Abstract

Detailed numerical investigations of the transmission performance of adaptively modulated optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexed (AMOOFDM) signals are undertaken, for the first time, in optical amplification- and chromatic dispersion compensation-free SMF IMDD systems using semiconductor optical amplifiers (SOAs) as intensity modulators. A theoretical model describing the characteristics of the SOA-based intensity modulators is developed, based on which optimum SOA operating conditions are identified. It is shown that the optimized SOA-based intensity modulators support a 30 Gb/s AMOOFDM signal transmission over a 80 km SMF, which doubles the transmission performance offered by directly modulated DFB lasers. The aforementioned performance enhancement is mainly due to a considerable reduction in the frequency chirp effect, resulting from the strong SOA gain saturation-induced decrease in SOA effective carrier lifetime. Relatively low extinction ratio and clipping of the SOA modulated signals are identified to be the key factors limiting the maximum achievable AMOOFDM transmission performance. In addition, results also indicate that both the optimum SOA operating conditions and the AMOOFDM transmission performance are insusceptible to variations in SOA parameters.

© 2009 IEEE

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  1. M. J. Connelly, Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers (Kluwer, 2002).
  2. R. J. Manning, A. D. Ellis, A. J. Poustie, K. J. Blow, "Semiconductor laser amplifiers for ultrafast all-optical signal processing," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 14, 3204-3216 (1997).
  3. D. Nesset, T. Kelly, D. Marcenac, "All-optical wavelength conversion using SOA nonlinearities," IEEE Commun. Mag. 36, 56-61 (1998).
  4. J. Dong, X. Zhang, Y. Wang, J. Xu, D. Huang, "40 Gbit/s reconfigurable photonic logic gates based on various nonlinearities in single SOA," Electron. Lett. 43, 884-886 (2007).
  5. L. H. Spiekman, J. M. Wiesenfeld, A. H. Gnauck, L. D. Garrett, G. N. Van den Hoven, T. van Dongen, M. J. H. Sander-Jochem, J. J. M. Binsma, "Transmission of 8 DWDM channels at 20 Gb/s over 160 km of standard fiber using a cascade of semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 12, 717-719 (2000).
  6. H. Takesue, T. Sugie, "Wavelength channel data rewrite using saturated SOA modulator for WDM networks with centralized light sources," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 2546-2556 (2003).
  7. S.-J. Park, G.-Y. Kim, T.-S. Park, "WDM-PON system based on the laser light injected reflective semiconductor optical amplifier," Opt. Fiber Technol. 12, 162-169 (2006).
  8. J. M. Tang, P. M. Lane, K. A. Shore, "High speed transmission of adaptively modulated optical OFDM signals over multimode fibers using directly modulated DFBs," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 429-441 (2006).
  9. X. Q. Jin, J. M. Tang, P. S. Spencer, K. A. Shore, "Optimization of adaptively modulated optical OFDM modems for multimode fiber-based local area networks," J. Opt. Netw. 7, 198-214 (2008).
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  11. X. Zheng, J. L. Wei, J. M. Tang, "Transmission performance of adaptively modulated optical OFDM modems using subcarrier modulation over SMF IMDD links for access and metropolitan area networks," Opt. Exp. 16, 20427-20440 (2008.).
  12. J. L. Wei, X. Q. Jin, J. M. Tang, "The influence of directly modulated DFB lasers on the transmission performance of carrier suppressed single sideband optical OFDM signals over IMDD SMF systems," J. Lightw. Technol. (2008).
  13. R. J. Manning, D. A. O. Davies, J. K. Lucek, "Recovery rates in semiconductor laser amplifiers: Optical and electrical bias dependencies," Electron. Lett. 30, 1233-1235 (1994).
  14. F. Girardin, G. Guekos, A. Houbavlis, "Gain recovery of bulk semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 10, 784-786 (1998).
  15. A. J. Lowery, L. B. Du, J. Armstrong, "Performance of optical OFDM in ultralong-haul WDM lightwave systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 131-138 (2007).
  16. J. M. Tang, K. A. Shore, "Strong picosecond optical pulse propagation in semiconductor optical amplifiers at transparency," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1263-1269 (1998).
  17. J. M. Tang, K. A. Shore, "Analysis of the characteristics of TOAD's subject to frequency-detuned control and signal picosecond pulses," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1704-1712 (1999).
  18. J. M. Tang, K. A. Shore, "Characteristics of optical phase conjugation of picosecond pulses in semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1032-1040 (1999).
  19. J. M. Tang, K. A. Shore, "Active picoseconds optical pulse compression in semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 93-100 (1999).
  20. T. Duong, N. Genay, P. Chanclou, B. Charbonnier, A. Pizzinat, R. Brenot, "Experimental demonstration of 10 Gbit/s for upstream transmission by remote modulation of 1 GHz RSOA using Adaptively Modulated Optical OFDM for WDM-PON single fiber architecture," Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC) BrusselsBelgium (2008) PD paper Th.3.F.1.
  21. N. A. Olsson, "Lightwave systems with optical amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 7, 1071-1082 (1989).
  22. G. P. Agrawal, Fibre-Optic Communication Systems (Wiley, 1997).
  23. J. M. Tang, K. A. Shore, "Maximizing the transmission performance of adaptively modulated optical OFDM signals in multimode-fiber links by optimizing analog-to-digital converters," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 787-798 (2007).
  24. J. Mørk, A. Mecozzi, G. Eisenstein, "The modulation response of a semiconductor laser amplifier," J. Sel. Topics. Quantum. Electron. 5, 851-860 (1999).
  25. P. Fay, W. Wohlmuth, A. Mahajan, C. Caneau, S. Chandrasekhar, I. Adesida, "Low-noise performance of monolithically integrated 12-Gb/s p-i-n/HEMT photoreceiver for long-wavelength transmission systems," IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 10, 713-715 (1998.).
  26. R. Gutiérrez-Castrejón, L. Schares, L. Occhi, G. Guekos, "Modeling and measurement of longitudinal gain dynamics in saturated semiconductor optical amplifiers of different length," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 1476-1484 (2000).

2008 (2)

J. L. Wei, X. Q. Jin, J. M. Tang, "The influence of directly modulated DFB lasers on the transmission performance of carrier suppressed single sideband optical OFDM signals over IMDD SMF systems," J. Lightw. Technol. (2008).

X. Q. Jin, J. M. Tang, P. S. Spencer, K. A. Shore, "Optimization of adaptively modulated optical OFDM modems for multimode fiber-based local area networks," J. Opt. Netw. 7, 198-214 (2008).

2007 (3)

J. M. Tang, K. A. Shore, "Maximizing the transmission performance of adaptively modulated optical OFDM signals in multimode-fiber links by optimizing analog-to-digital converters," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 787-798 (2007).

J. Dong, X. Zhang, Y. Wang, J. Xu, D. Huang, "40 Gbit/s reconfigurable photonic logic gates based on various nonlinearities in single SOA," Electron. Lett. 43, 884-886 (2007).

A. J. Lowery, L. B. Du, J. Armstrong, "Performance of optical OFDM in ultralong-haul WDM lightwave systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 131-138 (2007).

2006 (3)

S.-J. Park, G.-Y. Kim, T.-S. Park, "WDM-PON system based on the laser light injected reflective semiconductor optical amplifier," Opt. Fiber Technol. 12, 162-169 (2006).

J. M. Tang, P. M. Lane, K. A. Shore, "High speed transmission of adaptively modulated optical OFDM signals over multimode fibers using directly modulated DFBs," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 429-441 (2006).

J. M. Tang, K. A. Shore, "30 Gb/s signal transmission over 40-km directly modulated DFB-laser-based single-mode-fibre links without optical amplification and dispersion compensation," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 2318-232 (2006).

2003 (1)

H. Takesue, T. Sugie, "Wavelength channel data rewrite using saturated SOA modulator for WDM networks with centralized light sources," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 2546-2556 (2003).

2000 (2)

L. H. Spiekman, J. M. Wiesenfeld, A. H. Gnauck, L. D. Garrett, G. N. Van den Hoven, T. van Dongen, M. J. H. Sander-Jochem, J. J. M. Binsma, "Transmission of 8 DWDM channels at 20 Gb/s over 160 km of standard fiber using a cascade of semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 12, 717-719 (2000).

R. Gutiérrez-Castrejón, L. Schares, L. Occhi, G. Guekos, "Modeling and measurement of longitudinal gain dynamics in saturated semiconductor optical amplifiers of different length," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 1476-1484 (2000).

1999 (4)

J. Mørk, A. Mecozzi, G. Eisenstein, "The modulation response of a semiconductor laser amplifier," J. Sel. Topics. Quantum. Electron. 5, 851-860 (1999).

J. M. Tang, K. A. Shore, "Analysis of the characteristics of TOAD's subject to frequency-detuned control and signal picosecond pulses," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1704-1712 (1999).

J. M. Tang, K. A. Shore, "Characteristics of optical phase conjugation of picosecond pulses in semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1032-1040 (1999).

J. M. Tang, K. A. Shore, "Active picoseconds optical pulse compression in semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 93-100 (1999).

1998 (3)

F. Girardin, G. Guekos, A. Houbavlis, "Gain recovery of bulk semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 10, 784-786 (1998).

J. M. Tang, K. A. Shore, "Strong picosecond optical pulse propagation in semiconductor optical amplifiers at transparency," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1263-1269 (1998).

D. Nesset, T. Kelly, D. Marcenac, "All-optical wavelength conversion using SOA nonlinearities," IEEE Commun. Mag. 36, 56-61 (1998).

1997 (1)

R. J. Manning, A. D. Ellis, A. J. Poustie, K. J. Blow, "Semiconductor laser amplifiers for ultrafast all-optical signal processing," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 14, 3204-3216 (1997).

1994 (1)

R. J. Manning, D. A. O. Davies, J. K. Lucek, "Recovery rates in semiconductor laser amplifiers: Optical and electrical bias dependencies," Electron. Lett. 30, 1233-1235 (1994).

1989 (1)

N. A. Olsson, "Lightwave systems with optical amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 7, 1071-1082 (1989).

Electron. Lett. (2)

J. Dong, X. Zhang, Y. Wang, J. Xu, D. Huang, "40 Gbit/s reconfigurable photonic logic gates based on various nonlinearities in single SOA," Electron. Lett. 43, 884-886 (2007).

R. J. Manning, D. A. O. Davies, J. K. Lucek, "Recovery rates in semiconductor laser amplifiers: Optical and electrical bias dependencies," Electron. Lett. 30, 1233-1235 (1994).

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

D. Nesset, T. Kelly, D. Marcenac, "All-optical wavelength conversion using SOA nonlinearities," IEEE Commun. Mag. 36, 56-61 (1998).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (5)

J. M. Tang, K. A. Shore, "Strong picosecond optical pulse propagation in semiconductor optical amplifiers at transparency," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1263-1269 (1998).

J. M. Tang, K. A. Shore, "Analysis of the characteristics of TOAD's subject to frequency-detuned control and signal picosecond pulses," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1704-1712 (1999).

J. M. Tang, K. A. Shore, "Characteristics of optical phase conjugation of picosecond pulses in semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1032-1040 (1999).

J. M. Tang, K. A. Shore, "Active picoseconds optical pulse compression in semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 93-100 (1999).

R. Gutiérrez-Castrejón, L. Schares, L. Occhi, G. Guekos, "Modeling and measurement of longitudinal gain dynamics in saturated semiconductor optical amplifiers of different length," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 1476-1484 (2000).

IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. (3)

P. Fay, W. Wohlmuth, A. Mahajan, C. Caneau, S. Chandrasekhar, I. Adesida, "Low-noise performance of monolithically integrated 12-Gb/s p-i-n/HEMT photoreceiver for long-wavelength transmission systems," IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 10, 713-715 (1998.).

F. Girardin, G. Guekos, A. Houbavlis, "Gain recovery of bulk semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 10, 784-786 (1998).

L. H. Spiekman, J. M. Wiesenfeld, A. H. Gnauck, L. D. Garrett, G. N. Van den Hoven, T. van Dongen, M. J. H. Sander-Jochem, J. J. M. Binsma, "Transmission of 8 DWDM channels at 20 Gb/s over 160 km of standard fiber using a cascade of semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 12, 717-719 (2000).

J. Lightw. Technol. (7)

H. Takesue, T. Sugie, "Wavelength channel data rewrite using saturated SOA modulator for WDM networks with centralized light sources," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 2546-2556 (2003).

J. M. Tang, P. M. Lane, K. A. Shore, "High speed transmission of adaptively modulated optical OFDM signals over multimode fibers using directly modulated DFBs," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 429-441 (2006).

J. L. Wei, X. Q. Jin, J. M. Tang, "The influence of directly modulated DFB lasers on the transmission performance of carrier suppressed single sideband optical OFDM signals over IMDD SMF systems," J. Lightw. Technol. (2008).

J. M. Tang, K. A. Shore, "30 Gb/s signal transmission over 40-km directly modulated DFB-laser-based single-mode-fibre links without optical amplification and dispersion compensation," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 2318-232 (2006).

A. J. Lowery, L. B. Du, J. Armstrong, "Performance of optical OFDM in ultralong-haul WDM lightwave systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 131-138 (2007).

N. A. Olsson, "Lightwave systems with optical amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 7, 1071-1082 (1989).

J. M. Tang, K. A. Shore, "Maximizing the transmission performance of adaptively modulated optical OFDM signals in multimode-fiber links by optimizing analog-to-digital converters," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 787-798 (2007).

J. Opt. Netw. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B (1)

R. J. Manning, A. D. Ellis, A. J. Poustie, K. J. Blow, "Semiconductor laser amplifiers for ultrafast all-optical signal processing," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 14, 3204-3216 (1997).

J. Sel. Topics. Quantum. Electron. (1)

J. Mørk, A. Mecozzi, G. Eisenstein, "The modulation response of a semiconductor laser amplifier," J. Sel. Topics. Quantum. Electron. 5, 851-860 (1999).

Opt. Exp. (1)

X. Zheng, J. L. Wei, J. M. Tang, "Transmission performance of adaptively modulated optical OFDM modems using subcarrier modulation over SMF IMDD links for access and metropolitan area networks," Opt. Exp. 16, 20427-20440 (2008.).

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

S.-J. Park, G.-Y. Kim, T.-S. Park, "WDM-PON system based on the laser light injected reflective semiconductor optical amplifier," Opt. Fiber Technol. 12, 162-169 (2006).

Other (3)

M. J. Connelly, Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers (Kluwer, 2002).

T. Duong, N. Genay, P. Chanclou, B. Charbonnier, A. Pizzinat, R. Brenot, "Experimental demonstration of 10 Gbit/s for upstream transmission by remote modulation of 1 GHz RSOA using Adaptively Modulated Optical OFDM for WDM-PON single fiber architecture," Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC) BrusselsBelgium (2008) PD paper Th.3.F.1.

G. P. Agrawal, Fibre-Optic Communication Systems (Wiley, 1997).

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