Abstract

This paper addresses the possibility of using traffic engineering in the wavelength domain as a way to improve the performance of optical burst-switched (OBS) networks. With that aim, we detail a heuristic traffic engineering strategy that determines the order by which the ingress nodes of the network should search for an available wavelength for burst transmission, in order to minimize the probability that data bursts going through overlapping paths reach a common fiber link using the same wavelength. By means of network simulation, it is shown that the proposed traffic engineering strategy outperforms the existing strategies in reducing burst loss in OBS networks. This trend holds for core nodes with different degrees of wavelength conversion, ranging from the absence of wavelength converters to the use of dedicated full-range wavelength converters. More specifically, it is shown that using only traffic engineering in the wavelength domain can dramatically reduce burst loss in networks without wavelength conversion or alternatively it can reduce the number of wavelength converters in networks based on shared wavelength conversion. The simulation results also show that by combining traffic engineering in the wavelength domain with the use of the inexpensive electronic buffers at the ingress nodes, the performance of OBS networks with dedicated full-range wavelength converters can be further improved at the expense of a slight increase in the burst transfer delay.

© 2009 IEEE

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  1. J. Turner, "Terabit burst switching," J. High Speed Netw. 8, 3-16 (1999).
  2. C. Qiao, M. Yoo, "Optical burst switching (OBS) – A new paradigm for an optical Internet," J. High Speed Netw. 8, 69-84 (1999).
  3. R. Ramaswami, K. Sivarajan, Optical Networks: A Practical Perspective (Morgan Kaufmann, 2002).
  4. Y. Chen, C. Qiao, X. Yu, "Optical burst switching: A new area in optical network research," IEEE Network 18, 16-23 (2004).
  5. S. Yao, B. Mukherjee, S. Yoo, S. Dixit, "A unified study of contention-resolution schemes in optical packet-switched networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 672-683 (2003).
  6. A. Poustie, "Semiconductor devices for all-optical signal processing," ECOC GlasgowU.K. (2005) We3.5.1.
  7. J. Iness, B. Mukherjee, "Sparse wavelength conversion in wavelength-routed WDM optical networks," Photon. Netw. Commun. 1, 183-205 (1999).
  8. T. Chai, T. Cheng, G. Shen, S. Bose, C. Lu, "Design and performance of optical cross-connect architectures with converter sharing," Opt. Netw. Mag. 3, 73-84 (2002).
  9. X. Wang, H. Morikawa, T. Aoyama, "Priority-based wavelength assignment algorithm for burst switched WDM optical networks," IEICE Trans. Commun. E86-B, 1508-1514 (2003).
  10. J. Teng, G. Rouskas, "Wavelength selection in OBS networks using traffic engineering and priority-based concepts," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 23, 1658-1669 (2005).
  11. J. Pedro, P. Monteiro, J. Pires, "Wavelength contention minimization strategies for optical-burst switched networks," IEEE GLOBECOM San FranciscoCA (2006) OPNp1–5.
  12. J. Pedro, P. Monteiro, J. Pires, "Minimizing the number of wavelength converters in optical burst-switched networks," IEEE ICC GlasgowU.K. (2007) ONS07–5.
  13. Y. Xiong, M. Vandenhoute, H. Cankaya, "Control architecture in optical burst-switched WDM networks," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 18, 1838-1851 (2000).
  14. J. Pedro, P. Monteiro, J. Pires, "Bandwidth-efficient optical burst-switched networks based on traffic engineering in the wavelength domain and delayed burst scheduling," Proc. ECOC (2007) pp. 95-96.
  15. X. Yu, J. Li, X. Cao, Y. Chen, C. Qiao, "Traffic statistics and performance evaluation in optical burst switched networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2722-2738 (2004).
  16. N. Barakat, T. Darcie, "The control-plane stability constraint in optical burst switching networks," IEEE Commun. Lett. 11, 267-269 (2007).
  17. J. Xu, C. Qiao, J. Li, G. Xu, "Efficient channel scheduling algorithms in optical burst switched networks," Proc. IEEE INFOCOM (2003) pp. 2268-2278.
  18. J. Li, C. Qiao, "Schedule burst proactively for optical burst switching networks," Proc. IEEE GLOBECOM (2003) pp. 2787-2791.
  19. H. Zang, J. Jue, B. Mukherjee, "A review of routing and wavelength assignment approaches for wavelength-routed optical WDM networks," Opt. Netw. Mag. 1, 47-60 (2000).
  20. M. Listanti, M. Berdusco, R. Sabella, "Optical path strategies in WDM all-optical networks: minimization of wavelength converters in optical cross connects," Proc. IEEE GLOBECOM pp. 583-587.
  21. J. Pedro, J. Castro, P. Monteiro, J. Pires, "On the modelling and performance evaluation of optical burst-switched networks," Proc. IEEE CAMAD (2006) pp. 30-37.
  22. K. Dolzer, C. Gauger, J. Späth, S. Bodamer, "Evaluation of reservation mechanisms for optical burst switching," AEÜ Int. J. Electron. Commun. 55, 1-8 (2001).
  23. Z. Rosberg, H. Vu, M. Zukerman, J. White, "Performance analyses of optical burst-switching networks," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1187-1197 (2003).
  24. Y. Sun, T. Hashiguchi, V. Minh, X. Wang, H. Morikawa, T. Aoyama, "Design and implementation of an optical burst-switched network testbed," IEEE Commun. Mag. 43, s48-s55 (2005).
  25. C. Gauger, "Performance of converter pools for contention resolution in optical burst switching," Proc. SPIE OptiComm (2002) pp. 109-117.
  26. J. Castro, J. Pedro, P. Monteiro, "Burst loss reduction in OBS networks by minimizing network congestion," ConfTele TomarPortugal (2005).
  27. J. Pedro, P. Monteiro, J. Pires, "Performance study of OBS networks using traffic engineering in the wavelength domain and delayed ingress burst scheduling," GLOBECOM New OrleansLA (2008) ON07PM2–6.

2007 (1)

N. Barakat, T. Darcie, "The control-plane stability constraint in optical burst switching networks," IEEE Commun. Lett. 11, 267-269 (2007).

2005 (2)

Y. Sun, T. Hashiguchi, V. Minh, X. Wang, H. Morikawa, T. Aoyama, "Design and implementation of an optical burst-switched network testbed," IEEE Commun. Mag. 43, s48-s55 (2005).

J. Teng, G. Rouskas, "Wavelength selection in OBS networks using traffic engineering and priority-based concepts," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 23, 1658-1669 (2005).

2004 (2)

Y. Chen, C. Qiao, X. Yu, "Optical burst switching: A new area in optical network research," IEEE Network 18, 16-23 (2004).

X. Yu, J. Li, X. Cao, Y. Chen, C. Qiao, "Traffic statistics and performance evaluation in optical burst switched networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2722-2738 (2004).

2003 (3)

Z. Rosberg, H. Vu, M. Zukerman, J. White, "Performance analyses of optical burst-switching networks," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1187-1197 (2003).

S. Yao, B. Mukherjee, S. Yoo, S. Dixit, "A unified study of contention-resolution schemes in optical packet-switched networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 672-683 (2003).

X. Wang, H. Morikawa, T. Aoyama, "Priority-based wavelength assignment algorithm for burst switched WDM optical networks," IEICE Trans. Commun. E86-B, 1508-1514 (2003).

2002 (1)

T. Chai, T. Cheng, G. Shen, S. Bose, C. Lu, "Design and performance of optical cross-connect architectures with converter sharing," Opt. Netw. Mag. 3, 73-84 (2002).

2001 (1)

K. Dolzer, C. Gauger, J. Späth, S. Bodamer, "Evaluation of reservation mechanisms for optical burst switching," AEÜ Int. J. Electron. Commun. 55, 1-8 (2001).

2000 (2)

H. Zang, J. Jue, B. Mukherjee, "A review of routing and wavelength assignment approaches for wavelength-routed optical WDM networks," Opt. Netw. Mag. 1, 47-60 (2000).

Y. Xiong, M. Vandenhoute, H. Cankaya, "Control architecture in optical burst-switched WDM networks," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 18, 1838-1851 (2000).

1999 (3)

J. Iness, B. Mukherjee, "Sparse wavelength conversion in wavelength-routed WDM optical networks," Photon. Netw. Commun. 1, 183-205 (1999).

J. Turner, "Terabit burst switching," J. High Speed Netw. 8, 3-16 (1999).

C. Qiao, M. Yoo, "Optical burst switching (OBS) – A new paradigm for an optical Internet," J. High Speed Netw. 8, 69-84 (1999).

AEÜ Int. J. Electron. Commun. (1)

K. Dolzer, C. Gauger, J. Späth, S. Bodamer, "Evaluation of reservation mechanisms for optical burst switching," AEÜ Int. J. Electron. Commun. 55, 1-8 (2001).

IEEE Commun. Lett. (1)

N. Barakat, T. Darcie, "The control-plane stability constraint in optical burst switching networks," IEEE Commun. Lett. 11, 267-269 (2007).

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

Y. Sun, T. Hashiguchi, V. Minh, X. Wang, H. Morikawa, T. Aoyama, "Design and implementation of an optical burst-switched network testbed," IEEE Commun. Mag. 43, s48-s55 (2005).

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (3)

Z. Rosberg, H. Vu, M. Zukerman, J. White, "Performance analyses of optical burst-switching networks," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1187-1197 (2003).

Y. Xiong, M. Vandenhoute, H. Cankaya, "Control architecture in optical burst-switched WDM networks," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 18, 1838-1851 (2000).

J. Teng, G. Rouskas, "Wavelength selection in OBS networks using traffic engineering and priority-based concepts," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 23, 1658-1669 (2005).

IEEE Network (1)

Y. Chen, C. Qiao, X. Yu, "Optical burst switching: A new area in optical network research," IEEE Network 18, 16-23 (2004).

IEICE Trans. Commun. (1)

X. Wang, H. Morikawa, T. Aoyama, "Priority-based wavelength assignment algorithm for burst switched WDM optical networks," IEICE Trans. Commun. E86-B, 1508-1514 (2003).

J. High Speed Netw. (2)

J. Turner, "Terabit burst switching," J. High Speed Netw. 8, 3-16 (1999).

C. Qiao, M. Yoo, "Optical burst switching (OBS) – A new paradigm for an optical Internet," J. High Speed Netw. 8, 69-84 (1999).

J. Lightw. Technol. (2)

S. Yao, B. Mukherjee, S. Yoo, S. Dixit, "A unified study of contention-resolution schemes in optical packet-switched networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 672-683 (2003).

X. Yu, J. Li, X. Cao, Y. Chen, C. Qiao, "Traffic statistics and performance evaluation in optical burst switched networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2722-2738 (2004).

Opt. Netw. Mag. (2)

H. Zang, J. Jue, B. Mukherjee, "A review of routing and wavelength assignment approaches for wavelength-routed optical WDM networks," Opt. Netw. Mag. 1, 47-60 (2000).

T. Chai, T. Cheng, G. Shen, S. Bose, C. Lu, "Design and performance of optical cross-connect architectures with converter sharing," Opt. Netw. Mag. 3, 73-84 (2002).

Photon. Netw. Commun. (1)

J. Iness, B. Mukherjee, "Sparse wavelength conversion in wavelength-routed WDM optical networks," Photon. Netw. Commun. 1, 183-205 (1999).

Other (12)

J. Pedro, P. Monteiro, J. Pires, "Wavelength contention minimization strategies for optical-burst switched networks," IEEE GLOBECOM San FranciscoCA (2006) OPNp1–5.

J. Pedro, P. Monteiro, J. Pires, "Minimizing the number of wavelength converters in optical burst-switched networks," IEEE ICC GlasgowU.K. (2007) ONS07–5.

A. Poustie, "Semiconductor devices for all-optical signal processing," ECOC GlasgowU.K. (2005) We3.5.1.

R. Ramaswami, K. Sivarajan, Optical Networks: A Practical Perspective (Morgan Kaufmann, 2002).

M. Listanti, M. Berdusco, R. Sabella, "Optical path strategies in WDM all-optical networks: minimization of wavelength converters in optical cross connects," Proc. IEEE GLOBECOM pp. 583-587.

J. Pedro, J. Castro, P. Monteiro, J. Pires, "On the modelling and performance evaluation of optical burst-switched networks," Proc. IEEE CAMAD (2006) pp. 30-37.

J. Xu, C. Qiao, J. Li, G. Xu, "Efficient channel scheduling algorithms in optical burst switched networks," Proc. IEEE INFOCOM (2003) pp. 2268-2278.

J. Li, C. Qiao, "Schedule burst proactively for optical burst switching networks," Proc. IEEE GLOBECOM (2003) pp. 2787-2791.

J. Pedro, P. Monteiro, J. Pires, "Bandwidth-efficient optical burst-switched networks based on traffic engineering in the wavelength domain and delayed burst scheduling," Proc. ECOC (2007) pp. 95-96.

C. Gauger, "Performance of converter pools for contention resolution in optical burst switching," Proc. SPIE OptiComm (2002) pp. 109-117.

J. Castro, J. Pedro, P. Monteiro, "Burst loss reduction in OBS networks by minimizing network congestion," ConfTele TomarPortugal (2005).

J. Pedro, P. Monteiro, J. Pires, "Performance study of OBS networks using traffic engineering in the wavelength domain and delayed ingress burst scheduling," GLOBECOM New OrleansLA (2008) ON07PM2–6.

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