Abstract

A new wavelength converter sharing strategy for multifiber optical switches, namely shared-per-wavelength (SPW), which employs wavelength converters with fixed input wavelengths is presented. The aim is to reduce switch costs by using simpler optical components and low complexity space switching matrices. Practical implementations of both the well-known shared-per-node (SPN) and the new SPW schemes are presented, as well as the related scheduling algorithms to manage optical packet forwarding in synchronous scenario. An analytical model to evaluate blocking performance of the SPN architecture is also provided. Results show the accuracy of the model in the range of interest for switch design. The proposed architectures are compared in terms of performance and number of optical components employed. The SPW approach is shown to save a large number of semiconductor optical amplifier gates with respect to the SPN one when the number of fibers per interface is suitably not too high. In these cases, the SPW architecture requires a number of wavelength converters higher than the SPN, but simpler, being their inputs tuned on a single wavelength.

© 2008 IEEE

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  1. P. Gambini, "Transparent optical packet switching: Network architecture and demonstrators in the KEOPS project," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 16, 1245-1253 (1998).
  2. L. Dittman, "The European IST project DAVID: A viable approach towards optical packet switching," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1026-1040 (2003).
  3. B. Mukherjee, F. Neri, “Report of US/EU workshop on key issues and grand challenges in optical networking,” (2006) http://networks.cs.ucdavis.edu/mukherje/US-EU-wksp-June05.html.
  4. A. Stavdas, H. Avramopoulos, E. N. Protonotarios, M. J. Midwinter, "An OXC architecture suitable for high density WDM wavelength routed networks," Photon. Netw. Commun. 1, 77-88 (1999).
  5. S. L. Danielsen, P. B. Hansen, K. E. Stubkjaer, "Wavelength conversion in optical packet switching," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 2095-2108 (1998).
  6. G. Maier, A. Pattavina, "Generalized space-equivalent analysis of optical cross-connect architectures," Proc. IEEE INFOCOM (2001) pp. 159-168.
  7. J. Zhou, "Four-wave-mixing wavelength conversion efficiency in semiconductor traveling-wave amplifiers measured to 65 nm of wavelength shift," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 984-987 (1994).
  8. C. Joergensen, "4 Gb/s optical wavelength conversion using semiconductor optical amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 657-670 (1993).
  9. B. Mikkelsen, "Polarization insensitive wavelength conversion of 10 Gb/s signals with SOA's in a Michelson interferometer," Electron. Lett. 30, 260-261.
  10. V. Eramo, M. Listanti, M. Spaziani, "Resource sharing in optical packet switches with limited-range wavelength converters," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 671-687 (2005).
  11. V. Eramo, M. Listanti, P. Pacifici, "A comparison study on the number of wavelength converters needed in synchronous and asynchronous all-optical switching architectures," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 340-355 (2003).
  12. H. Obara, H. Masuda, K. Suzuki, K. Aida, "Multifiber wavelength-division multiplexed ring network architecture for tera-bit/s throughput," Proc. ICC (1998) pp. 921-925.
  13. N. Wauters, P. Demeester, "Wavelength conversion in optical multi-wavelength multifiber transport networks," Int. J. Optoelectron. 11, 53-70 (1997).
  14. F. A. Al-Zaharani, A. A. Habiballa, A. P. Jayasumana, "Performance merits of multi-fiber DWDM networks employing different shared wavelength conversion resources architectures," Reg. 5 Conf.: Ann. Techn. Leadership Workshop (2004) pp. 59-67.
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  16. A. K. Somani, M. Mina, L. Li, "On trading wavelengths with fibers: A cost-performance based study," IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 12, 944-951 (2004).
  17. C. Raffaelli, M. Savi, A. Stavdas, "Sharing wavelength converters in multistage optical packet switches," Proc. HPSR (2006) pp. 203-208.
  18. C. Raffaelli, M. Savi, A. Stavdas, "Performance of scheduling algorithms in multi-stage optical packet switches with sparse wavelength converters," Proc. Globecom (2006) pp. 27-31.
  19. R. S. Tucker, "The role of optics and electronics in high-capacity routers," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4655-4673 (2006).
  20. P. Pavon-Mario, J. Garcia-Haro, A. Jajszczyk, "Parallel desynchronized block matching: A feasible scheduling algorithm for the input buffered wavelength-routed switch," Comput. Netw. 51, 4270-4283 (2007).
  21. D. Klonidis, C. T. Politi, R. Nejabati, M. J. O'Mahony, D. Simeonidou, "OPSnet: Design and demonstration of an asynchronous high-speed optical packet switch," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 2914-2925 (2005).
  22. V. Eramo, M. Listanti, "Packet loss in a bufferless WDM switch employing shared tunable wavelength converters," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 1818-1833 (2000).
  23. W. Feller, An Introduction to Probability Theory and Its Applications (Wiley, 1968).

2007 (1)

P. Pavon-Mario, J. Garcia-Haro, A. Jajszczyk, "Parallel desynchronized block matching: A feasible scheduling algorithm for the input buffered wavelength-routed switch," Comput. Netw. 51, 4270-4283 (2007).

2006 (2)

R. S. Tucker, "The role of optics and electronics in high-capacity routers," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4655-4673 (2006).

V. Eramo, "An analytical model for TOWC dimensioning in a multifiber optical-packet switch," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4799-4810 (2006).

2005 (2)

V. Eramo, M. Listanti, M. Spaziani, "Resource sharing in optical packet switches with limited-range wavelength converters," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 671-687 (2005).

D. Klonidis, C. T. Politi, R. Nejabati, M. J. O'Mahony, D. Simeonidou, "OPSnet: Design and demonstration of an asynchronous high-speed optical packet switch," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 2914-2925 (2005).

2004 (1)

A. K. Somani, M. Mina, L. Li, "On trading wavelengths with fibers: A cost-performance based study," IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 12, 944-951 (2004).

2003 (2)

V. Eramo, M. Listanti, P. Pacifici, "A comparison study on the number of wavelength converters needed in synchronous and asynchronous all-optical switching architectures," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 340-355 (2003).

L. Dittman, "The European IST project DAVID: A viable approach towards optical packet switching," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1026-1040 (2003).

2000 (1)

V. Eramo, M. Listanti, "Packet loss in a bufferless WDM switch employing shared tunable wavelength converters," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 1818-1833 (2000).

1999 (1)

A. Stavdas, H. Avramopoulos, E. N. Protonotarios, M. J. Midwinter, "An OXC architecture suitable for high density WDM wavelength routed networks," Photon. Netw. Commun. 1, 77-88 (1999).

1998 (2)

S. L. Danielsen, P. B. Hansen, K. E. Stubkjaer, "Wavelength conversion in optical packet switching," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 2095-2108 (1998).

P. Gambini, "Transparent optical packet switching: Network architecture and demonstrators in the KEOPS project," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 16, 1245-1253 (1998).

1997 (1)

N. Wauters, P. Demeester, "Wavelength conversion in optical multi-wavelength multifiber transport networks," Int. J. Optoelectron. 11, 53-70 (1997).

1994 (1)

J. Zhou, "Four-wave-mixing wavelength conversion efficiency in semiconductor traveling-wave amplifiers measured to 65 nm of wavelength shift," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 984-987 (1994).

1993 (1)

C. Joergensen, "4 Gb/s optical wavelength conversion using semiconductor optical amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 657-670 (1993).

Comput. Netw. (1)

P. Pavon-Mario, J. Garcia-Haro, A. Jajszczyk, "Parallel desynchronized block matching: A feasible scheduling algorithm for the input buffered wavelength-routed switch," Comput. Netw. 51, 4270-4283 (2007).

Electron. Lett. (1)

B. Mikkelsen, "Polarization insensitive wavelength conversion of 10 Gb/s signals with SOA's in a Michelson interferometer," Electron. Lett. 30, 260-261.

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (1)

L. Dittman, "The European IST project DAVID: A viable approach towards optical packet switching," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1026-1040 (2003).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

C. Joergensen, "4 Gb/s optical wavelength conversion using semiconductor optical amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 657-670 (1993).

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (1)

P. Gambini, "Transparent optical packet switching: Network architecture and demonstrators in the KEOPS project," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 16, 1245-1253 (1998).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

J. Zhou, "Four-wave-mixing wavelength conversion efficiency in semiconductor traveling-wave amplifiers measured to 65 nm of wavelength shift," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 984-987 (1994).

IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. (1)

A. K. Somani, M. Mina, L. Li, "On trading wavelengths with fibers: A cost-performance based study," IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 12, 944-951 (2004).

Int. J. Optoelectron. (1)

N. Wauters, P. Demeester, "Wavelength conversion in optical multi-wavelength multifiber transport networks," Int. J. Optoelectron. 11, 53-70 (1997).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

V. Eramo, M. Listanti, P. Pacifici, "A comparison study on the number of wavelength converters needed in synchronous and asynchronous all-optical switching architectures," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 340-355 (2003).

J. Lightw. Technol. (6)

V. Eramo, M. Listanti, M. Spaziani, "Resource sharing in optical packet switches with limited-range wavelength converters," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 671-687 (2005).

S. L. Danielsen, P. B. Hansen, K. E. Stubkjaer, "Wavelength conversion in optical packet switching," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 2095-2108 (1998).

D. Klonidis, C. T. Politi, R. Nejabati, M. J. O'Mahony, D. Simeonidou, "OPSnet: Design and demonstration of an asynchronous high-speed optical packet switch," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 2914-2925 (2005).

V. Eramo, M. Listanti, "Packet loss in a bufferless WDM switch employing shared tunable wavelength converters," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 1818-1833 (2000).

V. Eramo, "An analytical model for TOWC dimensioning in a multifiber optical-packet switch," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4799-4810 (2006).

R. S. Tucker, "The role of optics and electronics in high-capacity routers," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4655-4673 (2006).

Photon. Netw. Commun. (1)

A. Stavdas, H. Avramopoulos, E. N. Protonotarios, M. J. Midwinter, "An OXC architecture suitable for high density WDM wavelength routed networks," Photon. Netw. Commun. 1, 77-88 (1999).

Other (7)

B. Mukherjee, F. Neri, “Report of US/EU workshop on key issues and grand challenges in optical networking,” (2006) http://networks.cs.ucdavis.edu/mukherje/US-EU-wksp-June05.html.

G. Maier, A. Pattavina, "Generalized space-equivalent analysis of optical cross-connect architectures," Proc. IEEE INFOCOM (2001) pp. 159-168.

H. Obara, H. Masuda, K. Suzuki, K. Aida, "Multifiber wavelength-division multiplexed ring network architecture for tera-bit/s throughput," Proc. ICC (1998) pp. 921-925.

F. A. Al-Zaharani, A. A. Habiballa, A. P. Jayasumana, "Performance merits of multi-fiber DWDM networks employing different shared wavelength conversion resources architectures," Reg. 5 Conf.: Ann. Techn. Leadership Workshop (2004) pp. 59-67.

C. Raffaelli, M. Savi, A. Stavdas, "Sharing wavelength converters in multistage optical packet switches," Proc. HPSR (2006) pp. 203-208.

C. Raffaelli, M. Savi, A. Stavdas, "Performance of scheduling algorithms in multi-stage optical packet switches with sparse wavelength converters," Proc. Globecom (2006) pp. 27-31.

W. Feller, An Introduction to Probability Theory and Its Applications (Wiley, 1968).

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