Abstract

We report simulations and experimental results on the incidence-angle dependence of the optical reflectivity of asymmetric dielectric–metal–dielectric planar structures. Transfer-matrix method and 2-D finite-element analysis revealed the presence of multiple resonances that were attributed to the surface plasmon (SP) polariton mode at the metal–dielectric interfaces and guided-wave polariton modes within the asymmetric dielectric–metal–dielectric waveguide. The number of guided-wave polariton resonances scale with the thickness of the dielectric guiding layer while the SP resonance remained essentially unaltered. These findings were validated through reflectivity measurements on sapphire–metal–polymer structures.

© 2009 IEEE

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  1. R. Zia, M. Selker, P. Catrysse, M. Brongersma, "Geometries and materials for subwavelength surface plasmon modes," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 21, 2442-2446 (2004).
  2. S. Maier, "Plasmonics—Towards subwavelength optical devices," Curr. Nanosci. 1, -22 (2005).
  3. T. Rindzevicius, Y. Alaverdyan, A. Dahlin, F. Hook, D. Sytherland, M. Kall, "Plasmonic sensing characteristics of single nanometric holes," Nanoletters 5, 2335-2339 (2005).
  4. J. Homola, H. Vaisocherová, J. Dostálek, M. Piliarik, "Multi-analyte surface plasmon resonance biosensing," Methods 37, 26-36 (2005).
  5. K. Choi, H. Kim, Y. Lim, S. Kim, B. Lee, "Analytic design and visualization of multiple surface plasmon resonance excitation using angular spectrum decomposition for a Gaussian input beam," Opt. Exp. 13, 8866-8874 (2006).
  6. T. Zacher, E. Wischerhoff, "Real-time two-wavelength surface plasmon resonance a tool for the vertical resolution of binding processes in biosensing hydrogels," Langmuir 18, 1748-1759 (2002).
  7. J. J. Chyou, C. S. Chu, Z. H. Shih, C. Y. Lin, S. J. Chen, C. F. Shu, "Fabrication and metrology of an electro-optic polymer light modulator based on waveguide-coupled surface plasmon resonance," Opt. Eng. 44, 1-7 (2005).
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  10. M. S. Tomas, Z. Lenac, "Coupled surface polariton with guided wave polariton modes in asymmetric metal clad dielectric waveguides," Opt. Commun. 55, 267-270 (1985).
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  12. F. Y. Kou, T. Tamir, "Range extension of surface plasmons by dielectric layers," Opt. Lett. 12, 367-369 (1987).
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  14. E. Anemogiannis, E. Glytsis, T. Gaylord, "Determination of guided and leaky modes in lossless and lossy planar multilayer optical waveguides: Reflection pole method and wavevector density method," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 929-941 (1999).
  15. J. Guo, R. Adato, "Extended long range plasmon waves in finite thickness metal film and layered dielectric materials," Opt. Exp. 14, 12409-12418 (2006).
  16. J. Guo, R. Adato, "Control of 2-D plasmon-polariton mode with dielectric nanolayers," Opt. Exp. 16, 1232-1237 (2008).
  17. H. Li, Z. Cao, H. Lu, Q. Shen, "Free-space coupling of a light beam into a symmetrical metal-cladding optical waveguide," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2757-2759 (2003).
  18. A. V. Zayats, I. I. Smolyaninov, A. A. Maradudin, "Nano-optics of surface plasmon polaritons," Phys. Rep. 408, 131-314 (2005).
  19. M. P. Nezhad, K. Tetz, Y. Fainman, "Gain assisted propagation of surface plasmon polaritons on planar metallic waveguides," Opt. Exp. 12, 4072-4079 (2004).
  20. J. Chilwell, I. Hodgkinson, "Thin-films field-transfer matrix theory of planar multilayer waveguides and reflection from prism-loaded waveguides," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 1, 742-753 (1984).
  21. O. S. Heavens, Optical Properties of Thin Solid Films (Dover, 1955).
  22. H. Raether, Surface Plasmons on Smooth and Rough Surfaces and on Gratings (Springer-Verlag, 1988).
  23. V. V. Vlasov, A. Rydth, J. Pearson, U. Welp, "Spectroscopy of surface plasmons in metal films with nanostructures," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 173112:1-173112:3 (2006).

2008 (1)

J. Guo, R. Adato, "Control of 2-D plasmon-polariton mode with dielectric nanolayers," Opt. Exp. 16, 1232-1237 (2008).

2006 (3)

J. Guo, R. Adato, "Extended long range plasmon waves in finite thickness metal film and layered dielectric materials," Opt. Exp. 14, 12409-12418 (2006).

K. Choi, H. Kim, Y. Lim, S. Kim, B. Lee, "Analytic design and visualization of multiple surface plasmon resonance excitation using angular spectrum decomposition for a Gaussian input beam," Opt. Exp. 13, 8866-8874 (2006).

V. V. Vlasov, A. Rydth, J. Pearson, U. Welp, "Spectroscopy of surface plasmons in metal films with nanostructures," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 173112:1-173112:3 (2006).

2005 (5)

S. Maier, "Plasmonics—Towards subwavelength optical devices," Curr. Nanosci. 1, -22 (2005).

T. Rindzevicius, Y. Alaverdyan, A. Dahlin, F. Hook, D. Sytherland, M. Kall, "Plasmonic sensing characteristics of single nanometric holes," Nanoletters 5, 2335-2339 (2005).

J. Homola, H. Vaisocherová, J. Dostálek, M. Piliarik, "Multi-analyte surface plasmon resonance biosensing," Methods 37, 26-36 (2005).

J. J. Chyou, C. S. Chu, Z. H. Shih, C. Y. Lin, S. J. Chen, C. F. Shu, "Fabrication and metrology of an electro-optic polymer light modulator based on waveguide-coupled surface plasmon resonance," Opt. Eng. 44, 1-7 (2005).

A. V. Zayats, I. I. Smolyaninov, A. A. Maradudin, "Nano-optics of surface plasmon polaritons," Phys. Rep. 408, 131-314 (2005).

2004 (2)

M. P. Nezhad, K. Tetz, Y. Fainman, "Gain assisted propagation of surface plasmon polaritons on planar metallic waveguides," Opt. Exp. 12, 4072-4079 (2004).

R. Zia, M. Selker, P. Catrysse, M. Brongersma, "Geometries and materials for subwavelength surface plasmon modes," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 21, 2442-2446 (2004).

2003 (1)

H. Li, Z. Cao, H. Lu, Q. Shen, "Free-space coupling of a light beam into a symmetrical metal-cladding optical waveguide," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2757-2759 (2003).

2002 (1)

T. Zacher, E. Wischerhoff, "Real-time two-wavelength surface plasmon resonance a tool for the vertical resolution of binding processes in biosensing hydrogels," Langmuir 18, 1748-1759 (2002).

1999 (1)

E. Anemogiannis, E. Glytsis, T. Gaylord, "Determination of guided and leaky modes in lossless and lossy planar multilayer optical waveguides: Reflection pole method and wavevector density method," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 929-941 (1999).

1987 (1)

1986 (2)

F. Yang, Z. Cao, L. Ruan, J. Fang, "Long-range surface modes of metal–clad four-layer waveguides," Appl. Opt. 25, 3903-3908 (1986).

J. J. Burke, G. I. Stegeman, T. Tamir, "Surface-polariton-like waves guided by thin, lossy metal films," Phys. Rev. B, Condens. Matter 33, 5186-5201 (1986).

1985 (1)

M. S. Tomas, Z. Lenac, "Coupled surface polariton with guided wave polariton modes in asymmetric metal clad dielectric waveguides," Opt. Commun. 55, 267-270 (1985).

1984 (1)

J. Chilwell, I. Hodgkinson, "Thin-films field-transfer matrix theory of planar multilayer waveguides and reflection from prism-loaded waveguides," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 1, 742-753 (1984).

1975 (1)

Y. Yamamoto, T. Kamiya, H. Yanai, "Characteristics of optical guided modes in multilayer metal–clad planar optical guide with low-index dielectric buffer layer," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 11, 729-736 (1975).

1969 (1)

E. N. Economou, "Surface plasmons in thin films," Phys. Rev. 182, 539-554 (1969).

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

V. V. Vlasov, A. Rydth, J. Pearson, U. Welp, "Spectroscopy of surface plasmons in metal films with nanostructures," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 173112:1-173112:3 (2006).

H. Li, Z. Cao, H. Lu, Q. Shen, "Free-space coupling of a light beam into a symmetrical metal-cladding optical waveguide," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2757-2759 (2003).

Curr. Nanosci. (1)

S. Maier, "Plasmonics—Towards subwavelength optical devices," Curr. Nanosci. 1, -22 (2005).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

Y. Yamamoto, T. Kamiya, H. Yanai, "Characteristics of optical guided modes in multilayer metal–clad planar optical guide with low-index dielectric buffer layer," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 11, 729-736 (1975).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

E. Anemogiannis, E. Glytsis, T. Gaylord, "Determination of guided and leaky modes in lossless and lossy planar multilayer optical waveguides: Reflection pole method and wavevector density method," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 929-941 (1999).

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A (2)

R. Zia, M. Selker, P. Catrysse, M. Brongersma, "Geometries and materials for subwavelength surface plasmon modes," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 21, 2442-2446 (2004).

J. Chilwell, I. Hodgkinson, "Thin-films field-transfer matrix theory of planar multilayer waveguides and reflection from prism-loaded waveguides," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 1, 742-753 (1984).

Langmuir (1)

T. Zacher, E. Wischerhoff, "Real-time two-wavelength surface plasmon resonance a tool for the vertical resolution of binding processes in biosensing hydrogels," Langmuir 18, 1748-1759 (2002).

Methods (1)

J. Homola, H. Vaisocherová, J. Dostálek, M. Piliarik, "Multi-analyte surface plasmon resonance biosensing," Methods 37, 26-36 (2005).

Nanoletters (1)

T. Rindzevicius, Y. Alaverdyan, A. Dahlin, F. Hook, D. Sytherland, M. Kall, "Plasmonic sensing characteristics of single nanometric holes," Nanoletters 5, 2335-2339 (2005).

Opt. Commun. (1)

M. S. Tomas, Z. Lenac, "Coupled surface polariton with guided wave polariton modes in asymmetric metal clad dielectric waveguides," Opt. Commun. 55, 267-270 (1985).

Opt. Eng. (1)

J. J. Chyou, C. S. Chu, Z. H. Shih, C. Y. Lin, S. J. Chen, C. F. Shu, "Fabrication and metrology of an electro-optic polymer light modulator based on waveguide-coupled surface plasmon resonance," Opt. Eng. 44, 1-7 (2005).

Opt. Exp. (4)

K. Choi, H. Kim, Y. Lim, S. Kim, B. Lee, "Analytic design and visualization of multiple surface plasmon resonance excitation using angular spectrum decomposition for a Gaussian input beam," Opt. Exp. 13, 8866-8874 (2006).

M. P. Nezhad, K. Tetz, Y. Fainman, "Gain assisted propagation of surface plasmon polaritons on planar metallic waveguides," Opt. Exp. 12, 4072-4079 (2004).

J. Guo, R. Adato, "Extended long range plasmon waves in finite thickness metal film and layered dielectric materials," Opt. Exp. 14, 12409-12418 (2006).

J. Guo, R. Adato, "Control of 2-D plasmon-polariton mode with dielectric nanolayers," Opt. Exp. 16, 1232-1237 (2008).

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rep. (1)

A. V. Zayats, I. I. Smolyaninov, A. A. Maradudin, "Nano-optics of surface plasmon polaritons," Phys. Rep. 408, 131-314 (2005).

Phys. Rev. (1)

E. N. Economou, "Surface plasmons in thin films," Phys. Rev. 182, 539-554 (1969).

Phys. Rev. B, Condens. Matter (1)

J. J. Burke, G. I. Stegeman, T. Tamir, "Surface-polariton-like waves guided by thin, lossy metal films," Phys. Rev. B, Condens. Matter 33, 5186-5201 (1986).

Other (2)

O. S. Heavens, Optical Properties of Thin Solid Films (Dover, 1955).

H. Raether, Surface Plasmons on Smooth and Rough Surfaces and on Gratings (Springer-Verlag, 1988).

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