Abstract

The DARPA CORONET project seeks to develop the target network architectures and technologies needed to build next-generation long-distance IP-over-Optical-Layer (IP/OL) networks. These next-generation networks are expected to scale 10–100 times larger than today's largest commercial IP/OL network. Furthermore, DARPA has established advanced objectives for very rapid provisioning of new IP or private line connections, very rapid restoration against up to three simultaneous network failures, and future dynamic “wavelength” services ranging from speeds of 40–800 Gigabits per second. Besides these ambitious goals, the CORONET project seeks to establish a commercially-viable network architecture that supports both commercial and government services. In this paper, we describe the CORONET program requirements, and present our initial architectures and analysis of the early phases of this long-term project. We propose a novel 2-Phase Fast Reroute restoration method that achieves 50–100 ms restoration in the IP-Layer in a cost-effective manner, and a commercially viable OL restoration method that can meet the rapid CORONET requirements. We also estimate the magnitude of the extra capacity needed to provide dynamic wavelength services compared to that of static services, and show that the extra capacity to restore a small percentage of high priority traffic against multiple failures requires a small amount of extra capacity compared to that of single failures.

© 2009 IEEE

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |

  1. L. Ong, J. Verrant, T. Lehman, J. Sobieski, R. Summerhill, "Application of ASON multi-domain architecture to Internet2," Global Interoperability in Multi-Domain and Multi-Layer ASON/GMPLS Networks Workshop, ECOC 2007 BerlinGermany (2007).
  2. Dynamic Resource Allocation via GMPLS Optical Networks (DRAGON) Project http://www.dragon.east.isi.edu/.
  3. V. Maglaris, "What should come after GÉANT2," NORDUnet Conf. HelsinkiFinland (2008.) http://www.geant2.net/upload/pdf/Vasilis_Maglaris.pdf.
  4. I. Yamauchi, T. Miyake, Y. Mikamo, J. Shimada, K. Kobayashi, H. Esaki, "JGN II (Japan Gigabit Network II): A research and development system for advanced broadband networks," Proc. Symp. Applications and the Internet Workshops (SAINT 2005 Workshops) (2005) pp. 34-37.
  5. N. Taesombut, F. Uyeda, L. Smarr, T. A. DeFanti, P. Papadopoulos, J. Leigh, "The OptIPuter: High-performance, QoS-guaranteed network service for emerging E-science applications," IEEE Communications 44, 38-45 (2006).
  6. “Dynamic multi-terabit core optical networks: architecture, protocols, control and management (CORONET),” DARPA BAA06-29 www.darpa.mil/STO/Solicitations/CORONET/index.htm.
  7. M. D. Feuer, D. C. Kilper, S. L. Woodward, Optical Fiber Telecommunications VB (Academic Press, 2008).
  8. R. Doverspike, "Practical aspects of bandwidth-on-demand in optical networks," Panel on Emerging Networks Service Provider Summit, Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC) AnaheimCA (2007).
  9. A. Nucci, N. Taft, C. Barakat, P. Thiran, "Controlled use of excess backbone bandwidth for providing new services in IP-over-WDM networks," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 22, 1692-1707 (2004).
  10. J. Fang, M. Sivakumar, A. Somani, K. Sivalingam, "On partial protection in groomed optical WDM mesh networks," Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Dependable Systems and Networks (2005) pp. 228-237.
  11. K. Ratnam, M. Gurusamy, L. Zhou, "Differentiated QoS routing of restorable sub-lambda connections in IP-over-WDM networks using a multi-layer protection approach," Proc. Int. Conf. Broadband Networks (2005) pp. 127-136.
  12. L. Song, J. Zhang, B. Mukherjee, "Dynamic provisioning with availability guarantee for differentiated services in survivable mesh networks," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (OCN Supplement) 25, 32-44 (2007).
  13. K. Ratnam, M. Gurusamy, L. Zhou, "Differentiated survivability framework and modeling for heterogeneous grooming optical networks," IEEE GLOBECOM 2007 .
  14. K. Ratnam, L. Zhou, M. Gurusamy, "Efficient multi-layer operational strategies for survivable IP-over-WDM networks," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 24, 16-31 (2006) Part Supplement.
  15. A. Chiu, G. Choudhury, G. Clapp, R. Doverspike, J. Gannett, J. Klincewicz, G. Li, R. Skoog, J. Strand, A. Von Lehmen, D. Xu, "Network design and architectures for highly dynamic next-generation IP-over-optical long distance networks," Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC) San DiegoCA (2009).
  16. R. Ahuja, T. Magnanti, J. Orlin, Network Flows: Theory, Algorithms, and Applications (Prentice-Hall, 1993).
  17. A. Chiu, G. Choudhury, R. Doverspike, G. Li, "Restoration design in IP over reconfigurable all-optical networks," Proc. IFIP Int. Conf. Network and Parallel Computing (2007) pp. 315-333.
  18. G. Choudhury, "Models for IP/MPLS routing performance: Convergence, fast reroute, and QoS impact," Keynote Presentation, SPIE Conf. Performance, QoS and Control of Next-Generation Communication Networks (ITCOM) (2004).
  19. R. Skoog, A. Neidhardt, "A fast robust signaling protocol for enabling highly dynamic optical networks," Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC) San DiegoCA (2009).
  20. J. Strand, A. Chiu, "Realizing the advantages of optical reconfigurability and restoration with integrated optical cross-connects," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 2871-2882 (2003).
  21. G. Li, A. Chiu, J. Strand, "Resilience design in all-optical ultra long-haul networks," J. Opt. Netw. 5, 625-636 (2006).
  22. A. Chiu, J. Strand, "Joint IP/optical layer restoration after a router failure," Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC) AnaheimCA (2001).
  23. P. Sebos, J. Yates, G. Li, D. Wang, A. Greenberg, M. Lazer, C. Kalmanek, D. Rubenstein, "Demonstration of ultra-fast IP restoration using reconfigurable transport networks," Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC) AtlantaGA (2003).
  24. G. Li, D. Wang, R. Doverspike, C. Kalmanek, J. Yates, "Economic analysis of IP/optical network architectures," Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC) Los AngelesCA (2004).
  25. J. Strand, A. Chiu, “Impairments and other constraints on optical layer routing,” Internet Engineering Task Force RFC 4054 (2005).
  26. J. Strand, Optical Fiber Telecommunications IVB (Academic Press, 2002).
  27. G. Ellinas, "Routing and restoration architectures in mesh optical networks," Optical Networks Mag. 4, 91-106 (2003).
  28. W. Grover, Mesh-Based Survivable Transport Networks: Options and Strategies for Optical, MPLS, SONET and ATM Networking (Prentice-Hall, 2003).
  29. B. Cortez, "The emerging intelligent optical network: Now a reality," Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC) AnaheimCA (2002).
  30. G. Li, A. Chiu, J. Strand, "Failure recovery in all-optical networks," 5th Int. Workshop on Design of Reliable Communication Networks (DRCN2005) Island of IschiaItaly (2005).
  31. J. Simmons, "Cost vs capacity tradeoff with shared mesh protection in optical-bypass-enabled backbone networks," Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC) AnaheimCA (2007).
  32. A. Kodian, W. D. Grover, "Failure-independent path protecting P-cycles; efficient and simple fully pre-connected optical path protection," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 3241-3259 (2005).
  33. H. Luss, R. T. Wong, "Survivable telecommunications network design under different types of failures," IEEE Trans. Syst., Man, Cybern. Part A, Syst. Humans 34, 521-530 (2004).
  34. R. Doverspike, G. Sahin, J. Strand, R. Tkach, "Fast restoration in a mesh network of optical cross-connects," Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC) San DiegoCA (1999).
  35. A. Chiu, R. Doverspike, G. Li, J. Strand, "Restoration signaling protocol design for next-generation optical network," Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC) San DiegoCA (2009).

2007 (1)

L. Song, J. Zhang, B. Mukherjee, "Dynamic provisioning with availability guarantee for differentiated services in survivable mesh networks," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (OCN Supplement) 25, 32-44 (2007).

2006 (3)

K. Ratnam, L. Zhou, M. Gurusamy, "Efficient multi-layer operational strategies for survivable IP-over-WDM networks," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 24, 16-31 (2006) Part Supplement.

N. Taesombut, F. Uyeda, L. Smarr, T. A. DeFanti, P. Papadopoulos, J. Leigh, "The OptIPuter: High-performance, QoS-guaranteed network service for emerging E-science applications," IEEE Communications 44, 38-45 (2006).

G. Li, A. Chiu, J. Strand, "Resilience design in all-optical ultra long-haul networks," J. Opt. Netw. 5, 625-636 (2006).

2005 (1)

A. Kodian, W. D. Grover, "Failure-independent path protecting P-cycles; efficient and simple fully pre-connected optical path protection," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 3241-3259 (2005).

2004 (2)

H. Luss, R. T. Wong, "Survivable telecommunications network design under different types of failures," IEEE Trans. Syst., Man, Cybern. Part A, Syst. Humans 34, 521-530 (2004).

A. Nucci, N. Taft, C. Barakat, P. Thiran, "Controlled use of excess backbone bandwidth for providing new services in IP-over-WDM networks," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 22, 1692-1707 (2004).

2003 (2)

J. Strand, A. Chiu, "Realizing the advantages of optical reconfigurability and restoration with integrated optical cross-connects," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 2871-2882 (2003).

G. Ellinas, "Routing and restoration architectures in mesh optical networks," Optical Networks Mag. 4, 91-106 (2003).

IEEE Communications (1)

N. Taesombut, F. Uyeda, L. Smarr, T. A. DeFanti, P. Papadopoulos, J. Leigh, "The OptIPuter: High-performance, QoS-guaranteed network service for emerging E-science applications," IEEE Communications 44, 38-45 (2006).

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (1)

A. Nucci, N. Taft, C. Barakat, P. Thiran, "Controlled use of excess backbone bandwidth for providing new services in IP-over-WDM networks," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 22, 1692-1707 (2004).

IEEE Trans. Syst., Man, Cybern. Part A, Syst. Humans (1)

H. Luss, R. T. Wong, "Survivable telecommunications network design under different types of failures," IEEE Trans. Syst., Man, Cybern. Part A, Syst. Humans 34, 521-530 (2004).

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (1)

K. Ratnam, L. Zhou, M. Gurusamy, "Efficient multi-layer operational strategies for survivable IP-over-WDM networks," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 24, 16-31 (2006) Part Supplement.

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (OCN Supplement) (1)

L. Song, J. Zhang, B. Mukherjee, "Dynamic provisioning with availability guarantee for differentiated services in survivable mesh networks," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (OCN Supplement) 25, 32-44 (2007).

J. Lightw. Technol. (2)

A. Kodian, W. D. Grover, "Failure-independent path protecting P-cycles; efficient and simple fully pre-connected optical path protection," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 3241-3259 (2005).

J. Strand, A. Chiu, "Realizing the advantages of optical reconfigurability and restoration with integrated optical cross-connects," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 2871-2882 (2003).

J. Opt. Netw. (1)

Optical Networks Mag. (1)

G. Ellinas, "Routing and restoration architectures in mesh optical networks," Optical Networks Mag. 4, 91-106 (2003).

Other (26)

W. Grover, Mesh-Based Survivable Transport Networks: Options and Strategies for Optical, MPLS, SONET and ATM Networking (Prentice-Hall, 2003).

B. Cortez, "The emerging intelligent optical network: Now a reality," Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC) AnaheimCA (2002).

G. Li, A. Chiu, J. Strand, "Failure recovery in all-optical networks," 5th Int. Workshop on Design of Reliable Communication Networks (DRCN2005) Island of IschiaItaly (2005).

J. Simmons, "Cost vs capacity tradeoff with shared mesh protection in optical-bypass-enabled backbone networks," Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC) AnaheimCA (2007).

A. Chiu, J. Strand, "Joint IP/optical layer restoration after a router failure," Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC) AnaheimCA (2001).

P. Sebos, J. Yates, G. Li, D. Wang, A. Greenberg, M. Lazer, C. Kalmanek, D. Rubenstein, "Demonstration of ultra-fast IP restoration using reconfigurable transport networks," Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC) AtlantaGA (2003).

G. Li, D. Wang, R. Doverspike, C. Kalmanek, J. Yates, "Economic analysis of IP/optical network architectures," Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC) Los AngelesCA (2004).

J. Strand, A. Chiu, “Impairments and other constraints on optical layer routing,” Internet Engineering Task Force RFC 4054 (2005).

J. Strand, Optical Fiber Telecommunications IVB (Academic Press, 2002).

R. Doverspike, G. Sahin, J. Strand, R. Tkach, "Fast restoration in a mesh network of optical cross-connects," Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC) San DiegoCA (1999).

A. Chiu, R. Doverspike, G. Li, J. Strand, "Restoration signaling protocol design for next-generation optical network," Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC) San DiegoCA (2009).

K. Ratnam, M. Gurusamy, L. Zhou, "Differentiated survivability framework and modeling for heterogeneous grooming optical networks," IEEE GLOBECOM 2007 .

J. Fang, M. Sivakumar, A. Somani, K. Sivalingam, "On partial protection in groomed optical WDM mesh networks," Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Dependable Systems and Networks (2005) pp. 228-237.

K. Ratnam, M. Gurusamy, L. Zhou, "Differentiated QoS routing of restorable sub-lambda connections in IP-over-WDM networks using a multi-layer protection approach," Proc. Int. Conf. Broadband Networks (2005) pp. 127-136.

A. Chiu, G. Choudhury, G. Clapp, R. Doverspike, J. Gannett, J. Klincewicz, G. Li, R. Skoog, J. Strand, A. Von Lehmen, D. Xu, "Network design and architectures for highly dynamic next-generation IP-over-optical long distance networks," Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC) San DiegoCA (2009).

R. Ahuja, T. Magnanti, J. Orlin, Network Flows: Theory, Algorithms, and Applications (Prentice-Hall, 1993).

A. Chiu, G. Choudhury, R. Doverspike, G. Li, "Restoration design in IP over reconfigurable all-optical networks," Proc. IFIP Int. Conf. Network and Parallel Computing (2007) pp. 315-333.

G. Choudhury, "Models for IP/MPLS routing performance: Convergence, fast reroute, and QoS impact," Keynote Presentation, SPIE Conf. Performance, QoS and Control of Next-Generation Communication Networks (ITCOM) (2004).

R. Skoog, A. Neidhardt, "A fast robust signaling protocol for enabling highly dynamic optical networks," Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC) San DiegoCA (2009).

“Dynamic multi-terabit core optical networks: architecture, protocols, control and management (CORONET),” DARPA BAA06-29 www.darpa.mil/STO/Solicitations/CORONET/index.htm.

M. D. Feuer, D. C. Kilper, S. L. Woodward, Optical Fiber Telecommunications VB (Academic Press, 2008).

R. Doverspike, "Practical aspects of bandwidth-on-demand in optical networks," Panel on Emerging Networks Service Provider Summit, Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC) AnaheimCA (2007).

L. Ong, J. Verrant, T. Lehman, J. Sobieski, R. Summerhill, "Application of ASON multi-domain architecture to Internet2," Global Interoperability in Multi-Domain and Multi-Layer ASON/GMPLS Networks Workshop, ECOC 2007 BerlinGermany (2007).

Dynamic Resource Allocation via GMPLS Optical Networks (DRAGON) Project http://www.dragon.east.isi.edu/.

V. Maglaris, "What should come after GÉANT2," NORDUnet Conf. HelsinkiFinland (2008.) http://www.geant2.net/upload/pdf/Vasilis_Maglaris.pdf.

I. Yamauchi, T. Miyake, Y. Mikamo, J. Shimada, K. Kobayashi, H. Esaki, "JGN II (Japan Gigabit Network II): A research and development system for advanced broadband networks," Proc. Symp. Applications and the Internet Workshops (SAINT 2005 Workshops) (2005) pp. 34-37.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.