Abstract

We report simulations and experimental results on the incidence-angle dependence of the optical reflectivity of asymmetric dielectric–metal–dielectric planar structures. Transfer-matrix method and 2-D finite-element analysis revealed the presence of multiple resonances that were attributed to the surface plasmon (SP) polariton mode at the metal–dielectric interfaces and guided-wave polariton modes within the asymmetric dielectric–metal–dielectric waveguide. The number of guided-wave polariton resonances scale with the thickness of the dielectric guiding layer while the SP resonance remained essentially unaltered. These findings were validated through reflectivity measurements on sapphire–metal–polymer structures.

© 2009 IEEE

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  1. R. Zia, M. Selker, P. Catrysse, M. Brongersma, "Geometries and materials for subwavelength surface plasmon modes," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 21, 2442-2446 (2004).
  2. S. Maier, "Plasmonics—Towards subwavelength optical devices," Curr. Nanosci. 1, -22 (2005).
  3. T. Rindzevicius, Y. Alaverdyan, A. Dahlin, F. Hook, D. Sytherland, M. Kall, "Plasmonic sensing characteristics of single nanometric holes," Nanoletters 5, 2335-2339 (2005).
  4. J. Homola, H. Vaisocherová, J. Dostálek, M. Piliarik, "Multi-analyte surface plasmon resonance biosensing," Methods 37, 26-36 (2005).
  5. K. Choi, H. Kim, Y. Lim, S. Kim, B. Lee, "Analytic design and visualization of multiple surface plasmon resonance excitation using angular spectrum decomposition for a Gaussian input beam," Opt. Exp. 13, 8866-8874 (2006).
  6. T. Zacher, E. Wischerhoff, "Real-time two-wavelength surface plasmon resonance a tool for the vertical resolution of binding processes in biosensing hydrogels," Langmuir 18, 1748-1759 (2002).
  7. J. J. Chyou, C. S. Chu, Z. H. Shih, C. Y. Lin, S. J. Chen, C. F. Shu, "Fabrication and metrology of an electro-optic polymer light modulator based on waveguide-coupled surface plasmon resonance," Opt. Eng. 44, 1-7 (2005).
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  10. M. S. Tomas, Z. Lenac, "Coupled surface polariton with guided wave polariton modes in asymmetric metal clad dielectric waveguides," Opt. Commun. 55, 267-270 (1985).
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  12. F. Y. Kou, T. Tamir, "Range extension of surface plasmons by dielectric layers," Opt. Lett. 12, 367-369 (1987).
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  14. E. Anemogiannis, E. Glytsis, T. Gaylord, "Determination of guided and leaky modes in lossless and lossy planar multilayer optical waveguides: Reflection pole method and wavevector density method," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 929-941 (1999).
  15. J. Guo, R. Adato, "Extended long range plasmon waves in finite thickness metal film and layered dielectric materials," Opt. Exp. 14, 12409-12418 (2006).
  16. J. Guo, R. Adato, "Control of 2-D plasmon-polariton mode with dielectric nanolayers," Opt. Exp. 16, 1232-1237 (2008).
  17. H. Li, Z. Cao, H. Lu, Q. Shen, "Free-space coupling of a light beam into a symmetrical metal-cladding optical waveguide," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2757-2759 (2003).
  18. A. V. Zayats, I. I. Smolyaninov, A. A. Maradudin, "Nano-optics of surface plasmon polaritons," Phys. Rep. 408, 131-314 (2005).
  19. M. P. Nezhad, K. Tetz, Y. Fainman, "Gain assisted propagation of surface plasmon polaritons on planar metallic waveguides," Opt. Exp. 12, 4072-4079 (2004).
  20. J. Chilwell, I. Hodgkinson, "Thin-films field-transfer matrix theory of planar multilayer waveguides and reflection from prism-loaded waveguides," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 1, 742-753 (1984).
  21. O. S. Heavens, Optical Properties of Thin Solid Films (Dover, 1955).
  22. H. Raether, Surface Plasmons on Smooth and Rough Surfaces and on Gratings (Springer-Verlag, 1988).
  23. V. V. Vlasov, A. Rydth, J. Pearson, U. Welp, "Spectroscopy of surface plasmons in metal films with nanostructures," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 173112:1-173112:3 (2006).

2008 (1)

J. Guo, R. Adato, "Control of 2-D plasmon-polariton mode with dielectric nanolayers," Opt. Exp. 16, 1232-1237 (2008).

2006 (3)

J. Guo, R. Adato, "Extended long range plasmon waves in finite thickness metal film and layered dielectric materials," Opt. Exp. 14, 12409-12418 (2006).

K. Choi, H. Kim, Y. Lim, S. Kim, B. Lee, "Analytic design and visualization of multiple surface plasmon resonance excitation using angular spectrum decomposition for a Gaussian input beam," Opt. Exp. 13, 8866-8874 (2006).

V. V. Vlasov, A. Rydth, J. Pearson, U. Welp, "Spectroscopy of surface plasmons in metal films with nanostructures," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 173112:1-173112:3 (2006).

2005 (5)

A. V. Zayats, I. I. Smolyaninov, A. A. Maradudin, "Nano-optics of surface plasmon polaritons," Phys. Rep. 408, 131-314 (2005).

S. Maier, "Plasmonics—Towards subwavelength optical devices," Curr. Nanosci. 1, -22 (2005).

T. Rindzevicius, Y. Alaverdyan, A. Dahlin, F. Hook, D. Sytherland, M. Kall, "Plasmonic sensing characteristics of single nanometric holes," Nanoletters 5, 2335-2339 (2005).

J. Homola, H. Vaisocherová, J. Dostálek, M. Piliarik, "Multi-analyte surface plasmon resonance biosensing," Methods 37, 26-36 (2005).

J. J. Chyou, C. S. Chu, Z. H. Shih, C. Y. Lin, S. J. Chen, C. F. Shu, "Fabrication and metrology of an electro-optic polymer light modulator based on waveguide-coupled surface plasmon resonance," Opt. Eng. 44, 1-7 (2005).

2004 (2)

R. Zia, M. Selker, P. Catrysse, M. Brongersma, "Geometries and materials for subwavelength surface plasmon modes," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 21, 2442-2446 (2004).

M. P. Nezhad, K. Tetz, Y. Fainman, "Gain assisted propagation of surface plasmon polaritons on planar metallic waveguides," Opt. Exp. 12, 4072-4079 (2004).

2003 (1)

H. Li, Z. Cao, H. Lu, Q. Shen, "Free-space coupling of a light beam into a symmetrical metal-cladding optical waveguide," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2757-2759 (2003).

2002 (1)

T. Zacher, E. Wischerhoff, "Real-time two-wavelength surface plasmon resonance a tool for the vertical resolution of binding processes in biosensing hydrogels," Langmuir 18, 1748-1759 (2002).

1999 (1)

E. Anemogiannis, E. Glytsis, T. Gaylord, "Determination of guided and leaky modes in lossless and lossy planar multilayer optical waveguides: Reflection pole method and wavevector density method," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 929-941 (1999).

1987 (1)

1986 (2)

F. Yang, Z. Cao, L. Ruan, J. Fang, "Long-range surface modes of metal–clad four-layer waveguides," Appl. Opt. 25, 3903-3908 (1986).

J. J. Burke, G. I. Stegeman, T. Tamir, "Surface-polariton-like waves guided by thin, lossy metal films," Phys. Rev. B, Condens. Matter 33, 5186-5201 (1986).

1985 (1)

M. S. Tomas, Z. Lenac, "Coupled surface polariton with guided wave polariton modes in asymmetric metal clad dielectric waveguides," Opt. Commun. 55, 267-270 (1985).

1984 (1)

J. Chilwell, I. Hodgkinson, "Thin-films field-transfer matrix theory of planar multilayer waveguides and reflection from prism-loaded waveguides," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 1, 742-753 (1984).

1975 (1)

Y. Yamamoto, T. Kamiya, H. Yanai, "Characteristics of optical guided modes in multilayer metal–clad planar optical guide with low-index dielectric buffer layer," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 11, 729-736 (1975).

1969 (1)

E. N. Economou, "Surface plasmons in thin films," Phys. Rev. 182, 539-554 (1969).

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

H. Li, Z. Cao, H. Lu, Q. Shen, "Free-space coupling of a light beam into a symmetrical metal-cladding optical waveguide," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2757-2759 (2003).

V. V. Vlasov, A. Rydth, J. Pearson, U. Welp, "Spectroscopy of surface plasmons in metal films with nanostructures," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 173112:1-173112:3 (2006).

Curr. Nanosci. (1)

S. Maier, "Plasmonics—Towards subwavelength optical devices," Curr. Nanosci. 1, -22 (2005).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

Y. Yamamoto, T. Kamiya, H. Yanai, "Characteristics of optical guided modes in multilayer metal–clad planar optical guide with low-index dielectric buffer layer," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 11, 729-736 (1975).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

E. Anemogiannis, E. Glytsis, T. Gaylord, "Determination of guided and leaky modes in lossless and lossy planar multilayer optical waveguides: Reflection pole method and wavevector density method," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 929-941 (1999).

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A (2)

R. Zia, M. Selker, P. Catrysse, M. Brongersma, "Geometries and materials for subwavelength surface plasmon modes," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 21, 2442-2446 (2004).

J. Chilwell, I. Hodgkinson, "Thin-films field-transfer matrix theory of planar multilayer waveguides and reflection from prism-loaded waveguides," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 1, 742-753 (1984).

Langmuir (1)

T. Zacher, E. Wischerhoff, "Real-time two-wavelength surface plasmon resonance a tool for the vertical resolution of binding processes in biosensing hydrogels," Langmuir 18, 1748-1759 (2002).

Methods (1)

J. Homola, H. Vaisocherová, J. Dostálek, M. Piliarik, "Multi-analyte surface plasmon resonance biosensing," Methods 37, 26-36 (2005).

Nanoletters (1)

T. Rindzevicius, Y. Alaverdyan, A. Dahlin, F. Hook, D. Sytherland, M. Kall, "Plasmonic sensing characteristics of single nanometric holes," Nanoletters 5, 2335-2339 (2005).

Opt. Commun. (1)

M. S. Tomas, Z. Lenac, "Coupled surface polariton with guided wave polariton modes in asymmetric metal clad dielectric waveguides," Opt. Commun. 55, 267-270 (1985).

Opt. Eng. (1)

J. J. Chyou, C. S. Chu, Z. H. Shih, C. Y. Lin, S. J. Chen, C. F. Shu, "Fabrication and metrology of an electro-optic polymer light modulator based on waveguide-coupled surface plasmon resonance," Opt. Eng. 44, 1-7 (2005).

Opt. Exp. (4)

K. Choi, H. Kim, Y. Lim, S. Kim, B. Lee, "Analytic design and visualization of multiple surface plasmon resonance excitation using angular spectrum decomposition for a Gaussian input beam," Opt. Exp. 13, 8866-8874 (2006).

J. Guo, R. Adato, "Extended long range plasmon waves in finite thickness metal film and layered dielectric materials," Opt. Exp. 14, 12409-12418 (2006).

J. Guo, R. Adato, "Control of 2-D plasmon-polariton mode with dielectric nanolayers," Opt. Exp. 16, 1232-1237 (2008).

M. P. Nezhad, K. Tetz, Y. Fainman, "Gain assisted propagation of surface plasmon polaritons on planar metallic waveguides," Opt. Exp. 12, 4072-4079 (2004).

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rep. (1)

A. V. Zayats, I. I. Smolyaninov, A. A. Maradudin, "Nano-optics of surface plasmon polaritons," Phys. Rep. 408, 131-314 (2005).

Phys. Rev. (1)

E. N. Economou, "Surface plasmons in thin films," Phys. Rev. 182, 539-554 (1969).

Phys. Rev. B, Condens. Matter (1)

J. J. Burke, G. I. Stegeman, T. Tamir, "Surface-polariton-like waves guided by thin, lossy metal films," Phys. Rev. B, Condens. Matter 33, 5186-5201 (1986).

Other (2)

O. S. Heavens, Optical Properties of Thin Solid Films (Dover, 1955).

H. Raether, Surface Plasmons on Smooth and Rough Surfaces and on Gratings (Springer-Verlag, 1988).

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