Abstract

This paper describes the investigation of side-mode injection-locked Fabry–Pérot laser diode (FP-LD) transmitters for wavelength division multiplex passive optical network (WDM-PON) applications. We teat the case that transmitters are injection locked by intensity-modulated downstream signal light. In this case, an extinction ratio (${\rm Ex}$) of downstream signal light is very important for both sending and receiving properties, and the ${\rm Ex}$ influences the bit error rate (BER) property. It is desirable to use downstream light with a high ${\rm Ex}$ for minimizing the receiver power penalty $\Delta {P}$ of downstream data. However, the downstream light with a high ${\rm Ex}$ degrades the locking property, and it results in the BER degradation of upstream data. This paper clarifies that there is a tradeoff of power penalties $\Delta {P}$ for up- and downstream data, theoretically. We propose a method to reduce the penalty $\Delta {P}$ induced by a high ${\rm Ex}$. Fundamental transmission experiments using a semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA) confirmed the effectiveness of the proposed method. We also discuss the proposed method.

© 2009 IEEE

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  1. S. Wagner, L. Lemberg, "Technology and system issues for a WDM-based fiber loop architecture," J. Lightw. Technol. 7, 1759-1768 (1989).
  2. N. Kashima, K. Kikushima, "New optical star-bus network for subscriber," J. Opt. Commun. 11, 42-49 (1990).
  3. N. Kashima, E. Yoneda, K. Kikushima, "Broadband subscriber systems using wavelength-time division multiple access technology and Erbium-doped fiber amplifier," IEEE Workshop on Passive Optical Networks for the Local Loop LondonU.K. (1990).
  4. N. Kashima, "Upgrade of passive optical subscriber network," J. Lightw. Technol. 9, 113-119 (1991).
  5. C. R. Giles, "Access PON using downstream 1550 nm WDM routing and upstream 1300 nm SCMA combining through a fiber-grating router," IEEE Photon Technol. Lett. 8, 1549-1551 (1996).
  6. R. D. Feldman, E. E. Harstead, S. Jiang, T. H. Wood, M. Zirngib, "An evaluation of architectures incorporating wavelength division multiplexing for broad-band fiber access," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 1546-1559 (1998).
  7. H. D. Kim, "A Low cost WDN source with an ASE injected Fabry–Perot semiconductor laser," IEEE Photon Technol. Lett. 12, 1067-1069 (2000).
  8. P. Healey, "Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs," Electron. Lett. 37, 1181-1182 (2001).
  9. L. Y. Chan, "Upstream traffic transmitter using injection-locked Fabry–Perot laser diodes as modulator for WDM access network," Electron. Lett. 38, 43-45 (2002).
  10. A. Banerjee, Y. Park, F. Clarke, H. Song, S. Yang, G. Kramer, K. Kim, B. Mukherjee, "Wavelength-division-multiplexed passive optical network (WDM-PON) technologies for broadband access: A review," J. Opt. Netw. 4, 737-758 (2005).
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  12. N. Kashima, M. Watanabe, "Transient properties of side-mode injection locking in a FP-LD," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 1523-1533 (2006).
  13. N. Kashima, "Dynamic properties of FP-LD transmitters using side-mode injection locking for LANs and WDM-PONs," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 3045-305 (2006).
  14. N. Kashima, Optical Transmission for the Subscriber Loop (Artech House, 1993).
  15. D. A. Francis, "A single-chip linear optical amplifier," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (2001).
  16. T. Akiyama, N. Hatori, Y. Nakata, H. Ebe, M. Sugawara, "Pattern-free-effect semiconductor optical amplifier achieved using quantum dots," Electron. Lett. 38, 1139-1140 (2002).
  17. K. Inoue, M. Yoshino, "Gain dynamics of a saturated semiconductor laser amplifier with 1.47-pm LD pumping," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 506-508 (1996).
  18. R. G-Castrejón, A. Filios, "Pattern-effect reduction using a cross-gain modulated holding beam in semiconductor optical in-line amplifier," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4912-4917 (2006).
  19. D. Marcuse, "Computer model of an injection laser amplifier," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 63-73 (1983).
  20. M. Asghari, I. H. White, R. V. Penty, "Wavelength conversion using semiconductor optical amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 15, 1181-1190 (1997).

2006 (3)

N. Kashima, M. Watanabe, "Transient properties of side-mode injection locking in a FP-LD," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 1523-1533 (2006).

N. Kashima, "Dynamic properties of FP-LD transmitters using side-mode injection locking for LANs and WDM-PONs," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 3045-305 (2006).

R. G-Castrejón, A. Filios, "Pattern-effect reduction using a cross-gain modulated holding beam in semiconductor optical in-line amplifier," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4912-4917 (2006).

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

N. Kashima, S. Yamaguchi, S. Ishii, "Optical transmitter using a side-mode injection locking for high speed photonic LANs," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 550-557 (2004).

2002 (2)

T. Akiyama, N. Hatori, Y. Nakata, H. Ebe, M. Sugawara, "Pattern-free-effect semiconductor optical amplifier achieved using quantum dots," Electron. Lett. 38, 1139-1140 (2002).

L. Y. Chan, "Upstream traffic transmitter using injection-locked Fabry–Perot laser diodes as modulator for WDM access network," Electron. Lett. 38, 43-45 (2002).

2001 (1)

P. Healey, "Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs," Electron. Lett. 37, 1181-1182 (2001).

2000 (1)

H. D. Kim, "A Low cost WDN source with an ASE injected Fabry–Perot semiconductor laser," IEEE Photon Technol. Lett. 12, 1067-1069 (2000).

1998 (1)

R. D. Feldman, E. E. Harstead, S. Jiang, T. H. Wood, M. Zirngib, "An evaluation of architectures incorporating wavelength division multiplexing for broad-band fiber access," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 1546-1559 (1998).

1997 (1)

M. Asghari, I. H. White, R. V. Penty, "Wavelength conversion using semiconductor optical amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 15, 1181-1190 (1997).

1996 (2)

C. R. Giles, "Access PON using downstream 1550 nm WDM routing and upstream 1300 nm SCMA combining through a fiber-grating router," IEEE Photon Technol. Lett. 8, 1549-1551 (1996).

K. Inoue, M. Yoshino, "Gain dynamics of a saturated semiconductor laser amplifier with 1.47-pm LD pumping," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 506-508 (1996).

1991 (1)

N. Kashima, "Upgrade of passive optical subscriber network," J. Lightw. Technol. 9, 113-119 (1991).

1990 (1)

N. Kashima, K. Kikushima, "New optical star-bus network for subscriber," J. Opt. Commun. 11, 42-49 (1990).

1989 (1)

S. Wagner, L. Lemberg, "Technology and system issues for a WDM-based fiber loop architecture," J. Lightw. Technol. 7, 1759-1768 (1989).

1983 (1)

D. Marcuse, "Computer model of an injection laser amplifier," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 63-73 (1983).

Electron. Lett. (3)

P. Healey, "Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs," Electron. Lett. 37, 1181-1182 (2001).

L. Y. Chan, "Upstream traffic transmitter using injection-locked Fabry–Perot laser diodes as modulator for WDM access network," Electron. Lett. 38, 43-45 (2002).

T. Akiyama, N. Hatori, Y. Nakata, H. Ebe, M. Sugawara, "Pattern-free-effect semiconductor optical amplifier achieved using quantum dots," Electron. Lett. 38, 1139-1140 (2002).

IEEE Photon Technol. Lett. (1)

H. D. Kim, "A Low cost WDN source with an ASE injected Fabry–Perot semiconductor laser," IEEE Photon Technol. Lett. 12, 1067-1069 (2000).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

K. Inoue, M. Yoshino, "Gain dynamics of a saturated semiconductor laser amplifier with 1.47-pm LD pumping," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 506-508 (1996).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

D. Marcuse, "Computer model of an injection laser amplifier," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 63-73 (1983).

IEEE Photon Technol. Lett. (1)

C. R. Giles, "Access PON using downstream 1550 nm WDM routing and upstream 1300 nm SCMA combining through a fiber-grating router," IEEE Photon Technol. Lett. 8, 1549-1551 (1996).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

S. Wagner, L. Lemberg, "Technology and system issues for a WDM-based fiber loop architecture," J. Lightw. Technol. 7, 1759-1768 (1989).

J. Lightw. Technol. (2)

M. Asghari, I. H. White, R. V. Penty, "Wavelength conversion using semiconductor optical amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 15, 1181-1190 (1997).

N. Kashima, S. Yamaguchi, S. Ishii, "Optical transmitter using a side-mode injection locking for high speed photonic LANs," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 550-557 (2004).

J. Lightw. Technol. (5)

N. Kashima, M. Watanabe, "Transient properties of side-mode injection locking in a FP-LD," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 1523-1533 (2006).

N. Kashima, "Dynamic properties of FP-LD transmitters using side-mode injection locking for LANs and WDM-PONs," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 3045-305 (2006).

R. G-Castrejón, A. Filios, "Pattern-effect reduction using a cross-gain modulated holding beam in semiconductor optical in-line amplifier," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4912-4917 (2006).

R. D. Feldman, E. E. Harstead, S. Jiang, T. H. Wood, M. Zirngib, "An evaluation of architectures incorporating wavelength division multiplexing for broad-band fiber access," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 1546-1559 (1998).

N. Kashima, "Upgrade of passive optical subscriber network," J. Lightw. Technol. 9, 113-119 (1991).

J. Opt. Commun. (1)

N. Kashima, K. Kikushima, "New optical star-bus network for subscriber," J. Opt. Commun. 11, 42-49 (1990).

J. Opt. Netw. (1)

Other (3)

N. Kashima, E. Yoneda, K. Kikushima, "Broadband subscriber systems using wavelength-time division multiple access technology and Erbium-doped fiber amplifier," IEEE Workshop on Passive Optical Networks for the Local Loop LondonU.K. (1990).

N. Kashima, Optical Transmission for the Subscriber Loop (Artech House, 1993).

D. A. Francis, "A single-chip linear optical amplifier," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (2001).

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