Abstract

In this paper, we design, analyze, and demonstrate experimentally U.S. Federal Communications Commission (FCC)-compliant power-efficient ultrawideband (UWB) waveforms generated by optical pulse shaping. The time-domain pulse shape is written in the frequency domain, and a single-mode fiber performs the frequency-to-time conversion. The waveform is inscribed in the frequency domain by the fiber Bragg grating (FBG). A significant challenge for this approach is elimination of an unwanted, positive rectangular pulse superimposed on the desired waveform. Our innovative use of balanced photodetection eliminates this pedestal, assuring compliance with the FCC mask at low frequency. Three UWB pulses with duration of 0.3, 0.6, and 1.2 ns are designed and tested experimentally. Whereas an excellent match between the optimized and measured pulses is achieved for the simpler, shorter duration waveforms, the noise in the fabrication process of FBGs limits the generation of the more complex, longer duration waveforms.

© 2008 IEEE

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  3. D. D. Wentzloff, A. P. Chandrakasan, "Gaussian pulse generators for subbanded ultra-wideband transmitters," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 1647-1655 (2006).
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  7. J. D. McKinncy, I. S. Lin, A. M. Weiner, "Shaping the power spectrum of ultrawideband radio frequency signals," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 4247-4255 (2006).
  8. B. Bortnik, I. Y. Poberezkskiy, J. Chou, B. Jalali, H. R. Fetterman, "Predistortion technique for RF-photonic generation of high-power UWB arbitrary waveforms," J. Lightw. Tech. 24, 2752-2759 (2006).
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  15. X. Wu, Z. Tian, T. N. Davidson, G. B. Giannakis, "Optimal waveform design for UWB radios," IEEE Trans. Signal Process. 45, 2009-2021 (2006).
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  21. H. A. Haus, K. Tamura, L. E. Nelson, E. P. Ippen, "Stretched-pulse additive pulse mode-locking in fiber ring lasers: Theory and experiment," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 591-598 (1995).

2008 (1)

M. Abtahi, M. Mirshafiei, J. Magné, L. A. Rusch, S. LaRochelle, "Ultra-wideband waveform generator based on optical pulse shaping and FBG tuning," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 135-137 (2008).

2007 (2)

C. Wang, F. Zeng, J. Yao, "All-fiber UWB pulse generation based on spectral shaping and dispersion-induced frequency-to-time conversion," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 137-139 (2007).

F. Zeng, Q. Wang, J. Yao, "All-optical UWB impulse generation based on cross-phase modulation and frequency discrimination," Electron. Lett. 43, 119-121 (2007).

2006 (6)

J. D. McKinncy, I. S. Lin, A. M. Weiner, "Shaping the power spectrum of ultrawideband radio frequency signals," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 4247-4255 (2006).

B. Bortnik, I. Y. Poberezkskiy, J. Chou, B. Jalali, H. R. Fetterman, "Predistortion technique for RF-photonic generation of high-power UWB arbitrary waveforms," J. Lightw. Tech. 24, 2752-2759 (2006).

D. D. Wentzloff, A. P. Chandrakasan, "Gaussian pulse generators for subbanded ultra-wideband transmitters," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 1647-1655 (2006).

S. Bagga, A. V. Vorobyov, S. A. Haddad, A. G. Yarovoy, W. A. Serdijn, J. R. Long, "Co-design of an impulse generator and miniaturized antennas for IR-UWB," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 1656-1666 (2006).

L. Smaini, C. Tinella, D. Helal, C. Stoecklin, L. Chabert, C. Devaucelle, R. Cattenoz, N. Rinaldi, D. Belot, "Single-chip CMOS pulse generator for UWB systems," IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 41, 1551-1561 (2006).

X. Wu, Z. Tian, T. N. Davidson, G. B. Giannakis, "Optimal waveform design for UWB radios," IEEE Trans. Signal Process. 45, 2009-2021 (2006).

2005 (2)

S. Pereira, S. LaRochelle, "Field profiles and spectral properties of chirped Bragg grating Fabry-Perot interferometers," Opt. Express 13, 1906-1915 (2005).

I. S. Lin, J. D. McKinney, A. M. Weiner, "Photonic synthesis of broadband microwave arbitrary waveforms applicable to UWB communications," IEEE Microw. Wireless Compon. Lett. 5, 226-228 (2005).

2004 (1)

S. Roy, J. R. Foerster, V. S. Somayazulu, D. G. Leeper, "Ultra-wideband radio design: The promise of high-speed, short range wireless connectivity," Proc. IEEE 92, 295-311 (2004).

2003 (2)

J. Chou, Y. Han, B. Jalali, "Adaptive RF-photonic arbitrary waveform generator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 581-83 (2003).

X. Luo, L. Yang, G. B. Giannakis, "Designing optimal pulse-shapers for ultra-wideband radios," J. Commun. Netw. 5, 334-353 (2003).

2000 (1)

A. M. Weiner, "Femtosecond pulse shaping using spatial light modulators," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 1929-1960 (2000).

1999 (1)

P. V. Kelkar, F. Coppinger, A. S. Bhushan, B. Jalali, "Time-domain optical sensing," Electron. Lett. 35, 1661-1662 (1999).

1995 (1)

H. A. Haus, K. Tamura, L. E. Nelson, E. P. Ippen, "Stretched-pulse additive pulse mode-locking in fiber ring lasers: Theory and experiment," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 591-598 (1995).

Electron. Lett. (1)

P. V. Kelkar, F. Coppinger, A. S. Bhushan, B. Jalali, "Time-domain optical sensing," Electron. Lett. 35, 1661-1662 (1999).

Electron. Lett. (1)

F. Zeng, Q. Wang, J. Yao, "All-optical UWB impulse generation based on cross-phase modulation and frequency discrimination," Electron. Lett. 43, 119-121 (2007).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

H. A. Haus, K. Tamura, L. E. Nelson, E. P. Ippen, "Stretched-pulse additive pulse mode-locking in fiber ring lasers: Theory and experiment," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 591-598 (1995).

IEEE Microw. Wireless Compon. Lett. (1)

I. S. Lin, J. D. McKinney, A. M. Weiner, "Photonic synthesis of broadband microwave arbitrary waveforms applicable to UWB communications," IEEE Microw. Wireless Compon. Lett. 5, 226-228 (2005).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

J. Chou, Y. Han, B. Jalali, "Adaptive RF-photonic arbitrary waveform generator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 581-83 (2003).

M. Abtahi, M. Mirshafiei, J. Magné, L. A. Rusch, S. LaRochelle, "Ultra-wideband waveform generator based on optical pulse shaping and FBG tuning," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 135-137 (2008).

IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits (1)

L. Smaini, C. Tinella, D. Helal, C. Stoecklin, L. Chabert, C. Devaucelle, R. Cattenoz, N. Rinaldi, D. Belot, "Single-chip CMOS pulse generator for UWB systems," IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 41, 1551-1561 (2006).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

C. Wang, F. Zeng, J. Yao, "All-fiber UWB pulse generation based on spectral shaping and dispersion-induced frequency-to-time conversion," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 137-139 (2007).

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. (2)

J. D. McKinncy, I. S. Lin, A. M. Weiner, "Shaping the power spectrum of ultrawideband radio frequency signals," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 4247-4255 (2006).

D. D. Wentzloff, A. P. Chandrakasan, "Gaussian pulse generators for subbanded ultra-wideband transmitters," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 1647-1655 (2006).

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. (1)

S. Bagga, A. V. Vorobyov, S. A. Haddad, A. G. Yarovoy, W. A. Serdijn, J. R. Long, "Co-design of an impulse generator and miniaturized antennas for IR-UWB," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 1656-1666 (2006).

IEEE Trans. Signal Process. (1)

X. Wu, Z. Tian, T. N. Davidson, G. B. Giannakis, "Optimal waveform design for UWB radios," IEEE Trans. Signal Process. 45, 2009-2021 (2006).

J. Commun. Netw. (1)

X. Luo, L. Yang, G. B. Giannakis, "Designing optimal pulse-shapers for ultra-wideband radios," J. Commun. Netw. 5, 334-353 (2003).

J. Lightw. Tech. (1)

B. Bortnik, I. Y. Poberezkskiy, J. Chou, B. Jalali, H. R. Fetterman, "Predistortion technique for RF-photonic generation of high-power UWB arbitrary waveforms," J. Lightw. Tech. 24, 2752-2759 (2006).

Opt. Express (1)

Proc. IEEE (1)

S. Roy, J. R. Foerster, V. S. Somayazulu, D. G. Leeper, "Ultra-wideband radio design: The promise of high-speed, short range wireless connectivity," Proc. IEEE 92, 295-311 (2004).

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

A. M. Weiner, "Femtosecond pulse shaping using spatial light modulators," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 1929-1960 (2000).

Other (4)

J. F. Strum, “Using SeDuMi 1.02, a Matlab Toolbox for optimization over symmetric cones,” (1991) http://sedumi.mcmaster.ca.

S.-P. Wu, S. Boyd, L. Vandenberghe, "FIR filter design via semi-definite programming and spectral factorization," Proc. 35th Conf. Decision Control (1996) pp. 271-276.

G. P. Agrawal, Lightwave Technology: Telecommunication Systems (Wiley, 2005).

“First report and order,” U.S. Federal Communications Commission (2002) revision of part 15 of the Commission's rules regarding ultrawideband transmission systems.

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