Abstract

A theoretical model for simulating widely tunable sampled-grating distributed Bragg reflector (SGDBR) lasers has been developed. The model integrates both time-domain traveling-wave method and frequency-domain transfer-matrix method into a single procedure. The active region of the device is still operated in the conventional time domain, while the passive parts are firstly performed by the transfer-matrix method and then transformed to the time domain via digital filters. Both the static and dynamic characteristics of SGDBR lasers, such as L–I curve, output spectrum, tuning characteristics, large-signal modulation, and dynamic wavelength switching, can be clearly visible in our model and in qualitative agreement with the published experimental results.

© 2009 IEEE

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  1. J. Buus, E. J. Murphy, "Tunable lasers in optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 5-11 (2006).
  2. L. A. Coldren, G. A. Fish, Y. Akulova, J. S. Barton, L. Johansson, C. W. Coldren, "Tunable semiconductor lasers: A tutorial," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 193-202 (2004).
  3. V. Jayaraman, Z.-M. Chuang, L. A. Coldren, "Theory, design, and performance of extended tuning range semiconductor lasers with sampled gratings," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1824-1834 (1993).
  4. S.-L. Lee, M. E. Heimbuch, D. A. Cohen, L. A. Coldren, S. P. DenBaars, "Integration of semiconductor laser amplifiers with sampled grating tunable lasers for WDM applications," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 3, 615-627 (1997).
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  12. S. A. Wood, R. G. Plumb, D. J. Robbins, N. D. Whitbread, P. J. Williams, "Time domain modeling of sampled grating tunable lasers," Proc. Inst. Elect. Eng. -Optoelectron. 147, 43-48 (2000).
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  14. O. A. Lavrova, D. J. Blumenthal, "Detailed transfer matrix method-based dynamic model for multisection widely tunable GCSR lasers," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 1274-1283 (2000).
  15. W. Li, W.-P. Huang, X. Li, "Digital filter approach for simulation of a complex integrated laser diode based on the traveling-wave model," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 473-480 (2004).
  16. L. A. Coldren, S. W. Corzine, Diode Lasers and Photonic Integrated Circuits (Wiley & Sons, 1995).
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  19. B. Mason, G. A. Fish, S. P. DenBaars, L. A. Coldren, "Widely tunable sampled grating DBR laser with integrated electroabsorption modulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 638-640 (1999).
  20. X. Li, X. Chen, M. Qasmi, "A broadband digital filtering approach for time-domain simulation of pulse propagation in optical fiber," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 964-875 (2005).
  21. S. F. Yu, "Time-domain traveling-wave algorithms on the analysis of distributed feedback lasers," Proc. Inst. Elect. Eng-Optoelectron 150, 266-272 (2003).
  22. M. L. Majewski, J. Barton, L. A. Coldren, Y. Akulova, M. C. Larson, "Directly intensity modulation in sampled-grating DBR lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 747-749 (2002).
  23. F. Delorme, "Widely tunable 1.55- $\mu{\hbox {m}}$ lasers for wavelength-division-multiplexed optical fiber communications," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1706-1716 (1998).
  24. Y. Yu, R. O'Dowd, "Influence of mode competition on the fast wavelength switching of an SG-DBR laser," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 700-704 (2002).
  25. L. Zhang, J. C. Cartledge, "Fast wavelength switching of three-section DBR lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 75-81 (1995).
  26. M. Teshima, "Dynamic wavelength tuning characteristics of the 1.5 $\mu{\hbox {m}}$ three-section DBR lasers: Analysis and experiment," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1389-1400 (1995).

2007 (1)

J. W. Raring, L. A. Johansson, E. J. Skogen, M. N. Sysak, H. N. Poulsen, S. P. DenBaars, L. A. Coldren, "40-Gb/s widely tunable low-drive-voltage electroabsorption-modulated transmitters," J. Lightw. Technol 25, 239-248 (2007).

2006 (1)

J. Buus, E. J. Murphy, "Tunable lasers in optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 5-11 (2006).

2005 (1)

X. Li, X. Chen, M. Qasmi, "A broadband digital filtering approach for time-domain simulation of pulse propagation in optical fiber," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 964-875 (2005).

2004 (3)

W. Li, W.-P. Huang, X. Li, "Digital filter approach for simulation of a complex integrated laser diode based on the traveling-wave model," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 473-480 (2004).

L. A. Coldren, G. A. Fish, Y. Akulova, J. S. Barton, L. Johansson, C. W. Coldren, "Tunable semiconductor lasers: A tutorial," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 193-202 (2004).

M. L. Mašanovic, V. Lal, J. A. Summers, J. S. Barton, E. J. Skogen, L. A. Coldren, D. J. Blumenthal, "Design and performance of a monolithically integrated widely tunable all-optical wavelength converter with independent phase control," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2299-2301 (2004).

2003 (1)

S. F. Yu, "Time-domain traveling-wave algorithms on the analysis of distributed feedback lasers," Proc. Inst. Elect. Eng-Optoelectron 150, 266-272 (2003).

2002 (2)

M. L. Majewski, J. Barton, L. A. Coldren, Y. Akulova, M. C. Larson, "Directly intensity modulation in sampled-grating DBR lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 747-749 (2002).

Y. Yu, R. O'Dowd, "Influence of mode competition on the fast wavelength switching of an SG-DBR laser," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 700-704 (2002).

2000 (2)

S. A. Wood, R. G. Plumb, D. J. Robbins, N. D. Whitbread, P. J. Williams, "Time domain modeling of sampled grating tunable lasers," Proc. Inst. Elect. Eng. -Optoelectron. 147, 43-48 (2000).

O. A. Lavrova, D. J. Blumenthal, "Detailed transfer matrix method-based dynamic model for multisection widely tunable GCSR lasers," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 1274-1283 (2000).

1999 (2)

B.-S. Kim, Y. Chung, S.-H. Kim, "Dynamics analysis of mode-locked sampled-grating distributed bragg reflector laser diodes," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1623-1628 (1999).

B. Mason, G. A. Fish, S. P. DenBaars, L. A. Coldren, "Widely tunable sampled grating DBR laser with integrated electroabsorption modulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 638-640 (1999).

1998 (1)

F. Delorme, "Widely tunable 1.55- $\mu{\hbox {m}}$ lasers for wavelength-division-multiplexed optical fiber communications," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1706-1716 (1998).

1997 (1)

S.-L. Lee, M. E. Heimbuch, D. A. Cohen, L. A. Coldren, S. P. DenBaars, "Integration of semiconductor laser amplifiers with sampled grating tunable lasers for WDM applications," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 3, 615-627 (1997).

1996 (2)

C. K. Gardiner, R. G. S. Plumb, P. J. Williams, T. J. Reid, "Three-sections sampled-grating DBR lasers: Modeling and measurement," IEE Proc. -Optoelectron 143, 24-30 (1996).

S. F. Yu, "Dynamic behavior of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1168-1179 (1996).

1995 (3)

D. J. Jones, L. M. Zhang, J. E. Carroll, D. D. Marcenac, "Dynamics of monolithic passively mode-locked semiconductor lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1051-1058 (1995).

L. Zhang, J. C. Cartledge, "Fast wavelength switching of three-section DBR lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 75-81 (1995).

M. Teshima, "Dynamic wavelength tuning characteristics of the 1.5 $\mu{\hbox {m}}$ three-section DBR lasers: Analysis and experiment," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1389-1400 (1995).

1993 (1)

V. Jayaraman, Z.-M. Chuang, L. A. Coldren, "Theory, design, and performance of extended tuning range semiconductor lasers with sampled gratings," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1824-1834 (1993).

1991 (1)

T. Makino, "Transfer-matrix formulation of spontaneous emission noise of DFB semiconductor lasers," J. Lightw. Technol. 9, 84-91 (1991).

IEE Proc. -Optoelectron (1)

C. K. Gardiner, R. G. S. Plumb, P. J. Williams, T. J. Reid, "Three-sections sampled-grating DBR lasers: Modeling and measurement," IEE Proc. -Optoelectron 143, 24-30 (1996).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (8)

W. Li, W.-P. Huang, X. Li, "Digital filter approach for simulation of a complex integrated laser diode based on the traveling-wave model," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 473-480 (2004).

V. Jayaraman, Z.-M. Chuang, L. A. Coldren, "Theory, design, and performance of extended tuning range semiconductor lasers with sampled gratings," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1824-1834 (1993).

S. F. Yu, "Dynamic behavior of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1168-1179 (1996).

D. J. Jones, L. M. Zhang, J. E. Carroll, D. D. Marcenac, "Dynamics of monolithic passively mode-locked semiconductor lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1051-1058 (1995).

B.-S. Kim, Y. Chung, S.-H. Kim, "Dynamics analysis of mode-locked sampled-grating distributed bragg reflector laser diodes," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1623-1628 (1999).

F. Delorme, "Widely tunable 1.55- $\mu{\hbox {m}}$ lasers for wavelength-division-multiplexed optical fiber communications," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1706-1716 (1998).

L. Zhang, J. C. Cartledge, "Fast wavelength switching of three-section DBR lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 75-81 (1995).

M. Teshima, "Dynamic wavelength tuning characteristics of the 1.5 $\mu{\hbox {m}}$ three-section DBR lasers: Analysis and experiment," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1389-1400 (1995).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

S.-L. Lee, M. E. Heimbuch, D. A. Cohen, L. A. Coldren, S. P. DenBaars, "Integration of semiconductor laser amplifiers with sampled grating tunable lasers for WDM applications," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 3, 615-627 (1997).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

M. L. Mašanovic, V. Lal, J. A. Summers, J. S. Barton, E. J. Skogen, L. A. Coldren, D. J. Blumenthal, "Design and performance of a monolithically integrated widely tunable all-optical wavelength converter with independent phase control," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2299-2301 (2004).

M. L. Majewski, J. Barton, L. A. Coldren, Y. Akulova, M. C. Larson, "Directly intensity modulation in sampled-grating DBR lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 747-749 (2002).

B. Mason, G. A. Fish, S. P. DenBaars, L. A. Coldren, "Widely tunable sampled grating DBR laser with integrated electroabsorption modulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 638-640 (1999).

J. Lightw. Technol (1)

J. W. Raring, L. A. Johansson, E. J. Skogen, M. N. Sysak, H. N. Poulsen, S. P. DenBaars, L. A. Coldren, "40-Gb/s widely tunable low-drive-voltage electroabsorption-modulated transmitters," J. Lightw. Technol 25, 239-248 (2007).

J. Lightw. Technol. (6)

J. Buus, E. J. Murphy, "Tunable lasers in optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 5-11 (2006).

L. A. Coldren, G. A. Fish, Y. Akulova, J. S. Barton, L. Johansson, C. W. Coldren, "Tunable semiconductor lasers: A tutorial," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 193-202 (2004).

O. A. Lavrova, D. J. Blumenthal, "Detailed transfer matrix method-based dynamic model for multisection widely tunable GCSR lasers," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 1274-1283 (2000).

T. Makino, "Transfer-matrix formulation of spontaneous emission noise of DFB semiconductor lasers," J. Lightw. Technol. 9, 84-91 (1991).

X. Li, X. Chen, M. Qasmi, "A broadband digital filtering approach for time-domain simulation of pulse propagation in optical fiber," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 964-875 (2005).

Y. Yu, R. O'Dowd, "Influence of mode competition on the fast wavelength switching of an SG-DBR laser," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 700-704 (2002).

Proc. Inst. Elect. Eng-Optoelectron (1)

S. F. Yu, "Time-domain traveling-wave algorithms on the analysis of distributed feedback lasers," Proc. Inst. Elect. Eng-Optoelectron 150, 266-272 (2003).

Proc. Inst. Elect. Eng. -Optoelectron. (1)

S. A. Wood, R. G. Plumb, D. J. Robbins, N. D. Whitbread, P. J. Williams, "Time domain modeling of sampled grating tunable lasers," Proc. Inst. Elect. Eng. -Optoelectron. 147, 43-48 (2000).

Other (4)

S. K. Mitra, Digital Signal Processing: A Compute-Based Approach (McGraw-Hill, 2006).

J. Buus, M.-C. Amann, D. J. Blumenthal, Tunable Laser Diodes and Related Optical Sources (Wiley-IEEE Press, 2005).

L. A. Coldren, S. W. Corzine, Diode Lasers and Photonic Integrated Circuits (Wiley & Sons, 1995).

J. Carroll, J. Whiteaway, D. Plumb, Distributed Feedback Semiconductor Lasers (IEE SPIE Optical Engineering Press, 1998).

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