In this paper, Brillouin gain performances of tellurite fiber are investigated for photonics applications. We demonstrate stimulated Brillouin amplification and lasing and the simulated performance of slow light generation in a single-mode tellurite fiber. A Brillouin gain of 29 dB is achieved in a 100-m tellurite fiber with a pump power of 10 mW at 1550 nm. A peak value of Brillouin gain coefficients of 1.6989 x 10<sup>-10</sup> m/W is measured on the base of gain characteristics. An all-fiber Brillouin laser with the maximum unsaturated power of 54.6 mW at 1550 nm and a slope efficiency of 38.2% is achieved from a 200-m tellurite fiber by employing a ring cavity. Furthermore, widely tunable (~27 nm) Brillouin comb laser with 26 lines spaced at 7.97 GHz is obtained from the ring laser cavity including an erbium-doped fiber amplifier (EDFA). A simple theoretical model based on laser threshold theory successfully explains the properties of Brillouin comb lasers. Stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS)-induced time delay per unit power and per unit length is also calculated using the measured data of Brillouin gain coefficients. A peak value of 0.09246 ns/mW/m and a time delay slope efficiency of 1.75 ns/dB are obtained for this tellurite fiber. Potential performance of a tellurite fiber for slow light generation is clarified on the base of Brillouin gain characteristic. Our results show that tellurite fiber is a promising gain medium for Brillouin fiber amplifiers, lasers, and slow light generation due to its low background loss and large Brillouin gain coefficient.
© 2008 IEEEPDF Article