Abstract

The influence of residual facet reflection on the small-signal modulation response and the large-signal eye-diagram performance of 40 Gb/s electroabsorption modulated lasers (EMLs) is studied. Measurement and simulation show that the eye-diagram performance is not only limited by the modulation bandwidth of the device, but also significantly degraded by the low frequency resonances in the frequency response due to residual facet reflection. Clear eye-opening has been demonstrated by optimizing the anti-reflection (AR) coating of the EA modulator facet.

© 2009 IEEE

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |

  1. H. Kawanishi, Y. Yamauchi, N. Mineo, Y. Shibuya, H. Murai, K. Yamada, H. Wada, "EAM-integrated DFB laser modules with more than 40-GHz bandwidth," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 954-956 (2001).
  2. H. Feng, T. Makino, S. Ogita, H. Maruyama, M. Kondo, "40 Gb/s electro-absorption-modulator-integrated DFB laser with optimized design," Proc. Optical Fiber Commun. (OFC) (2002) pp. 340-341.
  3. J. W. Raring, L. A. Johansson, E. J. Skogen, M. N. Sysak, H. N. Poulsen, S. P. DenBaars, L. A. Coldren, "40-Gb/s widely tunable low-drive-voltage electroabsorption-modulated transmitters," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 239-248 (2007).
  4. S. Makino, H. Arimoto, T. Kitatani, K. Shinoda, T. Tsuchiya, M. Aoki, N. Sasada, K. Uchida, K. Naoe, K. Uomi, "1 550-nm uncooled EA-modulator and EA/DFB for 10/40-Gbit/s low-power-consumption transceivers," Proc. 18th Annual Meeting IEEE Lasers Electro-Optics Soc. (2005) pp. 333-334.
  5. R. A. Salvatore, R. T. Sahara, M. A. Bock, I. Libenzon, "Electroabsorption modulated laser for long transmission spans," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 464-476 (2002).
  6. B. K. Saravanan, T. Wenger, C. Hanke, P. Gerlach, M. Peschke, R. Macaluso, "Wide temperature operation of 40-Gb/s 1550-nm electroabsorption modulated lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 862-864 (2006).
  7. Y. Luo, B. Xiong, J. Wang, P. Cai, C. Sun, "40 GHz AlGaInAs multiple-quantum-well integrated electroabsorption modulator/distributed feedback laser based on identical epitaxial layer scheme," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, L1071-L1073 (2006).
  8. A. Garreau, M.-C. Cuisin, J.-G. Provost, F. Jorge, A. Konczykowska, C. Jany, J. Decobert, O. Drisse, F. Blache, D. Carpentier, E. Derouin, F. Martin, N. Lagay, J. Landreau, C. Kazmierski, "Wide temperature range operation at 43 Gbit/s of 1.55 $\mu$m InGaAlAs electroabsorption modulated laser with single active layer," Proc. Int. Conf. Indium Phosphide Relat. Mater. (2007) pp. 358-360.
  9. M. Yamaguchi, T. Kato, T. Sasaki, K. Komatsu, M. Kitamura, "Requirements for modulator-integrated DFB LD's for penalty-free 2.5-Gb/s transmission," J. Lightw. Technol. 13, 1948-1954 (1995).
  10. X. Li, W.-P. Huang, "Analysis of frequency chirp in DFB lasers integrated with external modulator," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2756-2766 (1994).
  11. M. Aoki, S. Takashima, Y. Fujiwara, S. Aoki, "New transmission simulation of EA-modulator integrated DFB-lasers considering the facet reflection-induced chirp," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 380-382 (1997).
  12. Y. Kim, H. Lee, J. Lee, J. Han, T. W. Oh, J. Jeong, "Chirp characteristics of 10-Gb/s electroabsorption modulator integrated DFB lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 900-908 (2000).
  13. C. Sun, B. Xiong, J. Wang, P. Cai, J. Xu, J. Huang, H. Yuan, Q. Zhou, Y. Luo, "Fabrication and packaging of 40 Gb/s AlGaInAs multiple-quantum-well electroabsorption modulated lasers based on identical epitaxial layer scheme," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 1464-1471 (2008).
  14. J. Wang, B. Xiong, P.-F. Cai, J.-B. Tian, C.-Z. Sun, Y. Luo, "Novel planar electrode structure for high-speed ($>40$ GHz) electroabsorption modulators," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, L1209-L1211 (2006).
  15. P.-F. Cai, C.-Z. Sun, B. Xiong, J. Wang, M.-J. Zhang, J.-M. Xu, Z.-Z. Liu, J. Huang, Y. Luo, "40 Gb/s AlGaInAs electroabsorption modulated laser module based on identical epitaxial layer scheme," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46, L664-L666 (2007).
  16. S. Kaneko, H. Itamoto, T. Miyahara, T. Hatta, "Impact of package resonance on eye diagram in high-speed optical modules," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (2001) pp. 402-403.
  17. M. Suzuki, H. Tanaka, S. Akiba, Y. Kushiro, "Electrical and optical interactions between integrated InGaAsP/InP DFB lasers and electroabsorption modulators," J. Lightw. Technol. 6, 779-785 (1988).
  18. N. H. Zhu, G. H. Hou, H. P. Huang, G. Z. Xu, T. Zhang, Y. Liu, H. L. Zhu, L. J. Zhao, W. Wang, "Electrical and optical coupling in an electroabsorption modulator integrated with a DFB laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 535-544 (2007).
  19. J.-I. Hashimoto, Y. Nakano, K. Tada, "Influence of facet reflection on the performance of a DFB laser integrated with an optical amplifier/modulator," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 594-603 (1992).
  20. J.-S. Choe, Y.-H. Kwon, J.-S. Sim, S.-B. Kim, "40 Gbps electroabsorption modulated DFB laser with tilted facet formed by dry etching," Semiconductor Science Technol. 22, 802-805 (2007).
  21. I. P. Kaminow, G. Eisenstein, L. W. Stulz, "Measurement of the modal reflectivity of an antireflection coating on a superluminescent diode," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 493-495 (1983).
  22. B. H. Park, I. Kim, B.-K. Kang, Y.-D. Bae, S.-M. Lee, Y. H. Kim, D.-H. Jang, T.-I. Kim, "Investigation of optical feedback in high-speed electroabsorption modulated lasers with a window region," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 777-779 (2005).

2008 (1)

C. Sun, B. Xiong, J. Wang, P. Cai, J. Xu, J. Huang, H. Yuan, Q. Zhou, Y. Luo, "Fabrication and packaging of 40 Gb/s AlGaInAs multiple-quantum-well electroabsorption modulated lasers based on identical epitaxial layer scheme," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 1464-1471 (2008).

2007 (4)

P.-F. Cai, C.-Z. Sun, B. Xiong, J. Wang, M.-J. Zhang, J.-M. Xu, Z.-Z. Liu, J. Huang, Y. Luo, "40 Gb/s AlGaInAs electroabsorption modulated laser module based on identical epitaxial layer scheme," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46, L664-L666 (2007).

N. H. Zhu, G. H. Hou, H. P. Huang, G. Z. Xu, T. Zhang, Y. Liu, H. L. Zhu, L. J. Zhao, W. Wang, "Electrical and optical coupling in an electroabsorption modulator integrated with a DFB laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 535-544 (2007).

J.-S. Choe, Y.-H. Kwon, J.-S. Sim, S.-B. Kim, "40 Gbps electroabsorption modulated DFB laser with tilted facet formed by dry etching," Semiconductor Science Technol. 22, 802-805 (2007).

J. W. Raring, L. A. Johansson, E. J. Skogen, M. N. Sysak, H. N. Poulsen, S. P. DenBaars, L. A. Coldren, "40-Gb/s widely tunable low-drive-voltage electroabsorption-modulated transmitters," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 239-248 (2007).

2006 (3)

B. K. Saravanan, T. Wenger, C. Hanke, P. Gerlach, M. Peschke, R. Macaluso, "Wide temperature operation of 40-Gb/s 1550-nm electroabsorption modulated lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 862-864 (2006).

Y. Luo, B. Xiong, J. Wang, P. Cai, C. Sun, "40 GHz AlGaInAs multiple-quantum-well integrated electroabsorption modulator/distributed feedback laser based on identical epitaxial layer scheme," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, L1071-L1073 (2006).

J. Wang, B. Xiong, P.-F. Cai, J.-B. Tian, C.-Z. Sun, Y. Luo, "Novel planar electrode structure for high-speed ($>40$ GHz) electroabsorption modulators," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, L1209-L1211 (2006).

2005 (1)

B. H. Park, I. Kim, B.-K. Kang, Y.-D. Bae, S.-M. Lee, Y. H. Kim, D.-H. Jang, T.-I. Kim, "Investigation of optical feedback in high-speed electroabsorption modulated lasers with a window region," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 777-779 (2005).

2002 (1)

R. A. Salvatore, R. T. Sahara, M. A. Bock, I. Libenzon, "Electroabsorption modulated laser for long transmission spans," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 464-476 (2002).

2001 (1)

H. Kawanishi, Y. Yamauchi, N. Mineo, Y. Shibuya, H. Murai, K. Yamada, H. Wada, "EAM-integrated DFB laser modules with more than 40-GHz bandwidth," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 954-956 (2001).

2000 (1)

Y. Kim, H. Lee, J. Lee, J. Han, T. W. Oh, J. Jeong, "Chirp characteristics of 10-Gb/s electroabsorption modulator integrated DFB lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 900-908 (2000).

1997 (1)

M. Aoki, S. Takashima, Y. Fujiwara, S. Aoki, "New transmission simulation of EA-modulator integrated DFB-lasers considering the facet reflection-induced chirp," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 380-382 (1997).

1995 (1)

M. Yamaguchi, T. Kato, T. Sasaki, K. Komatsu, M. Kitamura, "Requirements for modulator-integrated DFB LD's for penalty-free 2.5-Gb/s transmission," J. Lightw. Technol. 13, 1948-1954 (1995).

1994 (1)

X. Li, W.-P. Huang, "Analysis of frequency chirp in DFB lasers integrated with external modulator," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2756-2766 (1994).

1992 (1)

J.-I. Hashimoto, Y. Nakano, K. Tada, "Influence of facet reflection on the performance of a DFB laser integrated with an optical amplifier/modulator," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 594-603 (1992).

1988 (1)

M. Suzuki, H. Tanaka, S. Akiba, Y. Kushiro, "Electrical and optical interactions between integrated InGaAsP/InP DFB lasers and electroabsorption modulators," J. Lightw. Technol. 6, 779-785 (1988).

1983 (1)

I. P. Kaminow, G. Eisenstein, L. W. Stulz, "Measurement of the modal reflectivity of an antireflection coating on a superluminescent diode," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 493-495 (1983).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (6)

R. A. Salvatore, R. T. Sahara, M. A. Bock, I. Libenzon, "Electroabsorption modulated laser for long transmission spans," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 464-476 (2002).

Y. Kim, H. Lee, J. Lee, J. Han, T. W. Oh, J. Jeong, "Chirp characteristics of 10-Gb/s electroabsorption modulator integrated DFB lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 900-908 (2000).

X. Li, W.-P. Huang, "Analysis of frequency chirp in DFB lasers integrated with external modulator," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2756-2766 (1994).

N. H. Zhu, G. H. Hou, H. P. Huang, G. Z. Xu, T. Zhang, Y. Liu, H. L. Zhu, L. J. Zhao, W. Wang, "Electrical and optical coupling in an electroabsorption modulator integrated with a DFB laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 535-544 (2007).

J.-I. Hashimoto, Y. Nakano, K. Tada, "Influence of facet reflection on the performance of a DFB laser integrated with an optical amplifier/modulator," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 594-603 (1992).

I. P. Kaminow, G. Eisenstein, L. W. Stulz, "Measurement of the modal reflectivity of an antireflection coating on a superluminescent diode," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 493-495 (1983).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

B. H. Park, I. Kim, B.-K. Kang, Y.-D. Bae, S.-M. Lee, Y. H. Kim, D.-H. Jang, T.-I. Kim, "Investigation of optical feedback in high-speed electroabsorption modulated lasers with a window region," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 777-779 (2005).

M. Aoki, S. Takashima, Y. Fujiwara, S. Aoki, "New transmission simulation of EA-modulator integrated DFB-lasers considering the facet reflection-induced chirp," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 380-382 (1997).

B. K. Saravanan, T. Wenger, C. Hanke, P. Gerlach, M. Peschke, R. Macaluso, "Wide temperature operation of 40-Gb/s 1550-nm electroabsorption modulated lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 862-864 (2006).

H. Kawanishi, Y. Yamauchi, N. Mineo, Y. Shibuya, H. Murai, K. Yamada, H. Wada, "EAM-integrated DFB laser modules with more than 40-GHz bandwidth," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 954-956 (2001).

J. Lightw. Technol. (4)

J. W. Raring, L. A. Johansson, E. J. Skogen, M. N. Sysak, H. N. Poulsen, S. P. DenBaars, L. A. Coldren, "40-Gb/s widely tunable low-drive-voltage electroabsorption-modulated transmitters," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 239-248 (2007).

M. Yamaguchi, T. Kato, T. Sasaki, K. Komatsu, M. Kitamura, "Requirements for modulator-integrated DFB LD's for penalty-free 2.5-Gb/s transmission," J. Lightw. Technol. 13, 1948-1954 (1995).

M. Suzuki, H. Tanaka, S. Akiba, Y. Kushiro, "Electrical and optical interactions between integrated InGaAsP/InP DFB lasers and electroabsorption modulators," J. Lightw. Technol. 6, 779-785 (1988).

C. Sun, B. Xiong, J. Wang, P. Cai, J. Xu, J. Huang, H. Yuan, Q. Zhou, Y. Luo, "Fabrication and packaging of 40 Gb/s AlGaInAs multiple-quantum-well electroabsorption modulated lasers based on identical epitaxial layer scheme," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 1464-1471 (2008).

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (3)

J. Wang, B. Xiong, P.-F. Cai, J.-B. Tian, C.-Z. Sun, Y. Luo, "Novel planar electrode structure for high-speed ($>40$ GHz) electroabsorption modulators," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, L1209-L1211 (2006).

P.-F. Cai, C.-Z. Sun, B. Xiong, J. Wang, M.-J. Zhang, J.-M. Xu, Z.-Z. Liu, J. Huang, Y. Luo, "40 Gb/s AlGaInAs electroabsorption modulated laser module based on identical epitaxial layer scheme," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46, L664-L666 (2007).

Y. Luo, B. Xiong, J. Wang, P. Cai, C. Sun, "40 GHz AlGaInAs multiple-quantum-well integrated electroabsorption modulator/distributed feedback laser based on identical epitaxial layer scheme," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, L1071-L1073 (2006).

Semiconductor Science Technol. (1)

J.-S. Choe, Y.-H. Kwon, J.-S. Sim, S.-B. Kim, "40 Gbps electroabsorption modulated DFB laser with tilted facet formed by dry etching," Semiconductor Science Technol. 22, 802-805 (2007).

Other (4)

A. Garreau, M.-C. Cuisin, J.-G. Provost, F. Jorge, A. Konczykowska, C. Jany, J. Decobert, O. Drisse, F. Blache, D. Carpentier, E. Derouin, F. Martin, N. Lagay, J. Landreau, C. Kazmierski, "Wide temperature range operation at 43 Gbit/s of 1.55 $\mu$m InGaAlAs electroabsorption modulated laser with single active layer," Proc. Int. Conf. Indium Phosphide Relat. Mater. (2007) pp. 358-360.

S. Makino, H. Arimoto, T. Kitatani, K. Shinoda, T. Tsuchiya, M. Aoki, N. Sasada, K. Uchida, K. Naoe, K. Uomi, "1 550-nm uncooled EA-modulator and EA/DFB for 10/40-Gbit/s low-power-consumption transceivers," Proc. 18th Annual Meeting IEEE Lasers Electro-Optics Soc. (2005) pp. 333-334.

H. Feng, T. Makino, S. Ogita, H. Maruyama, M. Kondo, "40 Gb/s electro-absorption-modulator-integrated DFB laser with optimized design," Proc. Optical Fiber Commun. (OFC) (2002) pp. 340-341.

S. Kaneko, H. Itamoto, T. Miyahara, T. Hatta, "Impact of package resonance on eye diagram in high-speed optical modules," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (2001) pp. 402-403.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.