Abstract

We present a thorough numerical study of intensity noise mitigation of spectrum sliced wavelength-division multiplexing (SS-WDM) systems employing a nonlinear semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA) before the modulator. Our simulator of the SS-WDM link, embedded inside a Multicanonical Monte Carlo (MMC) platform, estimates the tails of the probability density functions of the received signals down to probabilities smaller than $10^{-16}$. We introduce a new, simple, and efficient technique to handle intersymbol interference (ISI) in MMC simulations. We address the impact of optical postfiltering on SOA noise suppression performance. While previous research experimentally observed the SOA-induced noise cleaning in SS-WDM systems, this is the first complete simulator able to correctly predict the ensuing BER improvement. We measure the BER at different bit-rates and validate predicted BERs with and without post filtering.

© 2009 IEEE

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  1. Y. Katagiri, K. Suzuki, K. Aida, "Intensity stabilisation of spectrum-sliced Gaussian radiation based on amplitude squeezing using semiconductor optical amplifiers with gain saturation," Electron. Lett. 35, 1362-1364 (1999).
  2. S. J. Kim, J. H. Han, J. S. Lee, C. S. Park, "Intensity noise suppression in spectrum-sliced incoherent light communication systems using a gain-saturated semiconductor optical amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1042-1044 (1999).
  3. M. Zhao, G. Morthier, R. Baets, J. Dekoster, "Investigation of the intensity noise reduction using a saturated semiconductor optical amplifier in spectrum sliced WDM systems," CLEO 383-384 (2001).
  4. M. Zhao, G. Morthier, R. Baets, "Analysis and optimization of intensity noise reduction in spectrum-sliced WDM systems using a saturated semiconductor optical amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 390-392 (2002).
  5. T. Yamatoya, F. Koyama, "Noise suppression of spectrum-sliced light using semiconductor optical amplifiers," Electron. Commun. Jpn. Part 2 86, 28-35 (2003).
  6. T. Yamatoya, F. Koyama, "Optical preamplifier using optical modulation of amplified spontaneous emission in saturated semiconductor optical amplifier," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 1290-1295 (2004).
  7. T.-Y. Kim, "Intensity noise suppression of 2.5 Gb/s spectrum-sliced incoherent signal using a gain-saturated SOA injected by broadband light," OECC 46-47 (2004).
  8. D. Forsyth, "Spectrum-sliced broadband source intensity noise reduction using semiconductor optical amplifier nonlinear gain compression," Proc. SPIE 5825, 448-454 (2005).
  9. F. Koyama, H. Uenohara, "Noise suppression and optical ASE modulation in saturated semiconductor optical amplifiers," Proc. 38th Asilomar Conf. Signals, Systems and Computers (2004) pp. 198-202.
  10. A. D. McCoy, B. C. Thomsen, M. Ibsen, D. J. Richardson, "Filtering effects in a spectrum-sliced WDM system using SOA-based noise reduction," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 680-682 (2004).
  11. A. D. McCoy, P. Horak, B. C. Thomsen, M. Ibsen, D. J. Richardson, "Noise suppression of incoherent light using a gain-saturated SOA: Implications for spectrum-sliced WDM systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 2399-2409 (2005).
  12. A. D. McCoy, P. Horak, M. Ibsen, D. J. Richardson, "Performance comparison of spectrum-slicing techniques employing SOA-based noise suppression at the transmitter or receiver," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1494-1496 (2006).
  13. P. R. Morkel, R. I. Laming, H. O. Edwards, D. N. Payne, "Elimination of excess photon noise from fiber super-radiant sources," CLEO 90 154-155 (1990).
  14. A. J. Keating, W. T. Holloway, D. D. Sampson, "," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1513-1515 (1995).
  15. J. Han, J. W. Ko, J. S. Lee, S. Y. Shin, “0.1-nm narrow bandwidth transmission of a 2.5-Gb/s spectrum-sliced incoherent light channel using an all-optical bandwidth expansion technique at the receiver,” (1998)10 pp. 1501-1503.
  16. F. Ohman, S. Bischoff, B. Tromborg, J. Mork, "Noise and regeneration in semiconductor waveguides with saturable gain and absorption," IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 40, 245-255 (2004).
  17. T. Vivero, N. Calabretta, I. Tafur, Monroy, G. Carvalho, Kassar, F. Ohman, K. Yvind, A. Gonzalez-Marcos, J. Mork, "10 Gb/s-NRZ optical 2R-regeneration in two-section SOA-EA chip," LEOS 806-807 (2007).
  18. K. Sato, H. Toba, "Reduction of mode partition noise by using semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quant. Electron. 7, 328-333 (2001).
  19. E. Desurvire, Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers, Principles and Applications (Wiley-Interscience, 2002).
  20. M. Shtaif, B. Tromborg, G. Eisenstein, "Noise spectra of semiconductor optical amplifiers: Relation between semiclassical and quantum descriptions," IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 34, 869-878 (1998).
  21. F. Ohman, J. Mork, B. Tromborg, "Output power PDF of a saturated semiconductor optical amplifier: Second-order noise contributions by path integral method," IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 43, 1188-1197 (2007).
  22. A. A. M. Saleh, I. M. I. Habbab, "Effects of semiconductor-optical-amplifier nonlinearity on the performance of high-speed intensity-modulation lightwave systems," IEEE Trans. Commun. 38, 839-846 (1990).
  23. G. J. Foschini, G. Vannucci, L. J. Greenstein, "Envelope statistics for filtered optical signals corrupted by phase noise," IEEE Trans. Commun. 37, 1293-1302 (1989).
  24. E. Forestieri, "Evaluating the error probability in lightwave systems with chromatic dispersion, arbitrary pulse shape and pre- and postdetection filtering," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 1493-1503 (2000).
  25. M. C. Jeruchim, "Techniques for estimating the bit error rate in the simulation of digital communication systems," J. Sel. Areas. Commun. SAC-2, 153-170 (1984).
  26. G. P. Agrawal, N. A. Olsson, "Self-phase modulation and spectral broadening of optical pulses in semiconductor laser amplifiers," IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 25, 2297-2306 (1989).
  27. B. A. Berg, "Introduction to multicanonical monte carlo simulations," Fields Instrum. Commun. 26, 1-24 (2000) (also available at arXiv:cond-mat/9909236v1).
  28. D. Yevick, "Multicanonical communication system modeling-application to PMD statistics," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1512-1514 (2002).
  29. D. Yevick, T. Lu, "Improved multicanonical algorithms," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 23, 2912-2918 (2006).
  30. T. Lu, D. O. Yevick, L. Yan, B. Zhang, A. E. Willner, "An experimental approach to multicanonical sampling," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1978-1980 (2004).
  31. R. Holzlohner, C. R. Menyuk, "Use of multicanonical Monte Carlo simulations to obtain accurate bit error rates in optical communications systems," Opt. Lett. 28, 1894-1896 (2003).
  32. A. O. Lima, C. R. Menyuk, "Error estimation in multicanonical Monte Carlo simulations with applications to polarization-mode-dispersion emulators," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 3781-3789 (2005).
  33. W. Pellegrini, J. Zweck, C. R. Menyuk, R. Holzlohner, "Computation of bit error ratios for a dense WDM system using the noise covariance matrix and multicanonical Monte Carlo methods," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1644-1646 (2005).
  34. Y. Yadin, M. Shtaif, M. Orenstein, "Bit-error rate of optical DPSK in fiber systems by multicanonical Monte Carlo simulations," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1355-1357 (2005).
  35. A. Bilenca, G. Eisenstein, "Statistical noise properties of an optical pulse propagating in a nonlinear semiconductor optical amplifier," IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 41, 36-44 (2005).
  36. A. Bilenca, G. Eisenstein, "Fokker-planck and langevin analyses of noise accompanying the amplification of optical pulses in semiconductor optical amplifiers," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 22, 1632-1639 (2005).
  37. J. W. Goodman, Statistical Optics (Wiley, 1985).
  38. M. J. Connelly, "Wide-band steady-state numerical model and parameter extraction of a tensile-strained bulk semiconductor optical amplifier," IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 43, 47-56 (2007).
  39. M. C. Jeruchim, P. Balaban, K. S. Shanmugan, Simulation of Communication Systems (Kluwer, 2000).
  40. S. Ayotte, M. Rochette, J. Magne, L. A. Rusch, S. LaRochelle, "Experimental verification and capacity prediction of FE-OCDMA using superimposed FBG," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 724-731 (2005).
  41. A. Mecozzi, J. Mork, "Saturation effects in nondegenerate four-wave mixing between short optical pulses in semiconductor laser amplifiers," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quant. Electron. 3, 1190-1207 (1997).
  42. H. J. S. Dorren, D. Lenstra, L. Yong, M. T. Hill, G.-D. Khoe, "Nonlinear polarization rotation in semiconductor optical amplifiers: Theory and application to all-optical flip-flop memories," IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 39, 141-148 (2003).
  43. B. A. Berg, T. Neuhaus, "Multicanonical ensemble: A new approach to simulate first-order phase transitions," Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 9 (1992).
  44. Y. Guan, R. Fleissner, P. Joyce, S. M. Krone, "Markov chain monte carlo in small worlds," Statist. Comput. 16, 193-202 (2006).

2007 (3)

T. Vivero, N. Calabretta, I. Tafur, Monroy, G. Carvalho, Kassar, F. Ohman, K. Yvind, A. Gonzalez-Marcos, J. Mork, "10 Gb/s-NRZ optical 2R-regeneration in two-section SOA-EA chip," LEOS 806-807 (2007).

F. Ohman, J. Mork, B. Tromborg, "Output power PDF of a saturated semiconductor optical amplifier: Second-order noise contributions by path integral method," IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 43, 1188-1197 (2007).

M. J. Connelly, "Wide-band steady-state numerical model and parameter extraction of a tensile-strained bulk semiconductor optical amplifier," IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 43, 47-56 (2007).

2006 (3)

D. Yevick, T. Lu, "Improved multicanonical algorithms," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 23, 2912-2918 (2006).

A. D. McCoy, P. Horak, M. Ibsen, D. J. Richardson, "Performance comparison of spectrum-slicing techniques employing SOA-based noise suppression at the transmitter or receiver," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1494-1496 (2006).

Y. Guan, R. Fleissner, P. Joyce, S. M. Krone, "Markov chain monte carlo in small worlds," Statist. Comput. 16, 193-202 (2006).

2005 (8)

A. D. McCoy, P. Horak, B. C. Thomsen, M. Ibsen, D. J. Richardson, "Noise suppression of incoherent light using a gain-saturated SOA: Implications for spectrum-sliced WDM systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 2399-2409 (2005).

D. Forsyth, "Spectrum-sliced broadband source intensity noise reduction using semiconductor optical amplifier nonlinear gain compression," Proc. SPIE 5825, 448-454 (2005).

S. Ayotte, M. Rochette, J. Magne, L. A. Rusch, S. LaRochelle, "Experimental verification and capacity prediction of FE-OCDMA using superimposed FBG," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 724-731 (2005).

A. O. Lima, C. R. Menyuk, "Error estimation in multicanonical Monte Carlo simulations with applications to polarization-mode-dispersion emulators," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 3781-3789 (2005).

W. Pellegrini, J. Zweck, C. R. Menyuk, R. Holzlohner, "Computation of bit error ratios for a dense WDM system using the noise covariance matrix and multicanonical Monte Carlo methods," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1644-1646 (2005).

Y. Yadin, M. Shtaif, M. Orenstein, "Bit-error rate of optical DPSK in fiber systems by multicanonical Monte Carlo simulations," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1355-1357 (2005).

A. Bilenca, G. Eisenstein, "Statistical noise properties of an optical pulse propagating in a nonlinear semiconductor optical amplifier," IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 41, 36-44 (2005).

A. Bilenca, G. Eisenstein, "Fokker-planck and langevin analyses of noise accompanying the amplification of optical pulses in semiconductor optical amplifiers," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 22, 1632-1639 (2005).

2004 (5)

T. Lu, D. O. Yevick, L. Yan, B. Zhang, A. E. Willner, "An experimental approach to multicanonical sampling," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1978-1980 (2004).

A. D. McCoy, B. C. Thomsen, M. Ibsen, D. J. Richardson, "Filtering effects in a spectrum-sliced WDM system using SOA-based noise reduction," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 680-682 (2004).

T. Yamatoya, F. Koyama, "Optical preamplifier using optical modulation of amplified spontaneous emission in saturated semiconductor optical amplifier," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 1290-1295 (2004).

T.-Y. Kim, "Intensity noise suppression of 2.5 Gb/s spectrum-sliced incoherent signal using a gain-saturated SOA injected by broadband light," OECC 46-47 (2004).

F. Ohman, S. Bischoff, B. Tromborg, J. Mork, "Noise and regeneration in semiconductor waveguides with saturable gain and absorption," IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 40, 245-255 (2004).

2003 (3)

T. Yamatoya, F. Koyama, "Noise suppression of spectrum-sliced light using semiconductor optical amplifiers," Electron. Commun. Jpn. Part 2 86, 28-35 (2003).

H. J. S. Dorren, D. Lenstra, L. Yong, M. T. Hill, G.-D. Khoe, "Nonlinear polarization rotation in semiconductor optical amplifiers: Theory and application to all-optical flip-flop memories," IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 39, 141-148 (2003).

R. Holzlohner, C. R. Menyuk, "Use of multicanonical Monte Carlo simulations to obtain accurate bit error rates in optical communications systems," Opt. Lett. 28, 1894-1896 (2003).

2002 (2)

D. Yevick, "Multicanonical communication system modeling-application to PMD statistics," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1512-1514 (2002).

M. Zhao, G. Morthier, R. Baets, "Analysis and optimization of intensity noise reduction in spectrum-sliced WDM systems using a saturated semiconductor optical amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 390-392 (2002).

2001 (2)

M. Zhao, G. Morthier, R. Baets, J. Dekoster, "Investigation of the intensity noise reduction using a saturated semiconductor optical amplifier in spectrum sliced WDM systems," CLEO 383-384 (2001).

K. Sato, H. Toba, "Reduction of mode partition noise by using semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quant. Electron. 7, 328-333 (2001).

2000 (2)

B. A. Berg, "Introduction to multicanonical monte carlo simulations," Fields Instrum. Commun. 26, 1-24 (2000) (also available at arXiv:cond-mat/9909236v1).

E. Forestieri, "Evaluating the error probability in lightwave systems with chromatic dispersion, arbitrary pulse shape and pre- and postdetection filtering," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 1493-1503 (2000).

1999 (2)

Y. Katagiri, K. Suzuki, K. Aida, "Intensity stabilisation of spectrum-sliced Gaussian radiation based on amplitude squeezing using semiconductor optical amplifiers with gain saturation," Electron. Lett. 35, 1362-1364 (1999).

S. J. Kim, J. H. Han, J. S. Lee, C. S. Park, "Intensity noise suppression in spectrum-sliced incoherent light communication systems using a gain-saturated semiconductor optical amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1042-1044 (1999).

1998 (1)

M. Shtaif, B. Tromborg, G. Eisenstein, "Noise spectra of semiconductor optical amplifiers: Relation between semiclassical and quantum descriptions," IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 34, 869-878 (1998).

1997 (1)

A. Mecozzi, J. Mork, "Saturation effects in nondegenerate four-wave mixing between short optical pulses in semiconductor laser amplifiers," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quant. Electron. 3, 1190-1207 (1997).

1995 (1)

A. J. Keating, W. T. Holloway, D. D. Sampson, "," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1513-1515 (1995).

1992 (1)

B. A. Berg, T. Neuhaus, "Multicanonical ensemble: A new approach to simulate first-order phase transitions," Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 9 (1992).

1990 (2)

A. A. M. Saleh, I. M. I. Habbab, "Effects of semiconductor-optical-amplifier nonlinearity on the performance of high-speed intensity-modulation lightwave systems," IEEE Trans. Commun. 38, 839-846 (1990).

P. R. Morkel, R. I. Laming, H. O. Edwards, D. N. Payne, "Elimination of excess photon noise from fiber super-radiant sources," CLEO 90 154-155 (1990).

1989 (2)

G. J. Foschini, G. Vannucci, L. J. Greenstein, "Envelope statistics for filtered optical signals corrupted by phase noise," IEEE Trans. Commun. 37, 1293-1302 (1989).

G. P. Agrawal, N. A. Olsson, "Self-phase modulation and spectral broadening of optical pulses in semiconductor laser amplifiers," IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 25, 2297-2306 (1989).

1984 (1)

M. C. Jeruchim, "Techniques for estimating the bit error rate in the simulation of digital communication systems," J. Sel. Areas. Commun. SAC-2, 153-170 (1984).

CLEO (1)

M. Zhao, G. Morthier, R. Baets, J. Dekoster, "Investigation of the intensity noise reduction using a saturated semiconductor optical amplifier in spectrum sliced WDM systems," CLEO 383-384 (2001).

CLEO 90 (1)

P. R. Morkel, R. I. Laming, H. O. Edwards, D. N. Payne, "Elimination of excess photon noise from fiber super-radiant sources," CLEO 90 154-155 (1990).

Electron. Commun. Jpn. Part 2 (1)

T. Yamatoya, F. Koyama, "Noise suppression of spectrum-sliced light using semiconductor optical amplifiers," Electron. Commun. Jpn. Part 2 86, 28-35 (2003).

Electron. Lett. (1)

Y. Katagiri, K. Suzuki, K. Aida, "Intensity stabilisation of spectrum-sliced Gaussian radiation based on amplitude squeezing using semiconductor optical amplifiers with gain saturation," Electron. Lett. 35, 1362-1364 (1999).

Fields Instrum. Commun. (1)

B. A. Berg, "Introduction to multicanonical monte carlo simulations," Fields Instrum. Commun. 26, 1-24 (2000) (also available at arXiv:cond-mat/9909236v1).

IEEE J. Quant. Electron. (7)

G. P. Agrawal, N. A. Olsson, "Self-phase modulation and spectral broadening of optical pulses in semiconductor laser amplifiers," IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 25, 2297-2306 (1989).

M. Shtaif, B. Tromborg, G. Eisenstein, "Noise spectra of semiconductor optical amplifiers: Relation between semiclassical and quantum descriptions," IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 34, 869-878 (1998).

F. Ohman, J. Mork, B. Tromborg, "Output power PDF of a saturated semiconductor optical amplifier: Second-order noise contributions by path integral method," IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 43, 1188-1197 (2007).

A. Bilenca, G. Eisenstein, "Statistical noise properties of an optical pulse propagating in a nonlinear semiconductor optical amplifier," IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 41, 36-44 (2005).

M. J. Connelly, "Wide-band steady-state numerical model and parameter extraction of a tensile-strained bulk semiconductor optical amplifier," IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 43, 47-56 (2007).

F. Ohman, S. Bischoff, B. Tromborg, J. Mork, "Noise and regeneration in semiconductor waveguides with saturable gain and absorption," IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 40, 245-255 (2004).

H. J. S. Dorren, D. Lenstra, L. Yong, M. T. Hill, G.-D. Khoe, "Nonlinear polarization rotation in semiconductor optical amplifiers: Theory and application to all-optical flip-flop memories," IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 39, 141-148 (2003).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quant. Electron. (2)

A. Mecozzi, J. Mork, "Saturation effects in nondegenerate four-wave mixing between short optical pulses in semiconductor laser amplifiers," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quant. Electron. 3, 1190-1207 (1997).

K. Sato, H. Toba, "Reduction of mode partition noise by using semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quant. Electron. 7, 328-333 (2001).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (9)

A. J. Keating, W. T. Holloway, D. D. Sampson, "," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1513-1515 (1995).

A. D. McCoy, B. C. Thomsen, M. Ibsen, D. J. Richardson, "Filtering effects in a spectrum-sliced WDM system using SOA-based noise reduction," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 680-682 (2004).

S. J. Kim, J. H. Han, J. S. Lee, C. S. Park, "Intensity noise suppression in spectrum-sliced incoherent light communication systems using a gain-saturated semiconductor optical amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1042-1044 (1999).

M. Zhao, G. Morthier, R. Baets, "Analysis and optimization of intensity noise reduction in spectrum-sliced WDM systems using a saturated semiconductor optical amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 390-392 (2002).

T. Lu, D. O. Yevick, L. Yan, B. Zhang, A. E. Willner, "An experimental approach to multicanonical sampling," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1978-1980 (2004).

W. Pellegrini, J. Zweck, C. R. Menyuk, R. Holzlohner, "Computation of bit error ratios for a dense WDM system using the noise covariance matrix and multicanonical Monte Carlo methods," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1644-1646 (2005).

Y. Yadin, M. Shtaif, M. Orenstein, "Bit-error rate of optical DPSK in fiber systems by multicanonical Monte Carlo simulations," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1355-1357 (2005).

A. D. McCoy, P. Horak, M. Ibsen, D. J. Richardson, "Performance comparison of spectrum-slicing techniques employing SOA-based noise suppression at the transmitter or receiver," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1494-1496 (2006).

D. Yevick, "Multicanonical communication system modeling-application to PMD statistics," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1512-1514 (2002).

IEEE Trans. Commun. (2)

A. A. M. Saleh, I. M. I. Habbab, "Effects of semiconductor-optical-amplifier nonlinearity on the performance of high-speed intensity-modulation lightwave systems," IEEE Trans. Commun. 38, 839-846 (1990).

G. J. Foschini, G. Vannucci, L. J. Greenstein, "Envelope statistics for filtered optical signals corrupted by phase noise," IEEE Trans. Commun. 37, 1293-1302 (1989).

J. Lightw. Technol. (5)

E. Forestieri, "Evaluating the error probability in lightwave systems with chromatic dispersion, arbitrary pulse shape and pre- and postdetection filtering," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 1493-1503 (2000).

T. Yamatoya, F. Koyama, "Optical preamplifier using optical modulation of amplified spontaneous emission in saturated semiconductor optical amplifier," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 1290-1295 (2004).

A. D. McCoy, P. Horak, B. C. Thomsen, M. Ibsen, D. J. Richardson, "Noise suppression of incoherent light using a gain-saturated SOA: Implications for spectrum-sliced WDM systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 2399-2409 (2005).

A. O. Lima, C. R. Menyuk, "Error estimation in multicanonical Monte Carlo simulations with applications to polarization-mode-dispersion emulators," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 3781-3789 (2005).

S. Ayotte, M. Rochette, J. Magne, L. A. Rusch, S. LaRochelle, "Experimental verification and capacity prediction of FE-OCDMA using superimposed FBG," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 724-731 (2005).

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A (1)

D. Yevick, T. Lu, "Improved multicanonical algorithms," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 23, 2912-2918 (2006).

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B (1)

A. Bilenca, G. Eisenstein, "Fokker-planck and langevin analyses of noise accompanying the amplification of optical pulses in semiconductor optical amplifiers," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 22, 1632-1639 (2005).

J. Sel. Areas. Commun. (1)

M. C. Jeruchim, "Techniques for estimating the bit error rate in the simulation of digital communication systems," J. Sel. Areas. Commun. SAC-2, 153-170 (1984).

LEOS (1)

T. Vivero, N. Calabretta, I. Tafur, Monroy, G. Carvalho, Kassar, F. Ohman, K. Yvind, A. Gonzalez-Marcos, J. Mork, "10 Gb/s-NRZ optical 2R-regeneration in two-section SOA-EA chip," LEOS 806-807 (2007).

OECC (1)

T.-Y. Kim, "Intensity noise suppression of 2.5 Gb/s spectrum-sliced incoherent signal using a gain-saturated SOA injected by broadband light," OECC 46-47 (2004).

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

B. A. Berg, T. Neuhaus, "Multicanonical ensemble: A new approach to simulate first-order phase transitions," Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 9 (1992).

Proc. SPIE (1)

D. Forsyth, "Spectrum-sliced broadband source intensity noise reduction using semiconductor optical amplifier nonlinear gain compression," Proc. SPIE 5825, 448-454 (2005).

Statist. Comput. (1)

Y. Guan, R. Fleissner, P. Joyce, S. M. Krone, "Markov chain monte carlo in small worlds," Statist. Comput. 16, 193-202 (2006).

Other (5)

F. Koyama, H. Uenohara, "Noise suppression and optical ASE modulation in saturated semiconductor optical amplifiers," Proc. 38th Asilomar Conf. Signals, Systems and Computers (2004) pp. 198-202.

E. Desurvire, Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers, Principles and Applications (Wiley-Interscience, 2002).

J. Han, J. W. Ko, J. S. Lee, S. Y. Shin, “0.1-nm narrow bandwidth transmission of a 2.5-Gb/s spectrum-sliced incoherent light channel using an all-optical bandwidth expansion technique at the receiver,” (1998)10 pp. 1501-1503.

J. W. Goodman, Statistical Optics (Wiley, 1985).

M. C. Jeruchim, P. Balaban, K. S. Shanmugan, Simulation of Communication Systems (Kluwer, 2000).

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