demonstration of optical performance monitoring for RZ-DPSK signals using delay-tap sampling method," Opt. Exp. 16, 3566-3576 (2008).

J. C. Geyer, "Channel parameter estimation for polarization diverse coherent receivers," IEEE Photon. Techol. Lett. 20, 776-778 (2008).

2006 (3)

K. E. Cornick, "Experimental comparison of PMD-induced system penalty models," IEEE Photon. Techol. Lett. 18, 1149-1151 (2006).

R. A. Skoog, "Automatic identification of impairments using support vector machine pattern classification on eye diagrams," IEEE Photon. Techol. Lett. 18, 2398-2400 (2006).

Z. Li, G. Li, "In-line performance monitoring for RZ-DPSK signals using asynchronous amplitude histogram evaluation," IEEE Photonic Technol. Lett. 18, 472-474 (2006).

2005 (1)

N. Kikuchi, "Performance of chromatic dispersion monitoring using statistical moments of asynchronously sampled waveform histograms," IEEE Photon. Techol. Lett. 17, 1103-1105 (2005).

2004 (2)

2002 (1)

Q. Yu, "Chromatic dispersion monitoring technique using sideband optical filtering and clock phase-shift detection," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 2267-2271 (2002).

2001 (1)

I. Shake, "Quality monitoring of optical signals influenced by chromatic dispersion in a transmission fiber using averaged $Q$-factor evaluation," IEEE Photon. Techol. Lett. 13, 385-387 (2001).

1999 (1)

N. Hanik, "Application of amplitude histograms to monitor performance of optical channels," Electron. Lett. 35, 403-404 (1999).

Electron. Lett. (1)

N. Hanik, "Application of amplitude histograms to monitor performance of optical channels," Electron. Lett. 35, 403-404 (1999).

IEEE Photon. Techol. Lett. (5)

I. Shake, "Quality monitoring of optical signals influenced by chromatic dispersion in a transmission fiber using averaged $Q$-factor evaluation," IEEE Photon. Techol. Lett. 13, 385-387 (2001).

N. Kikuchi, "Performance of chromatic dispersion monitoring using statistical moments of asynchronously sampled waveform histograms," IEEE Photon. Techol. Lett. 17, 1103-1105 (2005).

J. C. Geyer, "Channel parameter estimation for polarization diverse coherent receivers," IEEE Photon. Techol. Lett. 20, 776-778 (2008).

R. A. Skoog, "Automatic identification of impairments using support vector machine pattern classification on eye diagrams," IEEE Photon. Techol. Lett. 18, 2398-2400 (2006).

K. E. Cornick, "Experimental comparison of PMD-induced system penalty models," IEEE Photon. Techol. Lett. 18, 1149-1151 (2006).

IEEE Photonic Technol. Lett. (1)

Z. Li, G. Li, "In-line performance monitoring for RZ-DPSK signals using asynchronous amplitude histogram evaluation," IEEE Photonic Technol. Lett. 18, 472-474 (2006).

J. Lightw. Technol. (3)

B. Kozicki, O. Takuya, T. Hidehiko, "Optical performance monitoring of phase-modulated signals using asynchronous amplitude histogram analysis," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 1353-1361 (2008).

D. C. Kilper, "Optical performance monitoring," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 294-304 (2004).

Q. Yu, "Chromatic dispersion monitoring technique using sideband optical filtering and clock phase-shift detection," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 2267-2271 (2002).

J. Opt. Netw. (1)

Opt. Exp. (1)

B. Kozicki, A. Maruta, K. Kitayama, "Experimental demonstration of optical performance monitoring for RZ-DPSK signals using delay-tap sampling method," Opt. Exp. 16, 3566-3576 (2008).

Other (11)

B. Kozicki, "Asynchronous optical performance monitoring of RZ-DQPSK signals using delay-tap sampling," ECOC (2007) P060.

A. Willner, Optical Fiber Telecommunications, V11B (Academic, 2008).

M. Mayrock, H. Haunstein, "Performance monitoring in optical OFDM systems," OFC/NFOEC 2009 OWM3.

K. Clarke, T. Anderson, S. D. Dods, "Monitoring of multiple modulation formats using asynchronous delay-tap sampling," Australian Conf. Optical Fibre Technology MelbourneVIC (2007).

V. Vapnik, Statistical Learning Theory (Wiley, 1998).

R. Duda, Pattern Classification (Wiley, 2000).

J. Jargon, "Optical performance monitoring using artificial neural networks with features derived from asynchronous delay tap sampling," OFC/NFOEC (2009) OTH1th.

H. Kogelink, Optical Fiber Telecommunications, IVB (Academic, 2002).

S. D. Dods, T. B. Anderson, "Optical performance monitoring technique using delay tap asynchronous waveform sampling," Optical Fiber Communication Conf. AnaheimCA (2006) Paper OThP5.

T. Anderson, "Multi impairment monitoring in photonic networks," European Conf. Optical Communication BerlinGermany (2007).

T. Anderson, "Experimental demonstration of multi-impairment monitoring on a commercial 10 Gb/s NRZ channel," Optical Fiber Communication Conf. San DiegoCA (2009).

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