Abstract

In this paper, we present a novel labeling scheme to provide multiservice path switching in a generalized multiprotocol label switching (GMPLS) network. The idea is based on optical code division multiplexing (OCDM) scheme in GMPLS network using multilength variable-weight optical orthogonal codes (MLVW-OOC) as signature sequences. The router architecture of the proposed multiservice GMPLS network is also presented. To provide a requested service, the length and the weight of codes are designed based on the service characteristics. Furthermore, to guarantee the desired service, we propose to limit the number of connections based on the activity coefficient of the connected paths. In order to analyze the network performance, the end-to-end bit error rate $(e-e\ {\rm BER})$ of a connection and the probability of QoS degradation $(P_{\rm deg})$ are considered as benchmarks. To obtain the $e-e\ {\rm BER}$ of the connected path, a closed-form relation describing the BER of the MLVW-OOC-based OCDM system is derived, and the Erlang's model is used to examine the $P_{\rm deg}$. As a case study, a four-class network is designed with the proposed labeling scheme and the performance of each class is investigated. The numerical results reveal that users with high-weight codeword acquire better performance. Furthermore, by increasing the number of intermediate routers, the $e-e\ {\rm BER}$ is increased and the performance can be improved by limiting the number of connected paths.

© 2009 IEEE

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  1. A. Banerjee, J. Drake, J. P. Lang, B. Turner, "Generalized multiprotocol label switching: An overview of routing and management enhancements," IEEE Commun. Mag. 39, 144-150 (2001).
  2. A. Banerjee, J. Drake, J. P. Lang, B. Turner, "Generalized multiprotocol label switching: An overview of signaling enhancements and recovery techniques," IEEE Commun. Mag. 39, 144-151 (2001).
  3. B. Wen, K. Sivalingam, "Routing, wavelength and time-slot-assignment algorithms for wavelength-routed optical WDM/TDM networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 2598-2609 (2005).
  4. K. Kitayama, N. Wada, "Photonic IP routing," IEEE Photonic Technol. Lett. 11, 1689-1691 (1999).
  5. K. Kitayama, N. Wada, H. Sotobayashi, "Architectural considerations of photonic IP router based upon optical code correlation," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 1834-1844 (2000).
  6. M. Murata, K. Kitayama, "A perspective on photonic multiprotocol label switching," IEEE Network Mag. 15, 56-63 (2001).
  7. K. Kitayama, M. Murata, "Versatile optical code-based MPLS for circuit, burst, and packet switching," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 2753-2764 (2003).
  8. S. Huang, K. Baba, M. Murata, K. Kitayama, "Variable-bandwidth optical paths: Comparison between optical code-labeled path and OCDM path," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 3563-3573 (2006).
  9. F. Farnoud, M. Ibrahimi, J. A. Salehi, "A packet-based photonic label switching router for a multirate all-optical CDMA-based GMPLS switch," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 13, 1522-1530 (2007).
  10. S. Mashhadi, J. A. Salehi, "Code division multiple-access technique in optical fiber networks, Part III: Optical and logic gate receiver structure with generalized optical orthogonal codes," IEEE Trans. Commun. 54, 1457-1468 (2006).
  11. T. Khattab, H. Alnuweiri, "Optical CDMA for all-optical sub-wavelength switching in core GMPLS network," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 25, 905-921 (2007).
  12. N. G. Tarhuni, T. O. Korhonen, E. Mutafungwa, M. S. Elmusrati, "Multiclass optical orthogonal codes for multiservice optical CDMA networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 694-704 (2006).
  13. Nasaruddin, T. Tsujioka, "Multiple-length variable-weight optical orthogonal codes for supporting multirate multimedia services in optical CDMA networks," IEICE Trans. Commun. E90-B, 1968-1978 (2007).
  14. A. Papoulis, S. U. Pillai, Probability, Random Variable and Stochastic Processes (McGraw-Hill, 2002).
  15. B. M. Ghaffari, J. A. Salehi, "Multiclass, multistage, and multilevel fiber-optic CDMA signaling techniques based on advanced binary optical logic gate elements," IEEE. Trans. Commun. 57, (2009).
  16. F. R. K. Chung, J. A. Salehi, V. K. Wei, "Optical orthogonal codes: Design, analysis, and application," IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 35, 595-604 (1989).
  17. W. C. Kwong, G. C. Yang, "Design of multi-length optical orthogonal codes for optical CDMA multimedia networks," IEEE Trans. Commun. 50, 1258-1265 (2002).
  18. J. Y. Lin, J. S. Jhou, J. H. Wen, "Variable-length code construction for incoherent optical CDMA systems," Opt. Fiber Technol. 13, 180-190 (2007).
  19. G. C. Yang, "Variable-weight optical orthogonal codes for CDMA network with multiple performance requirements," IEEE Trans. Commun. 44, 47-55 (1996).
  20. F. R. Gu, J. Wu, "Construction and performance analysis of variable-weight optical orthogonal codes for asynchronous optical CDMA systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 740-748 (2005).

2009 (1)

B. M. Ghaffari, J. A. Salehi, "Multiclass, multistage, and multilevel fiber-optic CDMA signaling techniques based on advanced binary optical logic gate elements," IEEE. Trans. Commun. 57, (2009).

2007 (4)

Nasaruddin, T. Tsujioka, "Multiple-length variable-weight optical orthogonal codes for supporting multirate multimedia services in optical CDMA networks," IEICE Trans. Commun. E90-B, 1968-1978 (2007).

F. Farnoud, M. Ibrahimi, J. A. Salehi, "A packet-based photonic label switching router for a multirate all-optical CDMA-based GMPLS switch," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 13, 1522-1530 (2007).

T. Khattab, H. Alnuweiri, "Optical CDMA for all-optical sub-wavelength switching in core GMPLS network," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 25, 905-921 (2007).

J. Y. Lin, J. S. Jhou, J. H. Wen, "Variable-length code construction for incoherent optical CDMA systems," Opt. Fiber Technol. 13, 180-190 (2007).

2006 (3)

N. G. Tarhuni, T. O. Korhonen, E. Mutafungwa, M. S. Elmusrati, "Multiclass optical orthogonal codes for multiservice optical CDMA networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 694-704 (2006).

S. Mashhadi, J. A. Salehi, "Code division multiple-access technique in optical fiber networks, Part III: Optical and logic gate receiver structure with generalized optical orthogonal codes," IEEE Trans. Commun. 54, 1457-1468 (2006).

S. Huang, K. Baba, M. Murata, K. Kitayama, "Variable-bandwidth optical paths: Comparison between optical code-labeled path and OCDM path," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 3563-3573 (2006).

2005 (2)

B. Wen, K. Sivalingam, "Routing, wavelength and time-slot-assignment algorithms for wavelength-routed optical WDM/TDM networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 2598-2609 (2005).

F. R. Gu, J. Wu, "Construction and performance analysis of variable-weight optical orthogonal codes for asynchronous optical CDMA systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 740-748 (2005).

2003 (1)

K. Kitayama, M. Murata, "Versatile optical code-based MPLS for circuit, burst, and packet switching," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 2753-2764 (2003).

2002 (1)

W. C. Kwong, G. C. Yang, "Design of multi-length optical orthogonal codes for optical CDMA multimedia networks," IEEE Trans. Commun. 50, 1258-1265 (2002).

2001 (3)

M. Murata, K. Kitayama, "A perspective on photonic multiprotocol label switching," IEEE Network Mag. 15, 56-63 (2001).

A. Banerjee, J. Drake, J. P. Lang, B. Turner, "Generalized multiprotocol label switching: An overview of routing and management enhancements," IEEE Commun. Mag. 39, 144-150 (2001).

A. Banerjee, J. Drake, J. P. Lang, B. Turner, "Generalized multiprotocol label switching: An overview of signaling enhancements and recovery techniques," IEEE Commun. Mag. 39, 144-151 (2001).

2000 (1)

K. Kitayama, N. Wada, H. Sotobayashi, "Architectural considerations of photonic IP router based upon optical code correlation," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 1834-1844 (2000).

1999 (1)

K. Kitayama, N. Wada, "Photonic IP routing," IEEE Photonic Technol. Lett. 11, 1689-1691 (1999).

1996 (1)

G. C. Yang, "Variable-weight optical orthogonal codes for CDMA network with multiple performance requirements," IEEE Trans. Commun. 44, 47-55 (1996).

1989 (1)

F. R. K. Chung, J. A. Salehi, V. K. Wei, "Optical orthogonal codes: Design, analysis, and application," IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 35, 595-604 (1989).

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

A. Banerjee, J. Drake, J. P. Lang, B. Turner, "Generalized multiprotocol label switching: An overview of routing and management enhancements," IEEE Commun. Mag. 39, 144-150 (2001).

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (1)

T. Khattab, H. Alnuweiri, "Optical CDMA for all-optical sub-wavelength switching in core GMPLS network," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 25, 905-921 (2007).

IEEE Photonic Technol. Lett. (1)

K. Kitayama, N. Wada, "Photonic IP routing," IEEE Photonic Technol. Lett. 11, 1689-1691 (1999).

IEEE Trans. Commun. (2)

S. Mashhadi, J. A. Salehi, "Code division multiple-access technique in optical fiber networks, Part III: Optical and logic gate receiver structure with generalized optical orthogonal codes," IEEE Trans. Commun. 54, 1457-1468 (2006).

W. C. Kwong, G. C. Yang, "Design of multi-length optical orthogonal codes for optical CDMA multimedia networks," IEEE Trans. Commun. 50, 1258-1265 (2002).

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

A. Banerjee, J. Drake, J. P. Lang, B. Turner, "Generalized multiprotocol label switching: An overview of signaling enhancements and recovery techniques," IEEE Commun. Mag. 39, 144-151 (2001).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

F. Farnoud, M. Ibrahimi, J. A. Salehi, "A packet-based photonic label switching router for a multirate all-optical CDMA-based GMPLS switch," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 13, 1522-1530 (2007).

IEEE Network Mag. (1)

M. Murata, K. Kitayama, "A perspective on photonic multiprotocol label switching," IEEE Network Mag. 15, 56-63 (2001).

IEEE Trans. Commun. (1)

G. C. Yang, "Variable-weight optical orthogonal codes for CDMA network with multiple performance requirements," IEEE Trans. Commun. 44, 47-55 (1996).

IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory (1)

F. R. K. Chung, J. A. Salehi, V. K. Wei, "Optical orthogonal codes: Design, analysis, and application," IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 35, 595-604 (1989).

IEEE. Trans. Commun. (1)

B. M. Ghaffari, J. A. Salehi, "Multiclass, multistage, and multilevel fiber-optic CDMA signaling techniques based on advanced binary optical logic gate elements," IEEE. Trans. Commun. 57, (2009).

IEICE Trans. Commun. (1)

Nasaruddin, T. Tsujioka, "Multiple-length variable-weight optical orthogonal codes for supporting multirate multimedia services in optical CDMA networks," IEICE Trans. Commun. E90-B, 1968-1978 (2007).

J. Lightw. Technol. (4)

N. G. Tarhuni, T. O. Korhonen, E. Mutafungwa, M. S. Elmusrati, "Multiclass optical orthogonal codes for multiservice optical CDMA networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 694-704 (2006).

K. Kitayama, M. Murata, "Versatile optical code-based MPLS for circuit, burst, and packet switching," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 2753-2764 (2003).

S. Huang, K. Baba, M. Murata, K. Kitayama, "Variable-bandwidth optical paths: Comparison between optical code-labeled path and OCDM path," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 3563-3573 (2006).

K. Kitayama, N. Wada, H. Sotobayashi, "Architectural considerations of photonic IP router based upon optical code correlation," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 1834-1844 (2000).

J. Lightw. Technol. (2)

B. Wen, K. Sivalingam, "Routing, wavelength and time-slot-assignment algorithms for wavelength-routed optical WDM/TDM networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 2598-2609 (2005).

F. R. Gu, J. Wu, "Construction and performance analysis of variable-weight optical orthogonal codes for asynchronous optical CDMA systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 740-748 (2005).

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

J. Y. Lin, J. S. Jhou, J. H. Wen, "Variable-length code construction for incoherent optical CDMA systems," Opt. Fiber Technol. 13, 180-190 (2007).

Other (1)

A. Papoulis, S. U. Pillai, Probability, Random Variable and Stochastic Processes (McGraw-Hill, 2002).

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