Abstract

Two architectures are proposed for a wavelength-division multiplexed optical packet switch equipped with both limited-range wavelength converters (LRWCs) and shared full-range wavelength converters (FRWCs). The FRWCs are used to overcome the performance degradation in terms of packet loss probability due to the use of LRWCs only. Two different sharing strategies of the FRWCs are considered. In the first architecture, a pool of FRWCs is shared among the arriving packets. In the second one, the sharing is only partial and the packets directed to the same output share a same pool of FRWCs. A probabilistic model is proposed to dimension the number of shared FRWCs so that the same packet loss probability of a switch equipped with only shared FRWCs is guaranteed. After introducing a cost model of the converters depending on the conversion range, we show that the architectures may allow a conversion cost savings on the order of 90%.

© 2008 IEEE

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  2. B. Mukherjee, Optical Communication Networks (Mc Graw-Hill, 1997).
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  4. M. Listanti, R. Sabella, V. Eramo, "Architectural and technological issues for future optical internet networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 38, 82-92 (2000).
  5. B. Li, Y. Qin, X. Cao, K. Sivalingam, "Photonic packet switching: Architectures and performance," Opt. Netw. Mag. 27-39 (2001).
  6. L. Xu, H. G. Perros, G. Rouskas, "Techniques for optical packet switching and optical burst switching," IEEE Commun. Mag. 39, 136-142 (2001).
  7. M. Mahony, D. Simeoniddu, D. Hunter, A. Tzanamaki, "The application of optical packet switching in future communications networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 39, (2001).
  8. M. Renaud, C. Janz, P. Gambini, C. Guillemot, "Transparent optical packet switching: The European ACTS KEOPS project approach," Proc. LEOS '99 (1999) pp. 401-402.
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  10. A. G. Rahbar, O. Yang, "Reducing loss rate in slotted optical networks: A lower bound analysis," Proc. IEEE ICC 2006 (2006) pp. 2770-2775.
  11. H. Mellah, F. M. Abbou, "Contention resolution in slotted WDM optical packet switching networks using cascaded auxiliary switch," Proc. Inst. Elect. Eng. Commun. 152, 205-206 (2006).
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  13. H. Harai, M. Suzuki, T. Ozeki, "Buffer management for shared feedback buffer-type optical packet switches," Proc. IEEE ICC 2006 (2006) pp. 2574-2580.
  14. L. Dittmann, "The European IST DAVID: A viable approach toward optical packet switching," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1026-1040 (2003).
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  17. A. Zalesky, R. S. Tucker, "Dynamically concatenated wavelength converters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 352-354 (2006).
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  19. C. Joergensen, "4 Gb/s optical wavelength conversion using semiconductor optical amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 657-670 (1993).
  20. B. Mikkelsen, "Polarization insensitive wavelength conversion of 10 Gb/s signals with SOAS in a Michelson interferometer," Electron. Lett. 30, 260-261.
  21. J. M. H. Elmirghani, H. T. Mouftah, "All-optical wavelength conversion technologies and applications in DWDM," IEEE Commun. Mag. 38, 86-92 (2000).
  22. V. Eramo, M. Listanti, "Packet loss in a bufferless WDM switch employing shared tuneable wavelength converters," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 1818-1833 (2000).
  23. V. Eramo, M. Listanti, P. Pacifici, "A comparison study on the number of wavelength converters needed in synchronous and asynchronous all-optical switching architectures," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 340-355 (2003).
  24. V. Eramo, M. Listanti, "Comparison of unicast/multicast optical packet switching architectures using wavelength conversion," Opt. Netw. Mag. 3, 63-75 (2002).
  25. C. Raffaelli, M. Savi, "Performance modeling of synchronous buffer-less optical packet switch with partial wavelength conversion," Proc. IEEE ICC 2006 (2006) pp. 2532-2537.
  26. C. Raffaelli, M. Savi, A. Stavdas, "Performance of scheduling algorithms in multi-stage optical packet switches with sparse wavelength converters," Proc. IEEE Globecom 2006 (2006) pp. 1-6.
  27. C. Raffaelli, M. Savi, A. Stavdas, "Sharing wavelength converters in multistage optical packet switches," Proc. High Perform. Switching Routing (2006) pp. 50-55.
  28. N. Akar, E. Karasan, K. Dogan, "Wavelength converter sharing in asynchronous optical packet/burst switching: An exact blocking analysis for Markovian arrivals," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 24, Supplement69-80 (2006).
  29. D. Wolfson, T. Fjelde, A. Kloch, "Technologies for all-optical wavelength conversion in DWDM networks," Proc. 4th Pacific Rim Conf. Laser Electro-Optics (2001) pp. 574-575.
  30. J. M. H. Elmirghani, "All-optical wavelength conversion: Technologies and applications in DWDM networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 38, 86-92 (2000).
  31. T. Durhuus, "All-Optical wavelength conversion by semiconductor optical amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 14, 942-954 (1996).
  32. G. Shen, "Performance study on a WDM packet switch with limited-range wavelength converters," IEEE Commun. Lett. 5, 432-434 (2001).
  33. K. Dogan, N. Akar, "A performance study of limited range partial wavelength conversion for asynchronous optical packet/burst switching," Proc. IEEE ICC 2006 (2006) pp. 2544-2549.
  34. R. C. Almeida, J. F. Martins-Filho, H. Waldman, "Limited-range conversion modeling for asynchronous optical packet-switched networks," Proc. SBMO/IEEE MTT-S Int. Conf. Microw. Optoelectron. (2005) pp. 349-353.
  35. Z. Rosberg, A. Zalesky, H. L. Vu, M. Zukerman, "Analysis of OBS networks with limited wavelength conversion," IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 14, 1118-1127 (2006).
  36. Y. Mingwu, W. Aijun, L. Zengji, "Blocking probability of asynchronous optical burst/packet switches with limited range wavelength conversion," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1302-1304 (2006).
  37. V. Eramo, M. Listanti, M. D. Donato, "Performance evaluation of a bufferless optical packet switch with limited-range wavelength converters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 644-646 (2004).
  38. Z. Zhang, Y. Yang, "Distributed scheduling algorithms for wavelength convertible WDM optical interconnects," Proc. IEEE IPDPS 2003 (2003) pp. 50-57.
  39. Z. Zhang, Y. Yang, "Performance modelling of bufferless WDM packet switching networks with limited range wavelength conversion," IEEE Trans. Commun. 54, 1473-1480 (2006).
  40. V. Eramo, M. Listanti, M. Spaziani, "Resources sharing in optical packet switches with limited-range wavelength converters," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 671-687 (2005).
  41. H. Li, I. Li-Jin, "Cost-saving two-layer wavelength conversion in optical switching network," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 705-712 (2006).
  42. Y. H. Choi, S. W. Seo, "A WDM optical packet switch based on wavelength converter blocks with heterogeneous conversion capability," Proc. IEEE Globecom 2006 (2006) pp. 1-5.
  43. B. Bostica, M. Burzio, P. Gambini, L. Zucchelli, Photonic Networks (Springer-Verlag, 1997).
  44. N. M. And, T. E. Anderson, "A quantitative comparison of iterative scheduling algorithms for input-queued switches," Comput. Netw. ISDN Syst. 30, 2309-2326 (1998).
  45. A. E. Eckberg, T. C. Hou, "Effects of output buffer sharing on buffer requirements in an ATDM packet switch," Proc. IEEE Infocom '88 (1988) pp. 459-466.
  46. M. Karol, M. G. Hluchyj, S. P. Morgan, "Input versus output queuing on a space-division packet switch," IEEE Trans. Commun. COM-35, 1347-1357 (1987).
  47. J. A. Shormans, J. M. Pitts, "Overflow probability in shared cell switched buffers," IEEE Commun. Lett. 4, 167-169 (2000).

2006 (7)

H. Mellah, F. M. Abbou, "Contention resolution in slotted WDM optical packet switching networks using cascaded auxiliary switch," Proc. Inst. Elect. Eng. Commun. 152, 205-206 (2006).

A. Zalesky, R. S. Tucker, "Dynamically concatenated wavelength converters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 352-354 (2006).

N. Akar, E. Karasan, K. Dogan, "Wavelength converter sharing in asynchronous optical packet/burst switching: An exact blocking analysis for Markovian arrivals," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 24, Supplement69-80 (2006).

Z. Rosberg, A. Zalesky, H. L. Vu, M. Zukerman, "Analysis of OBS networks with limited wavelength conversion," IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 14, 1118-1127 (2006).

Y. Mingwu, W. Aijun, L. Zengji, "Blocking probability of asynchronous optical burst/packet switches with limited range wavelength conversion," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1302-1304 (2006).

Z. Zhang, Y. Yang, "Performance modelling of bufferless WDM packet switching networks with limited range wavelength conversion," IEEE Trans. Commun. 54, 1473-1480 (2006).

H. Li, I. Li-Jin, "Cost-saving two-layer wavelength conversion in optical switching network," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 705-712 (2006).

2005 (1)

V. Eramo, M. Listanti, M. Spaziani, "Resources sharing in optical packet switches with limited-range wavelength converters," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 671-687 (2005).

2004 (1)

V. Eramo, M. Listanti, M. D. Donato, "Performance evaluation of a bufferless optical packet switch with limited-range wavelength converters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 644-646 (2004).

2003 (2)

V. Eramo, M. Listanti, P. Pacifici, "A comparison study on the number of wavelength converters needed in synchronous and asynchronous all-optical switching architectures," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 340-355 (2003).

L. Dittmann, "The European IST DAVID: A viable approach toward optical packet switching," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1026-1040 (2003).

2002 (1)

V. Eramo, M. Listanti, "Comparison of unicast/multicast optical packet switching architectures using wavelength conversion," Opt. Netw. Mag. 3, 63-75 (2002).

2001 (4)

B. Li, Y. Qin, X. Cao, K. Sivalingam, "Photonic packet switching: Architectures and performance," Opt. Netw. Mag. 27-39 (2001).

L. Xu, H. G. Perros, G. Rouskas, "Techniques for optical packet switching and optical burst switching," IEEE Commun. Mag. 39, 136-142 (2001).

M. Mahony, D. Simeoniddu, D. Hunter, A. Tzanamaki, "The application of optical packet switching in future communications networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 39, (2001).

G. Shen, "Performance study on a WDM packet switch with limited-range wavelength converters," IEEE Commun. Lett. 5, 432-434 (2001).

2000 (6)

J. A. Shormans, J. M. Pitts, "Overflow probability in shared cell switched buffers," IEEE Commun. Lett. 4, 167-169 (2000).

J. M. H. Elmirghani, "All-optical wavelength conversion: Technologies and applications in DWDM networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 38, 86-92 (2000).

J. M. H. Elmirghani, H. T. Mouftah, "All-optical wavelength conversion technologies and applications in DWDM," IEEE Commun. Mag. 38, 86-92 (2000).

V. Eramo, M. Listanti, "Packet loss in a bufferless WDM switch employing shared tuneable wavelength converters," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 1818-1833 (2000).

S. Yao, B. Mukherjee, S. Dixit, "Advances in photonic packet switching: An overview," IEEE Commun. Mag. 38, 84-94 (2000).

M. Listanti, R. Sabella, V. Eramo, "Architectural and technological issues for future optical internet networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 38, 82-92 (2000).

1998 (4)

C. Guillemot, "Transparent optical packet switching: The European ACTS KEOPS project approach," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 2117-2134 (1998).

S. L. Danielsen, C. Joergensen, B. Mikkelsen, K. E. Stubkyaer, "Optical packet switched network layer without optical buffers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 896-898 (1998).

S. L. Danielsen, C. Jorgensen, B. Mikkelsen, K. E. StubbkJaer, "Analysis of a WDM packet switch with improved performance under bursty traffic conditions due to tuneable wavelength converters," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 729-735 (1998).

N. M. And, T. E. Anderson, "A quantitative comparison of iterative scheduling algorithms for input-queued switches," Comput. Netw. ISDN Syst. 30, 2309-2326 (1998).

1996 (1)

T. Durhuus, "All-Optical wavelength conversion by semiconductor optical amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 14, 942-954 (1996).

1994 (1)

J. Zhou, "Four-wave-mixing wavelength conversion efficiency in semiconductor traveling-wave amplifiers measured to 65 nm of wavelength shift," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 984-987 (1994).

1993 (1)

C. Joergensen, "4 Gb/s optical wavelength conversion using semiconductor optical amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 657-670 (1993).

1987 (1)

M. Karol, M. G. Hluchyj, S. P. Morgan, "Input versus output queuing on a space-division packet switch," IEEE Trans. Commun. COM-35, 1347-1357 (1987).

Comput. Netw. ISDN Syst. (1)

N. M. And, T. E. Anderson, "A quantitative comparison of iterative scheduling algorithms for input-queued switches," Comput. Netw. ISDN Syst. 30, 2309-2326 (1998).

Electron. Lett. (1)

B. Mikkelsen, "Polarization insensitive wavelength conversion of 10 Gb/s signals with SOAS in a Michelson interferometer," Electron. Lett. 30, 260-261.

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

J. M. H. Elmirghani, "All-optical wavelength conversion: Technologies and applications in DWDM networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 38, 86-92 (2000).

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (1)

L. Dittmann, "The European IST DAVID: A viable approach toward optical packet switching," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1026-1040 (2003).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

C. Joergensen, "4 Gb/s optical wavelength conversion using semiconductor optical amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 657-670 (1993).

IEEE Trans. Commun. (1)

Z. Zhang, Y. Yang, "Performance modelling of bufferless WDM packet switching networks with limited range wavelength conversion," IEEE Trans. Commun. 54, 1473-1480 (2006).

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

M. Mahony, D. Simeoniddu, D. Hunter, A. Tzanamaki, "The application of optical packet switching in future communications networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 39, (2001).

IEEE Commun. Lett. (2)

G. Shen, "Performance study on a WDM packet switch with limited-range wavelength converters," IEEE Commun. Lett. 5, 432-434 (2001).

J. A. Shormans, J. M. Pitts, "Overflow probability in shared cell switched buffers," IEEE Commun. Lett. 4, 167-169 (2000).

IEEE Commun. Mag. (4)

J. M. H. Elmirghani, H. T. Mouftah, "All-optical wavelength conversion technologies and applications in DWDM," IEEE Commun. Mag. 38, 86-92 (2000).

S. Yao, B. Mukherjee, S. Dixit, "Advances in photonic packet switching: An overview," IEEE Commun. Mag. 38, 84-94 (2000).

M. Listanti, R. Sabella, V. Eramo, "Architectural and technological issues for future optical internet networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 38, 82-92 (2000).

L. Xu, H. G. Perros, G. Rouskas, "Techniques for optical packet switching and optical burst switching," IEEE Commun. Mag. 39, 136-142 (2001).

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (1)

N. Akar, E. Karasan, K. Dogan, "Wavelength converter sharing in asynchronous optical packet/burst switching: An exact blocking analysis for Markovian arrivals," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 24, Supplement69-80 (2006).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (5)

A. Zalesky, R. S. Tucker, "Dynamically concatenated wavelength converters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 352-354 (2006).

J. Zhou, "Four-wave-mixing wavelength conversion efficiency in semiconductor traveling-wave amplifiers measured to 65 nm of wavelength shift," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 984-987 (1994).

S. L. Danielsen, C. Joergensen, B. Mikkelsen, K. E. Stubkyaer, "Optical packet switched network layer without optical buffers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 896-898 (1998).

Y. Mingwu, W. Aijun, L. Zengji, "Blocking probability of asynchronous optical burst/packet switches with limited range wavelength conversion," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1302-1304 (2006).

V. Eramo, M. Listanti, M. D. Donato, "Performance evaluation of a bufferless optical packet switch with limited-range wavelength converters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 644-646 (2004).

IEEE Trans. Commun. (1)

M. Karol, M. G. Hluchyj, S. P. Morgan, "Input versus output queuing on a space-division packet switch," IEEE Trans. Commun. COM-35, 1347-1357 (1987).

IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. (1)

Z. Rosberg, A. Zalesky, H. L. Vu, M. Zukerman, "Analysis of OBS networks with limited wavelength conversion," IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 14, 1118-1127 (2006).

J. Lightw. Technol. (3)

C. Guillemot, "Transparent optical packet switching: The European ACTS KEOPS project approach," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 2117-2134 (1998).

V. Eramo, M. Listanti, P. Pacifici, "A comparison study on the number of wavelength converters needed in synchronous and asynchronous all-optical switching architectures," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 340-355 (2003).

T. Durhuus, "All-Optical wavelength conversion by semiconductor optical amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 14, 942-954 (1996).

J. Lightw. Technol. (4)

V. Eramo, M. Listanti, M. Spaziani, "Resources sharing in optical packet switches with limited-range wavelength converters," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 671-687 (2005).

H. Li, I. Li-Jin, "Cost-saving two-layer wavelength conversion in optical switching network," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 705-712 (2006).

V. Eramo, M. Listanti, "Packet loss in a bufferless WDM switch employing shared tuneable wavelength converters," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 1818-1833 (2000).

S. L. Danielsen, C. Jorgensen, B. Mikkelsen, K. E. StubbkJaer, "Analysis of a WDM packet switch with improved performance under bursty traffic conditions due to tuneable wavelength converters," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 729-735 (1998).

Opt. Netw. Mag. (2)

B. Li, Y. Qin, X. Cao, K. Sivalingam, "Photonic packet switching: Architectures and performance," Opt. Netw. Mag. 27-39 (2001).

V. Eramo, M. Listanti, "Comparison of unicast/multicast optical packet switching architectures using wavelength conversion," Opt. Netw. Mag. 3, 63-75 (2002).

Proc. Inst. Elect. Eng. Commun. (1)

H. Mellah, F. M. Abbou, "Contention resolution in slotted WDM optical packet switching networks using cascaded auxiliary switch," Proc. Inst. Elect. Eng. Commun. 152, 205-206 (2006).

Other (16)

F. A. Al-Zahrani, "Survivability performance evaluation of slotted multi-fiber optical packet switching networks with and without wavelength conversion," Proc. IEEE Inf. Commun. Technol. (ICTTA 2006) (2006) pp. 2242-2247.

H. Harai, M. Suzuki, T. Ozeki, "Buffer management for shared feedback buffer-type optical packet switches," Proc. IEEE ICC 2006 (2006) pp. 2574-2580.

R. Ramaswami, K. N. Sivarjan, Optical Networks (Morgan Kaufmann, 1998).

B. Mukherjee, Optical Communication Networks (Mc Graw-Hill, 1997).

A. G. Rahbar, O. Yang, "Reducing loss rate in slotted optical networks: A lower bound analysis," Proc. IEEE ICC 2006 (2006) pp. 2770-2775.

M. Renaud, C. Janz, P. Gambini, C. Guillemot, "Transparent optical packet switching: The European ACTS KEOPS project approach," Proc. LEOS '99 (1999) pp. 401-402.

C. Raffaelli, M. Savi, "Performance modeling of synchronous buffer-less optical packet switch with partial wavelength conversion," Proc. IEEE ICC 2006 (2006) pp. 2532-2537.

C. Raffaelli, M. Savi, A. Stavdas, "Performance of scheduling algorithms in multi-stage optical packet switches with sparse wavelength converters," Proc. IEEE Globecom 2006 (2006) pp. 1-6.

C. Raffaelli, M. Savi, A. Stavdas, "Sharing wavelength converters in multistage optical packet switches," Proc. High Perform. Switching Routing (2006) pp. 50-55.

D. Wolfson, T. Fjelde, A. Kloch, "Technologies for all-optical wavelength conversion in DWDM networks," Proc. 4th Pacific Rim Conf. Laser Electro-Optics (2001) pp. 574-575.

Y. H. Choi, S. W. Seo, "A WDM optical packet switch based on wavelength converter blocks with heterogeneous conversion capability," Proc. IEEE Globecom 2006 (2006) pp. 1-5.

B. Bostica, M. Burzio, P. Gambini, L. Zucchelli, Photonic Networks (Springer-Verlag, 1997).

K. Dogan, N. Akar, "A performance study of limited range partial wavelength conversion for asynchronous optical packet/burst switching," Proc. IEEE ICC 2006 (2006) pp. 2544-2549.

R. C. Almeida, J. F. Martins-Filho, H. Waldman, "Limited-range conversion modeling for asynchronous optical packet-switched networks," Proc. SBMO/IEEE MTT-S Int. Conf. Microw. Optoelectron. (2005) pp. 349-353.

Z. Zhang, Y. Yang, "Distributed scheduling algorithms for wavelength convertible WDM optical interconnects," Proc. IEEE IPDPS 2003 (2003) pp. 50-57.

A. E. Eckberg, T. C. Hou, "Effects of output buffer sharing on buffer requirements in an ATDM packet switch," Proc. IEEE Infocom '88 (1988) pp. 459-466.

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