Abstract

A review of current fiber-based technologies capable of producing slow-light effects is presented, with emphasis on the applicability of these technologies to telecommunications. We begin with a review of the basic concepts of phase velocity, group velocity, and group delay. We then present a survey of some of the figures of merit used to quantify the engineering properties of slow-light systems. We also present a description of several of the physical processes that are commonly used to induce a slow-light effect. Finally, a review of some recent advances in this field is presented.

© 2008 IEEE

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2007 (15)

Z. Lu, Y. Dong, Q. Li, "Slow light in multi-line Brillouin gain spectrum," Opt. Exp. 15, 1871-1877 (2007).

D. A. B. Miller, "Fundamental limit for optical components," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 24, A1-A18 (2007) http://josab.osa.org/abstract.cfm?id=139978.

D. A. B. Miller, "Fundamental limit to linear one-dimensional slow light structures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 203903 (2007).

L. Zhang, T. Luo, C. Yu, W. Zhang, A. E. Willner, "Pattern dependence of data distortion in slow-light elements," J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 1754-1760 (2007) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=JLT-25-7-1754.

C. Yu, T. Luo, L. Zhang, A. E. Willner, "Data pulse distortion induced by a slow light tunable delay line in optical fiber," Opt. Lett. 32, 20-22 (2007) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-32-1-20.

B. Zhang, L. Yan, I. Fazal, L. Zhang, A. E. Willner, Z. Zhu, D. J. Gauthier, "Slow light on Gbps differential-phase-shift-keying signals," Opt. Exp. 15, 1878-1883 (2007) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-4-1878.

Z. Shi, R. Pant, Z. Zhu, M. D. Stenner, M. A. Neifeld, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, "Design of a tunable time-delay element using multiple gain lines for increased fractional delay with high data fidelity," Opt. Lett. 32, (2007).

R. Pant, M. D. Stenner, M. A. Neifeld, Z. Shi, R. W. Boyd, D. J. Gauthier, "Maximizing the opening of eye-diagrams for slow-light systems," Appl. Opt. 46, 6513-6519 (2007).

H. Shin, A. Schweinsberg, G. Gehring, K. Schwertz, H. J. Chang, R. W. Boyd, Q.-H. Park, D. J. Gauthier, "Reducing pulse distortion in fast-light pulse propagation through an erbium-doped fiber amplifier," Opt. Lett. 32, 906-908 (2007) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-32-8-906.

S.-W. Chang, S. L. Chuang, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, H. Wang, "Slow light using spin coherence and v-type electromagnetically induced transparency in [110] strained quantum wells," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 24, 849-859 (2007) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-24-4-849.

Y. Wang, C. Yu, L. S. Yan, A. E. Willner, R. Roussev, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, Y. Okawachi, J. E. Sharping, A. L. Gaeta, "44-ns continuously-tunable dispersionless optical delay element using a PPLN waveguide with a two pump configuration, DCF, and a dispersion compensator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 861-863 (2007).

C. Hensley, D. H. Broaddus, C. B. Shaffer, A. L. Gaeta, "Photonic bandgap fiber gas cell fabricated using femtosecond micromachining," Opt. Exp. 15, 6690-6695 (2007).

T. Schneider, R. Henker, K. U. Lauterbach, M. Junker, "Comparison of delay enhancement mechanisms for SBS-based slow light systems," Opt. Exp. 15, 9606-9613 (2007).

Z. Zhu, A. M. C. Dawes, D. J. Gauthier, L. Zhang, A. E. Willner, "Broadband SBS slow light in an optical fiber," J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 201-206 (2007) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=JLT-25-1-201.

K. Y. Song, K. Hotate, "25 GHz bandwidth Brillouin slow light in optical fibers," Opt. Lett. 32, 217-219 (2007) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-32-3-217.

2006 (24)

S. Chin, M. Gonzalez-Herráez, L. Thévenaz, "Zero-gain slow & fast light propagation in an optical fiber," Opt. Exp. 14, 10684-10692 (2006).

T. Schneider, M. Junker, K.-U. Lauterbach, "Potential ultra wide slow-light bandwidth enhancement," Opt. Exp. 14, 11 082-11 087 (2006) http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?uri=OE-14-23-11082.

A. Minardo, R. Bemini, L. Zeni, "Low distortion Brillouin slow light in optical fibers using am modulation," Opt. Exp. 14, 5866-5876 (2006) http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?uri=OE-14-13-5866.

A. Zadok, A. Eyal, M. Tur, "Extended delay of broadband signals in stimulated Brillouin scattering slow light using synthesized pump chirp," Opt. Exp. 14, 8498-8505 (2006) http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?uri=OE-14-19-8498.

T. Schneider, M. Juker, K. U. Lauterback, R. Henker, "Distortion reduction in cascaded slow light delays," Electron. Lett. 42, 1110-1112 (2006).

Z. Zhu, D. J. Gauthier, "Nearly transparent SBS slow light in an optical fiber," Opt. Exp. 14, 7238-7245 (2006).

M. Herŕez, K. Y. Song, L. Thévenaz, "Arbitrary-bandwidth Brillouin slow light in optical fibers," Opt. Exp. 14, 1395-1400 (2006).

J. T. Mok, C. M. de Sterke, I. C. M. Littler, B. J. Eggleton, "Dispersionless slow light using gap solitons," Nature Phys. 2, 775-780 (2006).

J. T. Mok, C. M. de Sterke, B. J. Eggleton, "Delay-tunable gap-soliton-based slow-light system," Opt. Exp. 14, 11987-11996 (2006).

Y. Okawachi, J. E. Sharping, C. Xu, A. L. Gaeta, "Large tunable optical delays via self-phase modulation and dispersion," Opt. Exp. 14, 12022-12027 (2006) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-25-12022.

S. Oda, A. Maruta, "All-optical tunable delay line based on soliton self-frequency shift and filtering broadened spectrum due to self-phase modulation," Opt. Express 14, 7895-7902 (2006).

S. Ghosh, A. R. Bhagwat, C. K. Renshaw, S. Goh, A. L. Gaeta, "Low-light-level optical interactions with rubidium vapor in a photonic bandgap fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 023603 (2006).

H. Su, S. L. Chuang, "Room temperature slow and fast light in quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 61102 (2006) http://link.aip.org/link/?APL/88/061102/1.

G. M. Gehring, A. Schweinsberg, C. Barsi, N. Kostinski, R. W. Boyd, "Observation of backwards pulse propagation through a medium with a negative group velocity," Science 312, 895-897 (2006).

H. Su, S.-L. Chuang, "Room-temperature slow light with semiconductor quantum-dot devices," Opt. Lett. 31, 271-273 (2006).

J. B. Khurgin, "Performance limits of delay lines based on optical amplifiers," Opt. Exp. 31, 948-950 (2006).

V. P. Kalosha, L. Chen, X. Bao, "Slow and fast light via SBS in optical fibers for short pulses and broadband pump," Opt. Exp. 14, 12693-12703 (2006) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-26-12693.

Y. Okawachi, M. A. Foster, J. E. Sharping, A. L. Gaeta, Q. Xu, M. Lipson, "All-optical slow-light on a photonic chip," Opt. Exp. 14, 2317-2322 (2006) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-6-2317.

E. Shumakher, A. Willinger, R. Blit, D. Dahan, G. Eisenstein, "Large tunable delay with low distortion of 10 Gbit/s data in a slow light system based on narrow band fiber parametric amplification," Opt. Exp. 14, 8540-8545 (2006).

L. Yi, W. Hu, Y. Su, M. Gao, L. Leng, "Design and system demonstration of a tunable slow-light delay line based on fiber parametric process," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2575-2577 (2006).

E. Shumakher, N. Orbach, A. Nevet, D. Dahan, G. Eisenstein, "On the balance between delay, bandwidth and signal distortion in slow light systems based on stimulated Brillouin scattering in optical fibers," Opt. Exp. 14, 5877-5884 (2006) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-13-5877.

P. Ginzburg, M. Orenstein, "Slow light and voltage control of group velocity in resonantly coupled quantum wells," Opt. Exp. 14, 12467-12472 (2006) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-13-25-12467.

A. Schweinsberg, N. N. Lepeshkin, M. S. Bigelow, R. W. Boyd, S. Jarabo, "Observation of superluminal and slow light propagation in erbium-doped optical fiber," Europhys. Lett. 73, 218-224 (2006).

K. Y. Song, K. S. Abedin, K. Hotate, M. G. Herráez, L. Thévenaz, "Highly efficient Brillouin slow and fast light using $\hbox{As}_{2}\hbox{Se}_{3}$ chalcogenide fiber," Opt. Express 14, 5860-5865 (2006) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-13-5860.

2005 (17)

M. Herráez, K. Y. Song, L. Thévenaz, "Optically controlled slow and fast light in optical fibers using stimulated Brillouin scattering," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 081113 (2005).

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, A. L. Gaeta, "Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005) http://link.aps.org/abstract/PRL/v94/e153902.

R. S. Tucker, P.-C. Ku, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, "Slow-light optical buffers: Capabilities and fundamental limitations," J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 4046-4066 (2005) http://jlt.osa.org/abstract.cfm?id=88006.

D. Dahan, G. Eisenstein, "Tunable all optical delay via slow and fast light propagation in a raman assisted fiber optical parametric amplifier: A route to all optical buffering," Opt. Exp. 13, 6234-6249 (2005).

K. Y. Song, M. Herráez, L. Thévenaz, "Observation of pulse delaying and advancement in optical fibers using stimulated Brillouin scattering," Opt. Exp. 13, 82-88 (2005) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-13-1-82.

J. Sharping, Y. Okawachi, A. Gaeta, "Wide bandwidth slow light using a Raman fiber amplifier," Opt. Exp. 13, 6092-6098 (2005) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-13-16-6092.

R. S. Tucker, P. C. Ku, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, "Delay-bandwidth product and storage density in slow-light optical buffers," Electron. Lett. 41, 208-209 (2005).

J. B. Khurgin, "Optical buffers based on slow light in electromagnetically induced transparent media and coupled resonator structures: Comparative analysis," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 22, 1062-1074 (2005).

Z. Zhu, D. J. Gauthier, Y. Okawachi, J. E. Sharping, A. L. Gaeta, R. W. Boyd, A. W. Willner, "Numerical study of all-optical slow-light delays via stimulated Brillouin scattering in an optical fiber," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 22, 2378-2384 (2005) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?id=86005.

R. W. Boyd, D. J. Gauthier, A. L. Gaeta, A. E. Willner, "Maximum time delay achievable on propagation through a slow-light medium," Phys. Rev. A 71, 23801 (2005) http://link.aps.org/abstract/PRA/v71/e023801.

J. Mørk, R. Kjær, M. van der Poel, K. Yvind, "Slow light in a semiconductor waveguide at gigahertz frequencies," Opt. Exp. 13, 8136-8145 (2005) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-13-20-8136.

P. Palinginis, S. Crankshaw, F. Sedgwick, E.-T. Kim, M. Moewe, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, H. Wang, S.-L. Chuang, "Ultraslow light ( $<$200 m/s) propagation in a semiconductor nanostructure," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 171102 (2005) http://link.aip.org/link/?APL/87/171102/1.

S. Ghosh, J. E. Sharping, D. G. Ouzounov, A. L. Gaeta, "Resonant optical interactions with molecules confined in photonic bandgap fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 093902 (2005).

J. E. Sharping, Y. Okawachi, J. van Howe, C. Xu, Y. Wang, A. E. Willner, A. L. Gaeta, "All-optical, wavelength and bandwidth preserving, pulse delay based on parametric wavelength conversion and dispersion," Opt. Exp. 13, 7872-7877 (2005) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-13-20-7872.

D. Janner, G. Galzerano, G. D. Valle, P. Laporta, S. Longhi, "Slow light in periodic superstructure Bragg gratings," Phys. Rev. E 72, (2005) http://link.aps.org/doi/10/1103/PhysRevE.72.056605.

S. Longhi, "Group delay tuning in active fiber bragg gratings: From superluminal to subluminal pulse reflection," Phys. Rev. E 72, (2005) http://link.aps.org/doi/10.1103/PhysRevE.72.056614.

M. D. Stenner, M. A. Neifeld, Z. Zhu, A. M. Dawes, D. J. Gauthier, "Distortion management in slow-light pulse delay," Opt. Exp. 13, 9995-10002 (2005) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-13-25-9995.

2004 (2)

H. Kang, G. Hernandez, Y. Zhu, "Superluminal and slow light propagation in cold atoms," Phys. Rev. A 70, 11801 (2004) http://link.aps.org/abstract/PRA/v70/e011801.

P.-C. Ku, F. Sedgwick, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, P. Palinginis, T. Li, H. Wang, S.-W. Chang, S.-L. Chuang, "Slow light in semiconductor quantum wells," Opt. Lett. 29, 2291-2293 (2004) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-29-19-2291.

2003 (3)

E. Podivilov, B. Sturman, A. Shumelyuk, S. Odoulov, "Light pulse slowing down up to 0.025 cm/s by photorefractive two-wave coupling," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 083902 (2003) http://link.aps.org/abstract/PRL/v91/e083902.

M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, R. W. Boyd, "Observation of ultraslow light propagation in a ruby crystal at room temperature," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 113903 (2003).

M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, R. W. Boyd, "Superluminal and slow light propagation in a room-temperature solid," Science 301, 200-202 (2003).

2002 (4)

P. Ku, C. Chang-Hasnain, S. Chuang, "Variable semiconductor ail-optical buffer," Electron. Lett. 38, 1581-1583 (2002).

M. Phillips, H. Wang, "Spin coherence and electromagnetically induced transparency via exciton correlations," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 186401 (2002).

A. K. Patnaik, J. Q. Liang, K. Hakuta, "Slow light propagation in a thin optical fiber via electromagnetically induced transparency," Phys. Rev. A 66, 63808 (2002).

S. Longhi, M. Marano, P. Laporta, O. Svelto, "Propagation, manipulation, and control of picosecond optical pulses at 1.5 $\mu{\hbox {m}}$ in fiber Bragg gratings," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 19, 2742 (2002).

2001 (4)

G. Lenz, B. J. Eggleton, C. K. Madsen, R. E. Slusher, "Optical delay lines based on optical filters," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 525 (2001).

F. D. Phillips, A. Fleischhauer, A. Mair, R. L. Walsworth, M. D. Lukin, "Storage of light in atomic vapor," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 783-786 (2001).

A. V. Turukhin, V. S. Sudarshanam, M. S. Shahriar, J. A. Musser, B. S. Ham, P. R. Hemmer, "Observation of ultraslow and stored light pulses in a solid," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 23602 (2001).

A. B. Matsko, Y. V. Rostovtsev, M. Fleischhauer, M. O. Scully, "Anomalous stimulated brillouin scattering via ultraslow light," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 2006-2009 (2001).

2000 (2)

S. Inouye, R. F. Löw, S. Gupta, T. Pfau, A. Görlitz, W. Ketterle, "Amplification of light and atoms in a Bose–Einstein condensate," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 4225-4228 (2000).

L. J. Wang, A. Kuzmich, A. Dogariu, "Gain-assisted superluminal light propagation," Nature 406, 277-279 (2000).

1999 (1)

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, C. H. Behroozi, "Light speed reduction to 17 metres per second in an ultracold atomic gas," Nature 397, 594-598 (1999).

1997 (2)

B. J. Eggleton, C. M. de Sterke, R. E. Slusher, "Nonlinear pulse propagation in Bragg gratings," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 14, 2980 (1997).

L. Poladian, "Group-delay reconstruction for fiber bragg gratings in reflection and transmission," Opt. Lett. 22, 1571 (1997).

1996 (1)

B. J. Eggleton, R. E. Slusher, C. M. de Sterke, P. A. Krug, J. E. Sipe, "Bragg grating solitons," Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 1627-1630 (1996).

1994 (1)

D. J. Blumenthal, P. R. Pruncal, J. R. Sauer, "Photonic packet switches: Architectures and experimental implementations," Proc. IEEE 82, 1650-1667 (1994) http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpls/abs_all.jsp?arnumber=333744.

1990 (1)

S. E. Harris, J. E. Field, A. Imamoğlu, "Nonlinear optical processes using electromagnetically induced transparency," Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 1107-1110 (1990).

1966 (1)

N. G. Basov, R. V. Ambartsumyan, V. S. Zuev, P. G. Kryukov, V. S. Letokhov, "Nonlinear amplification of light pulses," Sov. Phys. JETP 23, 16 (1966).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

H. Su, S. L. Chuang, "Room temperature slow and fast light in quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 61102 (2006) http://link.aip.org/link/?APL/88/061102/1.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

M. Herráez, K. Y. Song, L. Thévenaz, "Optically controlled slow and fast light in optical fibers using stimulated Brillouin scattering," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 081113 (2005).

P. Palinginis, S. Crankshaw, F. Sedgwick, E.-T. Kim, M. Moewe, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, H. Wang, S.-L. Chuang, "Ultraslow light ( $<$200 m/s) propagation in a semiconductor nanostructure," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 171102 (2005) http://link.aip.org/link/?APL/87/171102/1.

Electron. Lett. (2)

T. Schneider, M. Juker, K. U. Lauterback, R. Henker, "Distortion reduction in cascaded slow light delays," Electron. Lett. 42, 1110-1112 (2006).

P. Ku, C. Chang-Hasnain, S. Chuang, "Variable semiconductor ail-optical buffer," Electron. Lett. 38, 1581-1583 (2002).

Electron. Lett. (1)

R. S. Tucker, P. C. Ku, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, "Delay-bandwidth product and storage density in slow-light optical buffers," Electron. Lett. 41, 208-209 (2005).

Europhys. Lett. (1)

A. Schweinsberg, N. N. Lepeshkin, M. S. Bigelow, R. W. Boyd, S. Jarabo, "Observation of superluminal and slow light propagation in erbium-doped optical fiber," Europhys. Lett. 73, 218-224 (2006).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

Y. Wang, C. Yu, L. S. Yan, A. E. Willner, R. Roussev, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, Y. Okawachi, J. E. Sharping, A. L. Gaeta, "44-ns continuously-tunable dispersionless optical delay element using a PPLN waveguide with a two pump configuration, DCF, and a dispersion compensator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 861-863 (2007).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

G. Lenz, B. J. Eggleton, C. K. Madsen, R. E. Slusher, "Optical delay lines based on optical filters," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 525 (2001).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

L. Yi, W. Hu, Y. Su, M. Gao, L. Leng, "Design and system demonstration of a tunable slow-light delay line based on fiber parametric process," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2575-2577 (2006).

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B (2)

S.-W. Chang, S. L. Chuang, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, H. Wang, "Slow light using spin coherence and v-type electromagnetically induced transparency in [110] strained quantum wells," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 24, 849-859 (2007) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-24-4-849.

S. Longhi, M. Marano, P. Laporta, O. Svelto, "Propagation, manipulation, and control of picosecond optical pulses at 1.5 $\mu{\hbox {m}}$ in fiber Bragg gratings," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 19, 2742 (2002).

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

L. Zhang, T. Luo, C. Yu, W. Zhang, A. E. Willner, "Pattern dependence of data distortion in slow-light elements," J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 1754-1760 (2007) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=JLT-25-7-1754.

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B (1)

B. J. Eggleton, C. M. de Sterke, R. E. Slusher, "Nonlinear pulse propagation in Bragg gratings," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 14, 2980 (1997).

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B (1)

D. A. B. Miller, "Fundamental limit for optical components," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 24, A1-A18 (2007) http://josab.osa.org/abstract.cfm?id=139978.

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B (2)

Z. Zhu, D. J. Gauthier, Y. Okawachi, J. E. Sharping, A. L. Gaeta, R. W. Boyd, A. W. Willner, "Numerical study of all-optical slow-light delays via stimulated Brillouin scattering in an optical fiber," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 22, 2378-2384 (2005) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?id=86005.

J. B. Khurgin, "Optical buffers based on slow light in electromagnetically induced transparent media and coupled resonator structures: Comparative analysis," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 22, 1062-1074 (2005).

Nature (2)

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, C. H. Behroozi, "Light speed reduction to 17 metres per second in an ultracold atomic gas," Nature 397, 594-598 (1999).

L. J. Wang, A. Kuzmich, A. Dogariu, "Gain-assisted superluminal light propagation," Nature 406, 277-279 (2000).

Nature Phys. (1)

J. T. Mok, C. M. de Sterke, I. C. M. Littler, B. J. Eggleton, "Dispersionless slow light using gap solitons," Nature Phys. 2, 775-780 (2006).

Opt. Exp. (8)

M. D. Stenner, M. A. Neifeld, Z. Zhu, A. M. Dawes, D. J. Gauthier, "Distortion management in slow-light pulse delay," Opt. Exp. 13, 9995-10002 (2005) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-13-25-9995.

B. Zhang, L. Yan, I. Fazal, L. Zhang, A. E. Willner, Z. Zhu, D. J. Gauthier, "Slow light on Gbps differential-phase-shift-keying signals," Opt. Exp. 15, 1878-1883 (2007) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-4-1878.

E. Shumakher, N. Orbach, A. Nevet, D. Dahan, G. Eisenstein, "On the balance between delay, bandwidth and signal distortion in slow light systems based on stimulated Brillouin scattering in optical fibers," Opt. Exp. 14, 5877-5884 (2006) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-13-5877.

D. Dahan, G. Eisenstein, "Tunable all optical delay via slow and fast light propagation in a raman assisted fiber optical parametric amplifier: A route to all optical buffering," Opt. Exp. 13, 6234-6249 (2005).

K. Y. Song, M. Herráez, L. Thévenaz, "Observation of pulse delaying and advancement in optical fibers using stimulated Brillouin scattering," Opt. Exp. 13, 82-88 (2005) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-13-1-82.

J. Sharping, Y. Okawachi, A. Gaeta, "Wide bandwidth slow light using a Raman fiber amplifier," Opt. Exp. 13, 6092-6098 (2005) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-13-16-6092.

T. Schneider, R. Henker, K. U. Lauterbach, M. Junker, "Comparison of delay enhancement mechanisms for SBS-based slow light systems," Opt. Exp. 15, 9606-9613 (2007).

C. Hensley, D. H. Broaddus, C. B. Shaffer, A. L. Gaeta, "Photonic bandgap fiber gas cell fabricated using femtosecond micromachining," Opt. Exp. 15, 6690-6695 (2007).

Opt. Lett. (3)

H. Su, S.-L. Chuang, "Room-temperature slow light with semiconductor quantum-dot devices," Opt. Lett. 31, 271-273 (2006).

C. Yu, T. Luo, L. Zhang, A. E. Willner, "Data pulse distortion induced by a slow light tunable delay line in optical fiber," Opt. Lett. 32, 20-22 (2007) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-32-1-20.

K. Y. Song, K. Hotate, "25 GHz bandwidth Brillouin slow light in optical fibers," Opt. Lett. 32, 217-219 (2007) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-32-3-217.

Opt. Exp. (16)

S. Chin, M. Gonzalez-Herráez, L. Thévenaz, "Zero-gain slow & fast light propagation in an optical fiber," Opt. Exp. 14, 10684-10692 (2006).

T. Schneider, M. Junker, K.-U. Lauterbach, "Potential ultra wide slow-light bandwidth enhancement," Opt. Exp. 14, 11 082-11 087 (2006) http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?uri=OE-14-23-11082.

A. Minardo, R. Bemini, L. Zeni, "Low distortion Brillouin slow light in optical fibers using am modulation," Opt. Exp. 14, 5866-5876 (2006) http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?uri=OE-14-13-5866.

A. Zadok, A. Eyal, M. Tur, "Extended delay of broadband signals in stimulated Brillouin scattering slow light using synthesized pump chirp," Opt. Exp. 14, 8498-8505 (2006) http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?uri=OE-14-19-8498.

P. Ginzburg, M. Orenstein, "Slow light and voltage control of group velocity in resonantly coupled quantum wells," Opt. Exp. 14, 12467-12472 (2006) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-13-25-12467.

E. Shumakher, A. Willinger, R. Blit, D. Dahan, G. Eisenstein, "Large tunable delay with low distortion of 10 Gbit/s data in a slow light system based on narrow band fiber parametric amplification," Opt. Exp. 14, 8540-8545 (2006).

V. P. Kalosha, L. Chen, X. Bao, "Slow and fast light via SBS in optical fibers for short pulses and broadband pump," Opt. Exp. 14, 12693-12703 (2006) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-26-12693.

Y. Okawachi, M. A. Foster, J. E. Sharping, A. L. Gaeta, Q. Xu, M. Lipson, "All-optical slow-light on a photonic chip," Opt. Exp. 14, 2317-2322 (2006) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-6-2317.

J. B. Khurgin, "Performance limits of delay lines based on optical amplifiers," Opt. Exp. 31, 948-950 (2006).

Z. Lu, Y. Dong, Q. Li, "Slow light in multi-line Brillouin gain spectrum," Opt. Exp. 15, 1871-1877 (2007).

J. Mørk, R. Kjær, M. van der Poel, K. Yvind, "Slow light in a semiconductor waveguide at gigahertz frequencies," Opt. Exp. 13, 8136-8145 (2005) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-13-20-8136.

J. E. Sharping, Y. Okawachi, J. van Howe, C. Xu, Y. Wang, A. E. Willner, A. L. Gaeta, "All-optical, wavelength and bandwidth preserving, pulse delay based on parametric wavelength conversion and dispersion," Opt. Exp. 13, 7872-7877 (2005) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-13-20-7872.

Z. Zhu, D. J. Gauthier, "Nearly transparent SBS slow light in an optical fiber," Opt. Exp. 14, 7238-7245 (2006).

M. Herŕez, K. Y. Song, L. Thévenaz, "Arbitrary-bandwidth Brillouin slow light in optical fibers," Opt. Exp. 14, 1395-1400 (2006).

J. T. Mok, C. M. de Sterke, B. J. Eggleton, "Delay-tunable gap-soliton-based slow-light system," Opt. Exp. 14, 11987-11996 (2006).

Y. Okawachi, J. E. Sharping, C. Xu, A. L. Gaeta, "Large tunable optical delays via self-phase modulation and dispersion," Opt. Exp. 14, 12022-12027 (2006) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-25-12022.

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

H. Kang, G. Hernandez, Y. Zhu, "Superluminal and slow light propagation in cold atoms," Phys. Rev. A 70, 11801 (2004) http://link.aps.org/abstract/PRA/v70/e011801.

Phys. Rev. Lett. (10)

A. V. Turukhin, V. S. Sudarshanam, M. S. Shahriar, J. A. Musser, B. S. Ham, P. R. Hemmer, "Observation of ultraslow and stored light pulses in a solid," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 23602 (2001).

M. Phillips, H. Wang, "Spin coherence and electromagnetically induced transparency via exciton correlations," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 186401 (2002).

S. Ghosh, A. R. Bhagwat, C. K. Renshaw, S. Goh, A. L. Gaeta, "Low-light-level optical interactions with rubidium vapor in a photonic bandgap fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 023603 (2006).

S. Ghosh, J. E. Sharping, D. G. Ouzounov, A. L. Gaeta, "Resonant optical interactions with molecules confined in photonic bandgap fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 093902 (2005).

S. E. Harris, J. E. Field, A. Imamoğlu, "Nonlinear optical processes using electromagnetically induced transparency," Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 1107-1110 (1990).

F. D. Phillips, A. Fleischhauer, A. Mair, R. L. Walsworth, M. D. Lukin, "Storage of light in atomic vapor," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 783-786 (2001).

D. A. B. Miller, "Fundamental limit to linear one-dimensional slow light structures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 203903 (2007).

A. B. Matsko, Y. V. Rostovtsev, M. Fleischhauer, M. O. Scully, "Anomalous stimulated brillouin scattering via ultraslow light," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 2006-2009 (2001).

S. Inouye, R. F. Löw, S. Gupta, T. Pfau, A. Görlitz, W. Ketterle, "Amplification of light and atoms in a Bose–Einstein condensate," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 4225-4228 (2000).

E. Podivilov, B. Sturman, A. Shumelyuk, S. Odoulov, "Light pulse slowing down up to 0.025 cm/s by photorefractive two-wave coupling," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 083902 (2003) http://link.aps.org/abstract/PRL/v91/e083902.

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, A. L. Gaeta, "Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005) http://link.aps.org/abstract/PRL/v94/e153902.

Phys. Rev. A (2)

A. K. Patnaik, J. Q. Liang, K. Hakuta, "Slow light propagation in a thin optical fiber via electromagnetically induced transparency," Phys. Rev. A 66, 63808 (2002).

R. W. Boyd, D. J. Gauthier, A. L. Gaeta, A. E. Willner, "Maximum time delay achievable on propagation through a slow-light medium," Phys. Rev. A 71, 23801 (2005) http://link.aps.org/abstract/PRA/v71/e023801.

Phys. Rev. E (2)

D. Janner, G. Galzerano, G. D. Valle, P. Laporta, S. Longhi, "Slow light in periodic superstructure Bragg gratings," Phys. Rev. E 72, (2005) http://link.aps.org/doi/10/1103/PhysRevE.72.056605.

S. Longhi, "Group delay tuning in active fiber bragg gratings: From superluminal to subluminal pulse reflection," Phys. Rev. E 72, (2005) http://link.aps.org/doi/10.1103/PhysRevE.72.056614.

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

B. J. Eggleton, R. E. Slusher, C. M. de Sterke, P. A. Krug, J. E. Sipe, "Bragg grating solitons," Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 1627-1630 (1996).

M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, R. W. Boyd, "Observation of ultraslow light propagation in a ruby crystal at room temperature," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 113903 (2003).

Proc. IEEE (1)

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