Abstract

In this paper, we present a method for combined fiber parameter estimation from digital filter coefficients of a polarization diverse coherent receiver. All deterministic linear optical channel parameters like residual chromatic dispersion (CD), polarization-mode dispersion (PMD), and polarization-dependent loss (PDL) are continuously monitored by analysis of the filter impulse response of the adaptive equalizer. After deriving the according equations from the theoretical linear fiber channel model, we demonstrate robust estimation for a joint combination of all impairments.

© 2009 IEEE

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  1. C. R. S. Fludger, T. Duthel, D. van den Borne, C. Schulien, E.-D. Schmidt, T. Wuth, J. Geyer, E. De Man, G. D. Khoe, H. de Waardt, "Coherent equalisation and POLMUX-RZ-DQPSK for robust 100-GE transmission," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 64-72 (2008).
  2. H. Sun, K.-T. Wu, K. Robert, "Real-time measurements of a 40 Gb/s coherent system," Opt. Exp. 16, 873-879 (2008).
  3. F. N. Hauske, J. Geyer, M. Kuschnerov, K. Piyawanno, B. Lankl, T. Duthel, C. R. S. Fludger, D. van den Borne, E.-D. Schmidt, B. Spinnler, "Optical performance monitoring from FIR Filter coefficients in coherent receivers," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (2008).
  4. D. C. Kilper, R. Bach, D. J. Blumenthal, D. Einstein, T. Landolsi, L. Ostar, M. Preiss, A. E. Willner, "Optical performance monitoring," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 294-304 (2004).
  5. Y. C. Chung, "Optical performance monitoring techniques; Current status and future challenges," Proc. Eur. Conf. Exhibition Opt. Commun. (2008).
  6. N. Benvenuto, G. Cherubini, Algorithms for Communications Systems and Their Applications (Wiley, 2005).
  7. W. Shieh, Y. Ma, Y. Tang, G. J. Pendock, "Experimental demonstration of optical performance monitoring in coherent optical OFDM systems," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (2008).
  8. S. D. Dods, T. B. Anderson, K. Clarke, M. Bakaul, A. Kowalczyk, "Asynchronous sampling for optical performance monitoring," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. 2007 (2007).
  9. N. Yoshida, H. Nogushi, J. Abe, H. Uchida, M. Ozaki, S. Kanemitsu, S. Wada, Y. Amamiya, "High-speed and simple estimation algorithm of waveform distortions using a 43-Gb/s SiGe-based eye-monitoring LSI," Proc. Eur. Conf. Exhibition Opt. Commun. (2008).
  10. J. C. Geyer, F. N. Hauske, C. R. S. Fludger, T. Duthel, C. Schulien, M. Kuschnerov, K. Piyawanno, D. van den Borne, E.-D. Schmidt, B. Spinnler, H. de Waardt, B. Lankl, B. Schmauss, "Channel parameter estimation for polarization diverse coherent receivers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 776-778 (2008).
  11. F. N. Hauske, M. Kuschnerov, K. Piyawanno, B. Spinnler, E.-D. Schmidt, B. Lankl, "DGD estimation from FIR filter taps in presence of higher order PMD," Proc. Eur. Conf. Exhibition Opt. Commun. (2008).
  12. S. L. Woodward, L. E. Nelson, M. D. Feuer, X. Zhou, P. D. Magill, S. Foo, D. Hanson, H. Sun, M. Moyer, M. O'Sullivan, "Characterization of real-time PMD and chromatic dispersion monitoring in a high-PMD 46-Gbs transmission system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 2048-2050 (2008).
  13. S. J. Savory, G. Gavioli, R. I. Killey, P. Bayvel, "Transmission of 42.8 Gbit/s polarization multiplexed NRZ-QPSK over 6400 km of standard fiber with no optical dispersion compensation," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (2006).
  14. M. Mayrock, H. Haunstein, "Optical monitoring for non-linearity identification in CO-OFDM transmission systems," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (2008).
  15. A. Steinkamp, S. Vorbeck, E. Voges, "Polarization mode dispersion and polarization dependent loss in optical fiber systems," Proc. Opt. East (2004) pp. 243-254.
  16. J. C. Geyer, C. R. S. Fludger, T. Duthel, C. Schulien, B. Schmauss, "Performance monitoring using coherent receivers," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (2009).
  17. T. Duthel, C. R. S. Fludger, J. Geyer, C. Schulien, "Impact of polarisation dependent loss on coherent POLMUX-NRZ-DQPSK," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (2008).
  18. J. P. Gordon, H. Kogelnik, "PMD fundamentals: Polarization mode dispersion in optical fibers," Proc. Nat. Acad.Sci. 97, 4541-4550 (2005).
  19. A. Mecozzi, M. Shtaif, "The statistics of polarization-dependent loss in optical communication systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 313-315 (2002).

2008 (4)

J. C. Geyer, F. N. Hauske, C. R. S. Fludger, T. Duthel, C. Schulien, M. Kuschnerov, K. Piyawanno, D. van den Borne, E.-D. Schmidt, B. Spinnler, H. de Waardt, B. Lankl, B. Schmauss, "Channel parameter estimation for polarization diverse coherent receivers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 776-778 (2008).

S. L. Woodward, L. E. Nelson, M. D. Feuer, X. Zhou, P. D. Magill, S. Foo, D. Hanson, H. Sun, M. Moyer, M. O'Sullivan, "Characterization of real-time PMD and chromatic dispersion monitoring in a high-PMD 46-Gbs transmission system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 2048-2050 (2008).

C. R. S. Fludger, T. Duthel, D. van den Borne, C. Schulien, E.-D. Schmidt, T. Wuth, J. Geyer, E. De Man, G. D. Khoe, H. de Waardt, "Coherent equalisation and POLMUX-RZ-DQPSK for robust 100-GE transmission," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 64-72 (2008).

H. Sun, K.-T. Wu, K. Robert, "Real-time measurements of a 40 Gb/s coherent system," Opt. Exp. 16, 873-879 (2008).

2005 (1)

J. P. Gordon, H. Kogelnik, "PMD fundamentals: Polarization mode dispersion in optical fibers," Proc. Nat. Acad.Sci. 97, 4541-4550 (2005).

2004 (1)

D. C. Kilper, R. Bach, D. J. Blumenthal, D. Einstein, T. Landolsi, L. Ostar, M. Preiss, A. E. Willner, "Optical performance monitoring," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 294-304 (2004).

2002 (1)

A. Mecozzi, M. Shtaif, "The statistics of polarization-dependent loss in optical communication systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 313-315 (2002).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

J. C. Geyer, F. N. Hauske, C. R. S. Fludger, T. Duthel, C. Schulien, M. Kuschnerov, K. Piyawanno, D. van den Borne, E.-D. Schmidt, B. Spinnler, H. de Waardt, B. Lankl, B. Schmauss, "Channel parameter estimation for polarization diverse coherent receivers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 776-778 (2008).

S. L. Woodward, L. E. Nelson, M. D. Feuer, X. Zhou, P. D. Magill, S. Foo, D. Hanson, H. Sun, M. Moyer, M. O'Sullivan, "Characterization of real-time PMD and chromatic dispersion monitoring in a high-PMD 46-Gbs transmission system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 2048-2050 (2008).

A. Mecozzi, M. Shtaif, "The statistics of polarization-dependent loss in optical communication systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 313-315 (2002).

J. Lightw. Technol. (2)

C. R. S. Fludger, T. Duthel, D. van den Borne, C. Schulien, E.-D. Schmidt, T. Wuth, J. Geyer, E. De Man, G. D. Khoe, H. de Waardt, "Coherent equalisation and POLMUX-RZ-DQPSK for robust 100-GE transmission," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 64-72 (2008).

D. C. Kilper, R. Bach, D. J. Blumenthal, D. Einstein, T. Landolsi, L. Ostar, M. Preiss, A. E. Willner, "Optical performance monitoring," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 294-304 (2004).

Opt. Exp. (1)

H. Sun, K.-T. Wu, K. Robert, "Real-time measurements of a 40 Gb/s coherent system," Opt. Exp. 16, 873-879 (2008).

Proc. Nat. Acad.Sci. (1)

J. P. Gordon, H. Kogelnik, "PMD fundamentals: Polarization mode dispersion in optical fibers," Proc. Nat. Acad.Sci. 97, 4541-4550 (2005).

Other (12)

S. J. Savory, G. Gavioli, R. I. Killey, P. Bayvel, "Transmission of 42.8 Gbit/s polarization multiplexed NRZ-QPSK over 6400 km of standard fiber with no optical dispersion compensation," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (2006).

M. Mayrock, H. Haunstein, "Optical monitoring for non-linearity identification in CO-OFDM transmission systems," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (2008).

A. Steinkamp, S. Vorbeck, E. Voges, "Polarization mode dispersion and polarization dependent loss in optical fiber systems," Proc. Opt. East (2004) pp. 243-254.

J. C. Geyer, C. R. S. Fludger, T. Duthel, C. Schulien, B. Schmauss, "Performance monitoring using coherent receivers," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (2009).

T. Duthel, C. R. S. Fludger, J. Geyer, C. Schulien, "Impact of polarisation dependent loss on coherent POLMUX-NRZ-DQPSK," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (2008).

F. N. Hauske, J. Geyer, M. Kuschnerov, K. Piyawanno, B. Lankl, T. Duthel, C. R. S. Fludger, D. van den Borne, E.-D. Schmidt, B. Spinnler, "Optical performance monitoring from FIR Filter coefficients in coherent receivers," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (2008).

F. N. Hauske, M. Kuschnerov, K. Piyawanno, B. Spinnler, E.-D. Schmidt, B. Lankl, "DGD estimation from FIR filter taps in presence of higher order PMD," Proc. Eur. Conf. Exhibition Opt. Commun. (2008).

Y. C. Chung, "Optical performance monitoring techniques; Current status and future challenges," Proc. Eur. Conf. Exhibition Opt. Commun. (2008).

N. Benvenuto, G. Cherubini, Algorithms for Communications Systems and Their Applications (Wiley, 2005).

W. Shieh, Y. Ma, Y. Tang, G. J. Pendock, "Experimental demonstration of optical performance monitoring in coherent optical OFDM systems," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (2008).

S. D. Dods, T. B. Anderson, K. Clarke, M. Bakaul, A. Kowalczyk, "Asynchronous sampling for optical performance monitoring," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. 2007 (2007).

N. Yoshida, H. Nogushi, J. Abe, H. Uchida, M. Ozaki, S. Kanemitsu, S. Wada, Y. Amamiya, "High-speed and simple estimation algorithm of waveform distortions using a 43-Gb/s SiGe-based eye-monitoring LSI," Proc. Eur. Conf. Exhibition Opt. Commun. (2008).

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