Abstract

Survivable passive network architectures based on interconnecting a small number of arrayed waveguide gratings (AWGs) have been described in prior work. Such networks are desirable for communication between a small number of users in environments that are susceptible to a high rate of failure and where providing power in the network core is difficult. In this paper, it is shown that these network designs can be improved if passive devices that have routing properties different from those of standard AWGs are considered. Devices with routing matrices represented by Latin squares and devices with more arbitrary routing patterns are considered here. This illustrates that developing the capability of manufacturing more general passive routing devices is a worthwhile goal.

© 2009 IEEE

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  1. J. M. Simmons, "Survivable passive optical networks based on arrayed waveguide grating architectures," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3658-3668 (2007).
  2. S. Alexander, "A precompetitive consortium on wideband all-optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 11, 714-735 (1993).
  3. R. Barry, P. Humblet, "On the number of wavelengths and switches in all-optical networks," IEEE Trans. Commun. 42, 583-591 (1994).
  4. I.-S. Joe, O. Solgaard, "Scalable optical switch fabric for avionic networks," Proc. Avionics Fiber-Optics and Photonics (2005) pp. 19-20.
  5. Y. Sakai, "Management system for full-mesh WDM AWG-star network," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (2001) pp. 264-265.
  6. O. Moriwaki, "Physically asymmetric star network with CWDM wavelength router," IEEE Commun. Lett. 11, 188-190 (2007).
  7. O. Moriwaki, "Loop-back AWG router with non-uniform transmission capacity," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun./Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. (2007).
  8. S. Kakehashi, "Waveband selective switch using concatenated AWGs," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (2007).
  9. S. Kakehashi, "Interleaved waveband MUX/DEMUX developed on single arrayed-waveguide grating," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun./Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. (2008).
  10. C. Dragone, "An ${N}\times{N}$ optical multiplexer using a planar arrangement of two star couplers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 812-815 (1991).
  11. B. D. McKay, "Small Latin squares, quasi-groups and loops," J. Combin. Designs 15, 98-119 (2007).
  12. R. Barry, P. Humblet, "Latin routers, design and implementation," J. Lightw. Technol. 11, 891-899 (1993).
  13. C. R. Doerr, L. W. Stulz, R. Pafchek, "Compact and low-loss integrated box-like passband multiplexer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 918-920 (2003).
  14. C. Dragone, "Low-loss wavelength routers for WDM optical networks and high-capacity IP routers," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 66-79 (2005).
  15. J. Hasegawa, K. Nara, "Low loss ($\sim$1.4 dB) 200 GHz-16 ch athermal AWG compact module for metro/access network," Opt. Fiber Commun. (OFC'05) (2005).
  16. J. M. Simmons, A. A. M. Saleh, Passive Protected Router Architectures (2008) www.monarchna.com/PassiveRouterProtArch.pdf.

2007 (3)

J. M. Simmons, "Survivable passive optical networks based on arrayed waveguide grating architectures," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3658-3668 (2007).

O. Moriwaki, "Physically asymmetric star network with CWDM wavelength router," IEEE Commun. Lett. 11, 188-190 (2007).

B. D. McKay, "Small Latin squares, quasi-groups and loops," J. Combin. Designs 15, 98-119 (2007).

2005 (1)

C. Dragone, "Low-loss wavelength routers for WDM optical networks and high-capacity IP routers," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 66-79 (2005).

2003 (1)

C. R. Doerr, L. W. Stulz, R. Pafchek, "Compact and low-loss integrated box-like passband multiplexer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 918-920 (2003).

1994 (1)

R. Barry, P. Humblet, "On the number of wavelengths and switches in all-optical networks," IEEE Trans. Commun. 42, 583-591 (1994).

1993 (2)

R. Barry, P. Humblet, "Latin routers, design and implementation," J. Lightw. Technol. 11, 891-899 (1993).

S. Alexander, "A precompetitive consortium on wideband all-optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 11, 714-735 (1993).

1991 (1)

C. Dragone, "An ${N}\times{N}$ optical multiplexer using a planar arrangement of two star couplers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 812-815 (1991).

IEEE Commun. Lett. (1)

O. Moriwaki, "Physically asymmetric star network with CWDM wavelength router," IEEE Commun. Lett. 11, 188-190 (2007).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

C. R. Doerr, L. W. Stulz, R. Pafchek, "Compact and low-loss integrated box-like passband multiplexer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 918-920 (2003).

C. Dragone, "An ${N}\times{N}$ optical multiplexer using a planar arrangement of two star couplers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 812-815 (1991).

IEEE Trans. Commun. (1)

R. Barry, P. Humblet, "On the number of wavelengths and switches in all-optical networks," IEEE Trans. Commun. 42, 583-591 (1994).

J. Combin. Designs (1)

B. D. McKay, "Small Latin squares, quasi-groups and loops," J. Combin. Designs 15, 98-119 (2007).

J. Lightw. Technol. (4)

R. Barry, P. Humblet, "Latin routers, design and implementation," J. Lightw. Technol. 11, 891-899 (1993).

C. Dragone, "Low-loss wavelength routers for WDM optical networks and high-capacity IP routers," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 66-79 (2005).

J. M. Simmons, "Survivable passive optical networks based on arrayed waveguide grating architectures," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3658-3668 (2007).

S. Alexander, "A precompetitive consortium on wideband all-optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 11, 714-735 (1993).

Other (7)

I.-S. Joe, O. Solgaard, "Scalable optical switch fabric for avionic networks," Proc. Avionics Fiber-Optics and Photonics (2005) pp. 19-20.

Y. Sakai, "Management system for full-mesh WDM AWG-star network," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (2001) pp. 264-265.

O. Moriwaki, "Loop-back AWG router with non-uniform transmission capacity," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun./Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. (2007).

S. Kakehashi, "Waveband selective switch using concatenated AWGs," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (2007).

S. Kakehashi, "Interleaved waveband MUX/DEMUX developed on single arrayed-waveguide grating," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun./Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. (2008).

J. Hasegawa, K. Nara, "Low loss ($\sim$1.4 dB) 200 GHz-16 ch athermal AWG compact module for metro/access network," Opt. Fiber Commun. (OFC'05) (2005).

J. M. Simmons, A. A. M. Saleh, Passive Protected Router Architectures (2008) www.monarchna.com/PassiveRouterProtArch.pdf.

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