Abstract

In photonic label routing networks, optical recognition of optical labels is one of the key functions. We propose a passive waveguide-type device for recognition of optical coded labels. We consider quadrature-phase-shift-keying (QPSK) coded labels. The basic module of the proposed device consists of a 3-dB directional coupler, two Y-junctions, and an asymmetric X-junction. By using interference between an optical pulse of each coded bit and a identifying bit pulse, the basic module distinguishes optical phase of the QPSK signal in a self-routing fashion of the identifying bit pulse. QPSK codes consisting of plural bits can also be recognized by connecting the basic module devices in a tree structure through a phase adjustment circuit. The performance of the proposed basic module is confirmed by simulation using beam propagation method (BPM).

© 2009 IEEE

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  1. D. J. Blumenthal, B. E. Olsson, G. Rossi, T. E. Dimmick, L. Rau, M. Masanovic, O. Lavrova, R. Doshi, O. Jerphagnon, J. E. Bowers, V. Kaman, L. A. Coldren, J. Barton, "All-optical label swapping networks and technologies," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 2058-2075 (2000).
  2. K. Kitayama, N. Wada, H. Sotobayahi, "Architectural considerations for photonic IP router based upon optical code correlation," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 1834-1844 (2000).
  3. A. M. J. Koonen, N. Yan, J. J. V. Olmos, I. T. Monroy, C. Peucheret, E. V. Breusegem, E. Zouganeli, "Label-controlled optical packet routing—Technologies and applications," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 13, 1540-1550 (2007).
  4. N. Goto, Y. Miyazaki, "Analysis of optical processing for recognition of BPSK optical codes using collinear acoustooptic switches for photonic routing network," IEICE Trans. Electron. E90-C, 334-342 (2007).
  5. O. Moriwaki, T. Kitoh, T. Sakamoto, A. Okada, "Novel PLC-based optical correlator for multiple phase-modulated labels," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 489-491 (2005).
  6. G. Cincotti, "Full optical encoders/decoders for photonic IP router," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 337-342 (2004).
  7. N. Wada, H. Furukawa, T. Miyazaki, "Prototype 160-Gbit/s/port optical packet switch based on optical code label processing and related technologies," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 13, 1551-1559 (2007).
  8. F. Moritsuka, N. Wada, T. Sakamoto, T. Kawanishi, Y. Komai, S. Anzai, M. Izutsu, K. Kodate, "Multiple optical code-label processing using multi-wavelength frequency comb generator and multi-port optical spectrum synthesizer," Opt. Exp. 15, 7515-7521 (2007).
  9. G. Manzacca, M. S. Moreolo, G. Cincotti, "Performance analysis of multidimensional codes generated/processed by a single planar devices," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 1629-1637 (2007).
  10. H. Hiura, N. Goto, "All-optical label recognition using tree-structure self-routing circuit consisting of asymmetric X-junctions," Proc. Int. Quantum Electronics Conf. 2006, Pacific Rim Conf. Lasers Electro-Optics (IQEC/CLEO-PR 2006) (2006).
  11. H. Hiura, J. Narita, N. Goto, "Optical label recognition using tree-structure self-routing circuits consisting of asymmetric X-junction," IEICE Trans. Electron. E90-C, 2270-2277 (2007).
  12. J. Renaudier, G. Charlet, M. Salsi, O. B. Pardo, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, S. Bigo, "Linear fiber impairments mitigation of 40-Gbit/s polarization-multiplexed QPSK by digital processing in a coherent receiver," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 36-42 (2008).
  13. W. K. Burns, A. F. Milton, "An analytic solution for mode coupling in optical waveguide branches," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 446-454 (1980).
  14. M. Izutsu, A. Enokihara, T. Sueta, "Optical-waveguide hybrid coupler," Opt. Lett. 7, 549-551 (1982).
  15. H. Hiura, N. Goto, "All-optical label recognition using self-routing architecture of Mach–Zehnder interferometer optical switches with semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEICE Trans. Electron. E90-C, 1619-1626 (2007).
  16. R. Takahashi, T. Nakahara, H. Takenouchi, T. Yasui, H. Suzuki, "Ultrafast all-optical serial-to-parallel conversion and its application to optical label processing," Opt. Rev. 11, 98-105 (2004).
  17. N. Calabretta, M. Presi, G. Contestabile, E. Ciaramella, "All-optical asynchronous serial-to-parallel converter circuit for DPSK optical packets," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 783-785 (2007).
  18. K. Nonaka, H. Tsuda, H. Uenohara, H. Iwamura, T. Kurokawa, "Optical nonlinear characteristics of a side-injection light-controlled laser diode with a multiple-quantum-well saturable absorption region," IEEE Photonic Technol. Lett. 5, 139-141 (1993).
  19. M. Notomi, A. Shinya, S. Mitsugi, G. Kira, E. Kuramochi, T. Tanabe, "Optical bistable switching action of Si high-Q photonic-crystal nanocavities," Opt. Exp. 13, 2678-2687 (2005).
  20. T. Goh, M. Yasu, K. Hattori, A. Himeno, M. Okuno, Y. Ohmori, "Low loss and high extinction ratio strictly nonblocking 16$\,\times \,$16 thermooptic matrix switch on 6-in wafer using silica-based planar lightwave circuit technology," J. Light. Technol. 19, 371-379 (2001).
  21. N. Yamanaka, K. Shimoto, E. Oki, GMPLS Technologies—Broadband Backbone Networks and Systems (Taylor & Francis Group/CRC Press, 2006).

2008 (1)

J. Renaudier, G. Charlet, M. Salsi, O. B. Pardo, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, S. Bigo, "Linear fiber impairments mitigation of 40-Gbit/s polarization-multiplexed QPSK by digital processing in a coherent receiver," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 36-42 (2008).

2007 (8)

H. Hiura, N. Goto, "All-optical label recognition using self-routing architecture of Mach–Zehnder interferometer optical switches with semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEICE Trans. Electron. E90-C, 1619-1626 (2007).

N. Calabretta, M. Presi, G. Contestabile, E. Ciaramella, "All-optical asynchronous serial-to-parallel converter circuit for DPSK optical packets," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 783-785 (2007).

A. M. J. Koonen, N. Yan, J. J. V. Olmos, I. T. Monroy, C. Peucheret, E. V. Breusegem, E. Zouganeli, "Label-controlled optical packet routing—Technologies and applications," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 13, 1540-1550 (2007).

N. Goto, Y. Miyazaki, "Analysis of optical processing for recognition of BPSK optical codes using collinear acoustooptic switches for photonic routing network," IEICE Trans. Electron. E90-C, 334-342 (2007).

N. Wada, H. Furukawa, T. Miyazaki, "Prototype 160-Gbit/s/port optical packet switch based on optical code label processing and related technologies," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 13, 1551-1559 (2007).

F. Moritsuka, N. Wada, T. Sakamoto, T. Kawanishi, Y. Komai, S. Anzai, M. Izutsu, K. Kodate, "Multiple optical code-label processing using multi-wavelength frequency comb generator and multi-port optical spectrum synthesizer," Opt. Exp. 15, 7515-7521 (2007).

G. Manzacca, M. S. Moreolo, G. Cincotti, "Performance analysis of multidimensional codes generated/processed by a single planar devices," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 1629-1637 (2007).

H. Hiura, J. Narita, N. Goto, "Optical label recognition using tree-structure self-routing circuits consisting of asymmetric X-junction," IEICE Trans. Electron. E90-C, 2270-2277 (2007).

2005 (2)

O. Moriwaki, T. Kitoh, T. Sakamoto, A. Okada, "Novel PLC-based optical correlator for multiple phase-modulated labels," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 489-491 (2005).

M. Notomi, A. Shinya, S. Mitsugi, G. Kira, E. Kuramochi, T. Tanabe, "Optical bistable switching action of Si high-Q photonic-crystal nanocavities," Opt. Exp. 13, 2678-2687 (2005).

2004 (2)

G. Cincotti, "Full optical encoders/decoders for photonic IP router," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 337-342 (2004).

R. Takahashi, T. Nakahara, H. Takenouchi, T. Yasui, H. Suzuki, "Ultrafast all-optical serial-to-parallel conversion and its application to optical label processing," Opt. Rev. 11, 98-105 (2004).

2001 (1)

T. Goh, M. Yasu, K. Hattori, A. Himeno, M. Okuno, Y. Ohmori, "Low loss and high extinction ratio strictly nonblocking 16$\,\times \,$16 thermooptic matrix switch on 6-in wafer using silica-based planar lightwave circuit technology," J. Light. Technol. 19, 371-379 (2001).

2000 (2)

D. J. Blumenthal, B. E. Olsson, G. Rossi, T. E. Dimmick, L. Rau, M. Masanovic, O. Lavrova, R. Doshi, O. Jerphagnon, J. E. Bowers, V. Kaman, L. A. Coldren, J. Barton, "All-optical label swapping networks and technologies," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 2058-2075 (2000).

K. Kitayama, N. Wada, H. Sotobayahi, "Architectural considerations for photonic IP router based upon optical code correlation," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 1834-1844 (2000).

1993 (1)

K. Nonaka, H. Tsuda, H. Uenohara, H. Iwamura, T. Kurokawa, "Optical nonlinear characteristics of a side-injection light-controlled laser diode with a multiple-quantum-well saturable absorption region," IEEE Photonic Technol. Lett. 5, 139-141 (1993).

1982 (1)

M. Izutsu, A. Enokihara, T. Sueta, "Optical-waveguide hybrid coupler," Opt. Lett. 7, 549-551 (1982).

1980 (1)

W. K. Burns, A. F. Milton, "An analytic solution for mode coupling in optical waveguide branches," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 446-454 (1980).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

W. K. Burns, A. F. Milton, "An analytic solution for mode coupling in optical waveguide branches," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 446-454 (1980).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

N. Wada, H. Furukawa, T. Miyazaki, "Prototype 160-Gbit/s/port optical packet switch based on optical code label processing and related technologies," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 13, 1551-1559 (2007).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

A. M. J. Koonen, N. Yan, J. J. V. Olmos, I. T. Monroy, C. Peucheret, E. V. Breusegem, E. Zouganeli, "Label-controlled optical packet routing—Technologies and applications," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 13, 1540-1550 (2007).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

O. Moriwaki, T. Kitoh, T. Sakamoto, A. Okada, "Novel PLC-based optical correlator for multiple phase-modulated labels," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 489-491 (2005).

N. Calabretta, M. Presi, G. Contestabile, E. Ciaramella, "All-optical asynchronous serial-to-parallel converter circuit for DPSK optical packets," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 783-785 (2007).

IEEE Photonic Technol. Lett. (1)

K. Nonaka, H. Tsuda, H. Uenohara, H. Iwamura, T. Kurokawa, "Optical nonlinear characteristics of a side-injection light-controlled laser diode with a multiple-quantum-well saturable absorption region," IEEE Photonic Technol. Lett. 5, 139-141 (1993).

IEICE Trans. Electron. (1)

N. Goto, Y. Miyazaki, "Analysis of optical processing for recognition of BPSK optical codes using collinear acoustooptic switches for photonic routing network," IEICE Trans. Electron. E90-C, 334-342 (2007).

IEICE Trans. Electron. (2)

H. Hiura, N. Goto, "All-optical label recognition using self-routing architecture of Mach–Zehnder interferometer optical switches with semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEICE Trans. Electron. E90-C, 1619-1626 (2007).

H. Hiura, J. Narita, N. Goto, "Optical label recognition using tree-structure self-routing circuits consisting of asymmetric X-junction," IEICE Trans. Electron. E90-C, 2270-2277 (2007).

J. Light. Technol. (1)

T. Goh, M. Yasu, K. Hattori, A. Himeno, M. Okuno, Y. Ohmori, "Low loss and high extinction ratio strictly nonblocking 16$\,\times \,$16 thermooptic matrix switch on 6-in wafer using silica-based planar lightwave circuit technology," J. Light. Technol. 19, 371-379 (2001).

J. Lightw. Technol. (5)

J. Renaudier, G. Charlet, M. Salsi, O. B. Pardo, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, S. Bigo, "Linear fiber impairments mitigation of 40-Gbit/s polarization-multiplexed QPSK by digital processing in a coherent receiver," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 36-42 (2008).

G. Manzacca, M. S. Moreolo, G. Cincotti, "Performance analysis of multidimensional codes generated/processed by a single planar devices," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 1629-1637 (2007).

D. J. Blumenthal, B. E. Olsson, G. Rossi, T. E. Dimmick, L. Rau, M. Masanovic, O. Lavrova, R. Doshi, O. Jerphagnon, J. E. Bowers, V. Kaman, L. A. Coldren, J. Barton, "All-optical label swapping networks and technologies," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 2058-2075 (2000).

K. Kitayama, N. Wada, H. Sotobayahi, "Architectural considerations for photonic IP router based upon optical code correlation," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 1834-1844 (2000).

G. Cincotti, "Full optical encoders/decoders for photonic IP router," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 337-342 (2004).

Opt. Lett. (1)

M. Izutsu, A. Enokihara, T. Sueta, "Optical-waveguide hybrid coupler," Opt. Lett. 7, 549-551 (1982).

Opt. Exp. (2)

F. Moritsuka, N. Wada, T. Sakamoto, T. Kawanishi, Y. Komai, S. Anzai, M. Izutsu, K. Kodate, "Multiple optical code-label processing using multi-wavelength frequency comb generator and multi-port optical spectrum synthesizer," Opt. Exp. 15, 7515-7521 (2007).

M. Notomi, A. Shinya, S. Mitsugi, G. Kira, E. Kuramochi, T. Tanabe, "Optical bistable switching action of Si high-Q photonic-crystal nanocavities," Opt. Exp. 13, 2678-2687 (2005).

Opt. Rev. (1)

R. Takahashi, T. Nakahara, H. Takenouchi, T. Yasui, H. Suzuki, "Ultrafast all-optical serial-to-parallel conversion and its application to optical label processing," Opt. Rev. 11, 98-105 (2004).

Other (2)

H. Hiura, N. Goto, "All-optical label recognition using tree-structure self-routing circuit consisting of asymmetric X-junctions," Proc. Int. Quantum Electronics Conf. 2006, Pacific Rim Conf. Lasers Electro-Optics (IQEC/CLEO-PR 2006) (2006).

N. Yamanaka, K. Shimoto, E. Oki, GMPLS Technologies—Broadband Backbone Networks and Systems (Taylor & Francis Group/CRC Press, 2006).

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