Abstract

100-Gb/s-class high-speed transmission technologies are essential to realize future 100G Ethernet transmission over wide area networks. Optical OFDM (Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing) is promising for high-speed transmission because of its narrow bandwidth and superior tolerance to chromatic dispersion and polarization mode dispersion. In this paper, we show numerically that the nonlinear tolerance of optical OFDM increases as the subcarriers is decreased and describe novel electro-optic subcarrier multiplexing scheme to generate an over 100 Gb/s high speed optical OFDM signal with a small number of subcarriers. We successfully generate a 100G-class optical OFDM signal and demonstrate transmission over 80-km of ITU-T G.652 single-mode fiber without dispersion compensation.

© 2009 IEEE

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  1. Y. Miyamoto, A. Sano, H. Masuda, E. Yoshida, S. Aisawa, "Enhancing the capacity beyond terabit persecond for transparent optical transport network," ECOC 2007 (2007) paper Th10.5.1.
  2. H. Masuda, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, E. Yoshida, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Hibino, K. Hagimoto, T. Yamada, T. Furuta, H. Fukuyama, "20.4-Tb/s (204 $\times$ 111 Gb/s) transmission over 240 km using bandwidth-maximized hybrid Raman/EDFAs," OFC2007 (2007) paper PDP20.
  3. S. L. Jansen, I. Morita, T. C. W. Schenk, N. Takeda, H. Tanaka, "Coherent optical 25.8-Gb/s OFDM transmission over 4160-km SSMF," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 6-15 (2007).
  4. S. L. Jansen, I. Moritax, H. Tanaka, "10 $\times$ 121.9-Gb/s PDM-OFDM Transmission with 2-b/s/Hz spectral efficiency over 1,000 km of SSMF," OFC2008 (2008) PDP2.
  5. B. J. C. Schmidt, A. J. Lowery, J. Armstrong, "Experimental demonstrations of 20 Gbit/s direct-detection optical OFDM and 12 Gbit/s with a colorless transmitter," OFC2007 (2007) paper PDP18.
  6. Q. Yang, Y. Ma, W. Shieh, "107 Gb/s coherent optical OFDM reception using orthogonal band multiplexing," OFC2008 (2008) paper PDP7.
  7. W. Shieh, X. Yi, Y. Ma, Y. Tang, "Theoretical and experimental study on PMD-supported transmission using polarization diversity in coherent optical OFDM systems," Opt. Exp. 15, 9936-9947 (2007).
  8. Y. Tang, W. Shieh, X. Yi, R. Evans, "Optimum design for RF-to-optical up-converter in coherent optical OFDM systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 483-485 (2007).
  9. H. Sanjoh, E. Yamada, Y. Yoshikuni, "Optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexing using frequency/time domain filtering for high spectral efficiency up to 1 bit/s/Hz," OFC2002 (2002) paper ThD1.
  10. E. Yamazaki, F. Inuzuka, A. Takada, K. Yonenaga, T. Morioka, "Inter-channel crosstalk cancellation by encoding with adjacent channels in coherent WDM," OFC 2006 (2006) Paper JThB6.
  11. T. Healy, A. D. Ellis, F. C. Garcia Gunning, B. Cuenot, M. Rukosueva, "I 1 b/s/Hz coherent WDM transmission over 112 km of dispersion managed optical fibre coherent WDM," OFC 2006 (2006) Paper JThB10.
  12. T. Kobayashi, A. Sano, E. Yamada, Y. Miyamoto, "Electro-optically multiplexed 110-Gb/s optical OFDM signal transmission over 80-km SMF without dispersion compensation," Electron. Lett. 44, 225 (2008).
  13. S. L. Jansen, I. Morita, K. Forozesh, S. Randel, D. van de Borne, H. Tanaka, "Optical OFDM, a hype or is it for real?," ECOC2008 Paper Mo.3.E.3..
  14. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 1995).
  15. M. Jinno, H. Takara, B. Kozicki, Y. Tsukishima, T. Yoshimatsu, T. Kobayashi, Y. Miyamoto, K. Yonenaga, A. Takada, O. Ishida, S. Matsuoka, "Demonstration of novel spectrum-efficient elastic optical path network with per-channel variable capacity of 40 Gb/s to over 400 Gb/s," Proc. ECOC2008 Paper Th.3.F.6.
  16. M. Fujiwara, J. Kani, H. Suzuki, K. Araya, M. Teshima, "Flattened optical multicarrier generation of 12.5 GHz spaced 256 channels based on sinusoidal amplitude and phase hybrid modulation," Electron. Lett. 37, 967-968 (2001).
  17. M. Sugiyama, M. Doi, F. Futami, S. Watanabe, H. Onaka, "A low voltage LiNbO3 phase and intensity integrated modulator for optical frequency comb and short pulse generation," ECOC 2004 Paper Tu3.4.3..
  18. R. van Nee, R. Presad, OFDM for Wireless Multimedia Communications (Artech House, 2000).
  19. F. C. Garcia Gunning, T. Healy, A. D. Ellis, "Dispersion tolerance of coherent WDM," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1338-1340 (2006).
  20. E. Yamada, "1 Tb/s (111 Gb/s/ch $\times$ 10 ch) no-guard-interval CO-OFDM transmission over 2100 km DSF," OECC 2008 paper PDP-6.
  21. A. Sano, "13.4-Tb/s (134 $\times$ 111-Gb/s/ch) no-guard-interval coherent OFDM transmission over 3,600 km of SMF with 19-ps average PMD," ECOC 2008 paper Th3.E.1.

2008 (1)

T. Kobayashi, A. Sano, E. Yamada, Y. Miyamoto, "Electro-optically multiplexed 110-Gb/s optical OFDM signal transmission over 80-km SMF without dispersion compensation," Electron. Lett. 44, 225 (2008).

2007 (3)

S. L. Jansen, I. Morita, T. C. W. Schenk, N. Takeda, H. Tanaka, "Coherent optical 25.8-Gb/s OFDM transmission over 4160-km SSMF," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 6-15 (2007).

W. Shieh, X. Yi, Y. Ma, Y. Tang, "Theoretical and experimental study on PMD-supported transmission using polarization diversity in coherent optical OFDM systems," Opt. Exp. 15, 9936-9947 (2007).

Y. Tang, W. Shieh, X. Yi, R. Evans, "Optimum design for RF-to-optical up-converter in coherent optical OFDM systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 483-485 (2007).

2006 (1)

F. C. Garcia Gunning, T. Healy, A. D. Ellis, "Dispersion tolerance of coherent WDM," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1338-1340 (2006).

2001 (1)

M. Fujiwara, J. Kani, H. Suzuki, K. Araya, M. Teshima, "Flattened optical multicarrier generation of 12.5 GHz spaced 256 channels based on sinusoidal amplitude and phase hybrid modulation," Electron. Lett. 37, 967-968 (2001).

Electron. Lett. (2)

T. Kobayashi, A. Sano, E. Yamada, Y. Miyamoto, "Electro-optically multiplexed 110-Gb/s optical OFDM signal transmission over 80-km SMF without dispersion compensation," Electron. Lett. 44, 225 (2008).

M. Fujiwara, J. Kani, H. Suzuki, K. Araya, M. Teshima, "Flattened optical multicarrier generation of 12.5 GHz spaced 256 channels based on sinusoidal amplitude and phase hybrid modulation," Electron. Lett. 37, 967-968 (2001).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

Y. Tang, W. Shieh, X. Yi, R. Evans, "Optimum design for RF-to-optical up-converter in coherent optical OFDM systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 483-485 (2007).

F. C. Garcia Gunning, T. Healy, A. D. Ellis, "Dispersion tolerance of coherent WDM," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1338-1340 (2006).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

S. L. Jansen, I. Morita, T. C. W. Schenk, N. Takeda, H. Tanaka, "Coherent optical 25.8-Gb/s OFDM transmission over 4160-km SSMF," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 6-15 (2007).

Opt. Exp. (1)

W. Shieh, X. Yi, Y. Ma, Y. Tang, "Theoretical and experimental study on PMD-supported transmission using polarization diversity in coherent optical OFDM systems," Opt. Exp. 15, 9936-9947 (2007).

Other (15)

E. Yamada, "1 Tb/s (111 Gb/s/ch $\times$ 10 ch) no-guard-interval CO-OFDM transmission over 2100 km DSF," OECC 2008 paper PDP-6.

A. Sano, "13.4-Tb/s (134 $\times$ 111-Gb/s/ch) no-guard-interval coherent OFDM transmission over 3,600 km of SMF with 19-ps average PMD," ECOC 2008 paper Th3.E.1.

S. L. Jansen, I. Moritax, H. Tanaka, "10 $\times$ 121.9-Gb/s PDM-OFDM Transmission with 2-b/s/Hz spectral efficiency over 1,000 km of SSMF," OFC2008 (2008) PDP2.

B. J. C. Schmidt, A. J. Lowery, J. Armstrong, "Experimental demonstrations of 20 Gbit/s direct-detection optical OFDM and 12 Gbit/s with a colorless transmitter," OFC2007 (2007) paper PDP18.

Q. Yang, Y. Ma, W. Shieh, "107 Gb/s coherent optical OFDM reception using orthogonal band multiplexing," OFC2008 (2008) paper PDP7.

H. Sanjoh, E. Yamada, Y. Yoshikuni, "Optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexing using frequency/time domain filtering for high spectral efficiency up to 1 bit/s/Hz," OFC2002 (2002) paper ThD1.

E. Yamazaki, F. Inuzuka, A. Takada, K. Yonenaga, T. Morioka, "Inter-channel crosstalk cancellation by encoding with adjacent channels in coherent WDM," OFC 2006 (2006) Paper JThB6.

T. Healy, A. D. Ellis, F. C. Garcia Gunning, B. Cuenot, M. Rukosueva, "I 1 b/s/Hz coherent WDM transmission over 112 km of dispersion managed optical fibre coherent WDM," OFC 2006 (2006) Paper JThB10.

M. Sugiyama, M. Doi, F. Futami, S. Watanabe, H. Onaka, "A low voltage LiNbO3 phase and intensity integrated modulator for optical frequency comb and short pulse generation," ECOC 2004 Paper Tu3.4.3..

R. van Nee, R. Presad, OFDM for Wireless Multimedia Communications (Artech House, 2000).

Y. Miyamoto, A. Sano, H. Masuda, E. Yoshida, S. Aisawa, "Enhancing the capacity beyond terabit persecond for transparent optical transport network," ECOC 2007 (2007) paper Th10.5.1.

H. Masuda, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, E. Yoshida, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Hibino, K. Hagimoto, T. Yamada, T. Furuta, H. Fukuyama, "20.4-Tb/s (204 $\times$ 111 Gb/s) transmission over 240 km using bandwidth-maximized hybrid Raman/EDFAs," OFC2007 (2007) paper PDP20.

S. L. Jansen, I. Morita, K. Forozesh, S. Randel, D. van de Borne, H. Tanaka, "Optical OFDM, a hype or is it for real?," ECOC2008 Paper Mo.3.E.3..

P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 1995).

M. Jinno, H. Takara, B. Kozicki, Y. Tsukishima, T. Yoshimatsu, T. Kobayashi, Y. Miyamoto, K. Yonenaga, A. Takada, O. Ishida, S. Matsuoka, "Demonstration of novel spectrum-efficient elastic optical path network with per-channel variable capacity of 40 Gb/s to over 400 Gb/s," Proc. ECOC2008 Paper Th.3.F.6.

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