Abstract

Emergence of white-light LEDs allows the combination of lighting and information broadcast functionality in one optical source. We investigate analytically and by Monte Carlo simulations feasible data transmission rates in a moderate-size office room, where we assume illumination conforming to standards and the use of commercially available LEDs and photodiodes. The performances of systems relying on baseband [i.e., pulse-amplitude modulation (PAM)] and discrete multitone (DMT) transmission show that data rates of more than 100 Mbit/s can be expected despite the rather low bandwidth of the system.

© 2008 IEEE

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  1. J. Grubor, S. C. J. Lee, K.-D. Langer, T. Koonen, J. W. Walewski, "Wireless high-speed data transmission with phosphorescent white-light LEDs," Proc. ECOC 2007 .
  2. J.-H. Kim, "Visible light communication at 20 Mbit/s using illumination LEDs," Proc. SPIE (2006).
  3. Y. Tanaka, T. Komine, S. Haruyama, M. Nakagawa, "Indoor visible communication utilizing plural white-light LEDs as lighting," Proc. PIMRC 2001 pp. F81-F85.
  4. T. Komine, M. Nakagawa, "Fundamental analysis for visible-light communication system using LED lightings," IEEE Trans. Consum. Electron. 50, 100-107 (2004).
  5. P. Amirshahi, M. Kavehrad, "Broadband access over medium and low voltage power-lines and use of white-light light emitting diodes for indoor communications," Proc. IEEE CCNC 2006 pp. 897-901.
  6. S.-B. Park, "Information broadcasting system based on visible light signboard," Proc. Wireless Opt. Commun. 2007 pp. 311-313.
  7. G. Pang, T. Kwan, H. Liu, C.-H. Chan, "LED wireless—A novel use of LEDs to transmit audio and digital signals," IEEE Ind. Appl. Mag. 8, 21-28 (2002).
  8. S. Kitano, S. Haruyama, M. Nakagawa, "LED road illumination communications system," Proc. VTC-Fall, 2003 pp. 3346-3350.
  9. T. Komine, S. Haruyama, M. Nakagawa, "Performance evaluation of Narrowband OFDM on integrated system of power line communication and visible light communication," Proc. IEEE Symp. Wireless Pervasive Comput. (2006).
  10. M. Z. Afgani, H. Haas, H. Elgala, D. Knipp, "Visible light communication using OFDM," Proc. 2nd Int. IEEE/Create-Net Conf. Testbeds Res. Infrastruct. Develop. Netw. Commun. (2006).
  11. www.osram.de (DOT-it).
  12. E. F. Schubert, Light-Emitting Diodes (Cambridge Univ. Press, 2003).
  13. Lighting of Indoor Work Places European Stand. EN 12464-1 (2003).
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  15. http://sales.hamamatsu.com (2006) (Si PIN photodiode S6968 series).
  16. S. Randel, "1 Gbit/s transmission with 6.3 bit/s/Hz spectral efficiency in a 100 m standard 1 mm step-index plastic optical fibre link using adaptive multiple sub-carrier modulation," Proc. ECOC 2006 pp. 41-42.
  17. J. Grubor, V. Jungnickel, K.-D. Langer, "Adaptive-modulation technique in wireless infrared indoor communication," ITG Fachbericht 193 193-200 (2006).
  18. J. R. Barry, Wireless Infrared Communications (Kluwer Academic, 1994).
  19. F. Xiong, Digital Modulation Techniques (Artech House, 2000).
  20. J. M. Cioffi, “A Multicarrier Primer,” (1991) ANSI T1E1.
  21. J. W. Walewski, J. A. Filipa, S. T. Sanders, "Optical beating of polychromatic light and its impact on time-resolved spectroscopy. Part I: Theory," Appl. Spectr. 62, 9-18 (2008).
  22. J. W. Goodman, Statistical Optics (Wiley, 1985).
  23. https://mentor.ieee.org/802.15/file/08/15-08-0214-01-0vlc-ig-vlc-closing-report.ppt .

2008

J. W. Walewski, J. A. Filipa, S. T. Sanders, "Optical beating of polychromatic light and its impact on time-resolved spectroscopy. Part I: Theory," Appl. Spectr. 62, 9-18 (2008).

2006

J. Grubor, V. Jungnickel, K.-D. Langer, "Adaptive-modulation technique in wireless infrared indoor communication," ITG Fachbericht 193 193-200 (2006).

2004

T. Komine, M. Nakagawa, "Fundamental analysis for visible-light communication system using LED lightings," IEEE Trans. Consum. Electron. 50, 100-107 (2004).

2002

G. Pang, T. Kwan, H. Liu, C.-H. Chan, "LED wireless—A novel use of LEDs to transmit audio and digital signals," IEEE Ind. Appl. Mag. 8, 21-28 (2002).

V. Jungnickel, V. Pohl, S. Noenning, C. von Helmolt, "A physical model for the wireless infrared communication channel," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 20, 631-640 (2002).

Appl. Spectr.

J. W. Walewski, J. A. Filipa, S. T. Sanders, "Optical beating of polychromatic light and its impact on time-resolved spectroscopy. Part I: Theory," Appl. Spectr. 62, 9-18 (2008).

IEEE Ind. Appl. Mag.

G. Pang, T. Kwan, H. Liu, C.-H. Chan, "LED wireless—A novel use of LEDs to transmit audio and digital signals," IEEE Ind. Appl. Mag. 8, 21-28 (2002).

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun.

V. Jungnickel, V. Pohl, S. Noenning, C. von Helmolt, "A physical model for the wireless infrared communication channel," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 20, 631-640 (2002).

IEEE Trans. Consum. Electron.

T. Komine, M. Nakagawa, "Fundamental analysis for visible-light communication system using LED lightings," IEEE Trans. Consum. Electron. 50, 100-107 (2004).

ITG Fachbericht 193

J. Grubor, V. Jungnickel, K.-D. Langer, "Adaptive-modulation technique in wireless infrared indoor communication," ITG Fachbericht 193 193-200 (2006).

Other

J. R. Barry, Wireless Infrared Communications (Kluwer Academic, 1994).

F. Xiong, Digital Modulation Techniques (Artech House, 2000).

J. M. Cioffi, “A Multicarrier Primer,” (1991) ANSI T1E1.

http://sales.hamamatsu.com (2006) (Si PIN photodiode S6968 series).

S. Randel, "1 Gbit/s transmission with 6.3 bit/s/Hz spectral efficiency in a 100 m standard 1 mm step-index plastic optical fibre link using adaptive multiple sub-carrier modulation," Proc. ECOC 2006 pp. 41-42.

J. W. Goodman, Statistical Optics (Wiley, 1985).

https://mentor.ieee.org/802.15/file/08/15-08-0214-01-0vlc-ig-vlc-closing-report.ppt .

P. Amirshahi, M. Kavehrad, "Broadband access over medium and low voltage power-lines and use of white-light light emitting diodes for indoor communications," Proc. IEEE CCNC 2006 pp. 897-901.

S.-B. Park, "Information broadcasting system based on visible light signboard," Proc. Wireless Opt. Commun. 2007 pp. 311-313.

J. Grubor, S. C. J. Lee, K.-D. Langer, T. Koonen, J. W. Walewski, "Wireless high-speed data transmission with phosphorescent white-light LEDs," Proc. ECOC 2007 .

J.-H. Kim, "Visible light communication at 20 Mbit/s using illumination LEDs," Proc. SPIE (2006).

Y. Tanaka, T. Komine, S. Haruyama, M. Nakagawa, "Indoor visible communication utilizing plural white-light LEDs as lighting," Proc. PIMRC 2001 pp. F81-F85.

S. Kitano, S. Haruyama, M. Nakagawa, "LED road illumination communications system," Proc. VTC-Fall, 2003 pp. 3346-3350.

T. Komine, S. Haruyama, M. Nakagawa, "Performance evaluation of Narrowband OFDM on integrated system of power line communication and visible light communication," Proc. IEEE Symp. Wireless Pervasive Comput. (2006).

M. Z. Afgani, H. Haas, H. Elgala, D. Knipp, "Visible light communication using OFDM," Proc. 2nd Int. IEEE/Create-Net Conf. Testbeds Res. Infrastruct. Develop. Netw. Commun. (2006).

www.osram.de (DOT-it).

E. F. Schubert, Light-Emitting Diodes (Cambridge Univ. Press, 2003).

Lighting of Indoor Work Places European Stand. EN 12464-1 (2003).

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