Abstract

We demonstrate the use of cross-absorption modulation in an electroabsorption modulator to actively mode-lock a semiconductor fiber laser at 10 GHz. The laser cavity also comprises a linearly chirped fiber Bragg grating to obtain wavelength tunable operation based on the dispersion tuning approach. The laser exhibits uniform output pulse characteristics throughout the tuning range. We also investigate the impact of using different types of optical pump signals on the output pulses. Finally, we demonstrate the application of the mode-locked laser for all-optical clock recovery.

© 2008 IEEE

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |

  1. I. N. Duling, IIICompact Sources of Ultrashort Pulses (Cambridge Univ. Press, 1995).
  2. L. Xu, L. F. K. Lui, P. K. A. Wai, H. Y. Tam, M. S. Demokan, "10 GHz actively mode-locked erbium-doped fiber ring laser using an electro-absorption modulator and a linear optical amplifier," Proc. OFC (2006) paper OW127.
  3. M. J. Guy, J. R. Taylor, D. G. Moodie, A. E. Kelly, "10 GHz 3 ps actively mode-locked ring laser incorporating a semiconductor laser amplifier and an electroabsorption modulator," Electron. Lett. 32, 2240-2241 (1996).
  4. J. Zhang, M. Yao, H. Zhang, Q. Xu, Y. Gao, "10-GHz actively mode-locked pulse generation employing a semiconductor optical amplifier and an electroabsorption modulator in a fiber ring," Opt. Commun. 197, 385-391 (2001).
  5. J. M. Roth, K. Dreyer, B. C. Collings, W. H. Knox, K. Bergman, "Actively mode-locked 1.5-μm 10-GHz picosecond fiber laser using a monolithic semiconductor optical amplifier/electroabsorption modulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 917-919 (2002).
  6. K. Vlachos, C. Bintjas, N. Pleros, H. Avramopoulos, "Ultrafast semiconductor-based fiber laser source," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quant. Electron. 10, 147-154 (2004).
  7. J. He, K. T. Chan, "All-optical actively modelocked fiber ring laser based on cross-gain modulation in SOA," Electron. Lett. 38, 1504-1505 (2002).
  8. N. Edagawa, M. Suzuki, S. Yamamoto, "Novel wavelength converter using electroabsorption modulator," IEICE Trans. Electron. E81-C, 1251-1257 (1998).
  9. S. Højfeldt, S. Bischoff, J. Mørk, "All-optical wavelength conversion and signal regeneration using an electroabsorption modulator," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 1121-1127 (2000).
  10. K. K. Chow, C. Shu, "All-optical wavelength conversion with multicasting at 6 x 10 Gbit/s using electroabsorption modulator," Electron. Lett. 39, 1395-1397 (2003).
  11. L. Xu, N. Chi, K. Yvind, L. J. Christiansen, L. K. Oxenløwe, J. Mørk, P. Jeppesen, J. Hanberg, "7 x 40 Gb/s base-rate RZ all-optical broadcasting utilizing an electroabsorption modulator," Opt. Expr. 12, 416-420 (2004).
  12. H. Murai, M. Kagawa, H. Tsuji, K. Fujii, "80-Gb/s error-free transmission over 5600 km using a cross absorption modulation based optical 3R regenerator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1965-1967 (2005).
  13. C. Wu, N. K. Dutta, "High-repetition-rate optical pulse generation using a rational harmonic mode-locked fiber laser," IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 36, 145-150 (2000).
  14. L. Duan, C. J. K. Richardson, Z. Hu, M. Dagenais, J. Goldhar, "A stable smoothly wavelength-tunable picosecond pulse generator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 840-842 (2002).
  15. K. Tamura, N. Nakazawa, "Dispersion-tuned harmonically mode-locked fiber ring laser for self-stabilization to an external clock," Opt. Lett. 21, 1984-1986 (1996).
  16. J. He, K. T. Chan, "Generation and wavelength switching of picosecond pulses by optically modulating a semiconductor optical amplifier in a fiber laser with optical delay line," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 798-800 (2003).
  17. M. Jinno, T. Matsumoto, M. Koga, "All-optical timing extraction using an optical tank circuit," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 203-204 (1990).
  18. B. Sartorius, C. Bornholdt, O. Brox, H. J. Ehrke, D. Hiffmann, R. Ludwig, M. Möhrle, "All-optical clock recovery module based on self-pulsating DFB laser," Electron. Lett. 34, 1664-1665 (1998).
  19. D. M. Patrick, R. J. Manning, "20 Gbit/s all-optical clock recovery using semiconductor nonlinearity," Electron. Lett. 30, 151-152 (1994).
  20. K. G. Vlachos, "Optical clock recovery and clock division at 20 Gb/s using a tunable semiconductor fiber ring laser," Opt. Commun. 222, 249-255 (2003).
  21. J. He, K. T. Chan, "Wavelength-switchable all optical clock recovery at 10 Gbit/s based on semiconductor fiber ring laser," Opt. Expr. 13, 327-335 (2005).
  22. L. Wang, Y. Su, A. Agarwal, P. Kumar, "Polarization insensitive widely tunable all-optical clock recovery based on am mode-locking of a fiber ring laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 211-213 (2000).
  23. L. F. K. Liu, L. Xu, C. C. Lee, P. K. A. Wai, H. Y. Tam, C. Lu, "All-optical clock recovery using erbium-doped fiber ring laser incorporating an electro-absorption modulator and a linear optical amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 710-712 (2007).
  24. K. Vlachos, G. Theophilopoulos, A. Hatziefremisdis, H. Avramopoulos, "30 Gb/s all-optical clock recovery circuit," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 705-705 (2000).
  25. F. Parmigiani, L. K. Oxenløwe, M. Galili, M. Ibsen, D. Zibar, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, A. T. Clausen, P. Jeppesen, "All-optical 160 Gbit/s RZ data retiming system incorporating a pulse shaping fiber Bragg grating," Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (2007) paper 5.3.1.

2007 (1)

L. F. K. Liu, L. Xu, C. C. Lee, P. K. A. Wai, H. Y. Tam, C. Lu, "All-optical clock recovery using erbium-doped fiber ring laser incorporating an electro-absorption modulator and a linear optical amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 710-712 (2007).

2005 (2)

J. He, K. T. Chan, "Wavelength-switchable all optical clock recovery at 10 Gbit/s based on semiconductor fiber ring laser," Opt. Expr. 13, 327-335 (2005).

H. Murai, M. Kagawa, H. Tsuji, K. Fujii, "80-Gb/s error-free transmission over 5600 km using a cross absorption modulation based optical 3R regenerator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1965-1967 (2005).

2004 (2)

K. Vlachos, C. Bintjas, N. Pleros, H. Avramopoulos, "Ultrafast semiconductor-based fiber laser source," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quant. Electron. 10, 147-154 (2004).

L. Xu, N. Chi, K. Yvind, L. J. Christiansen, L. K. Oxenløwe, J. Mørk, P. Jeppesen, J. Hanberg, "7 x 40 Gb/s base-rate RZ all-optical broadcasting utilizing an electroabsorption modulator," Opt. Expr. 12, 416-420 (2004).

2003 (3)

K. K. Chow, C. Shu, "All-optical wavelength conversion with multicasting at 6 x 10 Gbit/s using electroabsorption modulator," Electron. Lett. 39, 1395-1397 (2003).

J. He, K. T. Chan, "Generation and wavelength switching of picosecond pulses by optically modulating a semiconductor optical amplifier in a fiber laser with optical delay line," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 798-800 (2003).

K. G. Vlachos, "Optical clock recovery and clock division at 20 Gb/s using a tunable semiconductor fiber ring laser," Opt. Commun. 222, 249-255 (2003).

2002 (3)

L. Duan, C. J. K. Richardson, Z. Hu, M. Dagenais, J. Goldhar, "A stable smoothly wavelength-tunable picosecond pulse generator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 840-842 (2002).

J. M. Roth, K. Dreyer, B. C. Collings, W. H. Knox, K. Bergman, "Actively mode-locked 1.5-μm 10-GHz picosecond fiber laser using a monolithic semiconductor optical amplifier/electroabsorption modulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 917-919 (2002).

J. He, K. T. Chan, "All-optical actively modelocked fiber ring laser based on cross-gain modulation in SOA," Electron. Lett. 38, 1504-1505 (2002).

2001 (1)

J. Zhang, M. Yao, H. Zhang, Q. Xu, Y. Gao, "10-GHz actively mode-locked pulse generation employing a semiconductor optical amplifier and an electroabsorption modulator in a fiber ring," Opt. Commun. 197, 385-391 (2001).

2000 (4)

S. Højfeldt, S. Bischoff, J. Mørk, "All-optical wavelength conversion and signal regeneration using an electroabsorption modulator," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 1121-1127 (2000).

C. Wu, N. K. Dutta, "High-repetition-rate optical pulse generation using a rational harmonic mode-locked fiber laser," IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 36, 145-150 (2000).

L. Wang, Y. Su, A. Agarwal, P. Kumar, "Polarization insensitive widely tunable all-optical clock recovery based on am mode-locking of a fiber ring laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 211-213 (2000).

K. Vlachos, G. Theophilopoulos, A. Hatziefremisdis, H. Avramopoulos, "30 Gb/s all-optical clock recovery circuit," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 705-705 (2000).

1998 (2)

B. Sartorius, C. Bornholdt, O. Brox, H. J. Ehrke, D. Hiffmann, R. Ludwig, M. Möhrle, "All-optical clock recovery module based on self-pulsating DFB laser," Electron. Lett. 34, 1664-1665 (1998).

N. Edagawa, M. Suzuki, S. Yamamoto, "Novel wavelength converter using electroabsorption modulator," IEICE Trans. Electron. E81-C, 1251-1257 (1998).

1996 (2)

M. J. Guy, J. R. Taylor, D. G. Moodie, A. E. Kelly, "10 GHz 3 ps actively mode-locked ring laser incorporating a semiconductor laser amplifier and an electroabsorption modulator," Electron. Lett. 32, 2240-2241 (1996).

K. Tamura, N. Nakazawa, "Dispersion-tuned harmonically mode-locked fiber ring laser for self-stabilization to an external clock," Opt. Lett. 21, 1984-1986 (1996).

1994 (1)

D. M. Patrick, R. J. Manning, "20 Gbit/s all-optical clock recovery using semiconductor nonlinearity," Electron. Lett. 30, 151-152 (1994).

1990 (1)

M. Jinno, T. Matsumoto, M. Koga, "All-optical timing extraction using an optical tank circuit," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 203-204 (1990).

Electron. Lett. (5)

M. J. Guy, J. R. Taylor, D. G. Moodie, A. E. Kelly, "10 GHz 3 ps actively mode-locked ring laser incorporating a semiconductor laser amplifier and an electroabsorption modulator," Electron. Lett. 32, 2240-2241 (1996).

J. He, K. T. Chan, "All-optical actively modelocked fiber ring laser based on cross-gain modulation in SOA," Electron. Lett. 38, 1504-1505 (2002).

K. K. Chow, C. Shu, "All-optical wavelength conversion with multicasting at 6 x 10 Gbit/s using electroabsorption modulator," Electron. Lett. 39, 1395-1397 (2003).

B. Sartorius, C. Bornholdt, O. Brox, H. J. Ehrke, D. Hiffmann, R. Ludwig, M. Möhrle, "All-optical clock recovery module based on self-pulsating DFB laser," Electron. Lett. 34, 1664-1665 (1998).

D. M. Patrick, R. J. Manning, "20 Gbit/s all-optical clock recovery using semiconductor nonlinearity," Electron. Lett. 30, 151-152 (1994).

IEEE J. Quant. Electron. (1)

C. Wu, N. K. Dutta, "High-repetition-rate optical pulse generation using a rational harmonic mode-locked fiber laser," IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 36, 145-150 (2000).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quant. Electron. (1)

K. Vlachos, C. Bintjas, N. Pleros, H. Avramopoulos, "Ultrafast semiconductor-based fiber laser source," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quant. Electron. 10, 147-154 (2004).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

L. Wang, Y. Su, A. Agarwal, P. Kumar, "Polarization insensitive widely tunable all-optical clock recovery based on am mode-locking of a fiber ring laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 211-213 (2000).

J. He, K. T. Chan, "Generation and wavelength switching of picosecond pulses by optically modulating a semiconductor optical amplifier in a fiber laser with optical delay line," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 798-800 (2003).

H. Murai, M. Kagawa, H. Tsuji, K. Fujii, "80-Gb/s error-free transmission over 5600 km using a cross absorption modulation based optical 3R regenerator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1965-1967 (2005).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (5)

M. Jinno, T. Matsumoto, M. Koga, "All-optical timing extraction using an optical tank circuit," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 203-204 (1990).

L. F. K. Liu, L. Xu, C. C. Lee, P. K. A. Wai, H. Y. Tam, C. Lu, "All-optical clock recovery using erbium-doped fiber ring laser incorporating an electro-absorption modulator and a linear optical amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 710-712 (2007).

K. Vlachos, G. Theophilopoulos, A. Hatziefremisdis, H. Avramopoulos, "30 Gb/s all-optical clock recovery circuit," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 705-705 (2000).

J. M. Roth, K. Dreyer, B. C. Collings, W. H. Knox, K. Bergman, "Actively mode-locked 1.5-μm 10-GHz picosecond fiber laser using a monolithic semiconductor optical amplifier/electroabsorption modulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 917-919 (2002).

L. Duan, C. J. K. Richardson, Z. Hu, M. Dagenais, J. Goldhar, "A stable smoothly wavelength-tunable picosecond pulse generator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 840-842 (2002).

IEICE Trans. Electron. (1)

N. Edagawa, M. Suzuki, S. Yamamoto, "Novel wavelength converter using electroabsorption modulator," IEICE Trans. Electron. E81-C, 1251-1257 (1998).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

S. Højfeldt, S. Bischoff, J. Mørk, "All-optical wavelength conversion and signal regeneration using an electroabsorption modulator," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 1121-1127 (2000).

Opt. Commun. (1)

K. G. Vlachos, "Optical clock recovery and clock division at 20 Gb/s using a tunable semiconductor fiber ring laser," Opt. Commun. 222, 249-255 (2003).

Opt. Expr. (1)

L. Xu, N. Chi, K. Yvind, L. J. Christiansen, L. K. Oxenløwe, J. Mørk, P. Jeppesen, J. Hanberg, "7 x 40 Gb/s base-rate RZ all-optical broadcasting utilizing an electroabsorption modulator," Opt. Expr. 12, 416-420 (2004).

Opt. Lett. (1)

K. Tamura, N. Nakazawa, "Dispersion-tuned harmonically mode-locked fiber ring laser for self-stabilization to an external clock," Opt. Lett. 21, 1984-1986 (1996).

Opt. Commun. (1)

J. Zhang, M. Yao, H. Zhang, Q. Xu, Y. Gao, "10-GHz actively mode-locked pulse generation employing a semiconductor optical amplifier and an electroabsorption modulator in a fiber ring," Opt. Commun. 197, 385-391 (2001).

Opt. Expr. (1)

J. He, K. T. Chan, "Wavelength-switchable all optical clock recovery at 10 Gbit/s based on semiconductor fiber ring laser," Opt. Expr. 13, 327-335 (2005).

Other (3)

I. N. Duling, IIICompact Sources of Ultrashort Pulses (Cambridge Univ. Press, 1995).

L. Xu, L. F. K. Lui, P. K. A. Wai, H. Y. Tam, M. S. Demokan, "10 GHz actively mode-locked erbium-doped fiber ring laser using an electro-absorption modulator and a linear optical amplifier," Proc. OFC (2006) paper OW127.

F. Parmigiani, L. K. Oxenløwe, M. Galili, M. Ibsen, D. Zibar, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, A. T. Clausen, P. Jeppesen, "All-optical 160 Gbit/s RZ data retiming system incorporating a pulse shaping fiber Bragg grating," Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (2007) paper 5.3.1.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.