Abstract

Nonlinear behavior of vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL) diodes is exploited to perform all-optical up-conversion by second- and third-order mixing. We investigate and explain conditions for optimum frequency mixing with a common WLAN IEEE 802.11a signal. Then, we apply these findings to the transmission of an ultra-wideband (UWB) multiband-OFDM ECMA-368 signal over a fiber-optic link. We demonstrate direct modulation with the UWB signal up to 10.3 GHz and perform up-conversion to frequencies as high as 16 GHz, far beyond the cutoff frequency of the VCSEL diode.

© 2009 IEEE

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References

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  1. A. Larsson, C. Carlsson, J. Gustavsson, A. Haglund, P. Modth, "Broadband direct modulation of VCSELs and applications in fiber optic links," IEEE Microw. Photon. (2004) pp. 251-254.
  2. B. Luo, L. Ong, M. Yee, Y. Guo, M. Chia, "Centralized UWB/WLAN distribution network using low cost radio over multimode fiber technology," 62nd IEEE Veh. Technol. Conf. (VTC-2005-Fall) pp. 799-801.
  3. G. Maury, A. Hilt, T. Berceli, B. Cabon, A. Vilcot, "Microwave-frequency conversion methods by optical interferometer and photodiode," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Techn. 45, 1481-1485 (1997).
  4. B. Cabon, G. Nguyen, "Ultra-wide band over fibre in millimetre waves using up-conversion technique," J. Eur. Microw. Assoc. 4, (2007).
  5. S. B. Constant, Y. Le Guennec, G. Maury, N. Corrao, B. Cabon, "Low-cost all-optical up-conversion of digital radio signals using a directly modulated 1550 nm emitting VCSEL," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 120-122 (2008).
  6. S. Yu, W. Wong, P. Shum, E. Li, "Theoretical analysis of modulation response and second-order harmonic distortion in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 2139-2147 (1996).
  7. S. Yu, E. Ltd, "Nonlinear dynamics of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 332-341 (1999).
  8. J. Gustavsson, J. Vukusic, J. Bengtsson, A. Larsson, "A comprehensive model for the modal dynamics of vertical-cavitysurface-emitting lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 203-212 (2002).
  9. R. A. Shafik, M. S. Rahman, A. R. Islam, "On the extended relationships among EVM, BER and SNR as performance metrics," 4th Int. Conf. Elect. Comput. Eng. (2006) pp. 408-411.
  10. R. van Nee, A. de Wild, "Reducing the peak-to-average power ratio of OFDM," Proc. 48th IEEE Veh. Technol. Conf. (VTC 98) (1998) pp. 2072-2076.
  11. High Rate Ultra Wideband PHY and MAC Standard ECMA Standard 368 (2007) 2nd ed..

2008 (1)

S. B. Constant, Y. Le Guennec, G. Maury, N. Corrao, B. Cabon, "Low-cost all-optical up-conversion of digital radio signals using a directly modulated 1550 nm emitting VCSEL," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 120-122 (2008).

2007 (1)

B. Cabon, G. Nguyen, "Ultra-wide band over fibre in millimetre waves using up-conversion technique," J. Eur. Microw. Assoc. 4, (2007).

2002 (1)

J. Gustavsson, J. Vukusic, J. Bengtsson, A. Larsson, "A comprehensive model for the modal dynamics of vertical-cavitysurface-emitting lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 203-212 (2002).

1999 (1)

S. Yu, E. Ltd, "Nonlinear dynamics of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 332-341 (1999).

1997 (1)

G. Maury, A. Hilt, T. Berceli, B. Cabon, A. Vilcot, "Microwave-frequency conversion methods by optical interferometer and photodiode," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Techn. 45, 1481-1485 (1997).

1996 (1)

S. Yu, W. Wong, P. Shum, E. Li, "Theoretical analysis of modulation response and second-order harmonic distortion in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 2139-2147 (1996).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (3)

S. Yu, W. Wong, P. Shum, E. Li, "Theoretical analysis of modulation response and second-order harmonic distortion in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 2139-2147 (1996).

S. Yu, E. Ltd, "Nonlinear dynamics of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 332-341 (1999).

J. Gustavsson, J. Vukusic, J. Bengtsson, A. Larsson, "A comprehensive model for the modal dynamics of vertical-cavitysurface-emitting lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 203-212 (2002).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

S. B. Constant, Y. Le Guennec, G. Maury, N. Corrao, B. Cabon, "Low-cost all-optical up-conversion of digital radio signals using a directly modulated 1550 nm emitting VCSEL," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 120-122 (2008).

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Techn. (1)

G. Maury, A. Hilt, T. Berceli, B. Cabon, A. Vilcot, "Microwave-frequency conversion methods by optical interferometer and photodiode," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Techn. 45, 1481-1485 (1997).

J. Eur. Microw. Assoc. (1)

B. Cabon, G. Nguyen, "Ultra-wide band over fibre in millimetre waves using up-conversion technique," J. Eur. Microw. Assoc. 4, (2007).

Other (5)

A. Larsson, C. Carlsson, J. Gustavsson, A. Haglund, P. Modth, "Broadband direct modulation of VCSELs and applications in fiber optic links," IEEE Microw. Photon. (2004) pp. 251-254.

B. Luo, L. Ong, M. Yee, Y. Guo, M. Chia, "Centralized UWB/WLAN distribution network using low cost radio over multimode fiber technology," 62nd IEEE Veh. Technol. Conf. (VTC-2005-Fall) pp. 799-801.

R. A. Shafik, M. S. Rahman, A. R. Islam, "On the extended relationships among EVM, BER and SNR as performance metrics," 4th Int. Conf. Elect. Comput. Eng. (2006) pp. 408-411.

R. van Nee, A. de Wild, "Reducing the peak-to-average power ratio of OFDM," Proc. 48th IEEE Veh. Technol. Conf. (VTC 98) (1998) pp. 2072-2076.

High Rate Ultra Wideband PHY and MAC Standard ECMA Standard 368 (2007) 2nd ed..

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