Abstract

We propose and demonstrate a flexible optical clock recovery scheme using a polarization-modulator-based frequency-doubling optoelectronic oscillator (OEO). The proposed system can extract both prescaled clock and line-rate clock from a degraded high-speed digital signal using only low-frequency devices. A simple theory is developed to study the physical basis of the optical clock recovery. The OEO operation from a free-running mode to an injection-locking mode is investigated. The locking range is quantitatively predicted. An experiment is then implemented to verify the proposed scheme. A prescaled clock at 10 GHz and a line-rate clock at 20 GHz are successfully extracted from a degraded 20 Gb/s optical time-division-multiplexed (OTDM) signal. The locking range and the phase noise performance are also experimentally investigated. Clock recovery from data signals that have no explicit subharmonic tone is also achieved. The proposed system can be modified to extract prescaled clock and line-rate clock from 160 Gb/s data signal using all 40-GHz devices.

© 2009 IEEE

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  19. X. S. Yao, G. Lutes, "A high-speed photonic clock and carrier recovery device," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 688-690 (1996).
  20. H. Tsuchida, "160-Gb/s optical clock recovery using a regeneratively mode-locked laser diode," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1687-1689 (2006).
  21. T. Sakamoto, T. Kawanishi, M. Izutsu, "Optoelectronic oscillator using push-pull Mach-Zehnder modulator biased at point for optical two-tone signal generation," Proc. Conf. on Lasers and Electro-Optics, CLEO 2005 (2005) pp. 877-879.
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2008 (2)

2007 (3)

M. Shin, V. Grigoryan, P. Kumar, "Frequency-doubling optoelectronic oscillator for generating high-frequency microwave signals with low phase noise," Electron. Lett. 43, 242-244 (2007).

K. Mishina, S. Kitagawa, A. Maruta, "All-optical modulation format conversion from on-off-keying to multiple-level phase-shift-keying based on nonlinearity in optical fiber," Opt. Express 15, 8444-8453 (2007).

S. Arahira, Y. Ogawa, "Polarization-insensitive all-optical 160-Gb/s clock recovery with a monolithic passively mode-locked laser diode in polarization-diversity configuration," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 1204-1210 (2007).

2006 (3)

S. H. Kim, J. H. Kim, J. W. Choi, C. W. Son, Y. T. Byun, Y. M. Jhon, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, S. H. Kim, "All-optical half adder using cross gain modulation in semiconductor optical amplifiers," Opt. Express 14, 10693-10698 (2006).

L. Huo, S. L. Pan, Z. X. Wang, Y. F. Yang, C. Y. Lou, Y. Z. Gao, "Optical 3R regeneration of 40 Gbit/s degraded data signals," Opt. Commun. 266, 290-295 (2006).

H. Tsuchida, "160-Gb/s optical clock recovery using a regeneratively mode-locked laser diode," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1687-1689 (2006).

2005 (3)

T. Houbavlis, K. E. Zoiros, M. Kalyvas, G. Theophilopoulos, C. Bintjas, K. Yiannopoulos, N. Pleros, K. Vlachos, H. Avramopoulos, L. Schares, L. Occhi, G. Guekos, J. R. Taylor, S. Hansmann, W. Miller, "All-optical signal processing and applications within the esprit project DO_ALL," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 781-801 (2005).

Z. Y. Hu, H. F. Chou, K. Nishimura, M. Usami, J. E. Bowers, D. J. Blumenthal, "Optical clock recovery circuits using traveling-wave electroab sorption modulator-based ring oscillators for 3R regeneration," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 329-337 (2005).

I. Kim, C. Kim, G. F. Li, P. L. Wa, J. Hong, "180-GHz clock recovery using a multisection gain-coupled distributed feedback laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1295-1297 (2005).

2004 (5)

E. Tangdiongga, J. P. Turkiewicz, G. D. Khoe, H. de Waardt, "Clock recovery by a fiber ring laser employing a linear optical amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 611-613 (2004).

H. Dong, H. Z. Sun, G. H. Zhu, Q. Wang, N. K. Dutta, "Clock recovery using cascaded ${\rm LiNbO}_{3}$ modulator," Opt. Express 12, 4751-4757 (2004).

J. P. Turkiewicz, E. Tangdiongga, G. D. Khoe, H. de Waardt, "Clock recovery and demultiplexing performance of 160-Gb/s OTDM field experiments," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1555-1557 (2004).

T. Ohno, K. Sato, R. Iga, Y. Kondo, I. Ito, T. Furuta, K. Yoshino, H. Ito, "Recovery of 160 GHz optical clock from 160 Gbit/s data stream using modelocked laser diode," Electron. Lett. 40, 265-267 (2004).

J. Lasri, P. Devgan, R. Y. Tang, P. Kumar, "Ultralow timing jitter 40-Gb/s clock recovery using a self-starting optoelectronic oscillator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 263-265 (2004).

2003 (3)

L. Huo, Y. Dong, C. Y. Lou, Y. Z. Gao, "Clock extraction using an optoelectronic oscillator from high-speed NRZ signal and NRZ-to-RZ format transformation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 981-983 (2003).

T. Ohno, K. Sato, T. Shimizu, T. Furuta, H. Ito, "Recovery of 40 GHz optical clock from 160 Gbit/s data using regeneratively modelocked semiconductor laser," Electron. Lett. 39, 453-455 (2003).

Z. X. Wang, T. Wang, C. Y. Lou, L. Huo, Y. Z. Gao, "A novel approach for clock recovery without pattern effect from degraded signal," Opt. Commun. 219, 301-306 (2003).

2002 (1)

C. Y. Lou, L. Huo, G. Q. Chang, Y. Z. Gao, "Experimental study of clock division using the optoelectronic oscillator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1178-1180 (2002).

1996 (2)

T. Otsuji, M. Yaita, T. Nagatsuma, E. Sano, "10โ€“80-Gb/s highly extinctive electrooptic pulse pattern generation," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 643-649 (1996).

X. S. Yao, G. Lutes, "A high-speed photonic clock and carrier recovery device," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 688-690 (1996).

1993 (1)

M. Jinno, "Correlated and uncorrelated timing jitter in gain-switched laser-diodes," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1140-1143 (1993).

1992 (1)

K. Smith, J. K. Lucek, "All-optical clock recovery using a mode-locked laser," Electron. Lett. 28, 1814-1816 (1992).

1991 (1)

P. E. Barnsley, H. J. Wickes, G. E. Wickens, D. M. Spirit, "All-Optical clock recovery from 5 Gb/s RZ data using a self-pulsating 1.56 mu-m laser diode," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 942-945 (1991).

Electron. Lett. (4)

K. Smith, J. K. Lucek, "All-optical clock recovery using a mode-locked laser," Electron. Lett. 28, 1814-1816 (1992).

T. Ohno, K. Sato, R. Iga, Y. Kondo, I. Ito, T. Furuta, K. Yoshino, H. Ito, "Recovery of 160 GHz optical clock from 160 Gbit/s data stream using modelocked laser diode," Electron. Lett. 40, 265-267 (2004).

T. Ohno, K. Sato, T. Shimizu, T. Furuta, H. Ito, "Recovery of 40 GHz optical clock from 160 Gbit/s data using regeneratively modelocked semiconductor laser," Electron. Lett. 39, 453-455 (2003).

M. Shin, V. Grigoryan, P. Kumar, "Frequency-doubling optoelectronic oscillator for generating high-frequency microwave signals with low phase noise," Electron. Lett. 43, 242-244 (2007).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. Arahira, Y. Ogawa, "Polarization-insensitive all-optical 160-Gb/s clock recovery with a monolithic passively mode-locked laser diode in polarization-diversity configuration," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 1204-1210 (2007).

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

Z. Y. Hu, H. F. Chou, K. Nishimura, M. Usami, J. E. Bowers, D. J. Blumenthal, "Optical clock recovery circuits using traveling-wave electroab sorption modulator-based ring oscillators for 3R regeneration," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 329-337 (2005).

T. Otsuji, M. Yaita, T. Nagatsuma, E. Sano, "10โ€“80-Gb/s highly extinctive electrooptic pulse pattern generation," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 643-649 (1996).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (12)

M. Jinno, "Correlated and uncorrelated timing jitter in gain-switched laser-diodes," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1140-1143 (1993).

S. Pan, J. P. Yao, "A frequency-doubling optoelectronic oscillator using a polarization modulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. .

J. Lasri, P. Devgan, R. Y. Tang, P. Kumar, "Ultralow timing jitter 40-Gb/s clock recovery using a self-starting optoelectronic oscillator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 263-265 (2004).

C. Y. Lou, L. Huo, G. Q. Chang, Y. Z. Gao, "Experimental study of clock division using the optoelectronic oscillator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1178-1180 (2002).

X. S. Yao, G. Lutes, "A high-speed photonic clock and carrier recovery device," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 688-690 (1996).

H. Tsuchida, "160-Gb/s optical clock recovery using a regeneratively mode-locked laser diode," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1687-1689 (2006).

J. P. Turkiewicz, E. Tangdiongga, G. D. Khoe, H. de Waardt, "Clock recovery and demultiplexing performance of 160-Gb/s OTDM field experiments," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1555-1557 (2004).

H. Tsuchida, "Subharmonic optoelectronic oscillator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1509-1511 (2008).

E. Tangdiongga, J. P. Turkiewicz, G. D. Khoe, H. de Waardt, "Clock recovery by a fiber ring laser employing a linear optical amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 611-613 (2004).

P. E. Barnsley, H. J. Wickes, G. E. Wickens, D. M. Spirit, "All-Optical clock recovery from 5 Gb/s RZ data using a self-pulsating 1.56 mu-m laser diode," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 942-945 (1991).

I. Kim, C. Kim, G. F. Li, P. L. Wa, J. Hong, "180-GHz clock recovery using a multisection gain-coupled distributed feedback laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1295-1297 (2005).

L. Huo, Y. Dong, C. Y. Lou, Y. Z. Gao, "Clock extraction using an optoelectronic oscillator from high-speed NRZ signal and NRZ-to-RZ format transformation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 981-983 (2003).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

T. Houbavlis, K. E. Zoiros, M. Kalyvas, G. Theophilopoulos, C. Bintjas, K. Yiannopoulos, N. Pleros, K. Vlachos, H. Avramopoulos, L. Schares, L. Occhi, G. Guekos, J. R. Taylor, S. Hansmann, W. Miller, "All-optical signal processing and applications within the esprit project DO_ALL," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 781-801 (2005).

Opt. Commun. (2)

Z. X. Wang, T. Wang, C. Y. Lou, L. Huo, Y. Z. Gao, "A novel approach for clock recovery without pattern effect from degraded signal," Opt. Commun. 219, 301-306 (2003).

L. Huo, S. L. Pan, Z. X. Wang, Y. F. Yang, C. Y. Lou, Y. Z. Gao, "Optical 3R regeneration of 40 Gbit/s degraded data signals," Opt. Commun. 266, 290-295 (2006).

Opt. Express (4)

Other (4)

B. Sartorius, "3R all-optical signal regeneration," Proc. ECOC'01 (2001) pp. 98-125.

T. Sakamoto, T. Kawanishi, M. Izutsu, "Optoelectronic oscillator using push-pull Mach-Zehnder modulator biased at point for optical two-tone signal generation," Proc. Conf. on Lasers and Electro-Optics, CLEO 2005 (2005) pp. 877-879.

S. Pan, J. P. Yao, "Generation of a stable and frequency-tunable microwave signal using a polarization modulator and a wavelength-fixed notch filter," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Opt. Society of America (2009) paper JWA51 Technical Digest (CD).

J. D. Bull, N. A. Jaeger, H. Kato, M. Fairburn, A. Reid, P. Ghanipour, "40-GHz electro-optic polarization modulator for fiber optic communications systems," Proc. SPIE (2004) pp. 133-143.

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