Abstract

The emergence of capable semiconductor processes has allowed digital signal processing to extend the application range of high-capacity optical systems. We report the performance of polarization multiplexed (or dual-polarization) quadrature phase-shift keying at 40 and 100 Gb/s.

© 2009 IEEE

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  1. S. Tsukamoto, D.-S. Ly-Gagnon, K. Katoh, K. Kikuchi, "Coherent demodulation of 40-Gbit/s polarization-multiplexed QPSK signals with 16-GHz spacing after 200-km transmission," Proc. OFC (2005).
  2. E. Ip, A. P. T. Lau, D. J. F. Barros, J. M. Kahn, "Coherent detection in optical fiber systems," Opt. Express 16, 753-791 (2008).
  3. M. G. Taylor, "Coherent detection method using DSP for demodulation of signal and subsequent equalization of propagation impairments," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 674-676 (2004).
  4. C. R. S. Fludger, T. Dutel, D. van den Borne, C. Schulien, E.-D. Schmidt, T. Wuth, J. Geyer, E. De Man, G.-D. Khoe, H. de Waardt, "Coherent equalization and POLMUX-RZ-DQPSK for robust 100-GE transmission," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 64-72 (2008).
  5. V. Curri, P. Poggiolini, A. Carena, F. Forghieri, "Dispersion compensation and mitigation of nonlinear effects in 111-Gb/s WDM coherent PM-QPSK systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1473-1475 (2008).
  6. Y. Han, G. Li, "Coherent optical communication using polarization multiple-input-multiple-output," Opt. Express 13, 7527-7534 (2005).
  7. K. Roberts, "40 Gb/s optical systems with electronic signal processing," Proc. Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (LEOS) (2007).
  8. See Manufacturers of Pump Lasers Bookham, JDSU, Lumics www.bookham.com, www.jdsu.com, www.lumics.com.
  9. J. R. Barry, E. Lee, "Performance of coherent optical receivers," Proc. IEEE 78, 1369-1394 (1990).
  10. C. Laperle, B. Villeneuve, Z. Zhang, D. McGhan, H. Sun, M. O'Sullivan, "WDM performance and PMD tolerance of a coherent 40-Gb/s dual-polarization QPSk transceiver," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 168-175 (2008).
  11. F. M. Gardner, Phase-Locked Techniques (John Wiley & Sons, 1979) pp. 8-13.
  12. E. Ip, J. Kahn, "Feedforward carrier recovery from coherent optical communications," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 2675-2692 (2007).
  13. A. J. Viterbi, A. M. Viterbi, "Nonlinear estimation of PSK-modulated carrier phase with applications to burst digital transmission," IEEE. Trans. Inf. Theory IT-29, 543-551 (1983).
  14. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 1995).
  15. G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communication Systems (Wiley, 1997).
  16. S. J. Savory, G. Gavioli, R. I. Killey, P. Bayvel, "Electronic compensation of chromatic dispersion using a digital coherent receiver," Opt. Express 15, 2120-2126 (2007).
  17. T. Duthel, C. R. S. Fludger, J. Geyer, C. Schulien, "Impact of polarization dependent loss on coherent POLMUX-NRZ-DQPSK," Proc. OFC (2008).
  18. H. Sun, K.-T. Wu, K. Roberts, "Real-time measurements of a 40 Gb/s coherent system," Opt. Express 16, 873-879 (2008).
  19. L. E. Nelson, S. L. Woodward, S. Foo, X. Zhou, M. D. Feuer, D. Hanson, D. McGhan, H. Sun, M. Moyer, M. O'Sullivan, P. D. Magill, "Performance of a 46-Gbps dual-polarization QPSK transceiver with real-time coherent equalization over high PMD fiber," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 158-167 (2009).
  20. J. G. Proakis, Digital Communications (McGraw-Hill, 1989).
  21. T. Pfau, S. Hoffmann, O. Adamczyk, R. Peveling, V. Herath, M. Porrmann, R. Noé, "Coherent optical communication: Towards realtime systems at 40 Gbit/s and beyond," Opt. Express 16, 866-872 (2008).
  22. P. M. Krummrich, K. Kotten, "Extremely fast (microsecond timescale) polarization changes in high speed long haul WDM transmission systems," Proc. OFC (2004).
  23. S. L. Woodward, L. E. Nelson, M. D. Feuer, X. Zhou, P. D. Magill, S. Foo, D. Hanson, H. Sun, M. Moyer, M. O'Sullivan, "Characterization of real-time PMD and chromatic dispersion monitoring in a high-PMD 46-Gb/s transmission system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 2048-2050 (2008).
  24. R. Hui, Y. Wang, K. Demarest, C. Allen, "Frequency response of cross-phase modulation in multispan WDM optical fiber systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1271-1273 (1998).
  25. G. Goeger, M. Wrage, W. Fischler, "Cross-phase modulation in multispan WDM systems with arbitrary modulation formats," IEEE Photon. Technol, Lett. 16, 1858-1860 (2004).
  26. D. J. Kennedy, M. B. Nakhla, "Burst error characterization of FEC coded digital channels," Int. J. Sat. Commun. 10, 243-250 (1992).
  27. P. J. Winzer, A. H. Gnauck, "112-Gb/s polarization-multiplexed 16-QAM on a 25-GHz WDM grid," Proc. ECOC (2008).
  28. H. Goto, K. Kasai, M. Yoshida, M. Nakazawa, "Polarization-multiplexed 1 Gsymbol/s, 128-QAM (14 Gbit/s) coherent optical transmission over 160 km using a 1.4 GHz Nyquist filter," Proc. OFC (2008).
  29. N. E. Jolley, H. Kee, R. Rickard, J. Tang, K. Cordina, "Generation and propagation of a 1550 nm 10 Gbit/s optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexed signal over 1000 m of multimode fibre using a directly modulated DFB," Proc. OFC (2005).
  30. L. B. Du, A. J. Lowery, "Improved nonlinearity precompensation for long-haul high-data-rate transmission using coherent optical OFDM," Opt. Express 16, 19920-19925 (2008).
  31. A. D. Ellis, F. C. G. Gunning, T. Healy, "Coherent WDM: The achievement of high information spectral density through phase control within the transmitter," Proc. OFC (2008).
  32. K. Roberts, C. Li, L. Strawczynski, M. O'Sullivan, I. Hardcastle, "Electronic precompensation of optical nonlinearity," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 403-406 (2006).

2009

L. E. Nelson, S. L. Woodward, S. Foo, X. Zhou, M. D. Feuer, D. Hanson, D. McGhan, H. Sun, M. Moyer, M. O'Sullivan, P. D. Magill, "Performance of a 46-Gbps dual-polarization QPSK transceiver with real-time coherent equalization over high PMD fiber," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 158-167 (2009).

2008

E. Ip, A. P. T. Lau, D. J. F. Barros, J. M. Kahn, "Coherent detection in optical fiber systems," Opt. Express 16, 753-791 (2008).

T. Pfau, S. Hoffmann, O. Adamczyk, R. Peveling, V. Herath, M. Porrmann, R. Noé, "Coherent optical communication: Towards realtime systems at 40 Gbit/s and beyond," Opt. Express 16, 866-872 (2008).

H. Sun, K.-T. Wu, K. Roberts, "Real-time measurements of a 40 Gb/s coherent system," Opt. Express 16, 873-879 (2008).

L. B. Du, A. J. Lowery, "Improved nonlinearity precompensation for long-haul high-data-rate transmission using coherent optical OFDM," Opt. Express 16, 19920-19925 (2008).

C. R. S. Fludger, T. Dutel, D. van den Borne, C. Schulien, E.-D. Schmidt, T. Wuth, J. Geyer, E. De Man, G.-D. Khoe, H. de Waardt, "Coherent equalization and POLMUX-RZ-DQPSK for robust 100-GE transmission," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 64-72 (2008).

V. Curri, P. Poggiolini, A. Carena, F. Forghieri, "Dispersion compensation and mitigation of nonlinear effects in 111-Gb/s WDM coherent PM-QPSK systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1473-1475 (2008).

C. Laperle, B. Villeneuve, Z. Zhang, D. McGhan, H. Sun, M. O'Sullivan, "WDM performance and PMD tolerance of a coherent 40-Gb/s dual-polarization QPSk transceiver," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 168-175 (2008).

S. L. Woodward, L. E. Nelson, M. D. Feuer, X. Zhou, P. D. Magill, S. Foo, D. Hanson, H. Sun, M. Moyer, M. O'Sullivan, "Characterization of real-time PMD and chromatic dispersion monitoring in a high-PMD 46-Gb/s transmission system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 2048-2050 (2008).

2007

E. Ip, J. Kahn, "Feedforward carrier recovery from coherent optical communications," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 2675-2692 (2007).

S. J. Savory, G. Gavioli, R. I. Killey, P. Bayvel, "Electronic compensation of chromatic dispersion using a digital coherent receiver," Opt. Express 15, 2120-2126 (2007).

2006

K. Roberts, C. Li, L. Strawczynski, M. O'Sullivan, I. Hardcastle, "Electronic precompensation of optical nonlinearity," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 403-406 (2006).

2005

2004

M. G. Taylor, "Coherent detection method using DSP for demodulation of signal and subsequent equalization of propagation impairments," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 674-676 (2004).

G. Goeger, M. Wrage, W. Fischler, "Cross-phase modulation in multispan WDM systems with arbitrary modulation formats," IEEE Photon. Technol, Lett. 16, 1858-1860 (2004).

1998

R. Hui, Y. Wang, K. Demarest, C. Allen, "Frequency response of cross-phase modulation in multispan WDM optical fiber systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1271-1273 (1998).

1992

D. J. Kennedy, M. B. Nakhla, "Burst error characterization of FEC coded digital channels," Int. J. Sat. Commun. 10, 243-250 (1992).

1990

J. R. Barry, E. Lee, "Performance of coherent optical receivers," Proc. IEEE 78, 1369-1394 (1990).

1983

A. J. Viterbi, A. M. Viterbi, "Nonlinear estimation of PSK-modulated carrier phase with applications to burst digital transmission," IEEE. Trans. Inf. Theory IT-29, 543-551 (1983).

IEEE Photon. Technol, Lett.

G. Goeger, M. Wrage, W. Fischler, "Cross-phase modulation in multispan WDM systems with arbitrary modulation formats," IEEE Photon. Technol, Lett. 16, 1858-1860 (2004).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

K. Roberts, C. Li, L. Strawczynski, M. O'Sullivan, I. Hardcastle, "Electronic precompensation of optical nonlinearity," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 403-406 (2006).

V. Curri, P. Poggiolini, A. Carena, F. Forghieri, "Dispersion compensation and mitigation of nonlinear effects in 111-Gb/s WDM coherent PM-QPSK systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1473-1475 (2008).

M. G. Taylor, "Coherent detection method using DSP for demodulation of signal and subsequent equalization of propagation impairments," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 674-676 (2004).

S. L. Woodward, L. E. Nelson, M. D. Feuer, X. Zhou, P. D. Magill, S. Foo, D. Hanson, H. Sun, M. Moyer, M. O'Sullivan, "Characterization of real-time PMD and chromatic dispersion monitoring in a high-PMD 46-Gb/s transmission system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 2048-2050 (2008).

R. Hui, Y. Wang, K. Demarest, C. Allen, "Frequency response of cross-phase modulation in multispan WDM optical fiber systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1271-1273 (1998).

IEEE. Trans. Inf. Theory

A. J. Viterbi, A. M. Viterbi, "Nonlinear estimation of PSK-modulated carrier phase with applications to burst digital transmission," IEEE. Trans. Inf. Theory IT-29, 543-551 (1983).

Int. J. Sat. Commun.

D. J. Kennedy, M. B. Nakhla, "Burst error characterization of FEC coded digital channels," Int. J. Sat. Commun. 10, 243-250 (1992).

J. Lightw. Technol.

L. E. Nelson, S. L. Woodward, S. Foo, X. Zhou, M. D. Feuer, D. Hanson, D. McGhan, H. Sun, M. Moyer, M. O'Sullivan, P. D. Magill, "Performance of a 46-Gbps dual-polarization QPSK transceiver with real-time coherent equalization over high PMD fiber," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 158-167 (2009).

E. Ip, J. Kahn, "Feedforward carrier recovery from coherent optical communications," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 2675-2692 (2007).

C. Laperle, B. Villeneuve, Z. Zhang, D. McGhan, H. Sun, M. O'Sullivan, "WDM performance and PMD tolerance of a coherent 40-Gb/s dual-polarization QPSk transceiver," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 168-175 (2008).

C. R. S. Fludger, T. Dutel, D. van den Borne, C. Schulien, E.-D. Schmidt, T. Wuth, J. Geyer, E. De Man, G.-D. Khoe, H. de Waardt, "Coherent equalization and POLMUX-RZ-DQPSK for robust 100-GE transmission," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 64-72 (2008).

Opt. Express

Proc. IEEE

J. R. Barry, E. Lee, "Performance of coherent optical receivers," Proc. IEEE 78, 1369-1394 (1990).

Other

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 1995).

G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communication Systems (Wiley, 1997).

F. M. Gardner, Phase-Locked Techniques (John Wiley & Sons, 1979) pp. 8-13.

K. Roberts, "40 Gb/s optical systems with electronic signal processing," Proc. Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (LEOS) (2007).

See Manufacturers of Pump Lasers Bookham, JDSU, Lumics www.bookham.com, www.jdsu.com, www.lumics.com.

S. Tsukamoto, D.-S. Ly-Gagnon, K. Katoh, K. Kikuchi, "Coherent demodulation of 40-Gbit/s polarization-multiplexed QPSK signals with 16-GHz spacing after 200-km transmission," Proc. OFC (2005).

T. Duthel, C. R. S. Fludger, J. Geyer, C. Schulien, "Impact of polarization dependent loss on coherent POLMUX-NRZ-DQPSK," Proc. OFC (2008).

P. M. Krummrich, K. Kotten, "Extremely fast (microsecond timescale) polarization changes in high speed long haul WDM transmission systems," Proc. OFC (2004).

P. J. Winzer, A. H. Gnauck, "112-Gb/s polarization-multiplexed 16-QAM on a 25-GHz WDM grid," Proc. ECOC (2008).

H. Goto, K. Kasai, M. Yoshida, M. Nakazawa, "Polarization-multiplexed 1 Gsymbol/s, 128-QAM (14 Gbit/s) coherent optical transmission over 160 km using a 1.4 GHz Nyquist filter," Proc. OFC (2008).

N. E. Jolley, H. Kee, R. Rickard, J. Tang, K. Cordina, "Generation and propagation of a 1550 nm 10 Gbit/s optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexed signal over 1000 m of multimode fibre using a directly modulated DFB," Proc. OFC (2005).

J. G. Proakis, Digital Communications (McGraw-Hill, 1989).

A. D. Ellis, F. C. G. Gunning, T. Healy, "Coherent WDM: The achievement of high information spectral density through phase control within the transmitter," Proc. OFC (2008).

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