Abstract

We develop and analyze a new waveband multi/demultiplexer that exploits the routing functions of arrayed-waveguide gratings (AWG). The device can accommodate multiple input/output fibers simultaneously and be implemented monolithically using silica planar lightwave circuit (PLC) technology. We analyze AWG port usage for variants of the proposed multi/demultiplexers. The important characteristic of the device, its coherent and incoherent crosstalk performance is investigated. A technique to reduce the crosstalk is presented. We extend the capability of the device so that the waveband bandwidth can be changed by adding small switches. Experiments confirm the excellent performance of the proposed waveband multi/demultiplexer.

© 2009 IEEE

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  1. D. Cooperson, "ROADM deployment plans in LH and metro networks," Proc. OFC/NFOEC (2005).
  2. S. Okamoto, T. Otani, W. Imajuku, D. Shimazaki, M. Hayashi, K. Ogaki, M. Miyazawa, I. Nishioka, M. Nanba, K. Morita, S. Kano, S. Seno, K. Sagara, N. Arai, H. Ohtsuki, "Nationwide GMPLS field trial using different types (MPLS/TDM/Lambda) of switching capable equipment from multiple vendors," Proc. OFC/NFOEC (2005).
  3. L. Noirie, C. Blaizot, E. Dotaro, "Multi-granularity optical cross-connect," Proc. ECOC (2000) pp. 269-270.
  4. K. Harada, K. Shimizu, T. Kudou, T. Ozeki, "Hierarchical optical path cross-connect systems for large scale WDM networks," Proc. OFC/NFOEC (1999) pp. 356-358.
  5. J. Yamawaku, A. Takada, W. Imajuku, T. Morioka, "Evaluation of amount of equipment on single-layer optical paths," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1971-1978 (2005).
  6. K. Sato, "Recent developments in and challenges of photonic networking technologies," IEICE Trans. Commun. E90-B, 454-467 (2007).
  7. S. Kakehashi, H. Hasegawa, K. Sato, "Optical switch architectures for hierarchical optical path networks," Proc. SPIE Opt. East (2006) pp. 638809-1-638809-9.
  8. R. Parthiban, R. S. Tucker, C. Leckie, "Waveband grooming and IP aggregation in optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 2476-2488 (2003).
  9. X. Cao, V. Anand, C. Qiao, "Waveband switching in optical networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 41, 105-112 (2003).
  10. I. Yagyu, H. Hasegawa, K. Sato, "An efficient hierarchical optical path network design algorithm based on a traffic demand expression in a cartesian product space," Proc. ECOC (2006) pp. 113-114.
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  12. P.-H. Ho, H. T. Mouftah, J. Wu, "A scalable design of multigranularity optical cross-connects for the next generation optical internet," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1133-1142 (2003).
  13. R. Izmailov, S. Ganguly, V. Kleptsyn, A. C. Varsou, "Non-uniform waveband hierarchy in hybrid optical networks," Proc. IEEE INFOCOM (2003) pp. 1344-1354.
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  16. S. Chandrasekhar, C. R. Doerr, L. L. Buhl, "Flexible waveband optical networking without guard bands using novel 8-skip-0 banding filters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 579-581 (2005).
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  19. S. Kakehashi, H. Hasegawa, K. Sato, O. Moriwaki, S. Kamei, Y. Jinnouchi, M. Okuno, "Performance of waveband MUX/DEMUX using concatenated AWGs," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1197-1199 (2007).
  20. S. Kakehashi, H. Hasegawa, K. Sato, O. Moriwaki, "Formulation of waveguide connection for waveband MUX/DEMUX using concatenated arrayed-waveguide gratings," IEICE Trans. Commun. E90-B, 2950-2952 (2007).
  21. S. Kakehashi, H. Hasegawa, K. Sato, O. Moriwaki, "Interleaved waveband MUX/DEMUX developed on single arrayed-waveguide grating," Proc. OFC/NFOEC (2008).
  22. K. Sato, H. Hasegawa, "Prospects and challenges of multi-layer optical networks," IEICE Trans. Commun. E90-B, (2007).
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  24. K. Okamoto, T. Hasegawa, O. Ishida, A. Himeno, Y. Ohmori, "32$\,\times\,$32 arrayed-waveguide grating multiplexer with uniform loss and cyclic frequency characteristics," IEE Electron. Lett. 33, 1865-1866 (1997).
  25. K. Ishii, H. Hasegawa, K. S. Kamei, H. Takahashi, M. Okuno, "Monolithically integrated waveband selective switch using cyclic AWGs," Proc. ECOC 2008 (2008).

2007 (4)

K. Sato, "Recent developments in and challenges of photonic networking technologies," IEICE Trans. Commun. E90-B, 454-467 (2007).

S. Kakehashi, H. Hasegawa, K. Sato, O. Moriwaki, S. Kamei, Y. Jinnouchi, M. Okuno, "Performance of waveband MUX/DEMUX using concatenated AWGs," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1197-1199 (2007).

S. Kakehashi, H. Hasegawa, K. Sato, O. Moriwaki, "Formulation of waveguide connection for waveband MUX/DEMUX using concatenated arrayed-waveguide gratings," IEICE Trans. Commun. E90-B, 2950-2952 (2007).

K. Sato, H. Hasegawa, "Prospects and challenges of multi-layer optical networks," IEICE Trans. Commun. E90-B, (2007).

2005 (2)

J. Yamawaku, A. Takada, W. Imajuku, T. Morioka, "Evaluation of amount of equipment on single-layer optical paths," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1971-1978 (2005).

S. Chandrasekhar, C. R. Doerr, L. L. Buhl, "Flexible waveband optical networking without guard bands using novel 8-skip-0 banding filters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 579-581 (2005).

2003 (5)

R. Parthiban, R. S. Tucker, C. Leckie, "Waveband grooming and IP aggregation in optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 2476-2488 (2003).

X. Cao, V. Anand, C. Qiao, "Waveband switching in optical networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 41, 105-112 (2003).

X. Cao, V. Anand, Y. Xiong, C. Qiao, "A study of waveband switching with multilayer multigranular optical cross-connects," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1081-1095 (2003).

P.-H. Ho, H. T. Mouftah, J. Wu, "A scalable design of multigranularity optical cross-connects for the next generation optical internet," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1133-1142 (2003).

C. R. Doerr, R. Pafchek, L. W. Stulz, "Integrated band demultiplexer using waveguide gratings routers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, (2003).

1997 (1)

K. Okamoto, T. Hasegawa, O. Ishida, A. Himeno, Y. Ohmori, "32$\,\times\,$32 arrayed-waveguide grating multiplexer with uniform loss and cyclic frequency characteristics," IEE Electron. Lett. 33, 1865-1866 (1997).

1996 (1)

H. Takahashi, K. Oda, H. Toba, "Impact of crosstalk in an arrayed-waveguide multiplexer on $N\times N$ optical interconnection," J. Lightw. Technol. 14, 1097-1105 (1996).

IEE Electron. Lett. (1)

K. Okamoto, T. Hasegawa, O. Ishida, A. Himeno, Y. Ohmori, "32$\,\times\,$32 arrayed-waveguide grating multiplexer with uniform loss and cyclic frequency characteristics," IEE Electron. Lett. 33, 1865-1866 (1997).

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (2)

X. Cao, V. Anand, Y. Xiong, C. Qiao, "A study of waveband switching with multilayer multigranular optical cross-connects," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1081-1095 (2003).

P.-H. Ho, H. T. Mouftah, J. Wu, "A scalable design of multigranularity optical cross-connects for the next generation optical internet," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1133-1142 (2003).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

S. Chandrasekhar, C. R. Doerr, L. L. Buhl, "Flexible waveband optical networking without guard bands using novel 8-skip-0 banding filters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 579-581 (2005).

S. Kakehashi, H. Hasegawa, K. Sato, O. Moriwaki, S. Kamei, Y. Jinnouchi, M. Okuno, "Performance of waveband MUX/DEMUX using concatenated AWGs," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1197-1199 (2007).

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

X. Cao, V. Anand, C. Qiao, "Waveband switching in optical networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 41, 105-112 (2003).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

C. R. Doerr, R. Pafchek, L. W. Stulz, "Integrated band demultiplexer using waveguide gratings routers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, (2003).

IEICE Trans. Commun. (1)

K. Sato, H. Hasegawa, "Prospects and challenges of multi-layer optical networks," IEICE Trans. Commun. E90-B, (2007).

IEICE Trans. Commun. (2)

S. Kakehashi, H. Hasegawa, K. Sato, O. Moriwaki, "Formulation of waveguide connection for waveband MUX/DEMUX using concatenated arrayed-waveguide gratings," IEICE Trans. Commun. E90-B, 2950-2952 (2007).

K. Sato, "Recent developments in and challenges of photonic networking technologies," IEICE Trans. Commun. E90-B, 454-467 (2007).

J. Lightw. Technol. (3)

J. Yamawaku, A. Takada, W. Imajuku, T. Morioka, "Evaluation of amount of equipment on single-layer optical paths," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1971-1978 (2005).

R. Parthiban, R. S. Tucker, C. Leckie, "Waveband grooming and IP aggregation in optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 2476-2488 (2003).

H. Takahashi, K. Oda, H. Toba, "Impact of crosstalk in an arrayed-waveguide multiplexer on $N\times N$ optical interconnection," J. Lightw. Technol. 14, 1097-1105 (1996).

Other (12)

S. Kakehashi, H. Hasegawa, K. Sato, O. Moriwaki, "Interleaved waveband MUX/DEMUX developed on single arrayed-waveguide grating," Proc. OFC/NFOEC (2008).

K. Ishii, H. Hasegawa, K. S. Kamei, H. Takahashi, M. Okuno, "Monolithically integrated waveband selective switch using cyclic AWGs," Proc. ECOC 2008 (2008).

S. Kakehashi, H. Hasegawa, K. Sato, "Optical switch architectures for hierarchical optical path networks," Proc. SPIE Opt. East (2006) pp. 638809-1-638809-9.

D. Cooperson, "ROADM deployment plans in LH and metro networks," Proc. OFC/NFOEC (2005).

S. Okamoto, T. Otani, W. Imajuku, D. Shimazaki, M. Hayashi, K. Ogaki, M. Miyazawa, I. Nishioka, M. Nanba, K. Morita, S. Kano, S. Seno, K. Sagara, N. Arai, H. Ohtsuki, "Nationwide GMPLS field trial using different types (MPLS/TDM/Lambda) of switching capable equipment from multiple vendors," Proc. OFC/NFOEC (2005).

L. Noirie, C. Blaizot, E. Dotaro, "Multi-granularity optical cross-connect," Proc. ECOC (2000) pp. 269-270.

K. Harada, K. Shimizu, T. Kudou, T. Ozeki, "Hierarchical optical path cross-connect systems for large scale WDM networks," Proc. OFC/NFOEC (1999) pp. 356-358.

I. Yagyu, H. Hasegawa, K. Sato, "An efficient hierarchical optical path network design algorithm based on a traffic demand expression in a cartesian product space," Proc. ECOC (2006) pp. 113-114.

S. Kakehashi, H. Hasegawa, K. Sato, O. Moriwaki, "Waveband MUX/DEMUX using concatenated arrayed-waveguide gratings," Proc. ECOC (2006) pp. 233-234.

S. Kakehashi, H. Hasegawa, K. Sato, O. Moriwaki, S. Kamei, Y. Jinnouchi, M. Okuno, "Waveband MUX/DEMUX using concatenated AWGs –Formulation of waveguide connection and fabrication," Proc. OFC/NFOEC (2007).

R. Izmailov, S. Ganguly, V. Kleptsyn, A. C. Varsou, "Non-uniform waveband hierarchy in hybrid optical networks," Proc. IEEE INFOCOM (2003) pp. 1344-1354.

G. J. Ockenfuss, N. A. O'Brien, E. Williams, "Ultra-low stress coating process: An enabling technology for extreme performance thin film interference filters," Proc. OFC/NFOEC (2002).

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