Abstract

Using the cutback technique, the attenuation of four different silica step-index fibers is measured in the very wide wavelength range of 190–1700 nm. The measured spectra are deconvolved into components describing Rayleigh scattering, infrared losses, Urbach edge, anomalous loss, and different localized absorptions using a least squares fit. The evaluated Urbach edge is compared against results based on measurements on bulk glass samples and good agreement between the two is found. Furthermore, the Urbach edge is found to contribute significantly to the overall attenuation at communication wavelengths for two of the four fibers investigated.

© 2008 IEEE

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  1. F. Urbach, "The long-wavelength edge of photographic sensitivity and the electronic absorption of solids," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 1324 (1953).
  2. P. Schultz, "Ultraviolet absorption of titanium and germanium in fused silica," Proc. XI Int. Congr. Glass (1977) pp. 155-163.
  3. I. Garret, C. Todd, "Components and systems for long-wavelength monomode fibre transmission," Opt. Quant. Electron. 14, 95-143 (1982).
  4. E. M. Dianov, V. M. Mashinsky, V. B. Neustruev, O. D. Sazhin, A. N. Guryanov, V. F. Khopin, N. N. Vechkanov, S. V. Lavrishchev, "Origin of excess loss in single-mode optical fibers with high GeO$_{2}$-doped silica core," Opt. Fiber Technol. 3, 77-86 (1997).
  5. S. Sudo, H. Itoh, "Efficient non-linear optical fibres and their applications," Opt. Quant. Electron. 22, 187-212 (1990).
  6. V. B. Neustruev, "Colour centres in germanosilicate glass and optical fibres," J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 6, 6901-6936 (1994).
  7. L. Skuja, "Optically active oxygen-deficiency-related centers in amorphous silicon dioxide," J. Non-Crystal. Solids 239, 16-48 (1998).
  8. R. H. Stolen, "Raman scattering and infrared absorption from low lying modes in vitreous SiO$ _{2}$, GeO$_{2}$ and B$ _{2} $O$_{3}$," Phys. Chem. Glasses 11, 83-87 (1970).
  9. M. Line, W. Reed, D. D. Giovanni, J. Hamblin, "Explanation of anomalous loss in high delta singlemode fibres," Electron. Lett. 35, 1009-1010 (1999).
  10. R. Loudon, The Quantum Theory of Light (Oxford, 2000).
  11. M. Bredol, D. Leers, L. Bosselaar, M. Hutjens, "Improved model for oh absorption in optical fibers," J. Lightw. Technol. 8, 1536-1540 (1990).
  12. K. Nagayama, M. Kakui, M. Matsui, T. Saitoh, Y. Chigusa, "Ultra-low-loss (0.1484 db/km) pure silica core fibre and extension of transmission distance," Electron. Lett. 38, 1168-1169 (2002).
  13. R. M. Atkins, "Measurement of the ultraviolet absorption spectrum of optical fibers," Opt. Lett. 17, 469-471 (1992).
  14. A. T. Pedersen, L. Grüner-Nielsen, K. Rottwitt, "Low wavelength loss of germanium doped silica fibers," Proc. OFC/NFOEC 2008—2008 Conference on Optical Fiber Communication/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (2008) pp. 4528753.

2002 (1)

K. Nagayama, M. Kakui, M. Matsui, T. Saitoh, Y. Chigusa, "Ultra-low-loss (0.1484 db/km) pure silica core fibre and extension of transmission distance," Electron. Lett. 38, 1168-1169 (2002).

1999 (1)

M. Line, W. Reed, D. D. Giovanni, J. Hamblin, "Explanation of anomalous loss in high delta singlemode fibres," Electron. Lett. 35, 1009-1010 (1999).

1998 (1)

L. Skuja, "Optically active oxygen-deficiency-related centers in amorphous silicon dioxide," J. Non-Crystal. Solids 239, 16-48 (1998).

1997 (1)

E. M. Dianov, V. M. Mashinsky, V. B. Neustruev, O. D. Sazhin, A. N. Guryanov, V. F. Khopin, N. N. Vechkanov, S. V. Lavrishchev, "Origin of excess loss in single-mode optical fibers with high GeO$_{2}$-doped silica core," Opt. Fiber Technol. 3, 77-86 (1997).

1994 (1)

V. B. Neustruev, "Colour centres in germanosilicate glass and optical fibres," J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 6, 6901-6936 (1994).

1992 (1)

R. M. Atkins, "Measurement of the ultraviolet absorption spectrum of optical fibers," Opt. Lett. 17, 469-471 (1992).

1990 (2)

S. Sudo, H. Itoh, "Efficient non-linear optical fibres and their applications," Opt. Quant. Electron. 22, 187-212 (1990).

M. Bredol, D. Leers, L. Bosselaar, M. Hutjens, "Improved model for oh absorption in optical fibers," J. Lightw. Technol. 8, 1536-1540 (1990).

1982 (1)

I. Garret, C. Todd, "Components and systems for long-wavelength monomode fibre transmission," Opt. Quant. Electron. 14, 95-143 (1982).

1970 (1)

R. H. Stolen, "Raman scattering and infrared absorption from low lying modes in vitreous SiO$ _{2}$, GeO$_{2}$ and B$ _{2} $O$_{3}$," Phys. Chem. Glasses 11, 83-87 (1970).

1953 (1)

F. Urbach, "The long-wavelength edge of photographic sensitivity and the electronic absorption of solids," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 1324 (1953).

Electron. Lett. (1)

K. Nagayama, M. Kakui, M. Matsui, T. Saitoh, Y. Chigusa, "Ultra-low-loss (0.1484 db/km) pure silica core fibre and extension of transmission distance," Electron. Lett. 38, 1168-1169 (2002).

Electron. Lett. (1)

M. Line, W. Reed, D. D. Giovanni, J. Hamblin, "Explanation of anomalous loss in high delta singlemode fibres," Electron. Lett. 35, 1009-1010 (1999).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

M. Bredol, D. Leers, L. Bosselaar, M. Hutjens, "Improved model for oh absorption in optical fibers," J. Lightw. Technol. 8, 1536-1540 (1990).

J. Non-Crystal. Solids (1)

L. Skuja, "Optically active oxygen-deficiency-related centers in amorphous silicon dioxide," J. Non-Crystal. Solids 239, 16-48 (1998).

J. Phys.: Condens. Matter (1)

V. B. Neustruev, "Colour centres in germanosilicate glass and optical fibres," J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 6, 6901-6936 (1994).

Opt. Lett. (1)

R. M. Atkins, "Measurement of the ultraviolet absorption spectrum of optical fibers," Opt. Lett. 17, 469-471 (1992).

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

E. M. Dianov, V. M. Mashinsky, V. B. Neustruev, O. D. Sazhin, A. N. Guryanov, V. F. Khopin, N. N. Vechkanov, S. V. Lavrishchev, "Origin of excess loss in single-mode optical fibers with high GeO$_{2}$-doped silica core," Opt. Fiber Technol. 3, 77-86 (1997).

Opt. Quant. Electron. (2)

S. Sudo, H. Itoh, "Efficient non-linear optical fibres and their applications," Opt. Quant. Electron. 22, 187-212 (1990).

I. Garret, C. Todd, "Components and systems for long-wavelength monomode fibre transmission," Opt. Quant. Electron. 14, 95-143 (1982).

Phys. Chem. Glasses (1)

R. H. Stolen, "Raman scattering and infrared absorption from low lying modes in vitreous SiO$ _{2}$, GeO$_{2}$ and B$ _{2} $O$_{3}$," Phys. Chem. Glasses 11, 83-87 (1970).

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

F. Urbach, "The long-wavelength edge of photographic sensitivity and the electronic absorption of solids," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 1324 (1953).

Other (3)

P. Schultz, "Ultraviolet absorption of titanium and germanium in fused silica," Proc. XI Int. Congr. Glass (1977) pp. 155-163.

A. T. Pedersen, L. Grüner-Nielsen, K. Rottwitt, "Low wavelength loss of germanium doped silica fibers," Proc. OFC/NFOEC 2008—2008 Conference on Optical Fiber Communication/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (2008) pp. 4528753.

R. Loudon, The Quantum Theory of Light (Oxford, 2000).

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