Abstract

An integrated configuration is proposed to convert tunable slow light from signal to another frequency in a wide bandwidth by using a 70 m-long highly nonlinear photonic crystal fiber (HN-PCF). A 10 GHz RZ signal is delayed by a 10 Gbit/s $2 ^{31} -1$ pseudo random bit sequence (PRBS) stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS) pump, and the slow light is converted to another frequency in a broadband by four-wave mixing (FWM). By this way, not only the slow light is converted, but the idler power is enhanced greatly. In our experiment, all-optical controlled 37.5 ps delay time is converted in a 40 nm bandwidth flatly, and 4.7 dB idler power is enhanced simultaneously. The experimental results are in good agreement with those of the theory.

© 2009 IEEE

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  29. S. J. Jung, J. Y. Lee, D. Y. Kim, "Highly efficient phase-conjugation of a 1 $\mu$m pico-second Laguerre-Gaussian beam," Opt. Expr. 14, 35-43 (2006).
  30. V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, L. I. Bulatov, I. A. Bufetov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, E. F. Kustov, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, V. F. Khopin, M. V. Yashkov, A. N. Guryanov, "Bismuth-doped-glass optical fibers—A new active medium for lasers and amplifiers," Opt. Lett. 31, 2966-2968 (2006).
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2008

Jiepeng, Zhang, G. Hernandez, Y. Zhu, "Slow light with cavity electromagnetically induced transparency," Opt. Lett. 33, 46-48 (2008).

E. Mateo, F. Yaman, G. Li, "Control of four-wave mixing phase-matching condition using the Brillouin slow-light effect in fibers," Opt. Lett. 33, 488-490 (2008).

S. Yang, H. Chen, C. qiu, M. Chen, M. Chen, S. Xie, J. Li, W. Chen, "Slow-light delay enhancement in small-core pure silica photonic crystal fiber based on Brillouin Scattering," Opt. Lett. 33, 95-97 (2008).

2007

C. Jauregui, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, "Brillouin assisted slow-ligth enhancement via Fabry-Perot cavity effects," Opt. Expr. 15, 5126-5135 (2007).

A. zadok, O. Raz, A. Eyal, M. Tur, "Optically controlled low-distortion delay of GHz-wide radio-frequency signals using slow light in fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 462-464 (2007).

Y. Okawachi, R. Salem, A. L. Gaeta, "Contimuous tunable delays at 10-Gb/s data rates using self-phase modulation and dispersion," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3710-3715 (2007).

S. V. Pishko, P. D. Sewell, T. M. Benson, S. V. Boriskina, "Efficient analysis and design of low-loss whispering-gallery-mode coupled resonator optical waveguide bends," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 2487-2493 (2007).

F. Xia, L. Sekaric, Y. Vlasov, "Ultracompact optical buffers on a silicon chip," Nature Photon. 1, 65-71 (2007).

B. Zhang, L. Zhang, L. S. Yan, I. Fazal, J. Y. Yang, A. E. Willner, "Continuously-tunable, bit-rate variable OTDM using broadband SBS slow-light delay line," Opt. Expr. 15, 8317-8322 (2007).

Z. Zhu, A. M. C. Dawes, D. J. Gauthier, L. Zhang, A. E. Willner, "Broadband SBS slow light in an optical fiber," IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 201206 (2007).

E. C. Mägi, L. B. Fu, H. C. Nguyen, M. R. Lamont, D. I. Yeom, B. J. Eggleton, "Enhanced Kerr nonlinearity in sub-wavelength diameter As2Se3 chalcogenide fiber tapers," Opt. Expr. 15, 10324-10329 (2007).

2006

J. Liu, "Large anomalous dispersion at short wavelength and modal properties of photonic crystal fiber with large air holes," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 961-968 (2006).

M. G. Herraez, K. Y. Song, L. Thevenaz, "Aribitrary-bandwidth Brillouin slow light in optical fibers," Opt. Expr. 14, 1395-1400 (2006).

S. J. Jung, J. Y. Lee, D. Y. Kim, "Highly efficient phase-conjugation of a 1 $\mu$m pico-second Laguerre-Gaussian beam," Opt. Expr. 14, 35-43 (2006).

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, L. I. Bulatov, I. A. Bufetov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, E. F. Kustov, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, V. F. Khopin, M. V. Yashkov, A. N. Guryanov, "Bismuth-doped-glass optical fibers—A new active medium for lasers and amplifiers," Opt. Lett. 31, 2966-2968 (2006).

Y. Okawachi, M. A. Foster, J. E. Sharping, A. L. Gaeta, Q. Xu, M. Lipson, "All-optical slow-light on a photonic chip," Opt. Expr. 14, 2317-2322 (2006).

J. T. Mok, C. M. De Sterke, I. C. M. Littler, B. J. Eggleton, "Dispersionless slow light using gap solitons," Nature Phys. 2, 775-780 (2006).

R. S. Tucher, "The role of optics and electronics in high-capacity routers," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4655-4673 (2006).

2005

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. boyd, A. L. Gaeta, "Tunable all-Optical delays via Brillouin slow light in a optical fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).

M. Gonzalez-Herraez, K.-Y. Song, L. Thevenaz, "Optically controlled slow and fast light in optical fibers using strimulated Brillouin scattering," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 081113 (2005).

A. Zhang, M. S. Demokan, "Broadband wavelength converter based on four-wave mixing in a highly nonlinear photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Lett. 30, 2375-2377 (2005).

2003

S. O. Konorov, A. B. Fedotov, A. M. Zheltikov, "Enhanced four-wave mixing in a hollow-core photonic-crystal fiber," Opt. Lett. 28, 1448-1450 (2003).

K. Akimoto, J. Kani, M. Teshima, K. Iwatsuki, "Super-dense WDM transmission of spectrum-sliced incoherent light for wide-area access," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 2715-2722 (2003).

2002

A. Anre, M. D. Lukin, "Manipulating light pulses via dynamically controlled photonic band gap," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 143602 (2002).

2001

M. Notomi, K. Yamada, A. Shinya, J. Takahashi, Takahashi, yokohama, "Extremely large group-velocity dispersion of line–defect waveguiding in photonic crystal slabs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 253902 (2001).

M. Notomi, K. Yamada, A. Shinya, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, I. Yokohama, "Extremely large group-velocity dispersion of line-defect waveguides in photonic crystal slabs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 253902 (2001).

1999

1998

C. C. Lee, Y. K. Chen, S. K. Liaw, "Tunable and selective wavelength converter using degenerate fibre four-wave mixing with pump wavelength and polarisation controls," Electron. Lett. 34, 205-206 (1998).

1982

S. Chu, S. Wong, "Linear pulse propagation in a absorbing medium," Phys. Rev. Lett. 48, 738-741 (1982).

Appl. Phys. Lett.

M. Gonzalez-Herraez, K.-Y. Song, L. Thevenaz, "Optically controlled slow and fast light in optical fibers using strimulated Brillouin scattering," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 081113 (2005).

Electron. Lett.

C. C. Lee, Y. K. Chen, S. K. Liaw, "Tunable and selective wavelength converter using degenerate fibre four-wave mixing with pump wavelength and polarisation controls," Electron. Lett. 34, 205-206 (1998).

IEEE J. Lightw. Technol.

Z. Zhu, A. M. C. Dawes, D. J. Gauthier, L. Zhang, A. E. Willner, "Broadband SBS slow light in an optical fiber," IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 201206 (2007).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

J. Liu, "Large anomalous dispersion at short wavelength and modal properties of photonic crystal fiber with large air holes," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 961-968 (2006).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

A. zadok, O. Raz, A. Eyal, M. Tur, "Optically controlled low-distortion delay of GHz-wide radio-frequency signals using slow light in fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 462-464 (2007).

J. Lightw. Technol.

Y. Okawachi, R. Salem, A. L. Gaeta, "Contimuous tunable delays at 10-Gb/s data rates using self-phase modulation and dispersion," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3710-3715 (2007).

J. Lightw. Technol.

K. Akimoto, J. Kani, M. Teshima, K. Iwatsuki, "Super-dense WDM transmission of spectrum-sliced incoherent light for wide-area access," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 2715-2722 (2003).

J. Lightw. Technol.

R. S. Tucher, "The role of optics and electronics in high-capacity routers," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4655-4673 (2006).

S. V. Pishko, P. D. Sewell, T. M. Benson, S. V. Boriskina, "Efficient analysis and design of low-loss whispering-gallery-mode coupled resonator optical waveguide bends," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 2487-2493 (2007).

Nature Photon.

F. Xia, L. Sekaric, Y. Vlasov, "Ultracompact optical buffers on a silicon chip," Nature Photon. 1, 65-71 (2007).

Nature Phys.

J. T. Mok, C. M. De Sterke, I. C. M. Littler, B. J. Eggleton, "Dispersionless slow light using gap solitons," Nature Phys. 2, 775-780 (2006).

Opt. Expr.

C. Jauregui, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, "Brillouin assisted slow-ligth enhancement via Fabry-Perot cavity effects," Opt. Expr. 15, 5126-5135 (2007).

E. C. Mägi, L. B. Fu, H. C. Nguyen, M. R. Lamont, D. I. Yeom, B. J. Eggleton, "Enhanced Kerr nonlinearity in sub-wavelength diameter As2Se3 chalcogenide fiber tapers," Opt. Expr. 15, 10324-10329 (2007).

Opt. Lett.

S. O. Konorov, A. B. Fedotov, A. M. Zheltikov, "Enhanced four-wave mixing in a hollow-core photonic-crystal fiber," Opt. Lett. 28, 1448-1450 (2003).

E. Mateo, F. Yaman, G. Li, "Control of four-wave mixing phase-matching condition using the Brillouin slow-light effect in fibers," Opt. Lett. 33, 488-490 (2008).

S. Yang, H. Chen, C. qiu, M. Chen, M. Chen, S. Xie, J. Li, W. Chen, "Slow-light delay enhancement in small-core pure silica photonic crystal fiber based on Brillouin Scattering," Opt. Lett. 33, 95-97 (2008).

Opt. Expr.

Y. Okawachi, M. A. Foster, J. E. Sharping, A. L. Gaeta, Q. Xu, M. Lipson, "All-optical slow-light on a photonic chip," Opt. Expr. 14, 2317-2322 (2006).

S. J. Jung, J. Y. Lee, D. Y. Kim, "Highly efficient phase-conjugation of a 1 $\mu$m pico-second Laguerre-Gaussian beam," Opt. Expr. 14, 35-43 (2006).

B. Zhang, L. Zhang, L. S. Yan, I. Fazal, J. Y. Yang, A. E. Willner, "Continuously-tunable, bit-rate variable OTDM using broadband SBS slow-light delay line," Opt. Expr. 15, 8317-8322 (2007).

M. G. Herraez, K. Y. Song, L. Thevenaz, "Aribitrary-bandwidth Brillouin slow light in optical fibers," Opt. Expr. 14, 1395-1400 (2006).

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. Lett.

A. Anre, M. D. Lukin, "Manipulating light pulses via dynamically controlled photonic band gap," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 143602 (2002).

Phys. Rev. Lett.

M. Notomi, K. Yamada, A. Shinya, J. Takahashi, Takahashi, yokohama, "Extremely large group-velocity dispersion of line–defect waveguiding in photonic crystal slabs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 253902 (2001).

M. Notomi, K. Yamada, A. Shinya, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, I. Yokohama, "Extremely large group-velocity dispersion of line-defect waveguides in photonic crystal slabs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 253902 (2001).

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. boyd, A. L. Gaeta, "Tunable all-Optical delays via Brillouin slow light in a optical fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).

S. Chu, S. Wong, "Linear pulse propagation in a absorbing medium," Phys. Rev. Lett. 48, 738-741 (1982).

Other

Y. a. Vlasov, M. O'Boyle, H. F. Hamann, S. J. McNab, "Active control of slow light on a chip with photonic crystal waveguides," Nature (2005) pp. 65-69.

S. Yang, J. Cameron, J. Snoddy, L. Zou, X. Bao, "PRBS data delay in an all fiber slow light system based on SBS effect, NRZ vs. RZ," OFC 2006 Conf. AnaheimCA paper OWB6.

A. Cheng, M. P. Fok, C. Shu, "Wideband SBS slow light in a single mode fiber using a phase-modulated pump," CLEO 2007 Conf. BaltimoreMD paper JWA49.

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