Abstract

Transparent optical networks are in the interest of network operators for many years. To operate such networks efficiently and reliably has been identified as a difficult task, since there is no access to a strict performance parameter like the bit error ratio in the optical path. In particular the signal degradation from the fiber nonlinearity accumulates during propagation along the optical transmission line and can only be fully characterized at the final destination.On the other hand recent improvement in receiver technology allows to introduce complex signal processing at the receive side.In this contribution a concept is described to separate linear and nonlinear signal distortions, in order to tune the per channel power in meshed WDM networks. The method furthermore enables the estimation of the associated achievable spectral efficiency.

© 2009 IEEE

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  1. D. C. Kilper, R. Bach, D. J. Blumenthal, D. Einstein, T. Landolsi, L. Ostar, M. Preiss, A. E. Willner, "Optical performance monitoring," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 294-304 (2004).
  2. S. Woodward, "Monitors to ensure the performance of photonic networks," OFC (2007).
  3. J. Geyer, F. Hauske, C. Fludger, T. Duthel, C. Schulien, M. Kuschnerov, K. Piyawanno, D. van den Borne, E.-D. Schmidt, B. Spinnler, H. de Waardt, B. Lankl, B. Schmauss, "Channel parameter estimation for polarization diverse coherent receivers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 776-778 (2008).
  4. W. Shieh, C. Athaudage, "Coherent optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexing," Electron. Lett. 42, 587-588 (2006).
  5. A. J. Lowery, L. Du, J. Armstrong, "Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing for adaptive dispersion compensation in long haul WDM systems," OFC (2006).
  6. S. L. Jansen, I. Morita, H. Tanaka, "16$\,\times\,$52.5-Gb/s, 50-GHz spaced, POLMUX-CO-OFDM transmission over 4,160 km of SSMF enabled by MIMO processing," ECOC (2007).
  7. W. Shieh, R. Tucker, W. Chen, X. Yi, "Optical performance monitoring through channel estimation by receiver signal processing," ECOC (2006).
  8. X. Yi, W. Shieh, Y. Ma, Y. Tang, G. J. Pendock, "Experimental demonstration of optical performance monitoring in coherent optical OFDM systems," OFC (2008).
  9. M. Mayrock, H. Haunstein, "Optical monitoring for nonlinearity identification in CO-OFDM transmission systems," OFC (2008).
  10. R.-J. Essiambre, G. J. Foschini, P. J. Winzer, G. Kramer, E. C. Burrows, "The capacity of fiber-optic communication systems," OFC (2008).
  11. M. Mayrock, H. Haunstein, "Impairment identification in an optical transparent network using OFDM transmission," 9th ITG-Fachtagung Photonische Netze Germany (2008).
  12. C. D. Poole, R. E. Wagner, "Phenomenological approach to polarisation dispersion in long single-mode fibres," Electron. Lett. 22, 1029-1030 (1986).
  13. A. Savitzky, M. Golay, "Smoothing and differentiation of data by simplified least squares procedures," Analytical Chemistry 36, 1627-1639 (1964).
  14. H. W. Schüβler, Y. Dong, "A new method for measuring the performance of weakly nonlinear systems," Proc. ICASSP (1989) pp. 2089-2092.
  15. L. B. Du, A. J. Lowery, "Improved nonlinearity precompensation for long-haul high-data-rate transmission using coherent optical OFDM," Opt. Expr. 16, (2008).

2008 (2)

J. Geyer, F. Hauske, C. Fludger, T. Duthel, C. Schulien, M. Kuschnerov, K. Piyawanno, D. van den Borne, E.-D. Schmidt, B. Spinnler, H. de Waardt, B. Lankl, B. Schmauss, "Channel parameter estimation for polarization diverse coherent receivers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 776-778 (2008).

L. B. Du, A. J. Lowery, "Improved nonlinearity precompensation for long-haul high-data-rate transmission using coherent optical OFDM," Opt. Expr. 16, (2008).

2006 (1)

W. Shieh, C. Athaudage, "Coherent optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexing," Electron. Lett. 42, 587-588 (2006).

2004 (1)

D. C. Kilper, R. Bach, D. J. Blumenthal, D. Einstein, T. Landolsi, L. Ostar, M. Preiss, A. E. Willner, "Optical performance monitoring," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 294-304 (2004).

1986 (1)

C. D. Poole, R. E. Wagner, "Phenomenological approach to polarisation dispersion in long single-mode fibres," Electron. Lett. 22, 1029-1030 (1986).

1964 (1)

A. Savitzky, M. Golay, "Smoothing and differentiation of data by simplified least squares procedures," Analytical Chemistry 36, 1627-1639 (1964).

Analytical Chemistry (1)

A. Savitzky, M. Golay, "Smoothing and differentiation of data by simplified least squares procedures," Analytical Chemistry 36, 1627-1639 (1964).

Electron. Lett. (2)

C. D. Poole, R. E. Wagner, "Phenomenological approach to polarisation dispersion in long single-mode fibres," Electron. Lett. 22, 1029-1030 (1986).

W. Shieh, C. Athaudage, "Coherent optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexing," Electron. Lett. 42, 587-588 (2006).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

J. Geyer, F. Hauske, C. Fludger, T. Duthel, C. Schulien, M. Kuschnerov, K. Piyawanno, D. van den Borne, E.-D. Schmidt, B. Spinnler, H. de Waardt, B. Lankl, B. Schmauss, "Channel parameter estimation for polarization diverse coherent receivers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 776-778 (2008).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

D. C. Kilper, R. Bach, D. J. Blumenthal, D. Einstein, T. Landolsi, L. Ostar, M. Preiss, A. E. Willner, "Optical performance monitoring," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 294-304 (2004).

Opt. Expr. (1)

L. B. Du, A. J. Lowery, "Improved nonlinearity precompensation for long-haul high-data-rate transmission using coherent optical OFDM," Opt. Expr. 16, (2008).

Other (9)

H. W. Schüβler, Y. Dong, "A new method for measuring the performance of weakly nonlinear systems," Proc. ICASSP (1989) pp. 2089-2092.

S. Woodward, "Monitors to ensure the performance of photonic networks," OFC (2007).

A. J. Lowery, L. Du, J. Armstrong, "Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing for adaptive dispersion compensation in long haul WDM systems," OFC (2006).

S. L. Jansen, I. Morita, H. Tanaka, "16$\,\times\,$52.5-Gb/s, 50-GHz spaced, POLMUX-CO-OFDM transmission over 4,160 km of SSMF enabled by MIMO processing," ECOC (2007).

W. Shieh, R. Tucker, W. Chen, X. Yi, "Optical performance monitoring through channel estimation by receiver signal processing," ECOC (2006).

X. Yi, W. Shieh, Y. Ma, Y. Tang, G. J. Pendock, "Experimental demonstration of optical performance monitoring in coherent optical OFDM systems," OFC (2008).

M. Mayrock, H. Haunstein, "Optical monitoring for nonlinearity identification in CO-OFDM transmission systems," OFC (2008).

R.-J. Essiambre, G. J. Foschini, P. J. Winzer, G. Kramer, E. C. Burrows, "The capacity of fiber-optic communication systems," OFC (2008).

M. Mayrock, H. Haunstein, "Impairment identification in an optical transparent network using OFDM transmission," 9th ITG-Fachtagung Photonische Netze Germany (2008).

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