Abstract

A technique for ultrashort complex pulse generation based on the pulse shaping of superstructure fiber Bragg grating (SSFBG) is presented. We apply this technique to illuminate the mutual transformation between Gaussian pulse and soliton pulse, generations of double optical pulse and complex millimeter wave (MMW) pulse by phase and amplitude profiling of 1-ps transform-limited pulse. The designed principle of grating is demonstrated; the corresponding refractive index distribution, the reflection spectrum and the characteristics of pulse transmission are also simulated. The results of this study indicate that this design method is very flexible for complex pulse generations. Finally, some potential applications for these complex pulses in the areas of ultrafast photonics, optical measurement, novel devices for optical communication system and so on are also listed and discussed.

© 2009 IEEE

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  1. R. Feced, M. N. Zervas, M. A. Muriel, "An efficient inverse scattering algorithm for the design of nonuniform fiber Bragg gratings," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1105-1115 (1999).
  2. M. Ibsen, M. K. Durkin, M. J. Cole, R. I. Laming, "Sinc-sampled fiber Bragg gratings for identical multiple wavelength operation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 842-844 (1998).
  3. M. Ibsen, M. K. Durkin, M. J. Cole, R. I. Laming, "Optimized square passband fiber Bragg grating filter with in-band flat group delay response," Electron. Lett. 34, 800-802 (1998).
  4. F. Ouellette, P. A. Krug, T. Stephens, G. Dhosi, B. J. Eggleton, "Broadband and DWDM dispersion compensation using chirped sampled fiber Bragg gratings," Electron. Lett. 31, 899-901 (1995).
  5. K. O. Hill, B. Malo, K. A. Vineberg, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, I. Skinner, "Efficient mode conversion in telecommunication fiber using externally written gratings," Electron. Lett. 26, 1270-1272 (1990).
  6. P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen, A. D. Ellis, "Rectangular pulse generation based on pulse reshaping using a superstructured fiber Bragg grating," J. Lightw. Technol. 19, 746-752 (May 2001).
  7. J. Azaña, L. R. Chen, "Synthesis of temporal optical waveforms by fiber Bragg gratings: A new approach based on space-to-frequency-to-time mapping," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 19, 2758-2769 (2002).
  8. A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, "Fiber grating sensors," J. Lightw. Technol. 15, 1442-1463 (Aug. 1997).
  9. L. R. Chen, S. D. Benjamin, P. W. E. Smith, J. E. Sipe, "Ultrashort pulse reflection from fiber gratings: A numerical investigation," J. Lightw. Technol. 15, 1503-1512 (Aug. 1997).
  10. G. Meltz, W. W. Morey, W. H. Glenn, "Formation of Bragg gratings in optical fibers by a transverse holographic method," Opt. Lett. 14, 823-825 (1989).
  11. L. Dong, J. L. Archambault, L. Reekie, P. S. J. Russell, D. N. Payne, "Singe-pulse Bragg gratings written during fiber drawing," Electron. Lett. 29, 1577-1578 (1993).
  12. K. O. Hill, B. Malo, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, J. Albert, "Bragg gratings fabricated in monomode photosensitive optical fiber by UV exposure through a phasemask," Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1045-1047 (1993).
  13. T. Erdogan, "Fiber grating spectra," J. Lightw. Technol. 15, 1277-1294 (Aug. 1997).
  14. J. Skaar, K. M. Risvik, "A genetic algorithm for the inverse problem in synthesis of fiber gratings," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 1928-1932 (Oct. 1998).
  15. K. A. Winick, J. E. Roman, "Design of corrugated waveguide filters by Fourier transform techniques," IEEE J. Quantum Electron 26, 1918-1929 (1990).
  16. H. Harada, K. Sato, M. Fujise, "A radio-on-fiber based millimeter-wave road-vehicle communication system by a code division multiplexing radio transmission scheme," IEEE Trans. Intell. Transp. Syst. 2, 165-179 (2001).
  17. O. Levinson, M. Horowitz, "Generation of complex microwave and millimeter-wave pulses using dispersion and Kerr effect in optical fiber systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 1179-1187 (May 2003).
  18. Q. Ye, F. Liu, R. Qu, Z. Fang, "Generation of millimeter-wave in optical pulse carrier by using an apodize moiré fiber grating," Opt. Commun. 266, 532-535 (2006).
  19. B. J. Eggleton, C. M. de Sterke, "Nonlinear pulse propagation in Bragg gratings," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 14, 2980-2993 (1997).
  20. N. G. R. Broderick, D. Taverner, D. J. Richardson, M. Ibsen, R. I. Laming, "Optical pulse compression in fiber Bragg gratings," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 4566-4569 (1997).
  21. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Third Edition) & Applications of Nolinear Fiber Optics (Publishing House of Electronics Industry, 2002).
  22. J. Wang, H. Lin, Z. Sui, M. Li, "Temporal pulse shaping by chirped pulse stacking in fiber time delay lines," Proc. SPIE (2006) pp. 62870G.
  23. S. C. Burkhart, F. A. Penko, “Temporal pulse shaping of fiber optic laser beams,” UCRL-LR-105821-96-2 (1996) pp. 75-81.

2006

Q. Ye, F. Liu, R. Qu, Z. Fang, "Generation of millimeter-wave in optical pulse carrier by using an apodize moiré fiber grating," Opt. Commun. 266, 532-535 (2006).

2002

J. Azaña, L. R. Chen, "Synthesis of temporal optical waveforms by fiber Bragg gratings: A new approach based on space-to-frequency-to-time mapping," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 19, 2758-2769 (2002).

2001

H. Harada, K. Sato, M. Fujise, "A radio-on-fiber based millimeter-wave road-vehicle communication system by a code division multiplexing radio transmission scheme," IEEE Trans. Intell. Transp. Syst. 2, 165-179 (2001).

1999

R. Feced, M. N. Zervas, M. A. Muriel, "An efficient inverse scattering algorithm for the design of nonuniform fiber Bragg gratings," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1105-1115 (1999).

1998

M. Ibsen, M. K. Durkin, M. J. Cole, R. I. Laming, "Sinc-sampled fiber Bragg gratings for identical multiple wavelength operation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 842-844 (1998).

M. Ibsen, M. K. Durkin, M. J. Cole, R. I. Laming, "Optimized square passband fiber Bragg grating filter with in-band flat group delay response," Electron. Lett. 34, 800-802 (1998).

1997

B. J. Eggleton, C. M. de Sterke, "Nonlinear pulse propagation in Bragg gratings," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 14, 2980-2993 (1997).

N. G. R. Broderick, D. Taverner, D. J. Richardson, M. Ibsen, R. I. Laming, "Optical pulse compression in fiber Bragg gratings," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 4566-4569 (1997).

1995

F. Ouellette, P. A. Krug, T. Stephens, G. Dhosi, B. J. Eggleton, "Broadband and DWDM dispersion compensation using chirped sampled fiber Bragg gratings," Electron. Lett. 31, 899-901 (1995).

1993

L. Dong, J. L. Archambault, L. Reekie, P. S. J. Russell, D. N. Payne, "Singe-pulse Bragg gratings written during fiber drawing," Electron. Lett. 29, 1577-1578 (1993).

K. O. Hill, B. Malo, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, J. Albert, "Bragg gratings fabricated in monomode photosensitive optical fiber by UV exposure through a phasemask," Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1045-1047 (1993).

1990

K. A. Winick, J. E. Roman, "Design of corrugated waveguide filters by Fourier transform techniques," IEEE J. Quantum Electron 26, 1918-1929 (1990).

K. O. Hill, B. Malo, K. A. Vineberg, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, I. Skinner, "Efficient mode conversion in telecommunication fiber using externally written gratings," Electron. Lett. 26, 1270-1272 (1990).

1989

G. Meltz, W. W. Morey, W. H. Glenn, "Formation of Bragg gratings in optical fibers by a transverse holographic method," Opt. Lett. 14, 823-825 (1989).

Appl. Phys. Lett.

K. O. Hill, B. Malo, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, J. Albert, "Bragg gratings fabricated in monomode photosensitive optical fiber by UV exposure through a phasemask," Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1045-1047 (1993).

Appl. Phys. Lett.

N. G. R. Broderick, D. Taverner, D. J. Richardson, M. Ibsen, R. I. Laming, "Optical pulse compression in fiber Bragg gratings," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 4566-4569 (1997).

Electron. Lett.

F. Ouellette, P. A. Krug, T. Stephens, G. Dhosi, B. J. Eggleton, "Broadband and DWDM dispersion compensation using chirped sampled fiber Bragg gratings," Electron. Lett. 31, 899-901 (1995).

K. O. Hill, B. Malo, K. A. Vineberg, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, I. Skinner, "Efficient mode conversion in telecommunication fiber using externally written gratings," Electron. Lett. 26, 1270-1272 (1990).

Electron. Lett.

M. Ibsen, M. K. Durkin, M. J. Cole, R. I. Laming, "Optimized square passband fiber Bragg grating filter with in-band flat group delay response," Electron. Lett. 34, 800-802 (1998).

L. Dong, J. L. Archambault, L. Reekie, P. S. J. Russell, D. N. Payne, "Singe-pulse Bragg gratings written during fiber drawing," Electron. Lett. 29, 1577-1578 (1993).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron

K. A. Winick, J. E. Roman, "Design of corrugated waveguide filters by Fourier transform techniques," IEEE J. Quantum Electron 26, 1918-1929 (1990).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

M. Ibsen, M. K. Durkin, M. J. Cole, R. I. Laming, "Sinc-sampled fiber Bragg gratings for identical multiple wavelength operation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 842-844 (1998).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

R. Feced, M. N. Zervas, M. A. Muriel, "An efficient inverse scattering algorithm for the design of nonuniform fiber Bragg gratings," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1105-1115 (1999).

IEEE Trans. Intell. Transp. Syst.

H. Harada, K. Sato, M. Fujise, "A radio-on-fiber based millimeter-wave road-vehicle communication system by a code division multiplexing radio transmission scheme," IEEE Trans. Intell. Transp. Syst. 2, 165-179 (2001).

J. Lightw. Technol.

L. R. Chen, S. D. Benjamin, P. W. E. Smith, J. E. Sipe, "Ultrashort pulse reflection from fiber gratings: A numerical investigation," J. Lightw. Technol. 15, 1503-1512 (Aug. 1997).

P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen, A. D. Ellis, "Rectangular pulse generation based on pulse reshaping using a superstructured fiber Bragg grating," J. Lightw. Technol. 19, 746-752 (May 2001).

J. Skaar, K. M. Risvik, "A genetic algorithm for the inverse problem in synthesis of fiber gratings," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 1928-1932 (Oct. 1998).

J. Lightw. Technol.

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, "Fiber grating sensors," J. Lightw. Technol. 15, 1442-1463 (Aug. 1997).

T. Erdogan, "Fiber grating spectra," J. Lightw. Technol. 15, 1277-1294 (Aug. 1997).

O. Levinson, M. Horowitz, "Generation of complex microwave and millimeter-wave pulses using dispersion and Kerr effect in optical fiber systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 1179-1187 (May 2003).

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B

J. Azaña, L. R. Chen, "Synthesis of temporal optical waveforms by fiber Bragg gratings: A new approach based on space-to-frequency-to-time mapping," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 19, 2758-2769 (2002).

B. J. Eggleton, C. M. de Sterke, "Nonlinear pulse propagation in Bragg gratings," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 14, 2980-2993 (1997).

Opt. Commun.

Q. Ye, F. Liu, R. Qu, Z. Fang, "Generation of millimeter-wave in optical pulse carrier by using an apodize moiré fiber grating," Opt. Commun. 266, 532-535 (2006).

Opt. Lett.

G. Meltz, W. W. Morey, W. H. Glenn, "Formation of Bragg gratings in optical fibers by a transverse holographic method," Opt. Lett. 14, 823-825 (1989).

Other

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Third Edition) & Applications of Nolinear Fiber Optics (Publishing House of Electronics Industry, 2002).

J. Wang, H. Lin, Z. Sui, M. Li, "Temporal pulse shaping by chirped pulse stacking in fiber time delay lines," Proc. SPIE (2006) pp. 62870G.

S. C. Burkhart, F. A. Penko, “Temporal pulse shaping of fiber optic laser beams,” UCRL-LR-105821-96-2 (1996) pp. 75-81.

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