Abstract

In this paper, we investigate the linear and nonlinear properties of GeSbS and AsSe chalcogenide photonic crystal fibers. Through several experimental setups, we have measured the second- and third-order chromatic dispersion, the effective area, losses, birefringence, the nonlinear Kerr coefficient as well as Brillouin and Raman scattering properties.

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  48. C. Finot, J. Fatome, S. Pitois, G. Millot, "All-fibered high-quality low duty-cycle 20-GHz and 40-GHz picosecond pulse sources," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1711-1713 (2007).
  49. J. Fatome, S. Pitois, G. Millot, "320/640 GHz high-quality pulse sources based on multiple four-wave mixing in highly nonlinear optical fibre," Electron. Lett. 41, 1391-1392 (2005).

2009 (1)

J. Troles, L. Brilland, F. Smektala, P. Houizot, F. Desevedavy, Q. Coulombier, N. Traynor, T. Chartier, T. N. Nguyen, J. L. Adam, G. Renversez, "Chalcogenide microstructured fibers for infrared systems, elaboration modelization, and characterization," Fiber Integrated Opt. 28, 11-26 (2009).

2008 (10)

S. K. Varshney, K. Saitoh, K. Iizawa, Y. Tsuchida, M. Koshiba, R. K. Sinha, "Raman amplification characteristics of ${\hbox {As}}_{2}{\hbox {Se}}_{3}$ photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Lett. 33, 2431-2433 (2008).

P. Domachuk, N. A. Wolchover, M. Cronin-Golomb, A. Wang, A. K. George, C. M. B. Cordeiro, J. C. Knight, F. G. Omenetto, "Over 4000 nm bandwidth of Mid-IR supercontinuum generation in sub-centimeter segments of highly nonlinear tellurite PCFs," Opt. Exp. 16, 7161-7168 (2008).

D. Pelusi, F. Luan, E. Magi, M. R. Lamont, D. J. Moss, B. J. Eggleton, J. S. Sanghera, L. B. Shaw, I. D. Aggarwal, "High bit rate all-optical signal processing in a fiber photonic wire," Opt. Exp. 16, 11506-11512 (2008).

D. Yeom, E. C. Mägi, M. R. E. Lamont, M. A. F. Roelens, L. Fu, B. J. Eggleton, "Low-threshold supercontinuum generation in highly nonlinear chalcogenide nanowires," Opt. Lett. 33, 660-662 (2008).

M. Pelusi, V. G. Ta'eed, L. Fu, E. C. Mägi, M. R. E. Lamont, S. Madden, D.-Y. Choi, D. A. P. Bulla, B. Luther-Davies, B. J. Eggleton, "Applications of highly-nonlinear chalcogenide glass devices tailored for high-speed all-optical signal processing," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 529-539 (2008).

C. Fortier, J. Fatome, S. Pitois, F. Smektala, G. Millot, J. Troles, F. Desevedavy, P. Houizot, L. Brilland, N. Traynor, "Experimental investigation of Brillouin and Raman scattering in a 2SG sulfide glass microstructured chalcogenide fiber," Opt. Exp. 16, 9398-9404 (2008).

L. Fu, V. G. Ta'eed, E. C. Mägi, I. C. M. Littler, M. Pelusi, M. R. E. Lamont, A. Fuerbach, H. C. Nguyen, D. I. Yeom, B. J. Eggleton, "Highly nonlinear chalcogenide fibres for all-optical signal processing," Opt. Quantum Electron. 39, 1115-1131 (2008).

L. Brilland, J. Troles, P. Houizot, F. Désévédavy, Q. Coulombier, G. Renversez, T. Chartier, T. N. Nguyen, J. L. Adam, N. Traynor, "Interfaces impact on the transmission of chalcogenides photonic crystal fibres," J. Ceramic Soc. Jpn. 116, 1024-1027 (2008).

C. Finot, B. Kibler, L. Provost, S. Wabnitz, "Beneficial impact of wave-breaking or coherent continuum formation in normally dispersive nonlinear fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 25, 1938-1948 (2008).

C. Fortier, B. Kibler, J. Fatome, C. Finot, S. Pitois, G. Millot, "All-fibered high-quality low duty-cycle 160-GHz femtosecond pulse source," Laser Phys. Lett. 5, 817-820 (2008).

2007 (3)

C. Finot, J. Fatome, S. Pitois, G. Millot, "All-fibered high-quality low duty-cycle 20-GHz and 40-GHz picosecond pulse sources," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1711-1713 (2007).

J. H. V. Price, T. M. Monro, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, F. Poletti, P. Horak, V. Finazzi, J. Y. Y. Leong, P. Petropoulos, J. C. Flanagan, G. Brambilla, M. Feng, D. J. Richardson, "Mid-IR supercontinuum generation from nonsilica microstructured optical fibers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 738-749 (2007).

T. N. Nguyen, T. Chartier, M. Thual, P. Besnard, L. Provino, A. Monteville, N. Traynor, "Simultaneous measurement of anomalous group-velocity dispersion and nonlinear coefficient in optical fibers using soliton-effect compression," Opt. Commun. 278, 60-65 (2007).

2006 (10)

J. Fatome, S. Pitois, G. Millot, "Measurement of nonlinear and chromatic dispersion parameters of optical fibers using modulation instability," Opt. Fiber Technol. 12, 243-250 (2006).

C. Florea, M. Bashkansky, Z. Dutton, J. Sanghera, P. Pureza, I. Aggarwal, "Stimulated Brillouin scattering in single-mode ${\hbox {As}}_{2}{\hbox {S}}_{3}$ and ${\hbox {As}}_{2}{\hbox {Se}}_{3}$ chalcogenide fibers," Opt. Exp. 14, 12063-12070 (2006).

K. S. Abedin, "Brillouin amplification and lasing in a single-mode ${\rm As}_{2}{\rm Se}_{3}$ chalcogenide fiber," Opt. Lett. 31, 1615-1617 (2006).

O. P. Kulkarni, C. Xia, D. J. Lee, M. Kumar, A. Kuditcher, M. N. Islam, F. L. Terry, M. J. Freeman, B. G. Aitken, S. C. Currie, J. E. McCarthy, M. L. Powley, D. A. Nolan, "Third order cascaded Raman wavelength shifting in chalcogenide fibers and determination of Raman gain coefficient," Opt. Exp. 14, 7924-7930 (2006).

S. D. Jackson, G. Anzueto-Sanchez, "Chalcogenide glass Raman fiber laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 221106 (2006).

L. Brilland, F. Smektala, G. Renversez, T. Chartier, J. Troles, T. N. Nguyen, N. Traynor, A. Monteville, "Fabrication of complex structures of holey fibers in chalcogenide glasses," Opt. Exp. 14, 1280-1285 (2006).

K. Y. Song, K. S. Abedin, K. Hotate, M. González Herráez, L. Thévenaz, "Highly efficient Brillouin slow and fast light using ${\hbox {As}}_{2}{\hbox {Se}}_{3}$ chalcogenide fiber," Opt. Exp. 14, 5860-5865 (2006).

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, S. Coen, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber," Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135-1184 (2006).

L. Petit, N. Carlie, K. Richardson, A. Humeau, S. Cherukulappurath, G. Boudebs, "Nonlinear optical properties of glasses in the system Ge/Ga-Sb-S/Se," Opt Lett. 31, 1495-1497 (2006).

L. Labonte, D. Pagnoux, P. Roy, F. Bahloul, M. Zghal, "Numerical and experimental analysis of the birefringence of large air fraction slightly unsymmetrical holey fibres," Opt. Commun. 262, 180-187 (2006).

2005 (4)

K. L. Reichenbach, C. Xu, "The effects of randomly occurring nonuniformities on propagation in photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Exp. 13, 2799-2807 (2005).

J. Fatome, S. Pitois, G. Millot, "320/640 GHz high-quality pulse sources based on multiple four-wave mixing in highly nonlinear optical fibre," Electron. Lett. 41, 1391-1392 (2005).

L. B. Fu, M. Rochette, V. G. Ta'eed, D. J. Moss, B. J. Eggleton, "Investigation of self-phase modulation based optical regeneration in single mode ${\hbox {As}}_{2}{\hbox {Se}}_{3}$ chalcogenide glass fiber," Opt. Exp. 13, 7639-7646 (2005).

K. S. Abedin, "Observation of strong stimulated Brillouin scattering in single-mode ${\hbox {As}}_{2}{\hbox {Se}}_{3}$ chalcogenide fiber," Opt. Exp. 13, 10266-10271 (2005).

2004 (1)

R. E. Slusher, G. Lenz, J. Hodelin, J. Sanghera, L. B. Shaw, I. D. Aggarwal, "Large Raman gain and nonlinear phase shifts in high-purity ${\hbox {As}}_{2}{\hbox {Se}}_{3}$ chalcogenide fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 21, 1146-1155 (2004).

2003 (4)

P. S. Russell, "Photonic crystal fibers," Science 299, 358-362 (2003).

P. Petropoulos, H. Ebendorff-Heidepreim, V. Finazzi, R. C. Moore, K. Frampton, D. J. Richardson, T. M. Monro, "Highly nonlinear and anomalously dispersive lead silicate glass holey fibers," Opt. Exp. 11, 3568-3573 (2003).

H. Chen, "Simultaneous measurements of non-linear coefficient, zero-dispersion wavelength and chromatic dispersion in dispersion-shifted fibers by four-wave mixing," Opt. Commun. 220, 331-335 (2003).

I. K. Hwang, Y. J. Lee, Y. H. Lee, "Birefringence induced by irregular structure in photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Exp. 11, 2799-2806 (2003).

2002 (3)

G. Millot, J. M. Dudley, "Polarization mode dispersion measurement in high-birefringence fibers by means of stimulated Raman scattering," Appl. Opt. 41, 2589-2591 (2002).

J. Garnier, J. Fatome, G. Le Meur, "Statistical analysis of pulse propagation driven by polarization-mode dispersion," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 19, 1968-1977 (2002).

F. Benabid, J. Knight, P. Russell, "Particle levitation and guidance in hollow-core photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Exp. 10, 1195-1203 (2002).

2001 (2)

2000 (3)

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, T. W. Hanch, "Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000).

F. Koch, S. V. Chernikov, J. R. Taylor, "Dispersion measurement in optical fibers over the entire spectral range from 1.1 $\mu$m to 1.7 $\mu$m," Opt. Commun. 175, 209-213 (2000).

J. P. Gordon, H. Kogelnik, "PMD fundamentals: Polarization mode dispersion in optical fibers," Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA 97, 4541-4550 (2000).

1999 (2)

G. G. Devyatyk, M. F. Churbanov, I. V. Schripatchev, G. E. Snopatin, E. M. Dianov, V. G. Plotichenko, "Recent development in As-S glass fibres," J. Non Crystalline Solids 256 & 257, 318-322 (1999).

T. Cardinal, K. A. Richardson, H. Shim, A. Schulte, R. Beatty, K. Le Foulgoc, C. Meneghini, J. F. Viens, A. Villeneuve, "Non-linear optical properties of chalcogenide glasses in the system As-S-Se," J. Non Crystalline Solids 256 & 257, 353-360 (1999).

1996 (1)

J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. S. J. Russell, D. M. Atkin, "All-silica single-mode optical fiber with photonic crystal cladding," Opt. Lett. 21, 1547-1549 (1996).

1994 (1)

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

S. D. Jackson, G. Anzueto-Sanchez, "Chalcogenide glass Raman fiber laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 221106 (2006).

Electron. Lett. (1)

J. Fatome, S. Pitois, G. Millot, "320/640 GHz high-quality pulse sources based on multiple four-wave mixing in highly nonlinear optical fibre," Electron. Lett. 41, 1391-1392 (2005).

Fiber Integrated Opt. (1)

J. Troles, L. Brilland, F. Smektala, P. Houizot, F. Desevedavy, Q. Coulombier, N. Traynor, T. Chartier, T. N. Nguyen, J. L. Adam, G. Renversez, "Chalcogenide microstructured fibers for infrared systems, elaboration modelization, and characterization," Fiber Integrated Opt. 28, 11-26 (2009).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

C. Finot, J. Fatome, S. Pitois, G. Millot, "All-fibered high-quality low duty-cycle 20-GHz and 40-GHz picosecond pulse sources," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1711-1713 (2007).

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

J. H. V. Price, T. M. Monro, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, F. Poletti, P. Horak, V. Finazzi, J. Y. Y. Leong, P. Petropoulos, J. C. Flanagan, G. Brambilla, M. Feng, D. J. Richardson, "Mid-IR supercontinuum generation from nonsilica microstructured optical fibers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 738-749 (2007).

M. Pelusi, V. G. Ta'eed, L. Fu, E. C. Mägi, M. R. E. Lamont, S. Madden, D.-Y. Choi, D. A. P. Bulla, B. Luther-Davies, B. J. Eggleton, "Applications of highly-nonlinear chalcogenide glass devices tailored for high-speed all-optical signal processing," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 529-539 (2008).

J. Ceramic Soc. Jpn. (1)

L. Brilland, J. Troles, P. Houizot, F. Désévédavy, Q. Coulombier, G. Renversez, T. Chartier, T. N. Nguyen, J. L. Adam, N. Traynor, "Interfaces impact on the transmission of chalcogenides photonic crystal fibres," J. Ceramic Soc. Jpn. 116, 1024-1027 (2008).

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B (2)

R. E. Slusher, G. Lenz, J. Hodelin, J. Sanghera, L. B. Shaw, I. D. Aggarwal, "Large Raman gain and nonlinear phase shifts in high-purity ${\hbox {As}}_{2}{\hbox {Se}}_{3}$ chalcogenide fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 21, 1146-1155 (2004).

J. Garnier, J. Fatome, G. Le Meur, "Statistical analysis of pulse propagation driven by polarization-mode dispersion," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 19, 1968-1977 (2002).

J. Non Crystalline Solids (1)

T. Cardinal, K. A. Richardson, H. Shim, A. Schulte, R. Beatty, K. Le Foulgoc, C. Meneghini, J. F. Viens, A. Villeneuve, "Non-linear optical properties of chalcogenide glasses in the system As-S-Se," J. Non Crystalline Solids 256 & 257, 353-360 (1999).

J. Non Crystalline Solids (1)

G. G. Devyatyk, M. F. Churbanov, I. V. Schripatchev, G. E. Snopatin, E. M. Dianov, V. G. Plotichenko, "Recent development in As-S glass fibres," J. Non Crystalline Solids 256 & 257, 318-322 (1999).

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B (1)

C. Finot, B. Kibler, L. Provost, S. Wabnitz, "Beneficial impact of wave-breaking or coherent continuum formation in normally dispersive nonlinear fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 25, 1938-1948 (2008).

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

C. Fortier, B. Kibler, J. Fatome, C. Finot, S. Pitois, G. Millot, "All-fibered high-quality low duty-cycle 160-GHz femtosecond pulse source," Laser Phys. Lett. 5, 817-820 (2008).

Opt Lett. (1)

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H. Chen, "Simultaneous measurements of non-linear coefficient, zero-dispersion wavelength and chromatic dispersion in dispersion-shifted fibers by four-wave mixing," Opt. Commun. 220, 331-335 (2003).

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K. L. Reichenbach, C. Xu, "The effects of randomly occurring nonuniformities on propagation in photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Exp. 13, 2799-2807 (2005).

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O. P. Kulkarni, C. Xia, D. J. Lee, M. Kumar, A. Kuditcher, M. N. Islam, F. L. Terry, M. J. Freeman, B. G. Aitken, S. C. Currie, J. E. McCarthy, M. L. Powley, D. A. Nolan, "Third order cascaded Raman wavelength shifting in chalcogenide fibers and determination of Raman gain coefficient," Opt. Exp. 14, 7924-7930 (2006).

P. Petropoulos, H. Ebendorff-Heidepreim, V. Finazzi, R. C. Moore, K. Frampton, D. J. Richardson, T. M. Monro, "Highly nonlinear and anomalously dispersive lead silicate glass holey fibers," Opt. Exp. 11, 3568-3573 (2003).

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L. Labonte, D. Pagnoux, P. Roy, F. Bahloul, M. Zghal, "Numerical and experimental analysis of the birefringence of large air fraction slightly unsymmetrical holey fibres," Opt. Commun. 262, 180-187 (2006).

T. N. Nguyen, T. Chartier, M. Thual, P. Besnard, L. Provino, A. Monteville, N. Traynor, "Simultaneous measurement of anomalous group-velocity dispersion and nonlinear coefficient in optical fibers using soliton-effect compression," Opt. Commun. 278, 60-65 (2007).

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I. K. Hwang, Y. J. Lee, Y. H. Lee, "Birefringence induced by irregular structure in photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Exp. 11, 2799-2806 (2003).

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