Abstract

Recent progress on the drawing of micro and nanowires shows the length could only reach several millimeters because of the lack of material feeding mechanism. We report here a multistage modified fiber drawing process which allows a fiber preform to be drawn several times in the heating zone so that the desired diameter of microns and nanometers can be achieved more than 1 m long. Current results show that by this approach the micro/nano optical wires (MNOWs) could be drawn with the length up to 165 cm and the diameter down to 1.9 $\mu$m. A real-time diameter measuring system is also developed to monitor the diameter in situ and hence to optimize our fabrication process.

© 2009 IEEE

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  5. G. Brambilla, F. Xu, X. Feng, "Fabrication of optical fibre nanowires and their optical and mechanical characterization," Electron. Lett. 42, 517-519 (2006).
  6. Y. K. Lizé, E. C. Mägi, V. G. Ta'eed, J. A. Bolger, P. Steinvurzel, B. J. Eggleton, "Microstructured optical fiber photonic wires with subwavelength core diameter," Opt. Exp. 12, 3209-3217 (2004).
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2008

N. Vukovic, N. G. R. Broderick, M. Petrovich, G. Brambilla, "Novel method for the fabrication of long optical fiber tapers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1264-1266 (2008).

X. Xing, Y. Wang, B. Li, "Nanofibers drawing and nanodevices assembly in poly(trimethylene terephthalate)," Opt. Exp. 16, 10815-10822 (2008).

Y. Li, L. Tong, "Mach-Zehnder interferometers assembled with optical microfibers or nanofibers," Opt. Lett. 33, 303-305 (2008).

M. Sumetsky, "Basic elements for microfiber photonics micro nanofibers and microfiber coil resonators," J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 21-27 (2008).

2007

X. Jiang, Y. Chen, G. Vienne, L. Tong, "All-fiber add-drop filters based on microfiber knot resonators," Opt. Lett. 32, 1710-1712 (2007).

A. Fujii, T. Suzuki, K. Shimizu, K. Yatsuda, M. Igusa, S. Ohtsu, E. Akutsu, "A novel fabrication technology of a polymer optical waveguide and its application," Proc. SPIE 6775, 677506-1-677506-12 (2007).

Y. Takeyoshi, T. Ishigure, "Multichannel parallel polymer waveguide with circular W-shaped index profile cores," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1795-1797 (2007).

2006

B. Jalali, S. Fathpour, "Silicon photonics," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4600-4615 (2006).

N. Izhaky, M. T. Morse, S. Koehl, O. Cohen, D. Rubin, A. Barkai, G. Sarid, R. Cohen, M. J. Paniccia, "Development of CMOS-compatible integrated silicon photonics devices," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 12, 1688-1698 (2006).

G. Brambilla, F. Xu, X. Feng, "Fabrication of optical fibre nanowires and their optical and mechanical characterization," Electron. Lett. 42, 517-519 (2006).

X. Jiang, Q. Yang, G. Vienne, Y. Li, L. Tong, J. Zhang, L. Hu, "Demonstration of microfiber knot laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 143513 (2006).

L. Shi, X. Chen, H. Liu, Y. Chen, Z. Ye, W. Liao, Y. Xia, "Fabrication of submicron-diameter silica fibers using electric strip heater," Opt. Express 14, 5055-5060 (2006).

M. Sumetsky, Y. Dulashko, J. Fini, A. Hale, J. Nicholson, "Probing optical microfiber nonuniformities at nanoscale," Opt. Lett. 31, 2393-2395 (2006).

2005

L. Tong, J. Lou, Z. Ye, G. T. Svacha, E. Mazur, "Self-modulated taper drawing of silica nanowires," Nanotechnology 16, 1445-1448 (2005).

2004

M. Sumetsky, Y. Dulashko, A. Hale, "Fabrication and study of bent and coiled free silica nanowires self-coupling microloop optical interferometer," Opt. Exp. 12, 3521-3531 (2004).

G. Brambilla, V. Finazzi, D. J. Richardson, "Ultra-low-loss optical fiber nanotapers," Opt. Exp. 12, 2258-2263 (2004).

Y. K. Lizé, E. C. Mägi, V. G. Ta'eed, J. A. Bolger, P. Steinvurzel, B. J. Eggleton, "Microstructured optical fiber photonic wires with subwavelength core diameter," Opt. Exp. 12, 3209-3217 (2004).

F. Warken, H. Giessen, "Fast profile measurement of micrometer-sized tapered fibers with better than 50-nm accuracy," Opt. Lett. 29, 1727-1729 (2004).

2003

L. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. He, J. Lou, M. Shen, I. Maxwell, E. Mazur, "Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding," Nature 426, 816-819 (2003).

2000

L. Eldada, L. W. Shacklette, "Advances in polymer integrated optics," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 6, 54-68 (2000).

1989

M. R. Myers, "A model for unsteady analysis of preform drawing," AIChE J. 35, 592-602 (1989).

1978

U. C. Paek, R. B. Runk, "Physical behavior of the neck-down region during furnace drawing of silica fibers," J. Appl. Phys. 49, 4417-4422 (1978).

1977

1970

R. Brückner, "Properties and structure of vitreous silica. I," J. Non-Cryst. Solid 5, 123-175 (1970).

1959

W. D. Kingery, "Surface tension of some liquid oxides and their temperature coefficients," J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 42, 6-10 (1959).

AIChE J.

M. R. Myers, "A model for unsteady analysis of preform drawing," AIChE J. 35, 592-602 (1989).

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

X. Jiang, Q. Yang, G. Vienne, Y. Li, L. Tong, J. Zhang, L. Hu, "Demonstration of microfiber knot laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 143513 (2006).

F. Xu, G. Brambilla, "Demonstration of a refractometric sensor based on optical microfiber coil resonator," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 101126-1-101126-3.

Electron. Lett.

G. Brambilla, F. Xu, X. Feng, "Fabrication of optical fibre nanowires and their optical and mechanical characterization," Electron. Lett. 42, 517-519 (2006).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron.

N. Izhaky, M. T. Morse, S. Koehl, O. Cohen, D. Rubin, A. Barkai, G. Sarid, R. Cohen, M. J. Paniccia, "Development of CMOS-compatible integrated silicon photonics devices," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 12, 1688-1698 (2006).

L. Eldada, L. W. Shacklette, "Advances in polymer integrated optics," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 6, 54-68 (2000).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

Y. Takeyoshi, T. Ishigure, "Multichannel parallel polymer waveguide with circular W-shaped index profile cores," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1795-1797 (2007).

N. Vukovic, N. G. R. Broderick, M. Petrovich, G. Brambilla, "Novel method for the fabrication of long optical fiber tapers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1264-1266 (2008).

J. Am. Ceram. Soc.

W. D. Kingery, "Surface tension of some liquid oxides and their temperature coefficients," J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 42, 6-10 (1959).

J. Appl. Phys.

U. C. Paek, R. B. Runk, "Physical behavior of the neck-down region during furnace drawing of silica fibers," J. Appl. Phys. 49, 4417-4422 (1978).

J. Lightw. Technol.

B. Jalali, S. Fathpour, "Silicon photonics," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4600-4615 (2006).

J. Lightwave Technol.

J. Non-Cryst. Solid

R. Brückner, "Properties and structure of vitreous silica. I," J. Non-Cryst. Solid 5, 123-175 (1970).

Nanotechnology

L. Tong, J. Lou, Z. Ye, G. T. Svacha, E. Mazur, "Self-modulated taper drawing of silica nanowires," Nanotechnology 16, 1445-1448 (2005).

Nature

L. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. He, J. Lou, M. Shen, I. Maxwell, E. Mazur, "Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding," Nature 426, 816-819 (2003).

Opt. Exp.

Y. K. Lizé, E. C. Mägi, V. G. Ta'eed, J. A. Bolger, P. Steinvurzel, B. J. Eggleton, "Microstructured optical fiber photonic wires with subwavelength core diameter," Opt. Exp. 12, 3209-3217 (2004).

M. Sumetsky, Y. Dulashko, A. Hale, "Fabrication and study of bent and coiled free silica nanowires self-coupling microloop optical interferometer," Opt. Exp. 12, 3521-3531 (2004).

G. Brambilla, V. Finazzi, D. J. Richardson, "Ultra-low-loss optical fiber nanotapers," Opt. Exp. 12, 2258-2263 (2004).

X. Xing, Y. Wang, B. Li, "Nanofibers drawing and nanodevices assembly in poly(trimethylene terephthalate)," Opt. Exp. 16, 10815-10822 (2008).

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Proc. SPIE

A. Fujii, T. Suzuki, K. Shimizu, K. Yatsuda, M. Igusa, S. Ohtsu, E. Akutsu, "A novel fabrication technology of a polymer optical waveguide and its application," Proc. SPIE 6775, 677506-1-677506-12 (2007).

Other

R. Chen, "Recent advances in polymer and silicon nanophotonics," Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf. Expo., OMJ4 (2008) pp. 1-25.

S.-M. Cho, C.-S. Chang, L. A. Wang, "Fabrication of micro/nano optical wires with modified fiber-drawing process," Proc. Int. Conf. Commun., Circuits Syst. (2008) pp. 717-719.

M. Kerker, The Scattering of Light, and Other Electromagnetic Radiation (Academic, 1969).

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