Abstract

We investigate the wavelength multicast performance of a 20 Gb/s (Gigabit per second) orthogonally modulated ASK–differential phase-shift keying (DPSK) signal. The multicast is achieved using four-wave mixing in a 32 cm highly nonlinear bismuth oxide fiber. Six multicast channels each operating at 20 Gb/s are obtained at a 200-GHz spacing, resulting in a 120 Gb/s throughput. Widely opened eye diagrams are obtained in the detection of both the ASK and DPSK components of the multicast channels. Bit error rate measurements have also been performed for both the amplitude and the phase of the signals. A power penalty of less than 3 dB is obtained in all the six multicast channels.

© 2009 IEEE

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  1. T. T. Lee, "Nonblocking copy networks for multicast packet switching," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 6, 1455-1467 (1988).
  2. R. K. Pankaj, "Wavelength requirements for multicasting in all-optical networks," IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 7, 414-424 (1999).
  3. W. Wang, L. G. Rau, D. J. Blumenthal, "160 Gb/s variable length packet/10 Gb/s-label all-optical label switching with wavelength conversion and unicast/multicast operation," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 211-218 (2005).
  4. C. H. Kwok, S. H. Lee, K. K. Chow, C. Shu, C. Lin, A. Bjarklev, "Polarization-insensitive all-optical wavelength multicasting by self phase-modulation in a photonic-crystal fiber," presented at the CLEO (2006).
  5. L. Rau, B.-E. Olsson, D. J. Blumenthal, "Wavelength multicasting using an ultra high-speed all-optical wavelength converter," Proc. OFC (2001) pp. WDD52-1-WDD52-4.
  6. J. L. Pleumeekers, J. Leuthold, M. Kauer, P. Bernasconi, C. A. Burrus, M. Cappuzzo, E. Chen, L. Gomez, E. Laskowski, "All-optical wavelength conversion and broadcasting to eight separate channels by a single semiconductor optical amplifier delay interferometer," presented at the OFC (2002).
  7. G. Contestabile, N. Calabretta, M. Presi, E. Ciaramella, "Single and multicast wavelength conversion at 40 Gb/s by means of fast nonlinear polarization switching in an SOA," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2652-2654 (2005).
  8. G. Contestabile, N. Calabretta, R. Proietti, E. Ciaramella, "Double-stage cross-gain modulation in SOAs: An effective technique for WDM multicasting," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 181-183 (2006).
  9. G. Contestabile, M. Presi, E. Ciaramella, "Multiple wavelength conversion for WDM multicasting by FWM in an SOA," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1775-1777 (2004).
  10. Y. Wang, C. Yu, T. Luo, L. Yan, Z. Pan, A. E. Willner, "Tunable all-optical wavelength conversion and wavelength multicasting using orthogonally polarized fiber FWM," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 3331-3338 (2005).
  11. K. K. Chow, C. Shu, "All-optical wavelength conversion with multicasting at 6$\, \times \,$10 Gbit/s using electroabsorption modulator," Electron. Lett. 39, 1395-1397 (2003).
  12. L. Xu, N. Chi, K. Yvind, L. Christiansen, L. Oxenløwe, J. Mørk, P. Jeppesen, J. Hanberg, "7–40 Gb/s base-rate RZ all-optical broadcasting utilizing an electroabsorption modulator," Opt. Exp. 12, 416-420 (2004).
  13. M. P. Fok, C. Shu, "Multi-pump four-wave mixing in a photonic crystal fiber for 6$\, \times \,$10 Gb/s wavelength multicasting of DPSK signals," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1166-1168 (2007).
  14. T. Tokle, M. Serbay, Y. Geng, J. B. Jensen, W. Rosenkranz, P. Jeppesen, "Penalty-free transmission of multilevel 240 Gbit/s RZ-DQPSK-ASK using only 40 Gbit/s equipment," Proc. ECOC (2005) pp. 11-12.
  15. M. Ohm, J. Speidel, "Quaternary optical ASK-DPSK and receivers with direct detection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 159-161 (2003).
  16. T. Tokle, Y. Geng, C. Peucheret, P. Jeppesen, "Wavelength conversion of 80 Gbit/s optical DQPSK using FWM in a highly non-linear fibre," Proc. CLEO/QELS (2005) pp. 1708-1710.
  17. M. P. Fok, C. Shu, D. J. Blumenthal, "40-Gb/s polarization multiplexed RZ-ASK-DPSK signal wavelength conversion using a 32-cm bismuth-oxide highly nonlinear fiber," presented at the CLEO/Europe-IQEC (2007).
  18. N. Chi, J. Zhang, P. V. Holm-Nielsen, C. Peucheret, P. Jeppesen, "Transmission and transparent wavelength conversion of an optically labelled signal using ASK/DPSK orthogonal modulation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 760-762 (2003).
  19. J. H. Lee, T. Tanemura, K. Kikuchi, T. Nagashima, T. Hasegawa, S. Ohara, N. Sugimoto, "Experimental comparison of a Kerr nonlinearity figure of merit including the stimulated Brillouin scattering threshold for state-of-the-art nonlinear optical fibers," Opt. Lett. 30, 1698-1700 (2005).
  20. N. Deng, C.-K. Chan, L.-K. Chen, "Characterization of the performance of optical amplitude-shift keying-differential phase-shift keying orthogonally modulated signals," Opt. Lett. 30, 818-820 (2005).
  21. C. W. Chow, H. K. Tsang, "Two-node demonstration of optical labeling using half-bit delayed dark RZ payload and DPSK label," Proc. LEOS (2005) pp. 296-297.

2007 (1)

M. P. Fok, C. Shu, "Multi-pump four-wave mixing in a photonic crystal fiber for 6$\, \times \,$10 Gb/s wavelength multicasting of DPSK signals," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1166-1168 (2007).

2006 (1)

G. Contestabile, N. Calabretta, R. Proietti, E. Ciaramella, "Double-stage cross-gain modulation in SOAs: An effective technique for WDM multicasting," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 181-183 (2006).

2005 (5)

Y. Wang, C. Yu, T. Luo, L. Yan, Z. Pan, A. E. Willner, "Tunable all-optical wavelength conversion and wavelength multicasting using orthogonally polarized fiber FWM," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 3331-3338 (2005).

W. Wang, L. G. Rau, D. J. Blumenthal, "160 Gb/s variable length packet/10 Gb/s-label all-optical label switching with wavelength conversion and unicast/multicast operation," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 211-218 (2005).

G. Contestabile, N. Calabretta, M. Presi, E. Ciaramella, "Single and multicast wavelength conversion at 40 Gb/s by means of fast nonlinear polarization switching in an SOA," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2652-2654 (2005).

J. H. Lee, T. Tanemura, K. Kikuchi, T. Nagashima, T. Hasegawa, S. Ohara, N. Sugimoto, "Experimental comparison of a Kerr nonlinearity figure of merit including the stimulated Brillouin scattering threshold for state-of-the-art nonlinear optical fibers," Opt. Lett. 30, 1698-1700 (2005).

N. Deng, C.-K. Chan, L.-K. Chen, "Characterization of the performance of optical amplitude-shift keying-differential phase-shift keying orthogonally modulated signals," Opt. Lett. 30, 818-820 (2005).

2004 (2)

L. Xu, N. Chi, K. Yvind, L. Christiansen, L. Oxenløwe, J. Mørk, P. Jeppesen, J. Hanberg, "7–40 Gb/s base-rate RZ all-optical broadcasting utilizing an electroabsorption modulator," Opt. Exp. 12, 416-420 (2004).

G. Contestabile, M. Presi, E. Ciaramella, "Multiple wavelength conversion for WDM multicasting by FWM in an SOA," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1775-1777 (2004).

2003 (3)

K. K. Chow, C. Shu, "All-optical wavelength conversion with multicasting at 6$\, \times \,$10 Gbit/s using electroabsorption modulator," Electron. Lett. 39, 1395-1397 (2003).

M. Ohm, J. Speidel, "Quaternary optical ASK-DPSK and receivers with direct detection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 159-161 (2003).

N. Chi, J. Zhang, P. V. Holm-Nielsen, C. Peucheret, P. Jeppesen, "Transmission and transparent wavelength conversion of an optically labelled signal using ASK/DPSK orthogonal modulation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 760-762 (2003).

1999 (1)

R. K. Pankaj, "Wavelength requirements for multicasting in all-optical networks," IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 7, 414-424 (1999).

1988 (1)

T. T. Lee, "Nonblocking copy networks for multicast packet switching," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 6, 1455-1467 (1988).

Electron. Lett. (1)

K. K. Chow, C. Shu, "All-optical wavelength conversion with multicasting at 6$\, \times \,$10 Gbit/s using electroabsorption modulator," Electron. Lett. 39, 1395-1397 (2003).

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (1)

T. T. Lee, "Nonblocking copy networks for multicast packet switching," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 6, 1455-1467 (1988).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (6)

G. Contestabile, N. Calabretta, M. Presi, E. Ciaramella, "Single and multicast wavelength conversion at 40 Gb/s by means of fast nonlinear polarization switching in an SOA," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2652-2654 (2005).

G. Contestabile, N. Calabretta, R. Proietti, E. Ciaramella, "Double-stage cross-gain modulation in SOAs: An effective technique for WDM multicasting," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 181-183 (2006).

G. Contestabile, M. Presi, E. Ciaramella, "Multiple wavelength conversion for WDM multicasting by FWM in an SOA," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1775-1777 (2004).

M. P. Fok, C. Shu, "Multi-pump four-wave mixing in a photonic crystal fiber for 6$\, \times \,$10 Gb/s wavelength multicasting of DPSK signals," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1166-1168 (2007).

N. Chi, J. Zhang, P. V. Holm-Nielsen, C. Peucheret, P. Jeppesen, "Transmission and transparent wavelength conversion of an optically labelled signal using ASK/DPSK orthogonal modulation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 760-762 (2003).

M. Ohm, J. Speidel, "Quaternary optical ASK-DPSK and receivers with direct detection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 159-161 (2003).

IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. (1)

R. K. Pankaj, "Wavelength requirements for multicasting in all-optical networks," IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 7, 414-424 (1999).

J. Lightw. Technol. (2)

W. Wang, L. G. Rau, D. J. Blumenthal, "160 Gb/s variable length packet/10 Gb/s-label all-optical label switching with wavelength conversion and unicast/multicast operation," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 211-218 (2005).

Y. Wang, C. Yu, T. Luo, L. Yan, Z. Pan, A. E. Willner, "Tunable all-optical wavelength conversion and wavelength multicasting using orthogonally polarized fiber FWM," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 3331-3338 (2005).

Opt. Exp. (1)

L. Xu, N. Chi, K. Yvind, L. Christiansen, L. Oxenløwe, J. Mørk, P. Jeppesen, J. Hanberg, "7–40 Gb/s base-rate RZ all-optical broadcasting utilizing an electroabsorption modulator," Opt. Exp. 12, 416-420 (2004).

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (7)

C. W. Chow, H. K. Tsang, "Two-node demonstration of optical labeling using half-bit delayed dark RZ payload and DPSK label," Proc. LEOS (2005) pp. 296-297.

T. Tokle, M. Serbay, Y. Geng, J. B. Jensen, W. Rosenkranz, P. Jeppesen, "Penalty-free transmission of multilevel 240 Gbit/s RZ-DQPSK-ASK using only 40 Gbit/s equipment," Proc. ECOC (2005) pp. 11-12.

C. H. Kwok, S. H. Lee, K. K. Chow, C. Shu, C. Lin, A. Bjarklev, "Polarization-insensitive all-optical wavelength multicasting by self phase-modulation in a photonic-crystal fiber," presented at the CLEO (2006).

L. Rau, B.-E. Olsson, D. J. Blumenthal, "Wavelength multicasting using an ultra high-speed all-optical wavelength converter," Proc. OFC (2001) pp. WDD52-1-WDD52-4.

J. L. Pleumeekers, J. Leuthold, M. Kauer, P. Bernasconi, C. A. Burrus, M. Cappuzzo, E. Chen, L. Gomez, E. Laskowski, "All-optical wavelength conversion and broadcasting to eight separate channels by a single semiconductor optical amplifier delay interferometer," presented at the OFC (2002).

T. Tokle, Y. Geng, C. Peucheret, P. Jeppesen, "Wavelength conversion of 80 Gbit/s optical DQPSK using FWM in a highly non-linear fibre," Proc. CLEO/QELS (2005) pp. 1708-1710.

M. P. Fok, C. Shu, D. J. Blumenthal, "40-Gb/s polarization multiplexed RZ-ASK-DPSK signal wavelength conversion using a 32-cm bismuth-oxide highly nonlinear fiber," presented at the CLEO/Europe-IQEC (2007).

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