Abstract

In this paper, quality of transmission (QoT)-aware lightpath provisioning schemes for transparent optical networks are proposed and assessed. The main idea is to overcome lightpath blocking due to excessive physical impairments (i.e., unacceptable QoT) by means of successive lightpath set up attempts performed by generalized multiprotocol label switching (GMPLS) signaling protocol along alternate routes. The schemes are enabled by the introduction into current GMPLS signaling protocol [i.e., resource reservation protocol with traffic engineering (RSVP-TE)] of extensions which encompass the QoT parameters that characterize the optical layer. Differently from previous approaches, the proposed GMPLS-based schemes are still distributed but they do not imply the introduction of additional extensions into the routing protocol (e.g., OSPF-TE).The QoT-aware provisioning schemes are first validated by simulations performed on a WDM mesh network. Results show that only few successive set up attempts are required to complete the lightpath establishment. In addition, an experimental demonstration where the proposed RSVP-TE extensions are implemented in the control plane of a transparent metro network is reported showing that impairment-aware lightpath provisioning is achieved on a time scale of few milliseconds.

© 2008 IEEE

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  1. R. Martinez, C. Pinart, F. Cugini, N. Andriolli, L. Valcarenghi, P. Castoldi, L. Wosinska, J. Comellas, G. Junyent, "Challenges and requirements for introducing impairment-awareness into the management and control planes of ASON/GMPLS WDM networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 44, 76-85 (2006).
  2. F. Cugini, N. Sambo, N. Andriolli, A. Giorgetti, L. Valcarenghi, P. Castoldi, E. L. Rouzic, J. Poirrier, "GMPLS extensions to encompass shared regenerators in transparent optical networks," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun., ECOC 2007 (2007).
  3. J. Strand, A. L. Chiu, R. Tkach, "Issues for routing in the optical layer," IEEE Commun. Mag. 39, 81-87 (2001).
  4. D. C. Kilper, R. Bach, D. J. Blumenthal, D. Einstein, T. Landolsi, L. Ostar, M. Preiss, A. E. Willner, "Optical performance monitoring," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 294-304 (2004).
  5. M. Ali, D. Elie-Dit-Cosaque, L. Tancevski, "Enhancements to multiprotocol lambda switch to accommodate transmission impairments," Proc. IEEE Global Telecommun. Conf., GLOBECOM 2003 (2003).
  6. A. R. Chraplyvy, J. A. Nagel, R. W. Tkach, "Equalization in amplified WDM lightwave transmission system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 920-922 (1992).
  7. A. Jukan, G. Franzl, "Path selection methods with multiple constraints in service-guaranteed WDM networks," IEEE/ACM Trans. Networking 12, 59-72 (2004).
  8. J. Strand, A. Chiu, “Impairments and other constraints on optical layer routing,” IETF (2005) RFC 4054.
  9. F. Cugini, N. Andriolli, L. Valcarenghi, P. Castoldi, "Physical impairment aware signalling for dynamic lightpath set up," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun., ECOC 2005 (2005).
  10. N. Sambo, A. Giorgetti, N. Andriolli, F. Cugini, L. Valcarenghi, P. Castoldi, "GMPLS signalling feedback for encompassing physical impairments in transparent optical networks," Proc. IEEE Global Telecommun. Conference, GLOBECOM 2006 (2006).
  11. A. Farrel, A. Satyanarayana, A. Iwata, N. Fujita, G. Ash, “Crankback signaling extensions for MPLS and GMPLS RSVP-TE,” IETF (2007) RFC 4920.
  12. D. Penninckx, C. Perret, "New physical analysis of 10-Gb/s transparent optical networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 778-780 (2003).
  13. V. Anagnostopoulos, C. Politi, C. Matrakidis, A. Stavdas, "Physical layer impairment aware wavelength routing algorithms based on analytically calculated constraints," Opt. Commun. (2007).
  14. R. Sabella, E. Iannone, M. Listanti, M. Berdusco, S. Binetti, "Impact of transmission performance on path routing in all-optical transport networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 1965-1972 (1998).
  15. P. Kulkarni, A. Tzanakaki, C. Machuka, I. Tomkos, "Benefits of Q-factor based routing in WDM metro networks," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun., ECOC 2005 (2005).
  16. S. Pachnicke, T. Gravemann, M. Windmann, E. Voges, "Physically constrained routing in 10-gb/s DWDM networks including fiber nonlinearities and polarization effects," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 3418-3426 (2006).
  17. D. Levandovsky, "Wavelength routing based on physical impairments," Proc. IEEE Opt. Fiber Commun., OFC 2001 (2001).
  18. B. Ramamurthy, D. Datta, H. Feng, J. P. Heritage, B. Mukherjee, "Impact of transmission impairments on the teletraffic performance of wavelength-routed optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 1713-1723 (1999).
  19. X. Yang, B. Ramamurthy, "Dynamic routing in translucent WDM optical networks: The intradomain case," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 955-971 (2005).
  20. Y. Huang, J. P. Heritage, B. Mukherjee, "Connection provisioning with transmission impairment consideration in optical WDM networks with high-speed channels," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 982-993 (2005).
  21. Y. Pointurier, F. Heidari, "Reinforcement learning based routing in all-optical networks," Proc. Broadnets 2007 Conf. (2007).
  22. B. Lavigne, F. Leplingard, L. Lorcy, E. Balmefrezol, J. C. Antona, T. Zami, D. Bayart, "Method for the determination of a quality of transmission estimator along the lightpaths of partially transparent networks," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun., ECOC 2007 (2007).
  23. D. Papadimitriou, J. P. Faure, O. Audouin, R. Appelman, “Non-linear routing impairments in wavelength switched optical networks,” (2001) IETF Internet draft, Draft-Papadimitriou-Ipo-Non-Linear-Routing-Impairm-01.Txt, expired.
  24. J. C. Antona, S. Bigo, J. Faure, "Nonlinear cumulated phase as a criterion to assess performance of terrestrial wdm systems," Proc. IEEE Opt. Fiber Commun., OFC 2002 (2002).
  25. E. Salvadori, Y. Ye, A. Zanardi, H. Woesner, M. Carcagnì, G. Galimberti, G. Martinelli, A. Tanzi, D. L. Fauci, "A study of connection management approaches for an impairment-aware optical control plane," Proc. Opt. Networking Design Modeling, ONDM 2007 (2007).
  26. D. Adami, P. Castoldi, F. Cugini, S. Giordano, L. Valcarenghi, "Performance evaluation of recovery techniques in a grid oriented metrocore/vesper field trial," Proc. Tridentcom 2005 (2005).

2007

V. Anagnostopoulos, C. Politi, C. Matrakidis, A. Stavdas, "Physical layer impairment aware wavelength routing algorithms based on analytically calculated constraints," Opt. Commun. (2007).

2006

R. Martinez, C. Pinart, F. Cugini, N. Andriolli, L. Valcarenghi, P. Castoldi, L. Wosinska, J. Comellas, G. Junyent, "Challenges and requirements for introducing impairment-awareness into the management and control planes of ASON/GMPLS WDM networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 44, 76-85 (2006).

S. Pachnicke, T. Gravemann, M. Windmann, E. Voges, "Physically constrained routing in 10-gb/s DWDM networks including fiber nonlinearities and polarization effects," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 3418-3426 (2006).

2005

X. Yang, B. Ramamurthy, "Dynamic routing in translucent WDM optical networks: The intradomain case," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 955-971 (2005).

Y. Huang, J. P. Heritage, B. Mukherjee, "Connection provisioning with transmission impairment consideration in optical WDM networks with high-speed channels," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 982-993 (2005).

2004

D. C. Kilper, R. Bach, D. J. Blumenthal, D. Einstein, T. Landolsi, L. Ostar, M. Preiss, A. E. Willner, "Optical performance monitoring," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 294-304 (2004).

A. Jukan, G. Franzl, "Path selection methods with multiple constraints in service-guaranteed WDM networks," IEEE/ACM Trans. Networking 12, 59-72 (2004).

2003

D. Penninckx, C. Perret, "New physical analysis of 10-Gb/s transparent optical networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 778-780 (2003).

2001

J. Strand, A. L. Chiu, R. Tkach, "Issues for routing in the optical layer," IEEE Commun. Mag. 39, 81-87 (2001).

D. Levandovsky, "Wavelength routing based on physical impairments," Proc. IEEE Opt. Fiber Commun., OFC 2001 (2001).

1999

B. Ramamurthy, D. Datta, H. Feng, J. P. Heritage, B. Mukherjee, "Impact of transmission impairments on the teletraffic performance of wavelength-routed optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 1713-1723 (1999).

1998

R. Sabella, E. Iannone, M. Listanti, M. Berdusco, S. Binetti, "Impact of transmission performance on path routing in all-optical transport networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 1965-1972 (1998).

1992

A. R. Chraplyvy, J. A. Nagel, R. W. Tkach, "Equalization in amplified WDM lightwave transmission system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 920-922 (1992).

IEEE Commun. Mag.

R. Martinez, C. Pinart, F. Cugini, N. Andriolli, L. Valcarenghi, P. Castoldi, L. Wosinska, J. Comellas, G. Junyent, "Challenges and requirements for introducing impairment-awareness into the management and control planes of ASON/GMPLS WDM networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 44, 76-85 (2006).

J. Strand, A. L. Chiu, R. Tkach, "Issues for routing in the optical layer," IEEE Commun. Mag. 39, 81-87 (2001).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

A. R. Chraplyvy, J. A. Nagel, R. W. Tkach, "Equalization in amplified WDM lightwave transmission system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 920-922 (1992).

D. Penninckx, C. Perret, "New physical analysis of 10-Gb/s transparent optical networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 778-780 (2003).

IEEE/ACM Trans. Networking

A. Jukan, G. Franzl, "Path selection methods with multiple constraints in service-guaranteed WDM networks," IEEE/ACM Trans. Networking 12, 59-72 (2004).

J. Lightw. Technol.

D. C. Kilper, R. Bach, D. J. Blumenthal, D. Einstein, T. Landolsi, L. Ostar, M. Preiss, A. E. Willner, "Optical performance monitoring," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 294-304 (2004).

R. Sabella, E. Iannone, M. Listanti, M. Berdusco, S. Binetti, "Impact of transmission performance on path routing in all-optical transport networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 1965-1972 (1998).

J. Lightw. Technol.

B. Ramamurthy, D. Datta, H. Feng, J. P. Heritage, B. Mukherjee, "Impact of transmission impairments on the teletraffic performance of wavelength-routed optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 1713-1723 (1999).

J. Lightw. Technol.

X. Yang, B. Ramamurthy, "Dynamic routing in translucent WDM optical networks: The intradomain case," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 955-971 (2005).

Y. Huang, J. P. Heritage, B. Mukherjee, "Connection provisioning with transmission impairment consideration in optical WDM networks with high-speed channels," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 982-993 (2005).

S. Pachnicke, T. Gravemann, M. Windmann, E. Voges, "Physically constrained routing in 10-gb/s DWDM networks including fiber nonlinearities and polarization effects," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 3418-3426 (2006).

Opt. Commun.

V. Anagnostopoulos, C. Politi, C. Matrakidis, A. Stavdas, "Physical layer impairment aware wavelength routing algorithms based on analytically calculated constraints," Opt. Commun. (2007).

Proc. IEEE Opt. Fiber Commun., OFC 2001

D. Levandovsky, "Wavelength routing based on physical impairments," Proc. IEEE Opt. Fiber Commun., OFC 2001 (2001).

Other

P. Kulkarni, A. Tzanakaki, C. Machuka, I. Tomkos, "Benefits of Q-factor based routing in WDM metro networks," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun., ECOC 2005 (2005).

Y. Pointurier, F. Heidari, "Reinforcement learning based routing in all-optical networks," Proc. Broadnets 2007 Conf. (2007).

B. Lavigne, F. Leplingard, L. Lorcy, E. Balmefrezol, J. C. Antona, T. Zami, D. Bayart, "Method for the determination of a quality of transmission estimator along the lightpaths of partially transparent networks," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun., ECOC 2007 (2007).

D. Papadimitriou, J. P. Faure, O. Audouin, R. Appelman, “Non-linear routing impairments in wavelength switched optical networks,” (2001) IETF Internet draft, Draft-Papadimitriou-Ipo-Non-Linear-Routing-Impairm-01.Txt, expired.

J. C. Antona, S. Bigo, J. Faure, "Nonlinear cumulated phase as a criterion to assess performance of terrestrial wdm systems," Proc. IEEE Opt. Fiber Commun., OFC 2002 (2002).

E. Salvadori, Y. Ye, A. Zanardi, H. Woesner, M. Carcagnì, G. Galimberti, G. Martinelli, A. Tanzi, D. L. Fauci, "A study of connection management approaches for an impairment-aware optical control plane," Proc. Opt. Networking Design Modeling, ONDM 2007 (2007).

D. Adami, P. Castoldi, F. Cugini, S. Giordano, L. Valcarenghi, "Performance evaluation of recovery techniques in a grid oriented metrocore/vesper field trial," Proc. Tridentcom 2005 (2005).

M. Ali, D. Elie-Dit-Cosaque, L. Tancevski, "Enhancements to multiprotocol lambda switch to accommodate transmission impairments," Proc. IEEE Global Telecommun. Conf., GLOBECOM 2003 (2003).

F. Cugini, N. Sambo, N. Andriolli, A. Giorgetti, L. Valcarenghi, P. Castoldi, E. L. Rouzic, J. Poirrier, "GMPLS extensions to encompass shared regenerators in transparent optical networks," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun., ECOC 2007 (2007).

J. Strand, A. Chiu, “Impairments and other constraints on optical layer routing,” IETF (2005) RFC 4054.

F. Cugini, N. Andriolli, L. Valcarenghi, P. Castoldi, "Physical impairment aware signalling for dynamic lightpath set up," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun., ECOC 2005 (2005).

N. Sambo, A. Giorgetti, N. Andriolli, F. Cugini, L. Valcarenghi, P. Castoldi, "GMPLS signalling feedback for encompassing physical impairments in transparent optical networks," Proc. IEEE Global Telecommun. Conference, GLOBECOM 2006 (2006).

A. Farrel, A. Satyanarayana, A. Iwata, N. Fujita, G. Ash, “Crankback signaling extensions for MPLS and GMPLS RSVP-TE,” IETF (2007) RFC 4920.

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