Abstract

Effects of the incomplete signal exchange on the dynamic range performance of type II wavelength exchange (WE II, i.e. both pumps are in anomalous dispersion region) are investigated analytically and experimentally. The dynamic range here is defined as the tolerable operational range of the signal power to maintain a nearly complete WE performance. We studied the case of equal signal powers (balanced signal powers) as well as the case of unequal signal powers (imbalanced signal powers). It is demonstrated that the beating between exchanged signal and residual one and the extinction ratio degradation due to the existence of residual power at original channel is the major source of the signal quality degradation after WE II. The experimental results demonstrated dynamic range $\sim$17 dB with bit-error rate (BER) $<10^{-9}$ could be maintained with power penalty of $<$2 dB in the case of balanced signal powers. In the case of imbalanced signal powers, the dynamic range was $>$8 dB with the power penalty incurred of $\sim$2 dB in the worst case.

© 2009 IEEE

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2008 (2)

2007 (1)

R. W. L. Fung, H. K. Y. Cheung, K. K. Y. Wong, "Widely tunable wavelength exchange in anomalous-dispersion regime," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1846-1848 (2007).

2005 (1)

Q. Lin, R. Jiang, C. F. Marki, C. J. Mckinstrie, R. Jopson, J. Ford, G. P. Agrawal, S. Radic, "40-Gb/s optical switching and wavelength multicasting in a two-pump parametric device," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2376-2378 (2005).

2004 (2)

F. Yaman, Q. Lin, S. Radic, G. P. Agrawal, "Impact of dispersion fluctuations on dual-pump fiber-optic parametric amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1292-1294 (2004).

S. Radic, C. J. Mcknstrie, R. M. Jopson, A. H. Gnauck, J. C. Centanni, A. R. Chraplyvy, "Multiple-band bit-level switching in two-pump fiber parametric devices," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 852-854 (2004).

2003 (1)

K. K. Y. Wong, M. E. Marhic, K. Uesaka, L. G. Kazovsky, "Wavelength exchange: A novel function for optical networks," Inf. Sci. 161-169 (2003).

2002 (2)

K. Uesaka, K. K. Y. Wong, M. E. Marhic, L. G. Kazovsky, "Wavelength exchange in a highly nonlinear dispersion-shifted fiber: Theory and experiments," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 8, 560-568 (2002).

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, J. Li, P. O. Hedekvis, "Fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers and their applicaitons," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 8, 506-519 (2002).

1998 (1)

M. Karlsson, "Four-wave mixing in fibers with randomly varying zero-dispersion wavelength," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 15, 2269-2275 (1998).

1996 (1)

1991 (1)

G. Cappellini, S. Trillo, "Third-order three-wave mixing in single-mode fibers: Exact solutions and spatial instability effects," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 8, 824-838 (1991).

1989 (1)

Y. J. Chen, "Four-wave mixing in optical fibers: Exact solution," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 6, 1986-1993 (1989).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (2)

K. Uesaka, K. K. Y. Wong, M. E. Marhic, L. G. Kazovsky, "Wavelength exchange in a highly nonlinear dispersion-shifted fiber: Theory and experiments," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 8, 560-568 (2002).

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, J. Li, P. O. Hedekvis, "Fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers and their applicaitons," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 8, 506-519 (2002).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

F. Yaman, Q. Lin, S. Radic, G. P. Agrawal, "Impact of dispersion fluctuations on dual-pump fiber-optic parametric amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1292-1294 (2004).

R. W. L. Fung, H. K. Y. Cheung, K. K. Y. Wong, "Widely tunable wavelength exchange in anomalous-dispersion regime," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1846-1848 (2007).

S. Radic, C. J. Mcknstrie, R. M. Jopson, A. H. Gnauck, J. C. Centanni, A. R. Chraplyvy, "Multiple-band bit-level switching in two-pump fiber parametric devices," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 852-854 (2004).

Q. Lin, R. Jiang, C. F. Marki, C. J. Mckinstrie, R. Jopson, J. Ford, G. P. Agrawal, S. Radic, "40-Gb/s optical switching and wavelength multicasting in a two-pump parametric device," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2376-2378 (2005).

Inf. Sci. (1)

K. K. Y. Wong, M. E. Marhic, K. Uesaka, L. G. Kazovsky, "Wavelength exchange: A novel function for optical networks," Inf. Sci. 161-169 (2003).

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B (3)

M. Karlsson, "Four-wave mixing in fibers with randomly varying zero-dispersion wavelength," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 15, 2269-2275 (1998).

Y. J. Chen, "Four-wave mixing in optical fibers: Exact solution," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 6, 1986-1993 (1989).

G. Cappellini, S. Trillo, "Third-order three-wave mixing in single-mode fibers: Exact solutions and spatial instability effects," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 8, 824-838 (1991).

Opt. Express. (1)

C. H. Kwok, P. P. Kuo, K. K. Y. Wong, "Pulsed pump wavelength exchange for high speed signal de-multiplexing," Opt. Express. 16, 10894-10899 (2008).

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (5)

C. W. Gardiner, Handbook of Stochastic Methods (Springer-Verlag, 1985).

S. K. Korotky, P. B. Hansen, L. Eskildsen, J. J. Veselka, "Efficient phase modulation scheme for suppression of stimulated Brillouin scattering," IOOC 1995 (1995) paper WD2-1 109-111.

M. E. Marhic, Fiber Optical Parametric Amplifiers, Oscillators and Related Devices (Cambridge Univ. Press, 2008).

G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communication Systems (Academic, 2001).

H. K. Y. Cheung, R. W. L. Fung, C. H. Kwok, K. K. Y. Wong, "All-optical packet switching by pulsed-pump wavelength exchange in a highly nonlinear dispersion-shifted fiber," Proc. OFC (2007) Paper OTuB4.

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